Circle lip

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Lippe district Map of Germany, position of the Lippe district highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 56 '  N , 8 ° 51'  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Detmold
Regional association : Westphalia-Lippe
Administrative headquarters : Detmold
Area : 1,246.21 km 2
Residents: 347,514 (Dec 31, 2019)
Population density : 279 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : LIP
Circle key : 05 7 66
Circle structure: 16 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Felix-Fechenbach-Strasse 5
32756 Detmold, Germany
Website :
District Administrator : Axel Lehmann ( SPD )
Location of the Lippe district in North Rhine-Westphalia
Niederlande Belgien Niedersachsen Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Essen Wuppertal Solingen Remscheid Hagen Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Bochum Dortmund Herne Gelsenkirchen Bottrop Oberhausen Mülheim an der Ruhr Duisburg Kreis Mettmann Düsseldorf Rhein-Kreis Neuss Kreis Heinsberg Mönchengladbach Krefeld Kreis Viersen Kreis Wesel Kreis Kleve Rhein-Erft-Kreis Kreis Düren Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Kreis Recklinghausen Kreis Borken Kreis Unna Märkischer Kreis Kreis Olpe Hamm Kreis Soest Kreis Coesfeld Kreis Steinfurt Kreis Warendorf Leverkusen Köln Städteregion Aachen Bonn Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Städteregion Aachen Kreis Euskirchen Münster Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Paderborn Kreis Gütersloh Kreis Höxter Kreis Lippe Kreis Herford Kreis Minden-Lübbecke Bielefeldmap
About this picture

The Lippe district is the second most populous district in the Detmold administrative district ( Ostwestfalen-Lippe ) in northeast North Rhine-Westphalia . The district town is Detmold .

The district follows the tradition of the former state of Lippe , which joined North Rhine-Westphalia in 1947 and has since formed its third part of the state (alongside northern Rhineland and Westphalia ). This position is symbolized by the Lippe rose in the coat of arms of North Rhine-Westphalia . The name of the district is derived from that of the ruling house that ruled until 1918 , whose ancestral seat was on the Lippe River , but which does not touch the district area.

Neighboring areas

The district of Lippe borders in a clockwise direction in the northeast on the districts of Schaumburg , Hameln-Pyrmont and Holzminden (all in Lower Saxony ), the districts of Höxter , Paderborn and Gütersloh , the independent city of Bielefeld and the districts of Herford and Minden-Lübbecke (all In North Rhine-Westphalia). This means that it has a common border with all districts in East Westphalia.


See also: Lippe (Land) and Haus Lippe .

The circle stands in the tradition of the earlier territory in the Holy Roman Empire and the later German federal state of Lippe . The Lords of Lippe , first mentioned in a document in the 12th century , built up their domain here, were elevated to imperial counts in 1529 and imperial princes in 1789 . In 1815 Lippe joined the German Confederation and was a member state of the German Empire from 1871 to 1945 , since 1918 as a free state . The districts of Detmold and Lemgo had existed as administrative units since 1932 , to which the previously independent cities of Detmold and Lemgo were assigned in 1934.

On January 21, 1947, the Free State of Lippe was united with the State of North Rhine-Westphalia by Military Ordinance No. 77 of the British occupying power . On April 1, 1947, the Westphalian administrative district of Minden and Lippe was formed into the new administrative district of Minden-Lippe with its seat in Detmold (from June 2, 1947, Detmold district). In 1949, the laws passed by the North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament on November 5, 1948 - based on the so-called Lippe punctures - to regulate the unification of the state of Lippe with the state of North Rhine-Westphalia came into force, whereupon the state association Lippe was formed. The communities Lipperode and Cappel were assigned to the district of Lippstadt .

In 1969 and 1970 the municipalities were reorganized into the districts of Lemgo (on January 1, 1969 by the Lemgo Law ) and Detmold (on January 1, 1970 by the Detmold Law ). 16 towns and communities were formed from the former 168 independent towns and communities in Lippe. The city of Lügde and the communities Harzberg and Kempen- Feldrom fell to the Detmold district, the Lippe exclave Grevenhagen to the Höxter district . In the Bielefeld Act , the previous Lemgo and Detmold districts were merged with effect from January 1, 1973 to form the Lippe district with its headquarters in Detmold .

