|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||240 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||170.18 km 2|
|Residents:||32,534 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||191 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||38855, 38875 , 38879|
|Primaries :||03943, 039455|
|License plate :||HZ, HBS, QLB, WR|
|Community key :||15 0 85 370|
|LOCODE :||DE WGE|
|City structure:||Core city and 5 other districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Peter Gaffert (independent)|
|Location of the city of Wernigerode in the Harz district|
Wernigerode is a city and a state-approved resort in the Harz district ( Saxony-Anhalt ). After Hermann Löns , Wernigerode is also known as the colorful city on the Harz , as in the official city motto .
Wernigerode is located on the northeast flank of the Harz , about 12 km east-northeast of the Brocken ( ). The federal highways 6 and 244 as well as the German-Dutch holiday route Oranier-Route lead through it . In addition, the Halberstadt – Vienenburg railway , which connects Halle and Hanover , runs through the city. To the southwest lies the Landmann forest area .
The Holtemme flows through Wernigerode , into which the Zillierbach flows not far from the western gate , which is also known as the flood race immediately before the confluence. Furthermore, the Barrenbach flows north of the city through several ponds and flows into the Holtemme in the Minsleben district. The historic city center consists of the old town and the new town . The urban area also includes Hasserode , Nöschenrode , the residential areas Stadtfeld , Burgbreite , Harzblick and Charlottenlust as well as the districts of Benzingerode , Minsleben , Silstedt , Schierke and Reddeber .
The west-east expansion of the urban area including the incorporated districts is 22 km, the north-south expansion 14 km. The core city is about Brocken at , the lowest is at about .. The highest point of the urban area is the summit of the
The Harz North Rim Fault runs right through Wernigerode .
Wernigerode is divided into the core city including the towns of Hasserode and Nöschenrode, which were incorporated before 1994, and five localities with local councils for the towns of Benzingerode , Minsleben , Reddeber , Schierke and Silstedt, which were incorporated from 1994 . Furthermore, the village belongs to the city of Wernigerode without an independent administration Drei Annen Hohne .
The warmest months are June to August with an average of 16.0 to 18.3 degrees Celsius and the coldest December to February with an average of 1.1 to 2.1 degrees Celsius.
With an average of 54 millimeters, most of the precipitation falls in July, the least with 30 millimeters in February.
The climate, more precisely the amount of precipitation and temperature, is influenced by the uphill rain caused by the Harz low mountain range . Since the city is on the rain shadow side ( leeward side ) of the Harz, less precipitation arrives there than in similar climatically temperate regions without "protection" by mountains. The occasional hair dryer that occurs in the process also increases the temperature.
According to DIN 1055, Wernigerode is to be classified in snow load zone 3.
Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Wernigerode
Source: wetteronline.de; wetterkontor.de
Origin of the city
There are no written sources about the exact origin of the place. According to the latest research, there are no original relationships - as assumed by Eduard Jacobs and Walther Grosse - with the Corvey Monastery ( Weser ) and the local abbot Warin , but the place name indicates a protected clearing settlement.
The first settlement area was the Klint, where there was a low castle , the so-called Schnakenburg . In 1805 the remains of this castle complex were demolished, as part of which only the Gadenstedt house (Oberpfarrkirchhof 13) from 1582 remains . At the time of the first settlement there was still the typical Harz forest on the heights of the Klint, which first had to be cleared, hence the name part "-rode".
The place was first mentioned in 1121 in connection with Count Adalbert zu Haimar from the area near Hildesheim , who from then on called himself Count von Wernigerode . They can be traced back to the Drübeck Monastery until at least 1230. Wernigerode Castle was first mentioned as "castrum" in 1213. On April 17, 1229, the settlement was granted city rights based on the model of Goslar . In 2004 Wernigerode celebrated the anniversary of being awarded city rights 775 years ago.
With the arrival of new residents from the surrounding villages, a new settlement was formed on the northeastern edge of the old town in the 13th century - the later Neustadt , an arable town that lay outside the surrounding wall of the old town. The Johanniskirche was built as the parish church of the new town of Wernigerode in the last third of the 13th century in the Romanesque style.
From the late Middle Ages to the modern age
After the male line of the Counts of Wernigerode died out due to the death of Count Heinrich in 1429, Wernigerode became the seat of the Counts of Stolberg , who ruled here for centuries. During the Peasants' War in 1525, several surrounding monasteries were looted and partly destroyed, in particular the Himmelpforten monastery in today's Hasserode district.
Around 20 people were sentenced to death at the stake in witch trials from 1521 to 1608 in Wernigerode . The victims of the witch hunts include Andreas Meinicke from Eckertal (1581), Mette Fliß from Drübeck (1583) and Katharina Bernburg from Rohrsheim (1597).
