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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Lippstadt
Map of Germany, position of the city of Lippstadt highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 40 ′  N , 8 ° 21 ′  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Arnsberg
Circle : Soest
Height : 79 m above sea level NHN
Area : 113.68 km 2
Residents: 67,952 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 598 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 59555-59558
Primaries : 02941, 02945, 02948
License plate : SO, LP
Community key : 05 9 74 028
City structure: 18 districts

City administration address :
Ostwall 1
59555 Lippstadt
Website :
Mayor : Christof Sommer ( CDU )
Location of the city of Lippstadt in the Soest district
Hamm Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Gütersloh Kreis Paderborn Kreis Unna Kreis Warendorf Märkischer Kreis Anröchte Bad Sassendorf Ense Erwitte Geseke Lippetal Lippstadt Möhnesee (Gemeinde) Rüthen Soest Warstein Welver Werl Wickede (Ruhr)map
About this picture

Lippstadt ( [ˈlɪpʃtat] ? / I ) is a large city in North Rhine-Westphalia that has been part of the Soest district since 1975 . It was in 1185 as a planned city founded and is the oldest founding city of Westphalia . Lippstadt is about 60 kilometers east of Dortmund , 40 kilometers south of Bielefeld and 30 kilometers west of Paderborn . Audio file / audio sample


Bernhard II
castle ruins near Lipperode

Geographical location

Lippstadt is the largest city in the Soest district. It is located on the Lippe River in the northeastern part of the district between the Haarstrang to the south and the Münsterland and Paderborner Land and borders on the neighboring districts of Paderborn , Warendorf and Gütersloh .

Neighboring communities

Within the Soest district lies the town of Geseke to the east, the town of Erwitte to the south, the municipality of Bad Sassendorf to the southwest and the municipality of Lippetal to the west . Moving clockwise, the municipality of Wadersloh , which belongs to the district of Warendorf , the municipality of Langenberg , which belongs to the district of Gütersloh, and the city of Rietberg and the cities of Delbrück and Salzkotten, which belong to the district of Paderborn, represent the neighbors.

City structure

Districts of Lippstadt
The postcard from around 1900 shows the facilities of today's LWL facilities in Lippstadt- Eickelborn and- Benninghausen .
  • Bad Waldliesborn is a state-approved spa . The place goes back to a part of the Suderlage farmers who belonged to the independent municipality of Liesborn until 1975 . The current name has been valid since May 1, 1913. Before 1975, the municipality of Liesborn belonged to the Beckum district (today it is largely the Warendorf district ). It owes its importance as a spa to the thermal brine springs , which have made it a renowned center for cardiac and rheumatic rehabilitation .
  • Cappel can hardly be separated from the core town of Lippstadt and goes into it especially through an inner-city industrial area ( Hella KGaA Hueck & Co. Plant 2, Rothe Erde). The Premonstratensian monastery , which was built in 1139 at the latest, and later the Protestant, free-worldly women's monastery at Cappel , is significant for the place ; politically it was not affiliated with the then Lippstadt district until 1949.
  • Like Cappel, Lipperode represented one of the last parts of Lippstadt, which belonged to the Detmold district as an exclave until 1949 and was only then incorporated into the Lippstadt district. There are no reliable sources for the legend that Lipperode is the place of origin of the city founders of Lippstadt. The actual Lipperode Castle was not built until 1248. The servants of this moated castle formed the original population of Lipperode.
  • Eickelborn is particularly shaped by the LWL Center for Forensic Psychiatry of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe (LWL). The local history goes back to the year 1262 and begins with the manor of the Lords of Ekeneberne.
  • Benninghausen , which adjoins Eickelborn to the east, also houses a psychiatric facility, the LWL-Klinik Lippstadt . The village was mentioned for the first time in the 9th century, but gained importance through a Cistercian monastery built in 1240 , which was converted into a rural poor house in 1820 and forms the basis for today's psychiatric clinic.
  • Lohe originally represented a suburb of the Benninghausen monastery and is still very rural today. It was first mentioned in 1313 as "Ruversloh". The Menninghof was first mentioned around 1500 and is one of the oldest farms in the area.
  • Hellinghausen is upstream of Lippstadt in the west. Based on a legend about a “petrified bread”, this place, founded in the parish Friedhardtskirchen in 1235, was one of the religious attractions of the area in the Middle Ages.
  • Herringhausen also belonged to Friedhardtskirchen. Herringhausen Castle , located a little away from the town center, was built between 1720 and 1730 and has served as a mansion for the von Schorlemer family since the 15th century .
  • Overhagen has almost merged with this on the west side of Lippstadt. This place also originally belonged to the parish Friedhardtskirchen. The centrally located Moated Castle Overhagen now houses a state-approved private high school and a small theater .
  • Esbeck is located on the left bank of the Lippe and is mentioned for the first time in 1036 in the Busdorf document as "Ebike, which is near Hörste". The liberation of the peasants by Freiherr vom Stein in 1807 is important for the history of Esbeck .
  • Dedinghausen was probably founded in the first half of the 9th century by a brother of Bishop Altfrid von Hildesheim and also has its own church. Besides Lippstadt itself, it is the only place in the municipality with a DB stop (line RB 89).
  • Rixbeck is located directly on the east side of Lippstadt and is interlinked with it through an industrial area. A small hilly landscape, the " Rixbeck Alps ", characterizes the townscape.
  • Hörste is a village that probably emerged in 981 from an old Saxon settlement on the Lippe. Hörstes parish church St. Martinus has existed since the middle of the 12th century.
  • Garfeln , formerly part of the Büren district , was first mentioned in a document in 1248. The place is strongly rural and does not have its own church.
  • Rebbeke is opposite the Hörste an der Lippe district. It is a strongly agricultural district to which the Drubbel Mettinghausen and Niederdedinghausen also belong. The first farming families in Rebbeke have been recorded since 1653.
  • Bökenförde is located in the southeast of the city and is a former property of the Paderborn diocese with a mill and church. The parish church of St. Dionysius was built in the 12th century; it has been a place of pilgrimage since 1719, just like the field chapel built in 1864 on the "Brünneken". The moated castle Schwarzenraben , which belongs to Bökenförde and was built in 1765 by Johann Matthias Kitz , is well known.
  • Lipperbruch is the youngest town in Lippstadt. It was created in the vicinity of the former air base after the Second World War from former barracks and some rural sideline farms. At the beginning the population of Lipperbruch consisted mainly of war refugees , displaced persons and soldier families who had become resident. In the meantime there was again a barracks, which was built north of the air force barracks, on the former airfield, by the British occupation troops and was taken over by the Bundeswehr as Lipperland barracks from 1958 . Parts of Airborne Brigade 27 were stationed there until the early 1990s . After the end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the 1st Airborne Division , the 801 transport battalion moved into the barracks. As part of the restructuring of the Bundeswehr , the barracks were closed in 2007. Around half of the former Bundeswehr barracks is used commercially, and residential developments have been under construction in the southern part since 2014. The private grammar school and the vocational college Marienschule are located in the core of Lipperbruch .


Lippstadt was founded in 1184 or 1185 (the exact year of foundation is not known for sure) by the nobleman Bernhard II zur Lippe under the name Lippe as the first real planned town in Westphalia. Bernhard received permission to build the city from Emperor Friedrich I , known as Barbarossa.

First settlement approaches

Monument to Bernhard II in Lippstadt on the Bernhardbrunnen, by Albert Pehle

Even before this foundation, however, there were first settlements in today's urban area; In particular, today's Nicolaiviertel and the previous building of today's Nicolaikirche were important as a settlement for merchants and as a market district. This importance stems from the location the city on the Lippefurt had for trade in Germany: It was at the intersection of the trade route between Frankfurt am Main and Lübeck and the road between Paderborn and Münster . There are also assumptions that a moated castle belonging to the Lords of Lippe has been in the northwestern area of ​​the city since 1120 , but there is no archaeological evidence for this. The Premonstratensian monastery was founded by Bernhard I and his brother Hermann I in what is now the Cappel district in 1139 . The assumption that the ancestral seat of the noble lords of the Lippe was in Lipperode an der Lippe Castle , northeast of today's core city, is considered to be refuted. The castle there was built just before it was first mentioned in a document in 1248, long after the city was founded. It is assumed that Bernhard II resided in the monastery he founded or in the immediate vicinity.

