Hermann Löns (born August 29, 1866 in Culm , West Prussia , † September 26, 1914 at Loivre near Reims , France ) was a German journalist and writer . Already during his lifetime Löns, whose ideal landscape was the heath , became a myth as a hunter , poet of nature and homeland, as well as a natural scientist and protector .
School and education
Hermann Löns was born as the first of 14 children. His parents were the high school teacher Friedrich Löns and Clara Löns, born in Westphalia. Cramer, a granddaughter of the Paderborn court pharmacist Franz Anton Cramer . One of the siblings is the dog breeder Edmund Löns . When Hermann was one year old, his father was transferred to Deutsch Krone . This place is located on the southern foothills of the extensive forest and heather area of the Tucheler Heide . Hermann started school there and attended grammar school. In 1884 the father was transferred to Münster , where Hermann Löns passed the Abitur at the Paulinum grammar school in 1887 after attending further school . Then he began studying medicine at the University of Greifswald . There he was a member of the beating student union Turnerschaft Cimbria . Since Löns could not afford the tuition fees, he moved to Göttingen in 1888, where he was a member of the Verdensia Landsmannschaft . In 1889, at the request of his father, he returned to Munster, where he enrolled in mathematics and natural sciences. He pursued scientific interests as a molluscologist ( malacologist ).
In 1889 Löns met the waitress Elisabeth Erbeck (1864–1922) in Münster , with whom he married in 1893. After his wife's five miscarriages, he divorced her in 1901. Löns' excessive alcohol should also have contributed to the failure of the marriage. In 1902 he married his colleague Lisa Hausmann (1871–1955) in Hanover . In her he found an intellectually equal and self-confident partner who was considered a women's rights activist . The marriage gave Löns access to higher social circles , because the father of his wife, Gustav Hausmann , was a well-known painter in Hanover with contacts to the world of artists. In 1906 the marriage resulted in a son, the mentally and physically disabled Dettmer (born June 15, 1906, † March 1, 1968). In 1909 Löns fell in love with Hanna Fueß , a cousin of his wife who was 20 years his junior. The women rejected his proposal of a ménage à trois with his wife and lover. When his wife left Löns in 1911 after a dispute, he defiantly refused to pay alimony . Instead, he withdrew and wandered through Europe for over a year with stops in Berlin, Davos, Innsbruck, Vienna, Zurich, Wiesbaden, Münster and Wesel. In 1912 he returned to Hanover to live with Ernestine Sassenberg (1890–1970), who was 24 years his junior. She was officially his housekeeper, but practically became his partner. Ernestine Sassenberg had already been employed as a nanny for the Löns family in Bückeburg at the age of 17.
Löns gave up his studies prematurely in 1890. This, as well as his excessive alcohol consumption, led to the break with his parents. In 1891 he was hired by the newspaper Pfälzische Presse in Kaiserslautern , but dismissed a year later because of alcohol addiction and lack of punctuality. Another short stop was a newspaper in Gera .
In 1892 Löns went to Hanover, where a year later he began his career as a journalist for a daily newspaper. First he worked for the newly founded Hannoversche Anzeiger (forerunner of the Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung ) of the publisher August Madsack . Löns developed into a passionate and capable journalist who worked his way up from freelance to editor-in-chief. However, the journalist profession was only a livelihood for him, while the secondary activity of writing was a matter close to his heart.
He achieved great popularity as a newspaper writer in Hanover through his satirical local chatter under the pseudonym "Fritz von der Leine". In 1902 and 1904 he moved twice to other daily newspapers in Hanover. During this time he became known as a successful journalist, book author, poet, nature lover and heath poet. He enjoyed widespread recognition and frequented respected social circles, but was considered a dandy because of his white suits .
From Hanover, Löns first made trips to the Lüneburg Heath in 1893 . Around 1900 he began poems to write, many of which were set to music, the time of the youth movement u. a. by Fritz Jöde , more recently by Knut Kiesewetter and Fiede Kay .
In 1906 Löns went to Bückeburg , where he worked as editor-in-chief of the Schaumburg-Lippische Landes-Zeitung . He wanted to leave the hectic city of Hanover and hoped for more time and peace in the provinces for his novel projects, which turned out to be a mistake. In Bückeburg, the spirited poet came into conflict with the guidelines for his work, which were geared towards court life in the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe . He spent much of his time in the restaurant to the case in editing his manuscripts. The building, which used to be a bank, is still a traditional restaurant today. The Heyne banking house was run by Heinrich Heines' grandfather from 1799 . Löns resigned from Bückeburg in resentment and wrote the biting satire Duodez , in which he mocked the small states in Germany using the example of Schaumburg-Lippe .