This district largely coincides in its territorial extent with the former rule / county / principality and land of Lippe and can therefore look back on almost 900 years of continuous history and can be briefly understood as "Lippe" or "Lipperland".

Population development

Population development from 1975 to 2016
year Residents
1975 323.270
1980 328.064
1985 323.160
1990 340.202
1995 360.471
2000 365.006
2005 360.858
2010 351.158
2015 350,750
2016 348,933

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , the majority of 51.0% of the population were Protestant , 12.5% Roman Catholic and 36.5% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants has fallen since then. According to the Lippe Regional Church (as of December 31, 2019) 152,409 (43.9%) of the 347,514 residents are Protestants .


Election of the Lipper district council in 2014
in percent
Gains and losses
compared to 2009
 % p
+ 2.9  % p
-0.9  % p
+ 0.2  % p
-4.7  % p.p.
+ 0.4  % p
-1.3  % p
+ 3.3  % p.p.
Allocation of seats in the
Lipper district council 2014
A total of 60 seats

Upper District Directors

  • January 1, 1973 to June 30, 1973: Hellmuth Krüger (commissioned senior district director)
  • July 1, 1973 to July 14, 1985: Hilmar Lotz
  • July 15, 1985 to July 14, 1993: Udo-Paul Haase
  • July 15, 1993 to September 30, 1999: Helmut Kauther

On October 1, 1999, within the framework of the local constitutional reform, the full-time upper district director and the honorary district administrator were merged into full-time district administrators, so since October 1, 1999, there has been no higher district director.

District administrators

District council

Lippe district council, result of the 2009 local elections

Currently there is the following distribution of seats according to parliamentary groups in the district council (as of September 2014):

SPD CDU GREEN FDP THE LEFT Non-attached total
23 23 6th 3 3 2 60
CDU 21
AfD 2

As a result of the last election, the FREE VOTERS lost their parliamentary group status. After failed negotiations with the AfD about the formation of a joint parliamentary group and their exclusion from the electoral group, the two elected officials joined the CDU parliamentary group. CDU (+ FREE VOTERS), GREEN and FDP form a coalition.

Coat of arms, flag and banner

Banner circle lip

The coat of arms of the circle shows a red five-petalled rose in silver (white) with golden (yellow) clusters and golden (yellow) sepals (see Lippe rose ).

The Lippe district, formed in 1973 as part of the local government reform, has the Lippe rose in its coat of arms with the approval of July 17, 1973. Historically, the rose has been a coat of arms symbol for the rule, the county, the principality and the Free State of Lippe for centuries. Since the merging of the two districts of Detmold and Lemgo, the area of ​​the district of Lippe has essentially coincided with that of the former state of Lippe. It was therefore natural to consider the common history of unusual continuity over almost eight centuries to use the Lippe rose as the new coat of arms of the district. The 16 golden stamens symbolize the cities and municipalities of the new Lippe district.

The circle carries a flag with the colors yellow and red, striped lengthways, with the circular coat of arms shifted to the pole, and a banner with the colors yellow and red, striped lengthways with the circular coat of arms in the upper half. (§ 2 of the main statutes of the district)

Infrastructure and economy

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Lippe district was ranked 236 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future.


The university towns in Lippe are Detmold and Lemgo. The University of Music is based in Detmold . The headquarters of the Technical University of East Westphalia-Lippe is located in Lemgo ; it has another location in Lippe in Detmold and outside of Lippe in Höxter and Warburg .

The European Center for University Studies of Seniors Ostwestfalen-Lippe is located in Horn-Bad Meinberg .

Non-university research institutions

The branch of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is located in the building of the Centrum Industrial IT (CIIT) on the Lemgo campus of the OWL University of Applied Sciences

The non-university research institutions in Detmold are the Max Rubner Institute with the Institute for Safety and Quality of Grain and in Lemgo the Fraunhofer Society with the Fraunhofer IOSB-INA .