Looting during the Thirty Years War and destruction by fires brought great suffering to the population.
From 1658 there was the Gräfliche , from 1893 Princely Consistory Stolberg-Wernigerode , a media consistory for the management of the Lutheran Church in the county of Wernigerode . After the establishment of the United Evangelical Church in Prussia in 1821, the Lutheran parishes in the area of the county belonged to its church province of Saxony . The media consistory, however, continued to exist with regional responsibility for these parishes until it was dissolved in 1931, but was subordinate to the provincial consistory in Magdeburg.
From 1807 to 1813 Wernigerode was integrated into the city canton of Wernigerode of the Kingdom of Westphalia before the city was assigned to the newly formed Prussian district of Osterwieck of the Prussian province of Saxony . Only after an objection from Count Henrich zu Stolberg-Wernigerode was Wernigerode again the seat of its own district within the administrative district of Magdeburg in 1825 .
On March 29, 1847, part of the city, especially the Heideviertel, fell victim to a major fire.
In the second half of the 19th century, in addition to tourism, industrial development began in Wernigerode (including machine and tool construction, electric motors, pharmaceutical products, chocolate, stationery, building materials), which led to a significant upswing in the city as a tourist center and business location .
During the Second World War , the Rautal-Werken GmbH , which had been expanded into a modern light metal foundry in 1938, manufactured parts for the armaments industry, mainly by forced laborers and concentration camp prisoners . They lived in a barrack camp on the Ziegenberg . In 1942 another barrack camp was built at Veckenstedter Weg 23 , which in 1943 was converted into a satellite camp (camouflage name “Richard”) of the Buchenwald concentration camp . From the initial 95 prisoners, the occupancy increased to 800 people, who were mainly used in the construction of air raid tunnels on the Galgenberg . The prisoners from Veckenstedter Weg were transferred to the “Steinerne Renne” camp in December 1944, which was used by the Wernig works in the Hasserode district . They belonged to the production complex of the Dessau Junkers Group , which in 1944 received the approval to move individual departments from Magdeburg and Köthen to the buildings of the Argenta chocolate factory in the Wernigerode suburb of Hasserode. Parts of the Jumo 004 jet engine were to be manufactured there. Shortly before the arrival of the US troops, the 500 prisoners were sent on a death march in the direction of the Theresienstadt concentration camp , where only 57 arrived alive.
During “ Big Week ” USAAF B-17 bombers attacked the city on February 22, 1944 as a “target of opportunity”. Over 200 people were killed in the air attack with 19 machines. Many buildings in the city, especially in the Neustadt around the Johanniskirche, were destroyed, including the prestigious hotel "Zum Bären" at Breite Straße 78, which was used as a military hospital and whose two uppermost half-timbered floors were never rebuilt. The western part of the former orangery with the palm house and the pleasure garden were badly damaged.
At the beginning of April 1945, Colonel Gustav Petri, as city commander, received the order to defend the city against the advancing US Army units . Because he refused to do this, the city was occupied on April 11 with little resistance. Petri was then legally shot dead at Drei Annen Hohne on April 12th . The city remained unscathed.
In 1970 a stone meteorite of type H5 weighing 24.3 grams was found in Wernigerode . It was in the attic of a house whose roof had been destroyed in World War II.
- Benzingerode (incorporated: April 1, 1993)
- Hasserode (incorporation: 1907)
- Minsleben (incorporated: April 1, 1993)
- Nöschenrode (incorporation: September 30, 1929)
- Reddeber (incorporation: January 1, 2010)
- Schierke (incorporation: July 1, 2009)
- Silstedt (incorporation: April 1, 1993)
- Cemeteries of honor for those who fell in the First World War and for the victims of the Second World War (including those who died in bombs on February 22, 1944) at the central cemetery in Wernigerode in the Hasserode district
- A place of honor for those persecuted by the Nazi regime and for numerous prisoners of war , crashed US and British airmen as well as women, children and men who were kidnapped to Germany during the Second World War and were victims of forced labor
- Memorial site and plaque at the former “ Steinerne Renne ” subcamp of the Wernig works for the victims of forced labor
- Commemorative plaque at the Villa Russo for the former owners Clara and Benno Russo , a Jewish industrialist and his wife, who in 1943 in the Theresienstadt concentration camp or in Auschwitz-Birkenau were murdered
- Memorial plaque from 1993 on the town hall in memory of the persecuted Jews of the city
- Grave sites and memorial stone from 1952 in the central cemetery for nine unknown concentration camp prisoners who were murdered by SS men on a death march from the Harzungen subcamp of the Dora-Mittelbau concentration camp in April 1945 , buried on the Minsleben station grounds and buried in the central cemetery in 1952
- Reminder and memorial site Wernigerode Veckenstedter Weg 43
The local elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of the 40 seats in the city council:
- CDU : 12 seats (−3)
- SPD : 8 seats (−3)
- LEFT : 7 seats (−1)
- GREEN : 5 seats (+2)
- AfD : 4 seats (+4)
- Community of voters Haus und Grund Wernigerode: 2 seats (± 0)
- FDP : 1 seat (+1)
One seat remained vacant as the AfD won four seats and only three applicants were candidates. This means that only 39 seats on the city council are occupied in the period 2019-2024. In January 2020, a member was expelled from the AfD parliamentary group and has been a non-attached member of the city council since then.