After his failure in Bückeburg and a dismissal in 1909, Löns returned to Hanover, where he worked as a freelance writer from that point on. In the following years he wrote various short stories and short stories . He wrote some of his important works in a very short time. Delusional in writing, he locked himself in his room and worked days and nights. This in combination with his alcohol consumption later led to a nervous breakdown and from mid-January to mid-March 1910 to a sanatorium in Bad Zwischenahn .
Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War - Löns stayed in Ostenholz during the mobilization - he registered as a war volunteer in 1914 . Only through relationships did he succeed in being accepted as a soldier; because he had not done any military service, was in poor health and was already 48 years old. Löns came as an infantryman to the Fusilier Regiment “General-Field Marshal Prince Albrecht of Prussia” (Hannoversches) No. 73 from Hanover, to which the writer Ernst Jünger later also belonged as a lieutenant. Löns' motives for participating in the war are not known; presumably patriotism or private reasons. On August 24, 1914, his military training began in the infantry barracks in Hanover at Waterlooplatz , today the seat of the water and shipping directorate in the center .
Löns wanted to go straight to the front and refused the service offered to him as war correspondent in the rear lines with the staff. As early as September 2, 1914, when a replacement company was requested from France, he marched with 600 soldiers from the barracks to Möhringsberg station. On the evening of September 7th, he crossed the French border with the 73rd Fusilier Regiment and reached the community of Anor . His war diary was found by chance in an American archive in 1986. In the brief notes, Löns described the cruelty of the war and combined it with vivid observations of nature from the trenches . On September 15, he noted in his diary:
“Fire everywhere, near and far. Turtle dove swings in tree by the path, as grenades chase them out of the forest. "
The loss-making battle of the Marnes took place just two weeks before Löns arrived at the front. After almost a month of military service, on September 26, 1914 at around 5:30 a.m., Löns was killed, presumably by a shot from the heart, in an assault against French troops at the Loivre sugar factory in the Marne department , about 10 km north of Reims . It was not until the night of October 1 to October 2, 1914, that Löns was buried in a single grave during a break in the fighting.
Funerals in France
There are different accounts of the whereabouts of the remains of Löns. During the trench warfare of the First World War , those who were killed were often barely buried in shell holes because of enemy fire. According to his comrades, this was also the case with Löns. Five days after his death, this was done by a funeral squad in the no-man's-land area. The company commander drew up a sketch of Löns' approximate grave site and sent it to friends of the writer. In 1918 a German commando was sent to the area to search for the Löns grave. Based on the sketch of the location, it erected a cross with a dedication for Löns - whether it was the correct grave site remained questionable. In 1919 the bones on the now overturned cross were dug up and buried in a nearby military cemetery. In the 1920s, the remains were reburied in a mass grave at a military cemetery in Loivre.
According to another account, the remains of Löns were only found in January 1933 by a farmer while plowing in a field near Loivre. The bones were immediately buried in a single grave in Loivre. An identification tag was found on the skeleton , which was only identified as von Löns' in 1934 in Berlin. According to critical opinions, there were also discrepancies here because the brand could not be properly assigned to Löns.
Funerals in Germany
After the (alleged) identification of Löns' identification tag in 1934, the bones buried in a single grave in Loivre in 1933 were immediately exhumed in France by order of Adolf Hitler and transferred to Germany. Even then it was not clear whether these remains were really those of Hermann Löns. A (forensic) medical examination (e.g. the dental status) by doctors who had treated Löns was not carried out.
The burial of the poet should take place in this area because of his connection to the Lüneburg Heath . The search for a suitable location caused considerable difficulties. The burial originally planned at the Seven Stone Houses was out of the question, as the Bergen military training area was to be set up there according to plans that were still kept secret at the time . A grave on Wilseder Berg was rejected for nature conservation reasons, as it would have developed into a heavily visited place of pilgrimage. The Löns widow Lisa threatened to display the bones in front of Hanover main station with the sign: “We wanted to bury Hermann Löns in the heath, but there is no place for him there.” With the matter of “Löns funeral” were next local administrative institutions also dealt with higher party offices of the NSDAP and the highest representatives of the Nazi regime, e.g. B. Hermann Göring , Rudolf Hess , Joseph Goebbels , Reichswehr Minister Werner von Blomberg and, as mentioned, Adolf Hitler.
