Assault battle

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The attack command post is a special type of military confrontation, particularly the battle . It is understood as an attack on a well-prepared and reinforced defensive front .

The beginning of the attack means the renunciation or the inability of the opponent to gain the advantage of choosing the direction and type of attack. The scheduled deployment precedes the battle. The planned attack has a chance of success only if it has superior fire capabilities, be it by infantry , artillery or air forces .

The planned attack against an enemy in a fortified position is divided into phases

  • Approach to the drain line (before the start of the attack)
  • Approaching the break-in point
  • Storm and Burglary (the actual raid )
  • Fight through the depths (defense against counter attacks or counter attacks)
  • Pursuit, pursuit

Until the First World War

Before the introduction of strong air forces , efforts were made to first achieve the superiority of artillery by fire . The main body of the artillery must have finished their deployment before the start of the planned fighting. The distance from the first firing position to the enemy depended on the intentions of the military leadership, the battle situation and the terrain. If necessary, you had to approach closer firing range (1,500 to 2,000 m). As soon as the point of attack of the infantry had been determined, an overwhelming artillery fire from extensive positions was demanded in preparation for the attack, while part of the batteries was to hold down the part of the enemy artillery that was still able to fight. Under the protection of this artillery, the infantry attack developed, whereby first suitable bases had to be conquered in front of the attack front. Strong swarms of riflemen should work their way up to the opposing positions and fight them down. If the riflemen got close to the enemy positions, the support units following them had to be ready to intervene in the fight.

As long as the fire superiority is not achieved or the enemy appears to be significantly shaken, the success of the attack is questionable. In such a case, all fire effects are combined at a single point so that the supposed last attempt would be successful. As soon as the rifle line has adequately prepared the storm by using the highest level of firepower at close range, the rear squadrons approach the front line uninterruptedly in order to join the fight to a decision. Now there was only one direction for the entire attack front. Under the beating of the reel and the signal "Fast forward!" The storming troops were supposed to throw themselves at the enemy.

After the successful attack, the infantry occupied the captured position and pursued the enemy with their fire. If the attack failed, the artillery picked up the retreating infantry.

This type of warfare originated in the 19th century and was out of date at the beginning of the 20th century due to the improved firepower of artillery and infantry weapons. However, this was a lesson that was not learned until World War I.


  • HDv 100/100 leadership in battle