- Arnd Schaube, d. 1581
- Martin Wolfgang Engelbrecht , from 1558 to 1591
- Ludwig Gepel, from January 7, 1921 to January 6, 1933
- Ulrich von Fresenius , NSDAP , from January 10, 1933 to April 20, 1945
- Max Otto (1889–1969), SPD / SED , from April 20, 1945 to 1951
- Gustav Strahl , from 1951 to 1962
- Martin Kilian , SED , from October 24, 1962 to 1990
- Herbert Teubner , CDU , 1990 to 1991
- Horst-Dieter Weyrauch , CDU , from 1991 to 1994
- Ludwig Hoffmann , SPD , from 1994 to July 31, 2008
- Peter Gaffert , independent, since August 1, 2008
coat of arms
Blazon : "In silver, a red castle with a tinned wall, a higher two-lined central tower with a pointed roof and pommel between two single-lined tinned towers, a red trout in the cloverleaf-shaped gate with raised portcullis."
The oldest surviving representation of the coat of arms of the city of Wernigerode is on a seal on a certificate from 1309. The color (red on silver or white) appears in the 16th century. The portcullis in the upper three-pass arch appears for the first time in a city seal from 1610.
As with all coats of arms, the symbolism of the coat of arms is to be interpreted heraldically. The castle is not the image of the palace, but symbolizes the defensive strength of the city. The trout featured in the coat of arms today is borrowed from one of the coats of arms used by the Counts of Wernigerode, which shows two fish.
Wernigerode maintains partnerships with:
- This partnership agreement was renewed in 1991 due to the new political situation.
- Neustadt an der Weinstrasse , since September 1989
- The annual wine and beer festivals, the Neustadt wine festival in Wernigerode and the Wernigerode beer festival in Neustadt are two examples of the cultural exchange between the cities.
- The aim of this partnership is to help the people of Transylvania to integrate into the EU. It is worth mentioning the Christmas in a shoebox , which is carried out in all parts of the world.
- Hội An , Vietnam, since July 2013
- This city partnership was awarded the German Sustainability Prize in the category “Municipal Partnerships” in 2018 .
Culture and sights
Wernigerode offers many tourist attractions (see below → Buildings ). The city center consists largely of half-timbered houses from Lower Saxony . The neo-Gothic Wernigerode Castle towers prominently over the city and can be seen from a distance. The area around Wernigerode is also charming: The Harz narrow-gauge railway starts here , which runs via Schierke to Brocken and across the Harz to Nordhausen in Thuringia . In 2006, the second state horticultural show in Saxony-Anhalt took place in Wernigerode .
The "Castle Festival" is held annually in the inner courtyard of Wernigerode Castle. They are an event of the Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra Wernigerode. The highlights are the performances of operas and operettas such as Die Zauberflöte , Falstaff or Zar und Zimmermann .
Cultural and leisure facilities
The "Harzer Kultur- und Kongresszentrum", "KiK" for short, for: "Culture in the Congress Center", is a complex with a large hall (600 seats) and several conference rooms that are ideal for various events. It is located in the center of Wernigerode. The “Remise” of the Wernigerode Art and Culture Association is used for small-scale concerts, readings and other performances.
The Christianental wildlife park is located in Nöschenrode below the palace. There are indigenous, sometimes rare wild animals such as the lynx . Since 2005 there is the "Hasseröder Ferienpark", a commercial excursion and holiday destination with a fun pool and other leisure activities.
Another attraction is the so-called planet path . It illustrates our planetary system in an easily understandable way: the distances to the sun are shown on a scale of 1: 1 billion. The tour ends at the Harz Planetarium.
- Castle , center for art and cultural history of the 19th century
- Harz Museum
- Aviation Museum Wernigerode
- Smallest house
- Leaning House Museum
- Fire Brigade Museum
- Reminder and memorial
- Museum courtyard Ernst Koch, district of Silstedt
- School museum, district of Benzingerode
- Gutsmühle, district of Minsleben
- Gallery on the first floor
- Gallery in second-hand bookshop B
- Gallery in the "HarzKultur Center"
- City library with children's library
- Harz library Wernigerode with Walther Grosse library of the Harz Association for history and archeology
- Library of the Harz University of Applied Sciences
- State archive Saxony-Anhalt
- District archive of the former Wernigerode district
- City archive in the "Old Mint"
Wernigerode is well-known in the choral field and is also known as the “choir town”. The state high school for music is located here with four choirs, including the internationally known radio youth choir Wernigerode , which was founded in 1951 by Friedrich Krell .