In the course of the Saxon War (1177 to 1181), the parts of the settlement that already existed, especially the Nikolaiviertel and the church there, were destroyed by the troops of Cologne Archbishop Philip I von Heinsberg in 1179, who thus supported the troops by Henry the lion by Bernhard II. wanted to get revenge. After the exile of the Duke of Saxony and the return of Bernhard II, he succeeded in 1184 in obtaining permission from Emperor Friedrich I to build a town. In 1185 Bernhard II founded the city of Lippe, which is known today as Lippstadt .

Foundation and city development

Marienkirche in Lippstadt
Parish church of St. Nicolai , Romanesque tower from the 12th century.

Bernhard II planned his founding city based on the models Braunschweig and Heidelberg , which he was able to study during the Saxon War. The Nicolaiviertel, which was in the process of being rebuilt, was not included in this plan and was only added later, together with the Nicolaikirche, which had been under construction since 1182. From 1185 the free land between the Lippe and today's streets Marktstraße, Rathausstraße and Poststraße was divided into parcels and built up, almost simultaneously the construction of the collegiate church of St. Marien (today's abbey ruins) and the market church of St. Marien (today's large St. Mary's Church) began ).

The newly emerging city first appeared in historical sources in 1194 as “nova civitas”, at which time it was already fortified in the form of ramparts , ditches and palisades made of wood and earth. On the former castle grounds of the Herren zur Lippe, the Hermelinghof , an Augustinian convent was built , which from 1207 was also located in the inner city. The rapidly growing population of the city of Lippe mainly settled in the Marienstadt around the market church of St. Marien as well as around St. Nicolai and the collegiate church of St. Marien, which were also included in the fortified area when the city was expanded in 1229.

At that time Bernhard II had already handed over the government of the property to his son Hermann II , while he himself lived as abbot of Dünamünde in Livonia . Between 1220 and 1222 he granted the Lippstadt residents their first town charter and consecrated the market church of St. Marien. From 1231 at the latest, the Lippstadt council had its own city ​​seal , and in the 1260s the construction of the city ​​wall began , which was completed in 1292. This wall replaced the old ramparts and at the same time laid the border between the township of "Lippe" and the agricultural land in the area until the 19th century.

Due to the inheritance disputes after the death of Bernhard V and a subsequent feud between his nephew Simon III. and Count Otto von Tecklenburg as the husband of the daughter of Bernhard V, rule over Lippstadt went to the mediator Count Engelbert III in 1376 . von der Mark and subsequently came as pledge to other houses. The condition that the rule of the city was not in the hands of the sovereigns lasted through the Soest feud in 1444 until 1666, when the Counts of Lippe and the Electors of Brandenburg founded a condominium , i.e. H. became masters of Lippstadt together.

Lippstadt as a trading town

Lippe ( Braun / Hogenberg 1588)

Even before the city was founded, Lippstadt was an important trading hub due to its location on the Lippefurt. The city charter provisions of 1220 and the granting of city privileges in 1244 further improved the prospects for trade and commerce in the city. Since 1244 at the latest, there has been a fair in the city, where mainly long-distance traders could offer goods. The city benefited from the offerings of the dealers as well as the demurrage of the same. In the 16th century there were verifiably four annual fairs, in 1691 there were six and by the end of the 18th century there were eight of these markets, which were spread over the year. The old market square between the market church of St. Mary and the town hall , today's town hall square, served as the market square.

Another important factor in the commercial development of a medieval city ​​was the existence of its own coinage. Evidently there were already two mint masters in the city in 1231 who first minted English coins . Around the middle of the 13th century, coins with the Lipperose appeared for the first time . The Lippstädter Pfennig from the period from 1290 to 1310 in particular appeared in many coin finds in Denmark , England , Poland and Mecklenburg .

On July 17, 1253, Lippstadt was one of the founding members of the second Westphalian city union, which was confirmed with Osnabrück in 1268, along with Münster , Soest and Dortmund . This alliance was primarily intended to signal the economic power of the cities to the sovereigns.

In the 12th and 13th centuries Lippstadt was also a Hanseatic city , whereby Lippstadt merchants were already active in the Hanseatic League when the organization itself was only just emerging. Like almost all cities in Westphalia, it was a member of this large community of cities that at times determined economic policy in all of northern Germany . Lippstadt especially were Dittelstage in Cologne as well as the regional day of importance, although the city also to the "big" Hanseatic Days in Lübeck sent representatives. In 1494 Lippstadt was added to the commercial register and in 1540 the city was elevated to a principal city . However, on the last Hanseatic day in Lübeck on April 18, 1669, Lippstadt no longer took part, although it was counted among the members of the trade union until the last day.

Reformation and after

Jacobi Church

The teachings of Martin Luther and with them the Reformation were brought to Lippstadt by the two monks of the Augustinian Hermit Monastery in Lippstadt, Johannes Westermann and Herrmann Koiten . They studied between 1520 and 1524 at the University of Wittenberg , which was shaped by Luther's new ideas. On February 3, 1523 Westermann completed his doctorate together with the Herford Augustinian hermit Gottschalk Kropp .

In the same year Johannes Westermann returned to Lippstadt and preached the new doctrine there. In 1524 the sermons he gave in the Brothers Church were printed in Lippstadt. This book is the first documentation of the Reformation movement in Westphalia, in the same year a catechism by Westermann was published, also written in Middle Low German . The changes in the citizenship of Lippstadt as a result of the new teaching did not remain hidden from the Archbishop of Cologne, who thereupon sent the Dominican Johannes Host from Romberg to Lippstadt. He preached on March 16, 1526 in the large Marienkirche against the sermons of the Lippstadt residents.

In the period that followed, there were profound changes in the religious and church life of Lippstadt. In particular, the desire of the Lippstadt guilds to have more say in the city government led to significant changes. In February 1531, the guilds, together with the followers of Lutheran doctrine, began an uprising in which they drove out the city's magistrates and formed a new council. A year later, the lords of the Lipp family and the dukes of Kleve imposed traffic rights over the city, supported by the Archbishop of Cologne and the bishops of Münster, Osnabrück and Paderborn.

The mediation attempts failed until 1535, when the citizens of the city gave up on July 13, 1535 due to the deteriorating supply and deposed their clergy. Thereupon a contract between Count Simon V. zur Lippe , Duke Johann III. of Jülich-Kleve-Berg and the town called Lippe at the time closed. The church innovations in the city were largely withdrawn, but the mass was still allowed to be held in German. The preachers were expelled from the city and later worked elsewhere, Johannes Westermann for example in Hofgeismar , where he died in 1542. The participation of the guilds in the government was, however, codified and ordered. Since both rulers turned to the Reformation in the following years, the citizens of Lippstadt remained Lutheran even after the Peace of Augsburg , the small Catholic community in the St. Annen-Rosengarten monastery grew into a new Catholic community in the following years, mainly due to the influx from the surrounding area .

Thirty Years' War

Duke Christian of Braunschweig, painting by Paulus Moreelse , 1619

During the Thirty Years' War (1618 to 1648) Lippstadt was not spared from the chaos of war. In the winter of 1621/1622 Lippstadt was occupied by Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and his troops as a district town. From here the general carried out regular raids into the neighboring Catholic territories of Paderborn and Münster. In Lippstadt, “the great Christian”, as he was also called, supposedly had the Pfaffenfeindtaler minted from stolen and melted down parts of the Paderborn cathedral treasure . After his departure, the troops of Emperor Ferdinand II tried to conquer the city, which they succeeded on October 24, 1623. The troops under Johann Graf von Rietberg were quartered in the city and stayed until 1633; however, the city was spared the actual war.