Because of the unresolved and embarrassing matter of the place of burial, SA members kidnapped the coffin from the cemetery chapel in Fallingbostel in a night-and-fog operation in 1934 and buried it on the Soltau - Harburg road on a group of juniper trees near Barrl on a private property owned by Gauleiter Otto Telschow . The Reichswehr , which rivaled the SA, dug up the coffin again around a year later and buried it in a dignified ceremony on August 2, 1935 near Walsrode . The date was chosen deliberately because it was the anniversary of the beginning of the First World War. A copper shell with a document signed by Hitler was added to the Lönsgrab . The place of burial was a heather near Walsrode, the Tietlinger Wacholderhain . The land was made available by the farmer and loyalty worshiper Wilhelm Asche. There was already a Löns monument from 1929 there.
In 1962, the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge declared that it was not absolutely certain that the remains of Hermann Löns were in today's grave near Walsrode.
Passion for hunting
From 1898 to 1914 Hermann Löns often hunted south of Ostenholz , in the Westenholzer Bruch. When he wasn't living in Westenholz , he sometimes spent several days in a hunting lodge. There was also the “Lönshütte” near the Hanshof . The farm is known from the 1909 Löns novel, The Last Hansbur . The Lönshütte was relocated and rebuilt about 650 meters west of the courtyard.
Hermann Löns is considered a Heide poet and local writer . He himself was a city dweller and an intellectual . As a reaction to the emerging urbanization at the beginning of the industrial mass age, his heart hung on the barren sandy soil of the heather and its farmers. He lived for weeks in his hunting lodge in the Westenholzer Bruch. From there he went on stalking in the forest, heather and moor and wrote, among other things, In der Jagdbude from My green book , or Der Porst from My colorful book . Many works contain animal and hunting stories as well as depictions of landscapes. His prose is shaped by impressions of nature. That the hunter to Hegern were, is attributed to the activities of the avid hunter Hermann Lons. One can infer from his writings that live wild animals were more important to him than dead hunted prey. In 1911 Löns campaigned for the foundation of the Lüneburg Heath Nature Park , the first German nature park.
Today tourism in the Lüneburg Heath is also based on the legend of Hermann Löns. After his death Löns was not forgotten: his nature and animal stories were read, his songs were sung, some poems were learned by heart, hunters, conservationists and hikers adored him. He was an early advocate of nature conservation and was a pioneer of today's environmental protection .
Some of his works have also been adapted for the cinema. The homeland film Rot ist die Liebe (1956) is a film adaptation of his successful novel The Second Face . The main character in the melodramatic film, a poet and writer, has autobiographical traits - he is torn between his wife and his former girlfriend and retires to his hut in the heather.
The popular film Grün ist die Heide (1951), also from the Heimatfilm genre, is based on motifs by Hermann Löns. There were other film adaptations under this title, which also take place in the Lüneburg Heath, in 1932 and 1972. His poems set to music, which later almost achieved folk song status as Heidelieder, such as the evening song (Rose Marie) with the melody of , achieved particular fame Fritz Jöde .
The novels The Last Hansbur (1909), Dahinten in der Heide (1910) and The Second Face (1912) were very popular at the time and were among the most successful new publications of these years. His hit novel Der Wehrwolf (1910) gained popularity during the Nazi era . It depicts the merciless partisan struggle of a Lower Saxony farming village in the Thirty Years' War against vagrants, marauders and the Swedish soldiers .
The total circulation of all Löns books is currently estimated at around 10 million copies.
From 1905 onwards, Löns often signed the symbol of the Wolfsangel under his signature , which is why the "Association of Hermann Löns Circles" now has it in its logo.
- My green book (1901), descriptions
- My brown book (1907), 21 stories from the heath
- The last Hansbur (1909), a farmer's novel from the Lüneburg Heath
- Dahinten in der Heide (1909), Lower Saxony novel
- Mümmelmann (1909), An animal book
- The Wehrwolf (1910), A Chronicle of the Thirty Years' War
- The Second Face (1911), A Love Story
- The Purposeful Meyer (1911), A Schnurriges Buch. 20 humoresques from natural life
- Kraut und Lot (1911), a book for hunters and hunters
- Out there in front of the gate (1911), Heimatliche Naturbilder
- Haidbilder (1912), new series of My brown book
- On the Wild (1912), Jagdnovellen
- My colorful book (1913), descriptions of nature
- Goldhals (1914), An Animal Book for Young People
- Widu (1917), An Animal Book
- The houses of Ohlenhof (1917), novel of a village
- From Wald und Heide (1920), 12 short stories for young people
- From the forest and the fields, forty animal novels
- My golden book (1901), book of poems
- My blue book (1909), ballads and romances
The small rose garden (1911), volume of poetry
- On the Lüneburg Heath - text from the volume of poems Der kleine Rosengarten - setting by Ludwig Rahlf
- Junglaub, Lieder und Gedichte (written between 1884 and 1890, published posthumously in 1919)
- Expectation, poetry
- The parting, poems
- Hermann Löns Brevier - the world of the famous folk poet in his songs, fairy tales, stories and poems , compiled and provided with numerous illustrations by Marianne Bernhard, Gondrom Verlag, Bayreuth 1983, ISBN 3-8112-0339-8 .