In Wernigerode, the first special classes for music education were created at the EOS “ Gerhart Hauptmann ” in 1971 (since 1991 state high school for music). In addition to two children's choirs, the Wernigerode girls' choir under the direction of Steffen Drebenstedt is a well-known ensemble. Of former choir members of the Radio Youth Choir was established in April 2003 under the direction of Peter Habermann the Chamber Choir Wernigerode , among other things, the 2007 Grand Prix of Choirs at ZDF won.
Since 1999, an "International Johannes Brahms Choir Festival & Competition" has been held every two years with an international choir directing seminar under the auspices of the Interkultur Association. The city organizes a Harz Choir Festival alternately every two years.
Several amateur and school choirs and ensembles are active in Wernigerode: the "Wernigerode Singakademie", the "Frauenchor Wernigerode", the "Männerchor Wernigerode von 1848", the "Männergesangverein Hasserode 1865", the "Kinderchor Wernigerode" at the Landesmusikgymnasium, the vocal group " Ars Vivendi ”, as well as the choirs of the Stadtfeld grammar school and the Gerhart Hauptmann grammar school.
The Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra Wernigerode under the direction of Christian Fitzner is one of the few small-town orchestras still in existence that is of national importance. A regular cultural highlight is the "Wernigerode Castle Festival" as part of the Saxony-Anhalt Music Festival .
The "Happy Groove Orchestra" under the direction of Thomas Schicker is a Wernigerode big band with a classic line-up.
The samba group "Baraban", which regularly participates in the Wernigerode town hall festival, is known nationwide.
The district music school "Andreas Werckmeister", the music school Schicker with different locations and the "Turbine 19" maintain ensembles of different styles of music.
The dominant building on the market square was first mentioned in 1277 as the gimnasio vel theatro (game and court house). The massive construction of the original "Spelhus" suggests that even then a later increase with half-timbering was considered, because in fact nothing was changed on the foundations during its later expansion. Even the ogival Gothic entrance door to the ground floor is still there today. With the addition of a storey in 1492, the "Spielhaus" received a large ballroom that could be entered via an outside staircase on the west side. Equipped with a high gable, the Wernigerode town hall could now not only exist next to the patrician houses on the market, but also became the dominant center of the market square. The upward striving half-timbered beams took the whole of the previous clumsiness. The building, which was completed in 1497, was more in keeping with the bourgeoisie, who demanded urban representation. In 1497, two slender half-timbered towers were placed in front of the broad Low German gables and, as a counterpart to these vertical elements, a horizontal band in the lower compartments, "curly Andrew's crosses", which appear here for the first time in Wernigerode and were then taken over in other half-timbered houses in the city. It got its present appearance after a fire (1521) and a further renovation in the years 1539 to 1544. The carved figures with which the storey and roof overhangs are decorated are particularly remarkable. It is considered one of the most beautiful town halls in Europe.
- St. Sylvestri Church in the Oberpfarrkirchhof
- The city's oldest parish church, which was initially dedicated to St. George . It was converted into a Benedictine monastery by the Counts of Wernigerode in 1265 , who gave it a second patron saint , Holy New Year's Eve . The now Protestant church still has this dual patronage. The Maria-Magdalena - Antependium , a whitework from around 1250, is worth seeing. In the 19th century, the church received its neo-Gothic appearance. The designs come from the building councilor Carl Frühling (1839–1912). The pulpit of the church, showing Johannes , Petrus , Paulus and Jakobus , was created in 1883 by the local court sculptor Gustav Kuntzsch based on models by Peter Vischer the Elder . The chairs also come from the Kuntzsch workshop. The altar, also made by Kuntzsch in 1883, was removed in 1932 and replaced by an altar from the 15th century, which had stood in the Liebfrauenkirche until 1751 and then in the Nikolaikirche, which was demolished in 1873. The Gadenstedt house from 1582 is at Oberpfarrkirchhof 13 .
- Evangelical parish church for the new town of Wernigerode, the oldest preserved church in the town, built between 1265 and 1279 and structurally modified at the end of the 15th century, in large parts still preserved in the original. The four-winged Marien carved altar with holy women in the altar crown from 1415 and the Ladegast organ from 1885, which is also regularly used for concerts (“Organ for the Night”), are significant .