In 1633 the alliance situation had changed massively during the war, and this time it was the Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel, Wilhelm V , who wanted to take the city after the destruction of Salzkotten . After just one day, the townspeople marched in the troops, who stayed here until the end of the war in 1648. The occupiers took advantage of the city's favorable location and the fortifications, which were further strengthened. The Hessians did not leave the city until 1650, after 1666 the Electors of Brandenburg appeared as sovereign rulers in Lippstadt as a result of the Treaty of Kleve .

Witch trials

Witch burning in Derenburg

In 1565, witch trials against the three women Aleke, Anna and Katharina took place at Stromberg Castle in Liesborn . They were charged with sorcery, captured, tortured and burned. Around 1573 there were several other witch persecutions in Lippstadt in the time of Count Simon VI. "Several Burgers wives were led out and burned" .

Pastor Anton Praetorius reported in 1613 that during these witch trials, "the Nagel-Schmidt Ebert Balve and his sister, a baker called Freytägische, were released after long torture after revoking their confession despite protests from the population." This witch trial impressed Anton Praetorius was strong and made a decisive contribution to his thinking when, in 1597, at risk of death, he campaigned for a woman to be released from the torture chamber, and he continued this fight against witchcraft persecution and torture in literary terms.

In 1630 there was another large witch trial in Lippstadt with 23 female and 6 male accused. Among them were two boys aged 11 and 14 and the Erwitter pastor Jodocus. The superior of the Jesuit branch in Lippstadt P. Kuinken reported on this in a letter dated December 27, 1630 to the Provincial Bavingh in Cologne. According to the trial files of the Lippstadt City Archives, the last seven of these were sentenced on September 10 and 22, with the sword executed and burned. The mercenary Peter Hagendorf, who was present in Lippstadt at the time, reported on this in his diary. Among them were Elschen Koch and Elschen Bockhoff, two young girls who fit the description of Hagendorf.

Further witch trials took place in 1677.

Fortress time

Lippstadt in the 17th century

According to the treaty between Hesse and Brandenburg, five strong war companies of the Brandenburgers were quartered in Lippstadt without involving the local lords of Lippstadt. These only became prudent in 1669 after the Elector of Brandenburg deployed further military reinforcements and further strengthened the city's fortresses. Up to 700 workers were deployed on the south wall alone to strengthen the bulwark. Lippstadt became part of the Brandenburg expansion and also supplied the troops in the war against the French King Louis XIV between Soest and Lippstadt.

There were a number of disasters within the fortress at that time. There are reports of two major fires in 1656 and 1676 as well as a typhus epidemic in 1673, which claimed 2,000 deaths. On March 4, 1679, the French took over the city after the Brandenburgers had withdrawn to Bielefeld and Minden . Over the course of the various occupations and disasters, the financial situation in Lippstadt deteriorated drastically up to the end of the 17th century and the dues to the sovereigns in Lippe and Brandenburg could not be paid. Brandenburg-Prussia's interest in Lippstadt increased, however, and it tried several times to win Lippstadt over to itself. In 1730 the soldier king Friedrich Wilhelm I inspected the city, ten years later King Friedrich II.

In 1757 the French troops marched in the Seven Years' War against Hanover , which was allied with Prussia ; Lippstadt was in the middle of the marching area. On April 26th of that year the French entered Lippstadt with 1,300 men, the Prussians had already left the city. Following the withdrawal of the French in 1758, Prussian hussars came to the city, which in turn were surrounded by the French in the following year. In 1761 the most important battle in the region took place in Vellinghausen near Hamm , in which the French were repulsed. After the Treaty of Hubertusburg in 1763, Lippstadt's fortifications were completely demolished.

Since Prussia had to cede all possessions west of the Elbe after the Peace of Tilsit in 1807, Lippstadt now came under French-Lippe rule. On August 8, 1808, the city council was sworn in on Napoleon . In 1807, the French government granted the Catholic community, which had been without a church for 250 years, the Nicolaikirche as a place of worship and appointed Pastor Jodocus Denker as pastor. The immediate French occupation ended as early as 1808; However, as part of the Grand Duchy of Berg, the city was still under the direct influence of Napoleon. Only the successes of the allied Russians and Prussians drove the Franco-Bergisch administration out and the Congress of Vienna left it with the Prussian-Lippe condominium .


ThyssenKrupp Rothe Erde

The barricade fighting of the 1848 revolution led to unrest in Lippstadt on March 12th, but this did not escalate due to the calm and prudent reaction of the city council. In the same year, Lippstadt's first daily newspaper, “ Der Patriot ”, appeared. On May 17, 1850, Lippe renounced the rule in Lippstadt in a treaty with Prussia in exchange for compensation, which became Prussian. The current districts of Lipperode and Cappel remained with the Principality of Lippe even after the end of the condominium.

From around 1820 the number of inhabitants of the city grew rapidly in the course of industrialization , which otherwise had remained relatively constant at 3,000 inhabitants since the height in the 13th century. In 1850 there were already 5,000 citizens living in the city of Lippstadt, in 1865 there were 7,000 and in 1902 13,000. This growth laid the foundation for the settlement of industry and the expansion of the traffic routes. From 1819 onwards, shipping on the Lippe was extended to Lippstadt, and a port facility and, in 1830, a shipping canal were built. However, due to competition with the railways, shipping was soon given up again, in 1868 only four barges came to Lippstadt and in 1870 shipping above Hamm was completely stopped.

The railway connection was Lippstadt in 1850 by the Royal Westphalian Railway Company , today Hamm-Warburg railway ; further connections were made in 1883 to Warstein , 1887 to Rheda and Münster and 1898 to Beckum . Lippstadt became a railway star and built the north station next to the main station in 1898. The first important road was the Erwitte –Lippstadt– Wiedenbrück line in 1823 , which was built as a section of the Koblenz - Minden line , today's federal road 55 . In 1878 the Cappeler Chaussee (today Beckumer Straße) was expanded. Until the 1880s, these two roads were the only paved roads that connected Lippstadt with the surrounding area.

Wire mill of the Westphalian Union AG (around 1900)

Around 1860, the first large iron processing plant was located in Lippstadt, which later became part of the " Westphalian Union ". By 1900 it was doing so well that it employed 800 workers and exported wire goods to Japan . As a result of this work, a large residential area was created in the south of the city together with the Josefskirche. In 1902 the foundation stone was laid for another large company, the “Royal Prussian Artillery Workshop” on Beckumer Strasse, which started production in 1905 with 400 workers. In 1912, Sally Windmüller's medium-sized lantern factory became the Westphalian metal industry, which moved to Lüningstrasse.

20th century

After the beginning of industrialization at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, a number of small and medium-sized commercial enterprises were founded in Lippstadt, several of which developed into regionally relevant large companies, including the Lippstadt breweries Weißenburg, Nies and Tannenberg. The emerging wealth of the bourgeoisie was also evident in the construction of new villas from the Wilhelminian era , as can still be found today, especially in Langen Strasse and Cappelstrasse, as well as in various upstream districts.

After the loss of the First World War and the proclamation of the Republic on November 9, 1918, a workers 'and soldiers' council was founded, as in many other places in Lippstadt , but little changed for the development and life of the city. Supply bottlenecks in the 1920s led to social injustices, and the economic crisis and inflation of 1923 exacerbated social problems, as in all of Germany.

With the introduction of women's suffrage in Germany in November 1918, the Lippstadt parties nominated a total of eleven candidates for the election of the city council on March 2, 1919. Five of them were on the DDP's list ; Only Helene Venema was elected as a candidate for the center . The reasons for her resignation in 1920 are not known; as early as 1923, Pauline Schmidt, a woman again moved into the city council assembly for the SPD after a member of parliament left.

In the winter of 1923/24 the first larger emergency kitchen was set up in the Wilhelmschule, but the housing shortage and unemployment worsened the situation. In 1929 a local branch of the NSDAP was founded in Lippstadt . Until 1933, the population of Lippstadt predominantly voted for the established Center Party , only in today's Lippstadt district of Lipperode, which at the time belonged to the Free State of Lippe, did the majority of voters vote for Hitler in the last elections before the "seizure of power".