The building in which the Fraunhofer Institute is located is on the Innovation Campus Lemgo and was built by private investors as part of a public-private partnership . The research carried out there focuses on IT-based automation .

Promotion of education, science and research as well as culture

To promote education, science and research as well as culture, the Lippe district established the Lippe district security foundation in 2001 . The regional association Lippe is also active in this area.

Innovation Campus Lemgo

In 2016, a new major project was started with the Innovation Campus Lemgo .


Airfields and airports

The oerlinghausen airfield is a large airfield, start on the small airplanes take off and land. Another airfield is the Detmold airfield . The Blomberg-Borkhausen airfield is located near Blomberg .

The closest airports outside the district are Paderborn / Lippstadt , Dortmund , Münster / Osnabrück and Hanover airports .


The Lippe district is served by the two railway lines Lager Bahn , Herford – Paderborn and the Hanover S-Bahn . The operation in local passenger traffic is carried out by the train runs

  • RB  72 “Ostwestfalenbahn” Paderborn –Detmold – Lage-Bad Salzuflen– Herford (every hour)
  • RE  82 "Der Leineweber" ( Altenbeken -) Detmold– Bielefeld (every hour, every two hours on Sundays),
  • RB 73 "Der Lipperländer" Lemgo-Lage-Oerlinghausen-Bielefeld (every hour),
  • Line 5 of the Hanover S-Bahn (Hanover Airport - Hanover - Hameln - Schieder - Steinheim (Westphalia) - Altenbeken - Paderborn).

Local rail passenger transport is carried out by the Eurobahn and on S-Bahn line 5 by DB Regio .


The district of Lippe is touched in the northwest by the Bundesautobahn 2 Dortmund - Hanover between Bielefeld and Herford. The federal motorway 33 in the Senne region from Bielefeld to Paderborn leads west past the district area.

The B 1 , B 66 , B 238 , B 239 and B 252 run within the Lippe district . Other important roads are Ostwestfalenstrasse and Extertalstrasse .

In 2006 the district council decided to put out a public-private partnership project . It is intended to privatize road construction, road operation and road maintenance in the district. Within the population of this project is controversial, it has this one initiative group of citizens' formed. In its meeting on November 6, 2006, the district council rejected the petition as inadmissible.


The district is crossed by several long-distance cycle paths and local cycle paths, including the wellness route and the “BahnRadRouten” Hellweg – Weser and Weser – Lippe , as well as the R1 European cycle path from Boulogne-sur-Mer on the Atlantic to St. Petersburg in Russia. The district is a member of the working group for pedestrian and bicycle-friendly cities, communities and districts in North Rhine-Westphalia , as is the district town of Lemgo .


The agricultural use falls quite differently from in each region Lippe: While in August the village only 2.8% of the cadastral area is used for agriculture, they are in Leopoldshöhe 81%. This difference is mainly due to the Teutoburg Forest , because all regions that are directly on the mountain chain have only a small area used for agriculture (Augustdorf: 2.8%, Oerlinghausen 12.2%, Schlangen 13.8%). In Augustdorf and Schlangen there is a further restriction that a considerable part of the respective municipal area is occupied by the Senne military training area .


Turned up hospital beds in Lippe
hospital Seat beds
Klinikum Lippe (formerly Lippe-Detmold Hospital)
belongs to the Lippe district and has operations in Lemgo and Bad Salzuflen
Detmold 1362
Median Clinic NRZ Bad Salzuflen (Neurological Center; Flachsheide) Bad Salzuflen 0030th
Ameos Lippische Nervenklinik Dr. Spernau (LNK) (psychiatric-psychotherapeutic acute hospital) Bad Salzuflen 0101
GPZ Lippe (community psychiatric center, clinic for psychiatry and psychotherapy) with a day clinic in Lage
belongs to the regional association Westphalia-Lippe (Münster) and to the health holding Lippe of the Lippe district
Detmold ,
Lage (Lippe)
(day clinic only)
total 1557

In addition, the Lippe Clinic in the health center in Bad Salzuflen- Schötmar has an operation center for child and adolescent psychiatry with 48 beds.