- The Church of the Cross, which is part of the independent Evangelical Lutheran Church and belongs to the church district of Saxony-Thuringia and is under monument protection, was consecrated on October 19, 1873 as a place of worship of the Old Lutheran Church . The interior of the towerless half-timbered building comes from the demolished Nicolaikirche, such as the pulpit and the galleries from 1611. The small bell in the roof turret was cast in 1300. During the time of National Socialism , the Old Lutherans offered members of the Confessing Church the opportunity to hold their services in the Kreuzkirche. The well-known Evangelical Uniate Pastor Martin Niemöller , who was persecuted by the National Socialists, and the later Evangelical Uniate Bishop Otto Dibelius preached in the Kreuzkirche. After the end of the war, the Confessing Church thanked them with a late Gothic cross, which is still in the church today.
- Former parish church for the Burgstrasse district and parts of Nöschenrode, destroyed by fire in 1751, then rebuilt. The tower can be climbed. Sold to a cultural foundation since 2018, rededicated on February 3, 2019.
- late medieval building with baroque furnishings worth seeing. Built around 1400 as an atonement chapel, with baroque paintings from 1636, bell tower from 1710.
- Chapel built around 1350, located on Ilsenburger Strasse north-west of the old town, with a bell tower from 1635.
- Wernigerode's only Catholic church today was built in 1905/06 on Sägemühlengasse. The neo-Romanesque basilica is built in the basic shape of a cross and has two towers on the west side. Today the church is the seat of the parish of St. Bonifatius in the dean's office in Halberstadt , which stretches from the Großer Fallstein to the Brocken.
- New Apostolic Church on Lüttgenfeldstrasse in the Hasserode district.
- Christ Church in Lutherstrasse in the district of Hasserode
- The Christ Church Wernigerode, located in the middle of the district of Hasserode, is the religious home of the Evangelical Christ Congregation Wernigerode-Schierke, which celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2009. The neo-Romanesque building, which is regularly used for church services, community festivals and concerts, is the focus of an ecumenically oriented community activity that has its roots in the community of the former Prussian colony "Friedrichsthal". Christians of the Lutheran and Reformed denominations had gathered together in a previous building of the Concordia Church since 1778.
- Konkordienkirche am Langen Stieg in the district of Hasserode
- The building erected in 1847 was rebuilt in the 1930s and serves as a kindergarten for the Christ Congregation.
- The smallest house in town
- Today there is a museum in Kochstrasse.
- The crooked house
- Former Teichmühle - a half-timbered house that has sunk on one side over the course of several centuries due to partial erosion by the underground mill ditch. Today it is the seat of an association.
- The Krummel house
- Breite Straße 72, also a half-timbered house, which the Berlin- born grain dealer Heinrich Krummel had built in 1674 in the late baroque style. Due to the carved wooden facade in front of it, the half-timbered structure can hardly be recognized as such. The ten reliefs under the windows - "continental allegories " - which were carved after copper engravings by the Flemish engraver Adriaen Collaert (1560–1618), stand out from the wood carving of an unknown artist . In 1875 the ground floor was fundamentally rebuilt as a shop and lavishly decorated by the local wood sculptor Gustav Kuntzsch with all sorts of ornaments and five full sculptures on consoles . Today the house houses a gastronomic business.
- The old coin
- one of the few preserved half-timbered houses with a stone ground floor from the 16th century, built by Valentin von Sundhausen , today houses the Harz library and the city archive.
- The western gate tower
- was built around 1250 as a city gate, was formerly part of the city wall and at 41 meters is the largest of the defensive towers still standing.
- The half-shell tower
- on the cloth maker frames is an old city wall tower, which was given a slate roof again in 1889 at the instigation of Count Otto zu Stolberg-Wernigerode . There is a second tower of this type in the vicinity of the former princely outbuilding.
- Imperial Tower
- on the Armeleuteberg is a lookout tower built in 1902 at the expense of Edmund Lührmann with a good view of the castle, the Harburg and the northern Harz foreland to Halberstadt.
- in the former pleasure garden on the Schlossberg: built 1728–1731, converted into a library in 1826. Damaged during the air raid on February 22, 1944 in the western part and later restored.
- The Preysser house
- In the Breite Strasse there is a half-timbered house from 1696, which is assigned to the style epoch of Mannerism .
All of Wernigerode's cultural monuments are listed in the local register of monuments.
- The grounds of the Wernigerode State Horticultural Show , now the Bürgerpark, with Koehler pond and the Little Harz Mountains
- Pleasure garden with chestnut grove
- Tiergarten with castle garden (the castle garden is part of the Network Garden Dreams Saxony-Anhalt )
- Christianental wildlife park
- Central cemetery on Eichberg
- Theobaldifriedhof in Nöschenrode with the graves of the princely-count family
- Lossen memorial in the Drängetal, erected in 1896 for the geologist Karl August Lossen
- Hermann Löns monument , erected in 1929 by the Harz Club, plaque: design and execution by Hans Bülow
- Karl Marx Monument by Rudolf Wewerka (erected in 1953)
- Memorial stone for King Friedrich II of Prussia in Hasserode, inaugurated on September 13, 2012
In general, it is possible to practice almost all common sports in Wernigerode, be it ball, martial or mental sports. In addition to the American football team Mountain Tigers , which play in the regional league, the Red Devils are based in Wernigerode. These play in the Floorball Bundesliga .