Due to its proximity to the psychiatric hospital in Eickelborn and the Benninghausen Provincial Labor House , which served as a concentration camp for a short time as early as 1933 and which later temporarily housed young people with lung disease from the Moringen concentration camp , Lippstadt became a site of medical crimes in the following years. Numerous forced sterilizations took place in the city's Protestant hospital during the Nazi era ; the conditions in the institutions culminated in physical abuse and extensive euthanasia programs .

In the course of the militarization of Germany, Lippstadt became a garrison town again: the so-called “Flak barracks” were built in the south of the city and the Lipperbruch air base in the north .

On November 9, 1938, as in all parts of Germany, organized riots broke out in Lippstadt against the Jewish citizens and their property (see: November pogroms 1938 ). The synagogue was also destroyed except for the outer walls. In 1942 all remaining members of the Jewish community were deported. The majority of them were murdered by the National Socialists in the Shoah .

Commemorative plaque for the Lippstadt campus of Buchenwald 1944–45 in Graf-Adolf-Strasse

With the beginning of the Second World War , the industrial orientation of Lippstadt also changed. In the foreground of the production was the arms production, in which also forced labor - u. a. in two local satellite camps of the Buchenwald concentration camp ("Lippstädter Eisen- und Metallwerke" and "Westfälische Metallindustrie").

As everywhere in Germany, the majority of local men in Lippstadt were drafted into military service. The city was spared from the bombing war of the last years of the war, apart from minor attacks, the air base in Lipperbruch was attacked several times and largely destroyed. On April 1, 1945, US troops marched into Lippstadt, thereby closing the Ruhr basin . The city was surrendered intact and with almost no resistance. On the same day, over 700 Jewish forced laborers who had been sent from Lippstadt on a death march to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp a few days earlier were liberated in Kaunitz .

In the following years, Lippstadt was administered first by the American and later by British occupation forces. After the end of World War II, the city belonged to the British zone of occupation . The military administration set up a DP camp to accommodate so-called Displaced Persons (DP). Most came from the Soviet Union , Poland and Hungary .

For the first time, citizens were able to participate politically from September 15, 1946 in a “primary election” with politically unaffected citizens. The approximately 3,000 displaced persons living in Lippstadt at that time were excluded from this election. In 1948 the upholsterer and SPD politician Jakob Koenen became the city's first post-war mayor and remained so until his death in 1974. A street in the north of the city center is named after him, as is the indoor swimming pool in Lippstadt (which was demolished in 2011) , Jakob-Koenen -Bath.

Special stamp of the Deutsche Bundespost for the 1987 European Rifle Festival in Lippstadt

On January 1, 1975, the area of ​​Lippstadt was expanded from 29.82 km² to 113.3 km² by incorporating the surrounding villages. At the same time, the old Lippstadt district was added to the newly formed Soest district, whose largest city is Lippstadt today. The choice of the district town was accompanied by major differences and ultimately fell on Soest , as it was more central in the new district area.

In 1987 Lippstadt hosted the Europaschützenfest , an event organized by the European Association of Historical Shooters .

Flood and flood protection

On 16./17. July 1965, Lippstadt was hit by a catastrophic flood, the so-called Heinrichsflut , which affected large parts of the city center and some suburbs. Particularly serious damage was caused to the ground floors of some residential buildings in the Soeststrasse area, which were flooded meters high. After this flood, numerous backwater areas were created and extensive construction work was carried out on the course and the bridges of the Lippe, which almost quadrupled the amount of water that can flow through the city. The success of the measures became apparent in August 2007, when a larger amount of water than 42 years earlier flowed through the city, but did no damage there.

Panorama of the town hall square in Lippstadt


On January 1, 1975, the communities Benninghausen, Bökenförde, Cappel, Dedinghausen, Eickelborn, Esbeck, Garfeln, Hellinghausen, Herringhausen, Hörste, Lipperode, Lohe, Overhagen, Rebbeke and Rixbeck as well as parts of the communities Liesborn (Bad Waldliesborn) and Ermsinghausen (Gut Schwarzenraben) incorporated into Lippstadt.

Population development

Population development by territorial area from 1819 to 2017 according to the tables below

In the Middle Ages and early modern times , Lippstadt's population did not exceed 3,000. It went back again and again through the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. With the beginning of industrialization in the 19th century, population growth accelerated. In 1819 only 3,115 people lived in the city, in 1900 there were already 12,533. Even after that, the population continued to grow. In 1950 the city had 31,462 inhabitants.

The incorporation of numerous places in the area on January 1, 1975 brought an increase from 22,288 people to 63,983 inhabitants. In 2004 the population reached its historic high of 67,486. 7,104 of these were of foreign origin (10.5%). On December 31, 2011, the " official population " for Lippstadt was 66,936 according to an update by the State Office for Information and Technology in North Rhine-Westphalia (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices).

The following overview shows the population figures according to the respective territorial status. These are census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1871, the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the “population at the location of the main residence”. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.

An above-average number of people of Italian and Greek citizenship live in Lippstadt. There is an Italian Catholic Mission and a branch of the Italian Consulate Dortmund in the city.

Lippstadt according to the territorial status at that time

year Residents
1819 ² 03.115
December 1, 1840 ¹ 03,982
December 3, 1855 ¹ 05,443
December 3, 1858 ¹ 05,763
December 1, 1871 ¹ 07,728
December 1, 1875¹ 08,100
December 1, 1880¹ 09,300
December 1, 1885 ¹ 11,504
December 1, 1890¹ 10,406
year Residents
December 2, 1895 ¹ 11,118
December 1, 1900 ¹ 12,533
December 1, 1905 ¹ 15,436
December 1, 1910¹ 16,360
December 1, 1916 ¹ 16,486
December 5, 1917 ¹ 17.601
October 8, 1919 ¹ 17,920
June 16, 1925 ¹ 18,455
June 16, 1933 ¹ 19,471
year Residents
May 17, 1939 ¹ 23,418
December 31, 1945 ² 26,404
October 29, 1946 ¹ 28,377
September 13, 1950 ¹ 31,462
September 25, 1956 ¹ 34,414
June 6, 1961 ¹ 37.502
December 31, 1965 ² 40,518
May 27, 1970 ¹ 41,588
June 30, 1974 ² 42,262

¹ census result

Lippstadt according to today's territorial status

year Residents
June 6, 1961 ¹ 53,916
May 27, 1970 ¹ 61,878
June 30, 1974 ² 64,418
December 31, 1975 ² 63.040
December 31, 1980 ² 61,927
December 31, 1985 ² 60.032
May 25, 1987 ¹ 60.102
year Residents
December 31, 1990 62,345
December 31, 1995 66,636
December 31, 2000 66,933
December 31, 2005 67,446
December 31, 2006 67.109
December 31, 2007 66,971
December 31, 2008 66,924
year Residents
December 31, 2009 66,948
December 31, 2010 66,976
December 31, 2011 66,936
December 31, 2012 66,100
December 31 2013 66,312
December 31, 2017 67,936
December 31, 2018 67.901

¹ Census result
Source: from 1990 State Office for Information and Technology in North Rhine-Westphalia

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 23.4% of the population were Protestant, 52.6% Roman Catholic and 24.1% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then. Currently (as of June 30, 2020) of the 72,110 inhabitants, 14,196 (19.7%) are Protestant, 33,024 (45.8%) Roman Catholic and 24,872 (34.5%) are non-denominational or belong to another religious community. As of December 31, 2019, of the 72,143 inhabitants, 14,366 (19.9%) were Protestant, 33,352 (46.2%) Roman Catholic and 24,425 (33.9%) were non-denominational or belonged to another religious community.


City council

After the local elections on May 25, 2014, the 50-member city council will be composed as follows:

Party / group Seats +/- Share of votes +/-% p
CDU 19th ± 0 38.4% + 1.3
SPD 17th + 3 33.1% + 4.6
Green 04th ± 0 07.7% - 1.2
FDP 02 - 4th 04.9% - 6.5
left 02 ± 0 04.8% + 1.2
Citizens' Community Lippstadt (BG) 03 - 2 05.8%
Christian Democrats Lippstadt (CDL) * 03 - 1 05.2%

* Split from the CDU after the 2009 local elections


The current (2019) mayor of Lippstadt is Christof Sommer (CDU) in his second term of office . He is the successor to the CDU politician Wolfgang Schwade , who resigned from his position in October 2005 when he switched to GVV municipal insurance. The individual districts of Lippstadt have their own local councilors who serve as contact persons.

coat of arms

Lippy rose

The city of Lippstadt was granted the right to use the depicted city coat of arms on June 10, 1938.