Drawings, paintings and sketches
Hermann Löns was not only a poet and writer, but also a draftsman and painter. As early as his youth, he captured plants and animals in sketches. Overall, Löns drew and painted more than 85 colored picture postcards between 1907 and 1914. There are also other drawings, draft bindings for his books, and illustrated letters. There are also several sketches in his war diary.
Reception under National Socialism
Some of Hermann Löns' writings have nationalistic echoes. It was therefore natural for the National Socialists to adopt him as one of their masterminds. So they put him in their "Germanic tradition". Löns' sailor song was used as early as the First World War to mobilize people in the naval war against England. At that time it already had a similar melody in parts, but Konrad Ramrath had set it to music as a sustained, orchestral baritone version with individual minor passages. Only in the very extensive revision, if not even a new composition, by Herms Niel and titled as Engelland-Lied , was it used propagandistically for the attack on Great Britain during the Second World War (see also: Company Sea Lion and Battle of Britain ):
- Our flag and it flies on the mast,
- She proclaims the power of our empire,
- Because we don't want to suffer any longer
- That the English man laughs about it.
- Because we're driving towards Engeland, Engeland.
When the (alleged) bones of Hermann Löns were found in France in 1934, the National Socialists stylized him as a national hero. The funeral in 1935 in the Lüneburg Heath near Walsrode was organized by the Wehrmacht as a large-scale event. It also served to honor the war volunteers, to whom Löns belonged.
There are allegations about the person of Hermann Lön that describe him as a drinker and misogynist:
- "Women are not full people because they have no soul, only a uterus ."
- "A man like me needs a different lover every seven weeks."
The Bückeburg doctor Kantorowisz declared in a court certificate that he had treated Löns for "severe nervous disorders" and a "pathological urge to wander". The patient also suffers from "periodic drinking addiction" (quarter drinker).
He openly expressed his nationalist attitude with anti-Semitic touches:
“I'm Teutone to the power of four. We have ruined ourselves enough with humanism, national altruism and internationalism, so much so that I consider a good portion of chauvinism to be absolutely necessary. Of course that doesn't suit the Jews ... "
The Löns critic Thomas Dupke (see literature) is of the opinion that Löns' later appropriation by the National Socialists did not come without his own involvement during his lifetime, as he often expressed himself in a social Darwinian and racial and ethnic manner.
Löns critic Thomas Dupke (see literature) does not see Löns' commitment to nature conservation as ecological motives in today's sense, but rather a love of the country. For him, nature was race protection, a power resource for the German people and a public health well.
Some critics complain that nature is humanised in the hunting and animal stories of Löns, e.g. B. At the Mümmelmann plant, the rabbits are given first and last names.
The Germanist Hans-Albrecht Koch judged the work of Hermann Löns in a devastating review :
“The most banal poems, some of which have survived through setting to music, and provincial prose, which at least prepared the blood-and-soil literature and for which the term kitsch is still a euphemism: everyone who has some literary taste will not be much different characterize the work of Hermann Löns. "
After Löns' death, numerous memorials were erected in his memory. The first was a memorial from 1921 on the Wietzer Berg near Müden in the southern Lüneburg Heath. After his burial near Walsrode, from 1935 onwards, more and more Löns monuments were built all over Germany - not only in the Lüneburg Heath - mostly erected by local hunters. In Germany, Austria and other countries there are now around 140 sites (2006).
The city of Walsrode has been called Hermann-Löns-Stadt since 1935 . There are several memorials in it and the surrounding area:
- Löns monument from 1929 in the Tietlinger Wacholderhain, a park-like heathland
- Löns grave from 1935 under a boulder in the Tietlinger Wacholderhain near the Löns monument (see photo above: Funerals in Germany)
- Löns hunting lodge in the Westenholzer Bruch, about three kilometers southwest of the Westenholz district. Hermann Löns stayed in the hut frequently and for long periods between 1898 and 1914.