The Harz Crossing takes place on the last Saturday in April , an ultramarathon over the Harz Mountains with start in Wernigerode and finish in Nordhausen.
- April 30th: Walpurgis celebrations
- Ascension weekend: meeting of the hunting students of the WJSC
- Town hall festival , including a dance tournament for the town hall cups and midnight ball (since 1964)
- On the Friday of the town hall festival week: Young Part in the Bürgerpark (music event, mainly for young people)
- Annually in summer:
- St. John's Festival of the St. John's Congregation
- Wernigerode Castle Festival
- On the 1st weekend in July: Neustädter Wine Days (since 1990)
- In July (every two years): International Johannes Brahms Choir Festival & Competition (since 1999). The international piano competition takes place alternately every two years .
- In August: Old Town Festival
- In the week of October 3rd: Germany Cup of the German Chess Federation (since 2010)
- Harz Crossing in April (since 1980) and Harz Mountain Run on the 2nd weekend in October (national, since 1978)
- End of October: chocolART , offshoot of the largest chocolate festival in Germany
- Beginning of November: Hasseröder Hubertusfest
- from the end of November: Christmas market (until shortly before Christmas Eve)
Economy and Infrastructure
From the 19th century onwards, some industrial companies had settled in the village and the surrounding area, for example the company Lauenstein und Franke GmbH (share capital 20,000 Reichsmark ) was founded on January 10, 1920 , which produced machines for processing chocolate. After the Second World War, it was expropriated and machine production continued under the name VEB Schokomasch . In the 1950s, Wismut AG carried out test drillings to investigate whether there were minable uranium deposits in the area, but they did not find anything.
During the GDR era, three sawmills were established in Wernigerode and the surrounding area that belonged to the United Wood Industry North Harz . The preparatory and maintenance work on the wood stock was the responsibility of a municipal forestry company.
The Heiko division of VEB Schreibgeräte , which manufactured cartridge fountain pens, had settled in Weinbergstrasse .
Some industrial companies that have survived or have been relocated mainly belong to the metal and electrical industries , including automotive suppliers . There are also pharmaceutical companies and the food industry . Wernigerode was the seat of the rice miracle .
The district of Hasserode was the original seat of the Hasseröder beer brewery, which became the property of the Gilde Brewery Hannover in 1990 and is now part of the Belgian-Brazilian brewery group InBev Deutschland Holding GmbH. In 1995 it was built in the North-West industrial park as a state-of-the-art new company.
Wernigerode as a location rich in tradition chocolate factories is in the 21st century the seat of Wergona GmbH, which is the successor of VEB Argenta Wernigerode . As a manufacturer of machines for the chocolate industry, Chocotech GmbH is based in Wernigerode. It is the immediate successor to the machine factory founded in 1920.
At PSFU GmbH, precision parts for mechanical engineering, chassis parts for motorcycles and fuel cells for electrical energy and heat supply are manufactured. The the Mexican Grupo Alfa belonging Nemak -Giesserei produces cylinder heads for automobile engines. At VEM Motors, electric motors are developed and built. The transmission and drive technology Wernigerode GmbH (GAW, a company of the SCHLOTE GROUP) is a machining service provider for the automotive industry, specializing in engine, transmission and chassis components.
The A 36 ( Braunschweig - Bernburg (Saale) ) leads directly to Wernigerode and directly connects the North-West industrial park (Wernigerode-Nord junction) and the Stadtfeld industrial area (Wernigerode-Zentrum junction).
Wernigerode has a main station on the Heudeber-Danstedt – Vienenburg route , on which two regional express lines ( Magdeburg - Goslar and Halle (Saale) - Goslar ) run every two hours . From Halberstadt on , the one-hour rhythm is created. On Fridays and on weekends, part of the Harz-Berlin-Express (HBX) train stops between Goslar and Berlin Ostbahnhof . Wernigerode is also the terminus of the Harz narrow-gauge railways . Trains of the Harzquerbahn begin here , which among other things has a connection to the Brockenbahn . Narrow gauge trains hauled by steam locomotives are used on these several times a day up to the Brocken.