The official description of the coat of arms reads:

"The silver coat of arms shows a red tinned central tower with an open gate, followed by a covered battlement on both sides with two smaller tinned side towers, with a red five-petalled rose in between."

This coat of arms has been used by the city of Lippstadt since the award mentioned above. The rose is known as the Lippe rose and comes from the family coat of arms of the " noble lords of the lip ".

Town twinning and sponsorship

Since 22 October 1971, is Dutch municipality of Uden , the twin city of Lippstadt. It is located in the North Brabant region between Eindhoven , Nijmegen and 's-Hertogenbosch .

Since 1955, Lippstadt has sponsored the Bielitz-Biala home group .

Culture and sights

Lippstadt has approx. 750 km of waterways (the river Lippe, canals and streams), over which many bridges lead. For this reason the city is also called the Venice of Westphalia .


Lippstadt City Theater

The most important cultural institution in Lippstadt is the city theater. It was originally planned in 1973 as an auditorium for the neighboring Ostendorf-Gymnasium, but then quickly developed into a nationally important stage. The theater has 787 seats. The studio stage is located at the rear of the main stage and offers an additional 200 seats. The offer includes operas, operettas, musicals, symphony and chamber concerts, spoken and dance theater, cabaret, comedy and cabaret evenings as well as children's theater performances.

The city theater will be closed from May 2018 until the 2020/21 season, the performances will be moved to other venues. A press release from the city states: “Not only must occupational safety and fire protection requirements be met and escape routes enlarged, but all lines, cable tunnels and water pipes must also be renewed. Building materials used in the 1970s, such as asbestos and PCB, are being replaced by environmentally and health-friendly materials. A larger foyer, significantly improved accessibility, new seating and modern lighting and sound technology will round off the € 16 million project. "

Since 1994 KWL Kultur und Werbung Lippstadt GmbH has developed as an organizer of scenic programs in the city theater. With the support of the Theater Program Advisory Board, the annual schedule and thus around 60 guest performances are planned in the Lippstädter Stadttheater. In addition to KWL, the Städtische Musikverein e. V., the Conrad Hansen Music School, the Werner Bohrer Circle, the Kulturring Lippstadt e. V. and other cultural institutions to the organizers in the Stadttheater Lippstadt.

Another stage is located in the Bad Waldliesborn spa center.

movie theater

There are two cinema complexes in Lippstadt's city center: the “Cinema + Studio” on the Rathauspassage and the “Cineplex Lippstadt” at the Südertor. The "Nordstern" and the "Südtheater" were closed towards the end of the 1980s. The "New Apollo" with the cinemas "Camera", "Apollo" and "Gloria" was closed at the beginning of 2005 and then converted into a discotheque.


A large number of musically and artistically active organizations, including the municipal music association, shape cultural life.

The city's Conrad Hansen Music School enables music to be pure life! since 1967 active occupation with all forms of music. Classes take place in a specially prepared, listed building in the Süd residential park. The institution is strongly networked through cooperation with kindergartens, schools and independent organizations. Concerts and musical productions are part of the city's cultural offerings.

The Lippstadt music scene was very distinctive in the 1990s. Almost every genre of music was represented by a music band. Some groups and artists were able to make a name for themselves nationally and partly throughout Germany.

Cosmo Klein , who became famous through his cooperation with singer Sasha , took his first steps with the band “Unbelievable Scenes”. The band attracted attention through alternative rock and played in 2001 as the opening act for Such a Surge . The more classic rock direction was created by the band The Roots , which is now 30dayzMB. names, represent; she had great success with her albums (First Harvest, Red Room, ThirtyDayzMoneyBack) and numerous live appearances. Katrin Wulff, the background singer of "The Roots", was seen in TV roles as well as various projects of her own. She is one of the artists who gave the "Lippstadt-Lied" her voice. The composer of the Lippstadt-Lied is Reinhard Horn , who became known as the founder of the “Group Contacts”. The “group contacts” was and is represented with its religious songs at church and catholic days. Dominic Boer, who became famous for his actor role in Gute Zeiten, Bad Zeiten (GZSZ), breathed stage air in Lippstadt. He began his career in Lippstadt with an Elvis Presley co-association and a self-written Elvis musical.

At the beginning of the new millennium it became quieter around the Lippstadt music scene, but in recent years many new bands have formed in Lippstadt, which revitalized the Lippstadt music scene with events and performances in local clubs. The 1. Lippstädter Spassverein e. V., which enriches the subcultural offer of the city with its events. In 2009 and 2010, the association organized the Rock am Güter festival , at which artists such as Cosmo Klein , Daniel Wirtz , Orange but Green and Grossstadtgeflüster performed. After there was no major event in 2011, the Hardbeat Festival took place in June 2012 with performances by bands such as Ill Niño or the Wohnraumhelden on the outdoor area at the (former) outdoor pool.


Goldener Hahn (built 1566), one of the oldest houses in Lippstadt
Ruins of the Augustinian monastery, so-called "Little Marienkirche"
Lippstadt-Cappel, Romanesque collegiate church of St. Maria and Andreas
Evangelical Marienkirche in Lippstadt
Schwarzenraben Castle 2015

Lippstadt offers a number of sights with historical value. The following is a list of some of the most important:

  • Great Marienkirche (first half of the 13th century, late Gothic hall choir, 1478–1506) on the market square
  • Ruin of the early Gothic collegiate church of St. Marien (Stiftsruine)
  • Catholic St. Nicolai Church
  • Evangelical St. Jakobi Church
  • Brethren Church from 1281
  • historical town hall
  • city ​​Museum
  • historical city center
  • In the Lippstadt city center, a number of older residential buildings have been preserved despite numerous demolitions . In the past, gabled half-timbered hall houses dominated , most of which were built after the Thirty Years War. In addition, there are only a few historical solid buildings.
    • Fleischhauerstraße 16. Eaves construction, marked 1667, the compartments are provided with lavish brick patterns.
    • Lange Straße 5. Slated gabled house from 1532, e.g. Currently the oldest known house in town.
    • Lange Straße 12 (Gasthof Goldener Hahn). Two-storey building with splendid ornamental carvings, marked 1566. The crooked hip roof is probably from. from the 19th century
    • Lange Straße 15 (Epping House). Solid construction with a mansard roof and open staircase, built by Clemens August von Vagedes in 1790 .
    • Lange Straße 30 (formerly Hotel Köppelmann). Elongated solid building with a mansard roof, which was built around 1721 as the seat of the von Redberg family. Inside there are rich wall and ceiling stucco. The ground floor was changed in the 20th century with shop fittings and provided with arcades. The arcades were dismantled in early 2007.
    • Lange Straße 60. The gabled house with Utlucht is marked in 1646. The ground floor was changed considerably by installing shop windows.
    • Marktstraße 24. The gabled house with Deelentor (hall gate, large entrance gate of a hall house) is designated in 1658.
    • Poststrasse 14. Three-storey gabled house from the 2nd half of the 17th century.
    • Poststrasse 16 , marked 1659. Deelentor with curved panels and pilasters , around 1730.
    • Poststrasse 22nd 2nd half 17th century
    • Poststrasse 24. The two-storey building was built in 1574 as a butcher's office. It is the last of the ten existing office buildings in the city. Some windows in the hall still have coats of arms .
    • Rathausstrasse 13 (local history museum). Plastered half-timbered building from the 17th century, which was rebuilt in the 18th century. Rococo stucco ceilings have been preserved on the upper floor .
    • Rathausstrasse 14. Gabled house with rich carving on sleepers and filler wood, ins. 1658. It was thoroughly repaired in 1979; in the back a hall with an ornamented beamed ceiling decorated with coats of arms. The stone construction seems to have played only a minor role.
    • Lange Straße 69 (Haus Rose), once the seat of the Hessian city commandant. The gabled house, which has been changed several times, was built in 1633.
    • Klusetor 1. The core of the late medieval building, the half-timbered upper floor of which is dendrochronologically dated in 1535 . On the rear of the property there is a stone work transversely to the front building .

freetime and recreation

Important green spaces are the “Green Corner” on the side arms of the Lippe in the east and the urban forest in the north. The “ Jahnplatz ” sports complex is also located in the north of the city . The neighboring outdoor pool was temporarily closed and rebuilt in 2011: The previously existing indoor pool Jakob-Koenen-Bad (located opposite the city theater) was closed mainly for energy reasons; A new building was erected on the site of the outdoor pool and redesigned as the CabrioLi combination pool and reopened on May 13, 2013. You can also swim and bathe in the free beach Alberssee, a quarry pond in the Lipperode district, as well as tolerated in various sections of the Lippe along Jahnplatz, where the river bed was expanded and an artificial beach was created.

