Course of study
Latin Philology is a university course that usually leads to a teaching position in Germany and Austria , but can also be completed with the academic degree Magister Artium (MA). As part of the Bologna process , the master’s degree programs are being phased out and are being replaced by baccalaureus / bachelor’s degree programs on which a master’s / master’s degree can build. In some federal states, this also applies to teacher training .
The university course of Latin studies should lead to a comprehensive acquisition of language and literature skills and establish the associated historical references. It also teaches the active mastery of the Latin language - not normally acquired in school Latin lessons - at least in writing (so-called style exercises ). In addition, university Latin Studies sees itself, especially in research, as a literary study that tries to analyze and interpret the Latin texts.
At most universities, Latin Studies is divided into two areas: While the majority of Latinists treat ancient Latin literature and language, others specialize in Middle and Neo-Latin works. Those Latinists who see themselves as scholars of antiquity work on the works of the Roman period, beginning with the earliest surviving texts (since the 3rd century BC). The focus is traditionally on the "classic" authors of the late republic and the early imperial era (such as Cicero , Sallust , Virgil , Ovid , Horace ), the so-called Golden Latinity , as well as on some works from the later 1st and early 2nd centuries Century AD (like Seneca , Lukan , Statius , Pliny , Tacitus , Juvenal ), the time of the Silver Latinity . Similar to ancient historians , however, Latinists have increasingly turned to late antique Latin texts from the 3rd to 6th centuries ( e.g. Claudian , Augustine , Boethius , Gorippus ) in recent years , whereby the transition to Middle Latin literature is fluid and at the latest in the 8th century Century can be regarded as closed. The neo-Latin literature then continues in the 14./15. Century with the humanism and is working area of the neo-Latin philology .
- Fritz Graf (Ed.): Introduction to Latin Philology (Introduction to Classical Studies ) . Teubner, Stuttgart [a. a.] 1997. ISBN 3-519-07434-6 .
- Peter Riemer , Michael Weißenberger , Bernhard Zimmermann : Introduction to studying Latin studies . Beck, Munich 1998. ISBN 3-406-44051-7
- Handbook of Classical Studies