- Line 230: Wernigerode ↔ Benzingerode ↔ Blankenburg ↔ Westerhausen ↔ Quedlinburg
- Line 250: Wernigerode ↔ Benzingerode ↔ Blankenburg ↔ Timmenrode ↔ Thale
The city traffic consists of five bus lines, one of which is a so-called night bus line, which goes to the larger parts of the city from 7:00 p.m. to around midnight. The central transfer point next to the main train station is the Rendezvous stop , which is located in the city center and where the lines meet every 15 minutes on weekdays and every hour on weekends and holidays.
FlixBus drives to Wernigerode several times a day on lines 051 and 129.
Wernigerode's media landscape is quite distinctive. The Volksstimme maintains a local editorial office in Wernigerode. In addition, the “Neue Wernigeröder Zeitung” is published in the city fortnightly, which deals with the history of the Harz and the city as well as current events. In addition to the print media, there has been an open channel in Wernigerode since 1998 , which, as a so-called citizen television, gives every citizen the opportunity to produce and broadcast their own contributions.
- City administration
- Employment Agency
- District court Wernigerode
- Health department
- Administration of the Harz National Park
Research and educational institutions
- Harz University - University of Applied Sciences (FH)
- Robert Koch Institute (Wernigerode branch)
- Institute for Automation and Informatics GmbH / Center for Industrial Research and Development
- HarzOptics GmbH - Institute for Photonic Research
- ProRegio Consult GmbH
- Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation (IFF) (branch office)
- Elementary schools
- Diesterweg primary school
- August-Hermann-Francke Elementary School
- Stadtfeld (all-day primary school)
- Harzblick elementary school
- Free primary school (all-day primary school)
- Secondary schools
- Thomas Müntzer Secondary School
- All-day school Burgbreite
- High schools
- Stadtfeld high school
- Gerhart Hauptmann High School
- State high school for music
- Fachgymnasium (as part of the vocational schools)
- Special schools
- Liv-Ullmann-Schule, special school for the mentally handicapped
- Pestalozzi School, special school for people with learning disabilities
- Other school facilities
- District Music School " Andreas Werckmeister "
- Adult Education Center "Harz"
- Vocational schools in Wernigerode
- Vocational training center of the German construction industry
- Private educational institutions
- Teutloff Education Center and Teutloff Social Work
- Technical Academy Überlingen
- Oskar Kämmer School
- see list of personalities of the city of Wernigerode
- List of the winners of the Culture Prize of the City of Wernigerode
- Uwe Lagatz : Wernigerode: History - Architecture - Art. Schmidt-Buch-Verlag, Wernigerode 2000, ISBN 3-928977-90-3 .
- Norbert Eisold, Peter Kühn: Wernigerode. Hinstorff Verlag, Rostock 2001, ISBN 3-356-00902-8 .
- Uwe Lagatz: Wernigerode: A city in the mirror of the centuries. Schmidt-Buch-Verlag, Wernigerode 2004, ISBN 3-936185-13-1 .
- Rolf Schneider: Wernigerode. Colorful city in the Harz Mountains. With photographs by Therese Schneider. be.bra verlag , Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-86124-657-2 .
- City of Wernigerode (Hrsg.): Wernigerode: Colorful city in the heart of Germany. Schmidt-Buch-Verlag, Wernigerode 2006, ISBN 3-936185-44-1 .
- City of Wernigerode (ed.): But none is so rich and colorful - Wernigerode - City on the Harz , hirschauer, Wernigerode 2010.
- Picture book: Wernigerode - half-timbered paradise and Brocken witch . Documentary by Carla Hicks , Germany 2007. 45 minutes
Martha was the first feature film to be recorded in Wernigerode in 1916. With Hans Röckle und der Teufel (1974) and Schneeweißchen und Rosenrot (1979) DEFA shot films in Wernigerode. For the police call 110 , the city has already been set forthe crime seriesthree times in the episodes In Mask and Costume (1978), Run or Die (1996) and Bad Weather (2000). Film recordings were also made here for the movies 7 Dwarfs - The Forest Is Not Enough (2006), Das kleine Gespenst (2013) and Frantz (2016). The shooting location for the television films Suddenly Millionaire (2008), The Morphus Secret (2008), The Secret in the Forest (2008) with Christoph Waltz , and All Time of the World (2011) was also Wernigerode.
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- multimedia content|
|Wiktionary||- Dictionary entries|
|Wikivoyage||- Travel Guide|
- Homepage of the city of Wernigerode
- Online database on city history
- Panoramas of Wernigerode with a virtual tour
- 775 years of Wernigerode town charter
- Pictures, historical data and stories about houses in the old town of Wernigerode
- State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
- Main statutes of the city of Wernigerode (PDF; 88 KB); Retrieved March 30, 2011
- Climate classification according to E. Neef. See m-forkel.de: Climate zones ( Memento from April 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Climate table based on data from the climate computer from wetteronline.de with data for Wernigerode for the period from Jan. 1990 to Dec. 2006
- Jörg Brückner : Between imperial estate and state rule. The Counts of Stolberg and their relationship to the Landgraves of Thuringia and later dukes, electors and kings of Saxony (1210 to 1815) , Stekovics, 2005, p. 121.
