The knowledge of the ancient cultures of the ancient Orient , Europe and North Africa is referred to as antiquity or antiquity , antiquitates , antiquités and antiquities .
Initially, the term ancient studies referred primarily to the classical ancient studies . She dealt with the written and material legacies that affected the everyday life of the Greeks and Romans in antiquity . Since the last third of the 17th century, the term antiquity has also been used synonymously for archeology . In the 19th century, the term antiquity was also used for other areas of research into early cultures, such as Germanic antiquity , but also ancient Egyptian antiquity ( Egyptology ). The formerly only treated Greco-Roman antiquity was called Classical Antiquity because of its long supremacy . Since the second half of the 20th century at the latest, the focus has been extended to the cultures of the ancient Orient, the Mediterranean region and Europe from prehistory and early history to the end of antiquity . In addition to the increasing specialization of the disciplines, interdisciplinary and intercultural research is increasingly becoming the focus of research.
- Gerrit Walther : Antiquity. In: The New Pauly (DNP). Volume 13, Metzler, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-476-01483-5 , Sp. 86-101.
- Matthias Gelzer : Ancient Studies and Late Antiquity. Lecture given on May 26, 1926 at the 2nd symposium on classical studies in Weimar. In: Historical magazine . Volume 135, Issue 2, 1927, pp. 173-187.
- Michael Sommer and Tassilo Schmitt (eds.): From Hannibal to Hitler. "Rome and Carthage". 1943 and the German Classical Studies in National Socialism. Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 2019, ISBN 978-3-534-27107-8 ; Review Simon Strauss in: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung No. 169 Wednesday, July 24, 2019 Page N 3 Humanities .