- Löns room in the Heidemuseum Walsrode with furnishings from his estate and a collection of works
- Life-size bronze sculpture of Hermann Lön at the Heidemuseum from 2006
The Löns monument in the Tietlinger Wacholderhain says:
"Let your eyes be open,
closed your mouth
and walk quietly, so
secret things will be revealed to you ."
In the Schönbuch nature park near Ammerbuch - Entringen there is a Hermann Löns fountain in Gewann Steingart, which was built by a group of friends around the artist Ugge Bärtle in the mid-1920s.
The first Löns memorial, the Lönsstein from 1921 on the Wietzer Berg near Müden
Lönsstein in Gifhorn-Winkel
Löns room in the Heidemuseum Walsrode
Memorial plaque for Hermann Löns in German Krone / Wałcz
The Lönsstein northwest of Pulkau in the Hollabrunn district in Lower Austria is a stone with a bronze image of Löns and is located just south of the Heidberg in the Upper Pulkautal nature reserve and is easily accessible on foot. The Pulkau teacher and school councilor Egon Geier, himself a poet, set up the memorial in 1932 in the heath area similar to the Lüneburg Heath , the main place of activity of Löns; since 1961 a small group has been meeting regularly for a ceremony.
In Deutsch Krone / Wałcz , a plaque at ul. Bankowa 21 reminds that Hermann Löns lived here in his youth.
Because of the special relationship between Löns and Walsrode , the Association of Hermann Löns circles in Germany and Austria e. V. has its seat here. It is located in the Heidemuseum Rischmannshof in Hermann-Löns-Straße. The association's predecessors were associations such as the “Hermann-Löns-Bund” founded in Bavaria in 1920 and the “Lönsbund Celle ” founded in 1921 .
In Germany around 600 streets and around 80 squares and around 125 schools bear the name of the poet. In Hanover the almost 90 was between 1936 and 1939 ha large Hermann-Löns-Park created a park with typical Lower Saxon landscape character. There are other Löns parks in Braunschweig and Apolda . The Lönspfad is a 44-kilometer long- distance hiking trail that connects the East Westphalian towns of Horn-Bad Meinberg and Oerlinghausen in the Lippe district . Hunting associations were also named after the poet, e.g. B. the "AJV Hermann Löns" in Münster . In the Paderborn district of Schloß Neuhaus there is the “ Hermann-Löns-Stadion ” (football stadium with a capacity of 10,165 seats). In Bergisch Gladbach , the site of the Hermann-Löns barracks, which existed until 1996 (location of the guard battalion ), became the “Hermann-Löns-Viertel” new development. It offers around 1,200 residents living space and so-called “quiet commercial” space. Another named after Lons district is in Eschweiler lying Hermann-Lons-Anger . In Wedemark to is Resse belonging Lönssiedlung with the road Lönswinkel. The Heidegasthof Löns is also in Resse.
In 2006 Austrian Post issued a special stamp with a face value of € 0.55 for Hermann Löns' 140th birthday. It shows the bronze Hermann Löns statue in Walsrode.
In 1939 the Hermann-Löns-Gesellschaft e. V., which had set itself the goal of collecting memorabilia and literature from the “Heide” poet and journalist Hermann Löns. The construction of the archive was mainly financed by the city of Hanover, so that in 1941 the archive was renamed "Städtisches Hermann-Löns-Archiv".
On January 12, 1967, the City of Hanover's Cultural Office took over the entire holdings of the association. The city library received numerous manuscripts, books by and about Löns, pictures and a number of memorabilia. The pictures and memorabilia were given to the Historical Museum in Hanover. The literature and manuscript collection finally became the property of the Hanover City Library.
In the period that followed, the archive's holdings were continuously supplemented through the consolidation of existing library holdings, acquisitions and loans from other institutions, gifts from private individuals and purchases. The Löns collection contains documents from his estate administrator Max Apffelstaedt .
As the last major donation, the Löns archive took over the autograph collection of the Löns collector Karl-Heinz Beckmann from Ascheberg-Herbern in May 2007 .
- Martin Anger: Hermann Löns. Fate and work from today's perspective. Braunschweig 1986, ISBN 3-923722-20-6 .
- Oskar Ansull : Heavens, what a country! A sighting. Literature & district, therein detailed critical presentation by Hermann Löns in the district of Celle.
