St. John's Church (Wernigerode)
The parish church of St. Johannis is a Protestant church in Wernigerode .
The church, located on the northwestern edge of the historic Neustadt, is the oldest surviving church in the city of Wernigerode in terms of its Romanesque structure . The west tower and the south transept have been preserved from the time it was built. The completion is dated to 1279 (altar consecration by Bishop Volrad von Halberstadt).
The Romanesque nave of the church was converted into a three-aisled hall church in the 15th century and completed in 1497. In the 19th century, the entire structure was extensively restored, in 1864/65 the south portal porch was renewed, the galleries and the stalls from the Baroque period inside were removed, the windows enlarged and additional dormer windows installed. The local wood sculptor Gustav Kuntzsch created the new equipment: ceiling and side aisle cladding, the stalls and the west gallery to accommodate the new organ, with the installation of which the neo-Gothic restoration was completed in 1885.
The church was damaged in bombing raids on February 22, 1944. In the post-war years, only an emergency repair was initially carried out. Larger measures were taken from 1970, including the opening of the previously walled-up west portal and the renovation of the tower room on the ground floor, which was only connected to the interior of the church in 1992. In 1993 the tower roof was renewed, in 1994 the choir roof parts.
In addition to the four-winged Gothic carved altar from 1415, which was restored several times (most recently in 1978 and 1989), the pulpit from the period around 1600/15 is particularly noteworthy. On the south wall of the choir is a sculpture of John the Baptist with a cross staff and a book (around 1500). The octagonal baptismal font at the entrance to the choir, which shows a portrait of Martin Luther and the superintendent of the Wernigerode county , Georg Aemilius , on its sides , dates from 1569.
In 2016, the choir received ten newly designed windows based on designs by Günter Grohs . The execution was the responsibility of the F. Schneemelcher glass workshop in Quedlinburg.
An organ in St. John's Church is mentioned for the first time in 1568. It was rebuilt in 1666/1667 by Friedrich Besser and in 1725/1726 by the organ builder Meybaum. Further renovations took place in 1790 and 1860. During the neo-Gothic redesign of the church in the second half of the 19th century, the old organ was replaced by the current instrument by Friedrich Ladegast with a neo-Gothic front. It is the only surviving of the three former Ladegast organs in Wernigerode. The disposition is as follows:
- Coupling : II / I, III / I, I / P
- Karen Schaelow-Weber: Wernigerode St. Johannis. Art publisher Peda Gregor e. K., Passau 2012, ISBN 978-3-89643-845-4 .
- Evangelical Church Community St. Johannis (Ed.): New windows for St. Johannis. Brochure. Wernigerode 2017.
- Katrin Schröder: Golden light for a valuable altar. In: volksstimme.de. April 12, 2016. Retrieved June 7, 2018 .
- The organ in St. Johannis Wernigerode , accessed on July 17, 2018.
- Felix Friedrich, Vitus Froesch: Organs in Saxony-Anhalt - A Destination Guide (= 268. publication of the Society of Organ Friends ). Kamprad, Altenburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-930550-79-1 , p. 38-41 .
- Information on the organ , accessed on November 10, 2019.