State archives (or state archives ) are state archives .
In Germany , state archives are the archives of a federal state. Them is by law the task assigned, the archive means documents ( documents , files , maps , digital data, etc.) the authorities their area of responsibility ( archive Sprengel ) to archive scientific principles by archivists to develop and permanently retained. At the level of the subordinate authorities, there are also state archives that open up and preserve the archive material created there .
Each federal state has its own archive organization. In some countries there is a so-called main state archive, in others a so-called country (main) archive. For example, the Baden General State Archives in Karlsruhe with this name continue to exist as one of the state archives in Baden-Württemberg . Smaller federal states only have one state archive, while larger ones traditionally have several.
In recent years, however, there has been a tendency to combine all state archives of a federal state into one institution (with several locations). Saxony-Anhalt was the first to merge the three state archives into one state main archive , which has the three specialist departments Magdeburg (with the location Wernigerode ), Merseburg and Dessau . North Rhine-Westphalia followed this example in 2004, followed by the Free State of Saxony , Lower Saxony and Baden-Württemberg in 2005 . In 2006, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania went one step further and integrated the two previously independent state archives - State Archives Schwerin and State Archives Greifswald - as the State Archives Department into the newly created State Office for Culture and Monument Preservation .
State archives or state archive administrations in Germany
- Baden-Württemberg State Archive
- General Directorate of the Bavarian State Archives
- State Archives Berlin
- Brandenburg State Main Archive
- State Archives Bremen
- State Archives of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
- Hessian State Archives
- State Office for Culture and Monument Preservation Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- State archive of North Rhine-Westphalia
- Lower Saxony State Archives
- State Archives Administration Rhineland-Palatinate
- Saarbrücken State Archives
- Saxon State Archives
- State Main Archive Saxony-Anhalt
- Schleswig-Holstein State Archives
- State Archives of Thuringia
In Austria, the central archive of the Austrian federal administration is the Austrian State Archive , which is located in Vienna . Today it consists of 4 departments: Archive of the Republic, House, Court and State Archives, General Administrative Archives / Finance and Court Chamber Archives and War Archives. In addition, the Austrian archive system is shaped by the federal structure of the Republic of Austria . Each Austrian federal state has its own state archive, with the Vienna City and State Archives also serving as the archive for the city and the state of Vienna.
See also: List of Austrian Archives
In Switzerland , state archives are the archives of a canton . However, depending on the cantonal tradition, they are named differently (State Archives, Provincial Archives, Cantonal Archives and in the other national languages Archivio di Stato, Archives cantonales, Archives de l'Etat, Archives de la République et Canton).
The federal archive is the Swiss Federal Archives .
- Rigsarkivet (dt. The Reichsarchiv) in Copenhagen, state archive for the Danish royal house and the central state authorities (since 1582/1889), and state archive for the capital region and region of Zealand (since 1893).
- Landsarkivet for Nørrejylland in Viborg (German National Archives for Northern Jutland ), since 1891 State Archives for the region of North Jutland , Central Jutland and the northern part of the region of South Denmark .
- Landsarkivet for Fyn in Odense (German National Archives for Fyn , since 1893).
- Landsarkivet for Sønderjylland in Aabenraa (German Aabenraa; German State Archives for North Schleswig), since 1931 State Archives for South Jutland / North Schleswig .
- Erhvervsarkivet i Aarhus (Eng. The Economic Archives, since 1948).
- Dansk Data Arkiv in Odense (German Danish database archive, since 1973).
In addition to the central state archive in Rome ( Archivio Centrale dello Stato ), there is a state archive in every Italian province or metropolitan city , which is subordinate to the Italian Ministry for Cultural Property . In addition to the state archive administration, the autonomous provinces of South Tyrol and Trentino also have their own regional archives. The South Tyrolean Provincial Archives in Bolzano has existed since 1985.
The Rijeka State Archive has existed as an archive since 1926 and has been the State Archive since 1997.
The Japanese National Archives ( Kokuritsu Kōbunshokan ) in Chiyoda , established in 1971, have the legal task of preserving and cataloging government documents, including historical collections, some of which are an important cultural asset of Japan .
- Archive portal Europe in cooperation with the Federal Archives
- State Archives in Germany (Archive School Marburg)
- Overview of the state archives in Baden-Württemberg
- Archives in Hessen
- Archive portal Lower Saxony
- Overview of archives in NRW
- Overview of archives of the federal government and the cantons of Switzerland
- Overview of the state archives of Italy
- The Italian contribution to ApeX (ital.)
- State Archives in Belgium