- Ernst Bock-Letter (editor): Löns anecdotes. 12th thousand. Friedrich Gersbach Verlag, Hanover (1918?)
- Rolf Brunk: Notes on Hermann Löns. Hermannsburg 2006, ISBN 978-3-937301-39-6 .
- Wilhelm Deimann : The artist and fighter. A loyalty biography and edition of letters. Hanover 1935, OCLC 3443931 .
- Thomas Dupke: Hermann Löns. Myth and Reality. Hildesheim 1994, ISBN 3-546-00086-2 .
- Thomas Dupke: Myth Löns. Home, people and nature in the work of Hermann Löns. Wiesbaden 1993, ISBN 3-8244-4140-3 .
- Rainer Kaune: Hermann Löns - nature lover, poet, environmentalist . Lahr 1994, ISBN 3-87729-632-7 .
- Rainer Kaune: love, life, suffering. Hermann Löns in Hanover, Schaumburg-Lippe and the Lüneburg Heath. Erfurt 2014, ISBN 978-3-95400-473-7 .
- Fritz Klein: Hermann Löns, The most beautiful stories and drawings. Hanover 1985, ISBN 3-87706-197-4 .
- Hermann Knottnerus-Meyer : The unknown Löns. Jena 1928.
- Uwe Kothenschulte: Hermann Löns as a journalist. Dortmund 1968.
- Rudolf Radler: Löns, Hermann. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 15, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-428-00196-6 , pp. 51-54 ( digitized version ).
- Heinrich Schauerte: Hermann Löns, his work and his works. Second edition, Dortmund. Verlag Gebrüder Lensing 1920th series: Life pictures from Westphalia and Lower Saxony Volume 1
- Michael Schulte: The other Hermann Löns. Düsseldorf 1983.
- Heinrich Thies: I give my heart back. Lisa and Hermann Löns. Springe 2016, ISBN 978-3-86674-519-3 .
- Literature by and about Hermann Löns in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Hermann Löns in the state bibliography MV
- Works by and about Hermann Löns in the German Digital Library
- Search for Hermann Löns in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- Newspaper article about Hermann Löns in the 20th century press kit of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Works by Hermann Löns in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Works by Hermann Löns in Project Gutenberg ( currently not usually available for users from Germany )
- Works by Hermann Löns at Zeno.org .
- Löns association with biography and works
- Hermann Löns in the Internet Archive
- Hermann Löns collection in the University and State Library of Münster
- ^ Landsmannschaft Verdensia in the CC at the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen .
- ^ Hermann Löns: Duodez - A delicious satire from a small residence, Rinteln 1958 .
- ↑ Fusilier Regiment Field Marshal Prince Albrecht of Prussia (Hannoversches) No. 73 at GenWiki
- ^ German loss lists from November 18, 1914 (Pr. 80) p. 2705. Fusilier Regiment No. 73, Hanover, 1st Battalion. 4th company. Loivre from August 23 to October 20, 1914. Krgsfreiw. Hermann Löns - Kulm, Westpr. - like. .
- ↑ New resting place for Hermann Löns . In: Radeberger Zeitung, August 3, 1935
- ↑ Dark game about the bones of Hermann Löns . In: Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung, September 24, 1964
- ↑ Rose Marie , print version 1918
- ↑ Marianne Weil: The Wehrwolf by Herman Löns .
- ↑ See the Löns literature by Wilhelm Deimann, which appeared during the Nazi era : Hermann Löns. The artist and fighter . Hanover 1935; Wilhelm Deimann: Hermann Löns. A military legacy . Ahnenerbe -Stiftung Verlag, Berlin-Dahlem 1941.
- ↑ Sailor song at LeMO
- ↑ a b WDR cut-off date Hermann Löns .
- ^ Hans-Albrecht Koch: The first book editions by Hermann Löns . In: Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum (BSZ) Baden-Württemberg (review from: Informationsmittel für Libraries (IFB) 5 (1997), No. 1/2).
- ^ Hermann-Löns-Brunnen , memorial stones in the nature park Schönbuch.
- ^ Memorial sites - Association of the Hermann Löns circles in Germany and Austria. V.
- ↑ Hermann Löns Memorial, Pulkau - Monument Museums / Historical - Tiscover
- ^ Max Apffelstaedt estate , University and State Library of Münster. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German journalist and writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 29, 1866|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Culm , West Prussia|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 26, 1914|
|Place of death||near Loivre , Reims , France|