- Dieter Pötschke: Drübeck as a bishop's convent and Benedictine convent (1058–1525 / 27) , in: Ders. (Ed.): Dominion, Faith and Art. On the history of the Reichsstift and Klosters Drübeck , Berlin 2008, pp. 73–88, here: p. 81.
- Names of the victims of the witch trials / witch persecution Wernigerode (PDF; 30 KB), accessed on May 9, 2016.
- GM Kletke, The evangelical church, parish u. School law of the Prussian state; For clergy, church patrons, church u. School inspectors, judicial and administrative authorities, etc .: 2 parts, Berlin: Seidel, 1868, part 1, p. 48.
- Frank Baranowski: Armaments production in the middle of Germany from 1929 to 1945. Southern Lower Saxony with Braunschweiger Land as well as Northern Thuringia including the Southern Harz - comparative consideration of the staggered construction of two armaments centers. Rockstuhl Publishing House, Bad Langensalza 2013, ISBN 978-3-86777-530-4 .
- Lebensborn homes in Germany ( Memento from July 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Unloved German Children , in Frankfurter Rundschau on June 27, 2008, page 12.
- The sponsored children of the SS , in FAZ .NET on September 20, 2010.
- Renate Kroll in "Fates of German Architectural Monuments in the Second World War". Ed. Götz Eckardt, Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978. Volume 1, pp. 273-274
- Volker Schirmer, Robby Zeitfuchs - contemporary witnesses. The Harz Mountains in April 1945, Books on Demand, 2005
- Ursula Höntsch: Colonel Petri says "no" , in: The Zero Hour, Berlin 1966, p. 17
- Wernigerode. Meteoritical Bulletin, accessed June 13, 2020 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
- StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
- StBA: Area changes from January 2nd to December 31st, 2009
- Communications from the Geography Association in Halle A / S., 1903 in the Google book search
- Yearbook for the official statistics of the Prussian state, 1862 in the Google book search
- Population development In: Urban development concept Wernigerode 2004 p. 19 (PDF) for figures from 1964–2003
- census database
- Announcement of the official final result of the election to the City Council of Wernigerode on May 26, 2019. (PDF) In: wernigerode.de. Retrieved August 21, 2019 .
- Dennis Lotzmann, Uta Müller: Wernigerode: AFD Group is weakening. In: volksstimme.de. January 17, 2020, accessed January 21, 2020 .
- Wernigerode.de, main statute
- Wernigerode.de, twin cities
- Regina Urbat: Sustainability Award for Wernigerode. In: volksstimme.de. December 7, 2018, accessed December 7, 2018 .
- Official website ( Memento of the original from June 23, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed March 6, 2011
- Appointment, in: Wernigerödisches Intellektiven-Blatt of October 17, 1894.
- Gustav Kuntzsch: Altar of the St. Sylvestri Church in Wernigerode. In: Drafts for Church Furniture in Gothic Style, p. 7 , accessed on August 27, 2017.
- Church music Wernigerode - Liebfrauenkirche is decommissioned - organ remains the property of the church. Retrieved February 3, 2019 .
- About the Christ Church - Christ Church Wernigerode-Schierke. Retrieved March 30, 2019 .
- About the Christ Church - Christ Church Wernigerode-Schierke. Retrieved March 30, 2019 .
- Walter Looke: Wernigerode image documents from ancient and modern , Wernigerode 1973 (unpublished picture book; inventory of the resin Library Wernigerode).
- Ursula Thiemer-Sachse: America - on the continental allegories at the Krummel'schen home in Wernigerode am Harz , in: Communications 2002 of the "Carl Justi Association for the Promotion of Artistic Cooperation with Spain, Portugal and Ibero America", Dresden 2002, p. 3 ff.
- Entries from 1964 In: wernigerode-in-jahreszahlen.de , accessed on August 27, 2019.
- Brahms Chorfestival Wernigerode In: wernigerode-tourismus.de , accessed on August 27, 2019.
- Deutschland-Cup im Schach - Schachturnier Wernigerode In: deutschlandcup.org , accessed on September 28, 2018.
- Wernigerode in annual figures. Hermann Dieter Oemler: Pictures from the GDR - Wernigerode 1949 to 1989 ; accessed on December 24, 2018.
- Packaging from primus , cartridge fountain pen , at user: 44Pinguine .
- Wernigerode company directory , accessed on December 24, 2018.
- Filming location Wernigerode. In: IMDb. Retrieved August 30, 2016 .