In the district of Bad Waldliesborn, next to the 20 hectare spa park, there is the largest thermal brine bath in the Soest district with a water surface of over 1250 m².

Regular events

Lippstadt's most famous festival is the annual “Autumn Week” fair that takes place in autumn. It takes up the entire city center with its rides and stalls and has up to a hundred thousand visitors a year. The “Old Town Festival” in spring offers culinary delights as well as live music on the Rathausplatz, a large children's flea market, the traditional Lippstadt old town run and a vintage car ride. There is a Christmas market at Christmas and an Easter fair at Easter.

The “Rathausplatz Festival” offers live music, mostly with cover bands, in summer. The Lippstadt Pub Festival takes place twice a year, most recently on March 3, 2016 with 21 different artists (soloists and groups) in 18 different venues (pubs, restaurants, hotels). As part of the word festival in Lippstadt , which takes place every two years, the Thomas Valentin literary award and the voice actor award of the city of Lippstadt are awarded alternately .


Cafés and restaurants are located in the entire inner city area, especially in the side streets of the pedestrian zone "Lange Straße".


The most important shopping area in Lippstadt is the Lange Straße pedestrian zone , which stretches from the Rathausplatz to the Bernhardbrunnen, and its side streets. Lange Straße was closed to car traffic as early as the 1960s. While the classic retailers and chain branches (textiles, shoes, jewelers, leather goods and telecommunications) can be found in Langen Strasse, shops with special offers have settled in the side streets. The Lippe-Galerie shopping arcade, which has meanwhile been little used due to business closings and relocations, is also located on Langen Strasse . After a change of investors, the ground floor was revitalized with business settlements in 2017; the upper floor is to be converted into living space.

In 2000 the city council decided to build the Südertor West and the Konrad-Adenauer-Ring, as a traffic crossbar in an east-west direction south of the railway line. Towards the city there is a large cinema with attached shops and offices along the ring. The Südertor-Ost shopping center opened on October 25, 2012 and is dominated by a consumer electronics supplier. The connection to the city center was made possible by a railway underpass for public buses, pedestrians and cyclists, which was built as an extension of Erwitter Straße, between Südertor East and West, which replaced the level crossing that had existed until then.

Every Wednesday and Saturday the Lippstadt weekly market, also known as the green market, offers groceries. Various non-food goods are traded on the monthly “Krammarkt”.


The top-class soccer club as well as the sporting figurehead of the city of Lippstadt is SV Lippstadt 08 , which has played with its 1st men's team in the Regionalliga West since the 2018/19 season. The stadium Am Bruchbaum serves as the venue. Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and his brother Michael emerged from this club as the most famous players . Other Bundesliga players who competed for SV Lippstadt 08 were Dieter Hecking , Dirk Langerbein , Jens Langeneke and Michael Henke .

Furthermore, with the Lippstadt Eagles, an American football team has existed in the city since 2016. The Eagles reached the championship in the NRW League in their first season and then played in the sixth class state league. There, the team also became champions straight away and will therefore play fifth class in the 2019 season. Since moving to the stadium at Waldschlösschen, the Eagles' average attendance has been over 1000 per home game, putting them in front of many higher-class teams.

The 74 sports clubs, with around 23,000 members, are part of the Stadtsportverband Lippstadt e. V. organized. He represents their interests towards administration and politics. A total of 35 sports can be practiced in the sports clubs.

The city sports association also organizes the indoor soccer championship and, together with the city, the “Evening of Sports”, honoring top athletes in Lippstadt.

The top-class club in the women's soccer field is TuS Lipperode 1919 e. V. The first women's team currently plays in the Westphalia League.

The water and winter sports club WSC Lippstadt e. V., who also produced the former canoe slalom world champion Ulrike Deppe .

There is also the Aero Club Lippstadt e. V., who has been flying gliders and motor gliders on the Büren glider airfield since 1976 . The club was founded in August 1950 and flew in Oerlinghausen for a long time .

The Lippe curling guild, which has existed since 2001, has an asphalt track at Gut Mentzelsfelde, which is played all year round.

The chess club LSV / Turm Lippstadt (created in 1996 through the merger of Lippstädter SV and SK Turm Lippstadt ) plays with its 1st team in the third highest German chess league, the NRW Oberliga. Every year he organizes an international chess tournament. Over 100 players, including several grandmasters, regularly take part in this tower open.

TV Lipperode has been playing with its first team in the 1st spring football Bundesliga since 2002  and has already provided five national players.

In 2008 the Jugger- Lippstadt e. V. founded. Since then, the team has regularly competed in nationwide competitions, and in 2011 it hosted the Westphalian Jugger Championships for the fourth time, which are also classified as league tournaments. In addition, the J-Team (1st team of the club) took 2nd place in the German Jugger League in 2011, in which 17 teams are currently registered.

Since 2009 there has been a regular skate night in Lippstadt. It is organized by the ski department of the LTV (Lippstädter Turn Verein). In dry weather, it takes place on the evening of the second Friday from May to September.

For a long time there has also been a local paintball club called Piranhas-Lippstadt.

students life

After the university opened, the first student association was established in Lippstadt in summer 2016: KDSt.V. Seraphina zu Lippstadt in the CV .

Economy and Infrastructure

Water tower Lippstadt, today a monument


From the 1950s onwards there was steep economic growth in Lippstadt, mainly due to the development of the automotive industry . The Westphalian Metal Union was already one of the most important commercial enterprises in Lippstadt around 1900 and later dominated the Lippstadt industry as a supplier of vehicle lighting and electrics. The number of employees at the company known today as Hella GmbH & Co. KGaA rose from around 1,000 at the time of the currency reform of 1948 to around 6,000 (as of May 31, 2009) in Lippstadt, to over 10,000 in Germany and to around 39,000 worldwide. Today the company is one of the world leaders in automotive electronics and lighting, as well as the auto-tuning . In addition, many medium-sized companies from various industries established themselves . The still growing industrial and commercial enterprises of Lippstadt concentrate mainly on the outskirts of the core city: "Am Wasserturm", "Am Mondschein", "Roßfeld", "Lippstadt-Nord".


Road traffic

Lippstadt has the most important traffic connection through the federal road 55 , which runs through the city in a north-south direction. It connects Lippstadt in the north with Rheda-Wiedenbrück and the Autobahn 2 (Dortmund – Hanover) and in the south with Erwitte with the Bundesstraße 1 and the Autobahn 44 (Dortmund – Kassel). In the city of Lippstadt, the road has four lanes and is partially free of intersections. Instead of traffic lights, motorway-like entrances and exits were built to improve the flow of traffic. Several state roads run through the city. The federal highway 58 begins north of Lippstadt, the federal highway 1 runs south of the city.

Rail transport

The Lippstadt Station is located on the Hamm-Warburg railway , he is from the DB Station & Service in the station Category 4 out. In long-distance traffic, Lippstadt is free of transfers thanks to an average of six ICE / IC connections per day. a. connected with Kassel , Dresden , Munich and Düsseldorf .

Lippstadt station

Run in regional traffic

Another regional transport stop is located in the Dedinghausen district . This is served by the Ems-Börde-Bahn.