In addition to hospital planning, there are also numerous rehabilitation clinics :

Bad Salzuflen
Extertal - Laßbruch
  • Oberbergklinik Weserbergland, clinic for psychotherapy, psychiatry and psychosomatics
Horn-Bad Meinberg
  • MediClin Rose Clinic
  • Dr. Becker Brunnen Clinic, private rehabilitation clinic for psychotherapy, psychiatry and psychosomatics


Radio Lippe is the private local radio for the district. In addition to programs it has produced itself, it takes on the supporting program for Radio NRW .

The WDR maintains an office in Detmold that belongs to the WDR Studio Bielefeld and produces radio and television programs for the entire WDR and ARD .

The Lippische Landes-Zeitung is the local newspaper for the district on weekdays. The city of Lügde and its districts are part of the circulation area of ​​the daily newspaper Pyrmonter Nachrichten , a local edition of the Deister and Weser newspaper , Hameln. Lippe aktuell is an advertising-financed advertising paper that appears twice a week and is distributed free of charge to almost all households in Lippe.

Under the country's media law enthusiasts have the opportunity to own radio productions at the community radio radio broadcast lip. Radio workshops organized by volunteers are freely accessible for these productions (in Detmold and in Hörste ).


Niedersachsen Bielefeld Kreis Gütersloh Kreis Herford Kreis Minden-Lübbecke Kreis Paderborn Kreis Höxter Augustdorf Bad Salzuflen Barntrup Blomberg Detmold Dörentrup Extertal Horn-Bad Meinberg Kalletal Lage (Lippe) Lemgo Leopoldshöhe Lügde Oerlinghausen Schieder-Schwalenberg Schlangen (Gemeinde)Municipalities in LIP.svg
About this picture

The Lippe district is made up of the following ten cities and six other municipalities (in brackets the population figures as of December 31, 2019):


  1. Bad Salzuflen (54,254)
  2. Barntrup (8,501)
  3. Blomberg (15,115)
  4. Detmold (74,254)
  5. Horn-Bad Meinberg (17,263)
  6. Location (34,858)
  7. Lemgo (40,619)
  8. Lügde (9,390)
  9. Oerlinghausen (17,142)
  10. Schieder-Schwalenberg (8,344)

Other communities

  1. Augustdorf (10,032)
  2. Dörentrup (7,680)
  3. Extertal (11,069)
  4. Kalletal (13,471)
  5. Leopoldshöhe (16,263)
  6. Snakes (9,259)

These 16 municipalities are represented by the 16 yellow dots in the center of the coat of arms. Bad Salzuflen, Lage and Lemgo are medium-sized cities , Detmold is a large city .

License Plate

When the new district was formed on January 1, 1973, it was assigned the distinguishing mark DT of the former Detmold district. On November 1, 1990, the district was assigned the new distinctive sign LIP . This is still issued today. Both of the earlier distinctive signs LE (old district Lemgo) and DT (old district Detmold) have not yet been reintroduced.


See also

Web links

Commons : Kreis Lippe  - album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Lippe  - sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. 70 years ago: Lippe did not choose NRW until 1947. In: We in NRW. The state portal. January 20, 2017. Retrieved September 27, 2019 .
  3. ^ State database North Rhine-Westphalia
  4. Kreis Lippe Religion , 2011 census
  5. ↑ Number of members of the Lippe Regional Church Statistics 2019 , accessed on July 11, 2020
  7. ( Memento of the original from December 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. Main statutes of the district of Lippe ( Memento of the original from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 145 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  10. Website Innovation Campus Lemgo
  11. ^ Website of the WDR office in Detmold
  12. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  13. ^ Nadine Chmura, Regina Haunhorst: Biography Gerhard Schröder. In: LeMO-Biografien, Lebendiges Museum Online , Foundation House of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany . March 7, 2016, accessed September 27, 2019 .
  14. Frank Schäffler website ( Memento of the original from September 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /