German Chess Federation

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German Chess Federation
German Chess Federation Logo.svg
Founded July 18, 1877
Place of foundation Leipzig
president Ullrich Krause
societies 2,361
Members 91,770
Association headquarters Berlin

The German Chess Federation e. V. ( DSB ) is the umbrella organization for chess players in Germany . He is a member of the German Olympic Sports Confederation and since 1926 (with interruptions) of the World Chess Federation FIDE . The DSB currently (November 2019) has around 92,000 members, including around 26,000 young people and 7,700 women in 2,400 clubs , making it one of the largest chess associations in the world. The DSB includes 17 regional associations, the German Blind and Visually Impaired Chess Federation (DBSB), since 1972 the Schwalbe (German association for problem chess founded in 1924 ), since September 2006 the German Correspondence Chess Federation and since May 2007 the Schachbundesliga e. V. A collection on the historical and current situation of chess in Germany is in the Lower Saxony Institute for Sports History in Hanover.


The German Chess Federation operates through its member association Schachbundesliga e. V. the top two divisions in German team chess:

  • 1st National League
  • 2. Bundesliga in 4 seasons (north, south, west, east), which are divided according to geographical aspects in order to minimize travel costs.

The German Chess Federation owns 17 regional associations that continue the league system locally in lower areas in the form of districts and districts. Associations of clubs have sometimes been formed in larger regional associations.

Regional association societies Districts or subordinate associations
Baden Chess Association 184 Mannheim, Heidelberg, Odenwald, Karlsruhe, Pforzheim, Central Baden, Ortenau, Freiburg, High Rhine, Black Forest, Lake Constance
Bavarian Chess Federation 419 Middle Franconia, Munich, Lower Bavaria, Upper Bavaria, Upper Franconia, Upper Palatinate, Swabia, Lower Franconia
Berlin Chess Association 51 no
State Chess Federation Brandenburg 62 Cottbus, Frankfurt on the Oder, Potsdam
State Chess Federation Bremen 23 no
Hamburg Chess Association 40 no
Hessian Chess Association 197 Kassel-North Hesse, East Hesse, Lahn-Eder, Main-Vogelsberg, Frankfurt, Starkenburg, Main-Taunus, Rhein-Taunus, Lahn, Bergstrasse
State Chess Association Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 39 West, Middle, East
Lower Saxony Chess Association 169 Hanover, Braunschweig, South Lower Saxony, Lüneburg, Oldenburg-East Friesland, Osnabrück-Emsland
Chess Federation North Rhine-Westphalia 443 Ruhr area, Lower Rhine, South Westphalia, East Westphalia-Lippe, Münsterland, Middle Rhine
Chess Federation Rhineland-Palatinate 141 Rhineland, Rheinhessen, Palatinate
Saarland Chess Association 41 no
Chess Association Saxony 135 Leipzig, Dresden, Chemnitz
State Chess Association Saxony-Anhalt 88 Dessau, Halle, Magdeburg
Schleswig-Holstein Chess Association 72 North, West, Kiel, East
Thuringian Chess Federation 82 North, middle, east, south
Chess Association Württemberg 218 Upper Swabia, Alb-Black Forest, Neckar-Fils, Ostalb, Stuttgart, Unterland

It continues with the upper league, regional league, association league, association class, district league and district class.


Founding and building an organization

Postcard from the Munich DSB Congress 1900

The DSB was founded on July 18, 1877 in Leipzig . In addition to the philosopher Carl Göring , the writer Rudolf von Gottschall , the organizers Hermann Zwanzig , Constantin Schwede and Eduard Hammacher , the founding members also included the chess masters Adolf Anderssen , Max Lange and Johannes Hermann Zukertort .

The occasion for the founding of the DSB in 1877 was the celebration of the 50th chess anniversary of the highly respected German top player Adolf Anderssen , who said in his celebratory speech:

“The main motive for holding this festival was by no means the intention of a mere ovation, but something else. For years the idea of ​​a general German chess federation has been floating in the air, so to speak - or at least in the healthy Leipzig city air, because Leipzig made the first efforts to realize such an idea; And only for that reason the suggestion to celebrate my anniversary found immediate approval, because this celebration promised the effect of a general gathering of all German chess contingents and, by the mere envisioning of such a magnificent spectacle, to arouse friends and advocates for the intended enterprise and so for the one Hoped to lay the foundation for the future German chess unit. I don't want this hope to fail! Because there would be nothing more advantageous for the upswing of the German chess game than to put an end to the previous fragmentation of forces and endeavors, and I would be lucky if I had been the innocent cause of this creation, which is so fruitful for chess. "

Between 1879 and 1914, the DSB organized championship tournaments every two years, which were also open to foreign players and were among the strongest tournaments of their time. After the First World War, only German players were allowed. In addition to the master tournament, so-called main tournaments were held, the winners of which were awarded the championship title of the German Chess Federation . The players in question were qualified to participate in future championship tournaments. Almost all important players of this era, including Siegbert Tarrasch , Emanuel Lasker and Aaron Nimzowitsch , took part in these tournaments at the beginning of their careers.

Synchronization / dissolution 1933/1934

In April 1933, DSB President Walter Robinow had to resign because he was Jewish. With the congress of the National Socialist -oriented Greater German Chess Federation (GSB) in Bad Pyrmont in July 1933, this organization took over the previous tasks of the DSB. The regional associations and clubs joined the GSB. On November 2, 1934, the DSB was deleted from the register of associations . Earlier Ehrhardt Post the Register Court submitted Coburg documents of a general meeting of the German Chess Federation, which had made the decision to liquidate.

After the Second World War

After the Second World War , the Working Group of German Chess Associations was founded in 1946 on the initiative of Alfred Brinckmann and others . This was the predecessor of the German Chess Federation, which was re-established on February 5, 1950 in Wiesbaden . The re-admission to FIDE took place in July 1950 after the establishment of the German Chess Federation with Friedrich A. Stock as the first FIDE delegate. The GDR later had its own chess association . After an all-German championship tournament was held again in 1953, which Wolfgang Unzicker won, there were separate championships until the reunification of the two associations in September 1990. The highlights of the DSB's organizational activities were the Chess Olympiads in Munich in 1958 and Siegen in 1970. The first congress after reunification took place in 1990 in the founding city of Leipzig.

German Chess Federation of the GDR (DSV)

Pennant: German Chess Association of the GDR

The German Chess Association of the GDR (DSV) was founded on April 27, 1958 in Leipzig. When in April 1969 the SED Politburo ordered the so-called competitive sports decision to only support certain types of sport, chess was not one of them. As a result, international contacts were severely restricted. GDR champions were only allowed to take part in FIDE tournaments in western countries in exceptional cases.

German reunification in 1989

At the time of reunification, the two chess associations DSB and DSV had to be merged. This happened at the congress in Leipzig on September 29, 1990, when the regional associations of the GDR joined the DSB. Michael Schmidt became Vice President of the DSB, Egon Ditt remained President.

Only 12,000 of the approximately 43,000 DSV members could be taken over by the DSB. For economic and private reasons that had their cause in the reunification, many players ended their membership. In the DSB, however, it was also established that “the previous number of members of 43,000 was excessive and manipulated upwards.” For the DSB, this was one of the reasons for an increase in the fee by DM 1.

Bosman decision 1995

In December 1995, the Bosman decision was announced, which states that athletes are eligible to play anywhere within the European Union . According to the tournament regulations (2.1.3 and 2.1.4 paragraph 4), a maximum of two foreigners were allowed to participate in a team fight in the past. At the DSB Congress in Bad Segeberg in 1996 it was decided that from the 1996/97 season any number of players from the European Economic Area may be used. The Bosman decision was thus implemented. The Baden Chess Association has gone one step further and has allowed any number of foreigners (including non-EU players) to play. This was primarily intended to accommodate the neighboring Swiss players. This regulation has been in force throughout Germany since 2004.

After the Bosman decision, the DSB was initially reluctant to deal with the foreigner problem. Therefore, the chairman of the Bundesliga club PSV Turm Duisburg, lawyer Ulrich Groth, created a precedent by using two Russian players and the Englishman John Nunn in a team match . As a result, the Bosman decision was implemented in the DSB.

Presidents and Honorary Members

Certificate of honor for the 2002 anniversary
Ullrich Krause, 2017 in Berlin
President of the German Chess Federation (including the Greater German Chess Federation)
1877-1894 Hermann Twenty
1894-1899 Max Lange
1899-1902 Cornelius Trimborn
1902-1920 Rudolf Gebhard
1920-1933 Walter Robinow
1933-1938 Otto Zander
1938-1945 Franz Moraller
1950-1951 Richard Czaya
1951-1968 Emil Dähne
1969-1975 Ludwig Schneider
1975-1983 Alfred Kinzel *
1983-1989 Heinz Hohlfeld *
1989-2001 Egon Ditt *
2001-2007 Alfred Schlya *
2007-2011 Robert K. von Weizsäcker *
2011-2017 Herbert Bastian
since 2017 Ullrich Krause
President of the German Chess Association of the GDR
until 1953 Paul Baender
1953-1954 Georg Klaus
1954-1956 Adolf Pawlitta
1956-1958 Friedrich L. Salzl
1958 Arno Otto
1958-1964 Arno mug
1964-1988 Armin Heintze
1978-1990 Werner Barthel
1990 Michael Schmidt
Honorary members
1898 Envoy Tassilo von Heydebrand and the Lasa
1951 Richard Czaya
1970 Friedrich A. Stock
1971 Willi Fohl
1981 Kurt Hülsmann
1991 Helmut Nöttger
1998 Klaus Darga
2003 Heinz Meyer
Lothar Schmid
Wolfgang Unzicker
Wolfgang Uhlmann
2004 Otto Schily
Günther Müller
2005 Siegfried Wölk
2009 Ernst Bedau
Heinz-Jürgen Gieseke
2013 Horst Metzing
Hans-Jürgen Hochgräfe
2017 Christian Krause
Christian Zickelbein
Klaus Gohde

German Chess Prize

Media award 1983 for Claus Spahn

The former Media Prize and the subsequent German Chess Prize are the highest awards of the German Chess Federation for outstanding services to the promotion of chess.

Education system

The German Chess Federation offers the opportunity to have beginners' knowledge certified by appropriate exams. This takes place in increasing difficulty through the farmer, tower and king diploma.

  • With the pawn diploma it is important to master the basic line-up, the possible moves and the chess notation .
  • The tower diploma certifies the ability to recognize a mate position as well as basic tactics, such as bondage and trigger. The amount of knowledge required up to this point is conveyed roughly in the article chess .
  • The King’s Diploma requires knowledge of some known openings and proper handling of basic endgames.
Grandpa, Aunt Bernie and Emil, the puppets from the TV series Ticket to Ride - Chess for Everyone

The official textbooks of the German Chess Federation are:

  • Chess for everyone (1), step by step to the pawn diploma.
  • Chess for everyone (2), step by step to the tower diploma.
  • Chess for everyone (3), step by step to the royal diploma.

The three-part ten-part television program of the same name, Zug um Zug - Chess for Everyone by Claus Spahn ( WDR ) is constantly being repeated in rotation on BR-alpha (as of 2008). The author of the books and moderator of the television series is Helmut Pfleger .

See also


  • Alfred Diel : Chess in Germany. Festival book on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the German Chess Federation e. V. 1877-1977. Rau, Düsseldorf 1977, ISBN 3-7919-0167-2 .
  • Festschrift of the German Chess Federation for the 125th anniversary in 2002, publisher Deutscher Schachbund e. V., Chess Association Saxony e. V., available from the DSB office
  • Manuel Friedel : Sport and Politics in the GDR using the example of chess, Norderstedt 2009.

Web links

Commons : Deutscher Schachbund  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Inventory survey 2019 (PDF) German Olympic Sports Confederation, accessed on November 16, 2019 .
  2. Michal Negele: Emil Joseph Diemer, a zealot between delusion and truth on the Ken Whyld Association
  3. Rudolf Teschner in Schach-Report / DSZ / DSB 2/1991, p. 30.
  4. Ernst Bedau in Schach-Report / DSZ / DSB 3/1991, p. 29.
  5. See Schach Report 1996:
    No. 2, p. 24f - General information on the Bosman problem;
    No. 3, p. 25f - The "Duisburg" dispute;
    No. 4, p. 27f - Basics and the "Duisburg" case;
    No. 7, p. 32 - Implementation of the Bosman judgment
  6. Media Prize of the DSB 1977–1998 / German Chess Prize from 2000