Passenger traffic on the Münster – Warstein railway of the Westphalian State Railway , which ran in north-south direction, was discontinued in 1975. Today it is used as a pure freight route.

The Lippstadt Nord station on the Münster – Warstein railway line was completely demolished in 1987 (reception building, goods shed, loading ramp, track systems); only the signal box, which was built in 1910 and now has no function, and the track itself remained. The headquarters of the Westfälische Landes-Eisenbahn, with the freight station there and the central workshop, is located near the former north station.

The Rheda-Wiedenbrück –Lippstadt line, the so-called Rhedaer Bahn , was closed for passenger traffic in 1979 and has since been dismantled.

Bus transport

The city has a city ​​bus network with five lines (C1 – C5), which run from the bus meeting point at the train station every 30 minutes on weekdays, but some parts of the city are not connected to the city bus network. In addition, there are a number of regional buses with very different cycle times and days of traffic that connect surrounding places (sometimes also outside the district area) with Lippstadt, for example Beckum , Rheda-Wiedenbrück and Rietberg . There is also an hourly express bus via Erwitte to Warstein . In the evenings and on weekends there are some night buses and call collective taxis . Lippstadt belongs to the Westphalian tariff.

air traffic

The Paderborn / Lippstadt Airport is located near Büren - Ahden . Currently (as of January 2016) a total of 10 airlines fly to destinations in Spain, Turkey, Greece and Bulgaria, some of them seasonally.


The regional daily newspaper Der Patriot appears in Lippstadt . There are also two free weekly newspapers, "Lippstadt am Sonntag" and "Wochenip". The three monthly magazines "59 ... Lippstädter Stadtmagazin", "Leitplanke" and "Blicker" provide information about events in the Lippstadt region.


Lippstadt has, among other things, 13 primary schools, a secondary school, three secondary schools, four grammar schools, a comprehensive school, three special schools, four vocational colleges, a further education college, a technical college, an adult education center, a music school and a city library.

Elementary schools

All 13 primary schools are run by the city.

  • Primary school Am Weinberg (community primary school, part of the Friedrichschule since the end of the 2010 school year)
  • Friedrichschule (community elementary school)
  • Otto-Lilienthal-Schule (community elementary school, part of the Lipperode elementary school), Lipperbruch
  • Nikolaischule (community elementary school)
  • Josefschule (community elementary school)
  • Primary School An der Pappelallee (Community Primary School)
  • Hans-Christian-Andersen-School (community elementary school)
  • Martinschule Cappel (community elementary school), Cappel
  • Elementary school Lipperode (community elementary school), Lipperode
  • Benninghausen primary school (community primary school), Benninghausen
  • Primary school Im Kleefeld (community primary school), Dedinghausen
  • Niels Stensen School (Catholic Confession School), Bad Waldliesborn
  • Hörste primary school (Catholic confessional school), Hörste

Secondary schools

Up to July 31, 2008 there were three secondary schools in Lippstadt. On August 1, 2008, the Stadtwaldschule became part of the Copernicus School. This was finally dissolved on July 31, 2011 in favor of the newly founded comprehensive school. On August 1, 2010, the Wilhelmschule finally became a sub-location of the Kopernikusschule, and in the summer of 2015 the Wilhelmschule location was given up in favor of the special school “Im Grünen Winkel”.

  • Copernicus School (all-day secondary school)


  • Drost-Rose-Realschule (all-day school)
  • Edith Stein Secondary School (all-day secondary school)
  • Graf-Bernhard-Realschule (half-day school), Lipperode

High schools

There are four grammar schools in Lippstadt, which are located in different parts of the city.

  • Ostendorf-Gymnasium (sponsor: City of Lippstadt)
  • Protestant grammar school (sponsor: Protestant regional church of Westphalia)
  • Marienschule (church; sponsor: Marienschule Lippstadt eV), Lipperbruch
  • Gymnasium Schloss Overhagen (sponsor: Schulverein Schloss Overhagen eV), Overhagen

Comprehensive schools

The Comprehensive School Lippstadt is located in urban ownership. It comprises secondary levels I and II and is located in a building built in 2017 on Ulmenstrasse in the south of the city.

Special schools

  • School in the Green Angle (until 2015: Pestalozzi School), funding focus learning (sponsor: City of Lippstadt)
  • Hedwig School, special focus on emotional and social development (sponsor: City of Lippstadt)
  • Don Bosco School, intellectual development focus (sponsor: Soest district)

Vocational colleges

  • Lippe vocational college (sponsor: Soest district)
  • Marienschule Berufskolleg (sponsor: Marienschule Lippstadt e.V.), Lipperbruch
  • Vocational college Stift Cappel (sponsor: Evangelical parish Lippstadt), Cappel
  • INI-Berufskolleg (sponsor: INI - Initiative for Youth Welfare, Education and Work)

Further education college

The Hanse-Kolleg is the city of Lippstadt's advanced training college with an evening grammar school, college and evening secondary school.

University of Applied Sciences

Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences campus

The Hamm-Lippstadt University is a university of applied sciences in the country North Rhine-Westphalia . It was founded in 2009 and named after its two locations in Hamm and Lippstadt. In the 2019/2020 winter semester, around 6,200 students studied at the university in 14 Bachelor and 5 Master’s courses. The following courses are offered at the Lippstadt location: Mechatronics , industrial engineering , computer visualistics and design , interaction technology and design, business administration , material design - bionics and photonics, applied computer science and social media, business and systems engineering, technical entrepreneurship and innovation.

Adult education centers

The VHS Lippstadt is run by the city.

Music schools

The Conrad Hansen Music School is run by the city.


  • The Thomas-Valentin-Stadtbücherei is a public library. It is located in a centrally located historical building from 1897, which originally housed the Catholic Lyceum.
  • Library of the Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences


The Lippstadt City Archive documents the history of the city and its districts. The seat of the city archive is the “Alte Steinwerk” in Soeststrasse.


There are also the following educational institutions in Lippstadt:


