Main State Archive Dresden
The Saxon Main State Archive Dresden is the largest department of the Saxon State Archive . It contains the ministerial archive of the Free State of Saxony and the archive of the central authorities of the Kingdom and Electorate of Saxony .
As one of the largest German state archives, the main state archive in Dresden stores around 40 kilometers of shelving documents , official books, files, drawings, maps and cracks, as well as electronic and other data carriers from eleven centuries of German history. The basis of the activity is the Archives Act of the Free State of Saxony.
Within the Saxon State Archive, the Main State Archive Dresden is responsible for the archives of the ministries of the Free State of Saxony as well as the courts, authorities and other public bodies in the former Dresden administrative district .
The main state archive was founded in 1834 to take over the documents of the authorities of the Kingdom of Saxony, which were dissolved in the course of the administrative reform of 1831. It emerged from the secret archive established in 1702.
Since 1915, the archive has been housed in a functional building on Albertstrasse / Archivstrasse that was built by Karl Ottomar Reichelt and Karl Heinrich Koch between September 5, 1912 and June 7, 1915 . The historic building complex, consisting of the striking warehouse building on Albertstraße, the administration building with the old reading room on Archivstraße and the boiler room behind, is listed.
Until 1933, the archive was the only archive in the legal ownership of the Free State of Saxony. From 1952, the institution was called the Dresden State Main Archive and was renamed the Dresden State Archive in 1965. In 1967 the Freiberg Historical Mountain Archive was attached to the Dresden State Archive as a branch. From 1949 to 1990 the building was under the GDR's State Archives Administration .
After the re-establishment of the Free State of Saxony, it became one of the three Saxon state archives alongside the houses in Leipzig and Chemnitz. With the founding of the Saxon State Archives, the Main State Archives became a department of the same at the beginning of 2005 and has been Department 2 of the Saxon State Archives since October 10, 2007.
From October 6, 2006, a new storage building was built as a passive house on the corner of Archivstrasse and Erich-Ponto-Strasse, south of the old archive building. The square new warehouse building has nine floors, three of which are basement floors, and is connected to the basement of the administration building by an underground corridor. The topping-out ceremony for the new building was celebrated on October 26, 2007. After the completion of the new building, the renovation of the historical structure took place with the exception of the boiler house. The previously unused atrium in the old warehouse building was converted into an atrium hall with a glass roof structure and a new entrance area was set up from Albertstrasse. Until the completion of the construction work, the former property of the Saxon State and University Library in Dresden in an old barracks building in Albertstadt on Dresden's Marienallee served as an alternative location. On October 17, 2011, the new public area in the old warehouse building was released for use, and by mid-November the remaining archive material had been returned from the alternative location on Marienallee.
The new atrium on the ground floor of the historic warehouse building now forms the core of the public area. This is surrounded by the two-story reading rooms with a gallery. The floors above continue to serve as a magazine. Since October 2011, the Saxon State Archives have found their new headquarters in the renovated administration building . The wood-paneled historical reading room in the administration building is used as a lecture hall.
Directors since it was founded as a secret archive in 1702 (1834 main state archive):
- 1702–1718 Johann Friedrich Reinhardt
- 1718–1725 Michael Heinrich Gribner
- 1725–1753 Adam Friedrich von Glafey
- 1753–1761 Georg Leberecht von Wilcke
- 1762–1765 Christian Gotthelf von Gutschmid
- 1765–1794 Karl Rudolph Gräfe
- 1794–1832 Karl Gottlob Günther
- 1833–1836 Ferdinand August Meißner
- 1836–1848 Friedrich Wilhelm Tittmann
- 1849–1879 Karl von Weber
- 1880–1882 Caesar von Witzleben
- 1882–1906 Paul Hassel
- 1906–1919 Otto Posse
- 1919–1928 Woldemar Lippert
- 1928–1936 Hans Beschorner
- 1937–1958 Hellmut Kretzschmar
- 1959–1974 Horst Schlechte
- 1975–1994 Reiner Groß
- 1994-2004 Guntram Martin
With the establishment of the Saxon State Archives in 2005, the director's office in the main state archive was abolished. Guntram Martin continued to be the head of the department from 2005 to 2017, and from October 10, 2007 he was the department head. Since September 1, 2017, the department has been provisionally headed by Peter Wiegand, who was officially appointed head of department on March 20, 2018.
Other important archivists:
- Karlheinz Blaschke
- Hans Brichzin
- Theodor Distel
- Hubert Maximilian Ermisch
- Johannes Falcon
- Ingrid Grohmann
- Agatha Kobuch
- Manfred Kobuch
- Wilhelm Ernst Tentzel
- Karl Eduard Vehse
- Karl Heinrich Koch : The new building of the Royal Saxon Main State Archives in Dresden. In: Journal of Construction . Year 66, 1916, Sp. 485-510 ( digitized version of the Central and State Library Berlin )
- Woldemar Lippert : The Saxon main state archive in Dresden and its new building. In: Archival newspaper. 3rd episode, Volume 2, Munich 1925, pp. 41-60
- Wolfgang Leesch : The German archivists 1500–1945. Volume 1: Directory according to their places of work. Saur, Munich a. a. 1985, ISBN 3-598-10530-4 , p. 45.
- New reading room of the Main State Archives Dresden open for use from October 17th, 2011. (PDF; 220 kB) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 23, 2015 ; Retrieved February 6, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- handover in the main state archive in Dresden
- Website of the Main State Archives Dresden
- Virtual tour of the archive
- Entry to the Saxon State Archives on dresden-und-sachsen.de
- Lorenz Beck : The Main State Archive Dresden and its military holdings until 1921