sons and daughters of the town

Born until 1900

Kaspar Ulenberg
Martin Niemöller
  • Johannes Meler († 1530 at the earliest), auxiliary bishop in Münster and Osnabrück
  • Mento Gogreve (* around 1541; † after 1588), theologian and educator
  • David Gans (* 1541; † 1613 in Prague), historian, astronomer, geographer
  • Kaspar Ulenberg (born December 24, 1548 - † February 16, 1617 in Cologne), ecclesiastical poet and composer
  • Anton Praetorius (* 1560; † December 6, 1613 in Laudenbach an der Bergstrasse), pastor and fighter against witch trials
  • Gerhard Bode (born September 24, 1620; † September 24, 1697 in Rinteln), Protestant theologian
  • Nikolaus Wurmstich († in the 18th century), Baroque builder
  • Johann Kayser (* 1654; † March 9, 1721 in Kleve), poet, preacher and educator
  • Johann Arnold Anton Zwicke (born December 27, 1722, † September 8, 1778 in Königslutter), Evangelical Lutheran theologian and reform pedagogue
  • Johannes Stephanus Strümphler (born October 19, 1736 - † August 3, 1807 in Amsterdam), Dutch organ builder of German origin
  • Abraham Nottebohm (born August 25, 1748 - † August 7, 1814 in Brackwede), wholesale merchant and copper industrialist
  • Anton Wilhelm Möller (born August 25, 1762; † May 10, 1846 in Münster), senior consistorial councilor in Münster
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Maul (born March 26, 1780; † November 30, 1852 in Lippstadt), portrait painter
  • Johann Heinrich Christian Nonne (born August 26, 1785; † April 29, 1853 in Schwelm), Protestant theologian and poet
  • Dietrich Wilhelm Schwemann, a member of the Schwemann family , left Lippstadt around 1800 and founded the history of EFG Schwemann , for example, of the company EFG Schwemann , which continued into the 21st century in Hildesheim in 1807 , from where the later iron wholesaler Schwemann & PIECES in Hanover began.
  • Georg Zurhelle (born July 25, 1790; † January 24, 1875 in Lippstadt), German businessman and politician
  • Adolf von Brozowski (born December 10, 1823, † May 15, 1905 in Beuchlitz), Prussian officer
  • Burghard von Schorlemer-Alst (born October 21, 1825 at Herringhausen Castle , † March 17, 1895), politician, member of the Prussian manor house
  • Anthony Eickhoff (* 1827 in Lippstadt-Benninghausen, † 1901 in New York City), German-American author and politician
  • Louis Heinrich Buddeberg (born December 12, 1836 - † March 8, 1925 in Zittau), businessman and member of the German Reichstag
  • Karl Böddeker (born August 13, 1846 - October 9, 1924), English and Romance studies and school director in Stettin
  • Wilhelm Wetekamp (born September 4, 1859, † 1945 in Berlin), nature conservation pioneer and reform pedagogue
  • Eduard Arens (born January 12, 1866, † September 28, 1935), high school professor and literary historian
  • Julius Petri (born September 11, 1868 - † November 16, 1894 in Berlin), writer
  • Bertha Schütz (* 1868; † after 1933), painter, student of the Impressionist painter and founder of the Nidden artists' colony in East Prussia , Ernst Bischoff-Culm
  • Friedrich Ostendorf (born October 17, 1871, † March 17, 1915 near Arras), architect, architectural theorist and university professor.
  • Albert Pehle (* 1874; † 1948 in Düsseldorf ), sculptor
  • Hermann Rothert (born June 20, 1875; † January 31, 1962 in Münster (Westphalia)), lawyer, historian and author
  • Otto Steinbrinck (born December 19, 1888 - † August 16, 1949 in Landsberg am Lech), naval officer, industrialist and convicted defendant in the Nuremberg Flick Trial
  • Fritz Eichholtz (born August 15, 1889, † December 29, 1967 in Heidelberg), pharmacologist and university professor in Königsberg and Heidelberg
  • Carl Sattler (born October 6, 1891; † April 20, 1958 in Lippstadt), politician (NSDAP), SS-Obersturmbannführer and after 1945 businessman
  • Martin Niemöller (born January 14, 1892; † March 6, 1984 in Wiesbaden), Protestant theologian
  • Kurt Rosenbaum (March 30, 1896 - July 21, 1949), politician (KPD)
  • Wilhelm Niemöller (born April 7, 1898 - † October 13, 1983 in Bielefeld), Protestant theologian

Born from 1901

Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (* 1955)

Personalities who have worked in Lippstadt

Julius Ostendorf
  • Johann Westermann (around 1490 - 1542), reformer, hymn author, prior in the Lippstadt convent
  • Julius Ostendorf (1823–1877), school director in Lippstadt, German school politician
  • Hermann Müller (1829–1883), botanist, teacher at the Ostendorf Realschule
  • Karl Dietrich Buddeberg (1840–1909), botanist and zoologist, director and school inspector of the secondary school in Nassau (Lahn) founded in 1872, teacher at the Ostendorf secondary school
  • Ferdinand Fabra (1906–2007), soccer coach, from 1954 to 1978 teacher at the Ostendorf high school
  • Heinz von Schumann (1911–1993), 1955–1969 city music director
  • Thomas Valentin (1922–1980), writer, teacher in Lippstadt
  • Claus Peter Clausen (* December 9, 1933; † April 17, 2012), journalist, lived in Lippstadt, had published the Catholic background information service "Black Letter" since 1966, founded the " Calls for Help from Drüben " association in Lippstadt , and was president the "Förderungsgesellschaft Afrika", holder of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, holder of the Polish Order of Cavaliers.
  • Albert Eickhoff (* 1935) began his career as a fashion retailer in Lippstadt
  • Eike Hovermann (* 1946), teacher in Lippstadt-Overhagen, member of the Bundestag
  • Roberto Massimo (born October 12, 2000), German-Italian soccer player


  • Lippstadt - The story of a living city. KWL Lippstadt, approx. 1980.
  • P. Leidinger: The foundation of Lippstadt in 1184 and the beginnings of urban politics in Westphalia. Bonifatius Verlag, Paderborn 1996.
  • Gunter Hagemann: The Lippstadt Fortress - its building history and its influence on urban development. In: Preservation of monuments and research in Westphalia. Volume 8. Dr. Rudolf Habelt Verlag, Bonn 1985.
  • Westphalian city atlas. Volume III, 4th part. On behalf of the Historical Commission for Westphalia and with the support of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe, ed. by Heinz Stoob and Wilfried Ehbrecht. City map Lippstadt, author: Hartwig Walberg. Dortmund / Altenbeken 1988, ISBN 3-89115-124-1 .
  • Wilfried Ehbrecht: Lippstadt. Contributions to the history of the city. Volume 1, 1985, pp. 281-345.
  • Life and suffering of the Jewish minority in Lippstadt. (= Lippstädter traces. Volume 6). Lippstadt 1991, ISBN 3-9802209-5-8 .

Web links

Commons : Lippstadt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Lippstadt  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. Cf. Dirk Ruholl (ed.): Bökenförde - A village to Gieseler and Pöppelsche. Bökenförde 2005, pp. 258–261.
  3. ^ Albert K. Hömberg: The emergence of the rule Lippe. In: Lippische Mitteilungen. Volume 29, 1960, pp. 5-64, here p. 6f.
  4. ^ Wilfried Ehbrecht: Urban development until 1324. In: Ders. (Ed.): Lippstadt. Contributions to the history of the city, vol. 1. Lippstadt 1985, pp. 31, 76.
  5. Codex Singularis p 141 in the archbishop's archive in Cologne with commentary in III Commentarii Berviores. Archivum Historicum Societatis Jesu I, 1932, p. 306/307 published.
  6. Hartmut Hegeler ,: Names of the victims of the witch trials from Lippstadt. (PDF) In: Anton Prätorius. Retrieved March 26, 2019 .
  7. Hans Medick: The Thirty Years War: Testimonies from life with violence . Wallstein, 2018, ISBN 978-3-8353-3248-5 , pp. Note 85 ( ).
  8. Matinee “Women! Learn to choose! ”- 100 years of women's suffrage of the AK Women's History Lippstadt on March 3, 2019 in the Lippstadt City Archives
  9. ^ Elisabeth Elling-Ruhwinkel: Secure and punish. The Benninghausen workhouse (1871–1945) . Schöningh, Paderborn 2005, ISBN 3-506-71344-2 .
  10. ^ Burkhard Beyer: The Buchenwald satellite camps in Lippstadt 1944/45. In: Jan E. Schulte (Ed.): Concentration camps in the Rhineland and in Westphalia 1933–1945. Central control and regional initiative . Schöningh, Paderborn 2005, ISBN 3-506-71743-X , pp. 259-270.
  11. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 334 f .
  12. Integration concept of the Soest district, p. 7.
  13. []: Italian Consulate in Lippstadt Dortmund
  14. ^ City of Lippstadt Religion , 2011 census
  15. Denominations in the city of Lippstadt Status: June 29th , 2020, accessed on August 22nd, 2020.
  16. Denominations in the city of Lippstadt Status: December 30 , 2019 , accessed on February 22, 2020.
  17. ^ Ministry of the Interior and Municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia - State Returning Officer :. Local elections 2014, final result for Lippstadt
  18. Personnel note . In: City and Municipal Council . tape 59 , no. November 11 , 2005, pp. 34 ( link to PDF file [accessed April 29, 2020]).
  19. a b Partner City & Sponsorship ( Memento from October 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) on the homepage of the city of Lippstadt. Accessed October 21, 2014.
  20. ^ Communication from the city of Lippstadt
  21. ^ Conrad Hansen Music School
  22. ^ Regional Association Westphalia-Lippe: Bad Waldliesborn spa gardens in LWL Geodata Culture
  23. History website
  25. Kai-Uwe Hollweg, Benedikt Mahr, Uwe Niederprüm (Responsible): EFG Schwemann… on the page , in the version of January 29, 2016 stored long-term in the Internet Archive
  26. ^ Paul Siedentopf : Schwemann & pieces. In: The book of the old companies of the city of Hanover in 1927. Jubilee publishing house Walter Gerlach, Leipzig 1927, p. 203.
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on August 25, 2005 .