City of Derenburg
City of Derenburg
City of Blankenburg (Harz)
|Height :||155 m|
|Area :||37.25 km²|
|Residents :||2443 (Feb. 15, 2018)|
|Population density :||66 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||38895|
|Area code :||039453|
View from Anisberg to Derenburg
Derenburg is about 157 m above sea level. NN in the northeastern part of the still hilly Harz foreland. The Holtemme flows through the local area from southwest to northeast . The district belongs to Blankenburg in the Harz district and has 2677 inhabitants. The Derenburger Forest begins about a kilometer south of Derenburg. This forest area has a very varied population of pines, spruces, oaks and beeches and thus a high recreational value.
During archaeological excavations on the cemetery of Derenburg , on the outskirts of the city, important finds have been brought to light. Completely preserved skeletons, ceramic vessels, jewelry made of shells, glass and amber and a small gold medallion.
900 to 1500
The place was founded by Heinrich I , but the first documentary mention of October 11, 937, when Otto I was in his second year of reign and was staying in Taremburch . The Otto III. Abbess Mathilde von Quedlinburg , who was appointed imperial administrator because of his move to Italy , held a diet in Derenburg in 993. The Ottonian emperors often stayed in the Derenburger Pfalz . In 1009, Heinrich II left the town of Derenburg to Abbess Sophie von Gandersheim, who gave it to the Marienkloster in 1014 . The place lost its political importance. In the period that followed, the Gandersheim monastery enfeoffed the Counts of Regenstein, among others, with the rule of Derenburg. As a result, the history of Derenburg was linked to that of Regenstein and his counts for centuries.
In the 14th century the city got into power struggles between the Counts of Regenstein and the Halberstadt bishops, which resulted in the surrounding villages that belonged to Derenburg being looted and looted. Derenburger Schloss was destroyed in 1126 by the Count Palatine Friedrich II of Sommerschenburg . The city wall was built in the 13th century. But even she could not prevent Derenburg from being devastated in the Thirty Years War .
1500 to 1900
A contemporary single-leaf woodcut reports on a witch burning in Derenburg in 1555.
In 1623 6000 horsemen and soldiers plundered the place under the leadership of Feldobrist Graf Schlick. Large parts of the city caught fire. In 1677 a large fire destroyed 110 buildings and the church towers again. In 1701, the Prussian king redeemed Derenburg's rule and stationed troops in the city. The last witch burning on the Richteberg took place around 1720 . In 1757 French troops occupied the place during the Seven Years' War . In 1764 the old town hall burned down, which was rebuilt in 1789 and is still used today as the seat of the joint administrative office. During the Napoleonic War , the city was occupied by the French in 1806 and from then on belonged to the Kingdom of Westphalia .
The sugar factory was built in 1879, but industrialization passed the city by. In 1880, Derenburg and Langenstein were connected to the railway; a further expansion was planned, but failed because the former councilors misjudged the importance of the railway and, on the other hand, because of the resistance of the former landowners.
In 1907, an electricity cooperative was founded, whereby Derenburg took a pioneering role in electrification. The electricity was generated in the Petersmühle, today's glassworks. A total of 47 villages were supplied with electricity. The Derenburg overland plant as a network operator of the Landes Elektrizitätsgenossenschaft mbH Halle worked until the end of the 1940s and had a significant influence on the development of the city at that time. In 1920 two theater associations were founded in the city, but after numerous performances they separated again 10 years later. In 1937 Derenburg celebrated its 1000th anniversary. American troops occupied the city on April 11, 1945. On June 1, 1945, English troops took command of Derenburg. The occupation troops changed again in the city, on July 1, 1945 Soviet troops moved in. This meant that Derenburg belonged to the GDR until the reunification of the two German states. In 1968 the train service was stopped and the track systems were dismantled over time. In 1987 Derenburg celebrated its 1050th year of existence. On this occasion, the Kulturbund der DDR issued a medal depicting the town hall from 1425 .
On January 1, 2010, the previously independent city of Derenburg was incorporated into the city of Blankenburg (Harz) together with the communities of Heimburg , Hüttenrode , Wienrode , Timmenrode and Cattenstedt .
On July 1, 2014, the new municipal constitutional law of the state of Saxony-Anhalt came into force. In its §14 (2) the municipalities are given the opportunity to assign this designation to the districts that were towns before the incorporation. The city of Blankenburg (Harz) has made use of this regulation. Their amended main statutes came into force on January 13, 2017. In §15 (1) the localities are listed with their official names.
Local mayor is André Salomon.
Derenburg maintains a partnership with Schladen in Lower Saxony . The volunteer fire brigades of Derenburg and Schladen have a special share in the partnership . In 2010 they celebrated their 20-year partnership.
badges and flags
The coat of arms was approved on August 30, 1996 by the Magdeburg Regional Council.
Blazon : "In silver a red castle with double tinned wall, wider tinned gate tower and two side towers with blue pointed roofs and black knobs, on the battlements of the gate tower a blue helmet, on both sides with a four-ended red stag pole."
On a town seal (approx. 1350) a central tower can be seen with two battlement walls on both sides. Next to the central tower there is a side tower with two windows and a pointed roof. Part of the city wall still exists today and street names also testify to the existence of this city wall (Upper, Lower and Middle Wall Street). The city could be passed through three city gates (Halberstädter, Wichhäuser and Wernigeröder Tor).
In order to protect his country from further Huns invasions, King Heinrich I had permanent castles built throughout Saxony. This is how the town's first castle was built, probably on the site of today's Trinity Church. In order to be able to protect and guard this castle, every ninth man had to move from the surrounding villages as crews by royal order and the remaining population had to feed the castle crew. In 935, at the Diet of Magdeburg, Count Hans von Blankenburg received the Derenburg as a fief for particularly loyal services from King Heinrich I. In 1009 King Heinrich II transferred the place and royal court to the Gandersheim monastery. Count Poppo von Blankenburg died in 1158, leaving behind two sons, Siegfried and Konrad. They shared the inheritance, Siegfried Blankenburg and Konrad received Regenstein Castle with Derenburg. So far the coat of arms of the Blankenburg counts was a black four-ended stag pole, after the division Blankenburg kept the four-ended stag pole in black and Regenstein / Derenburg received the same in red. The pot helmet with the stag sticks represents the sovereignty of the Counts of Regenstein over Derenburg.
The coat of arms was designed by the Magdeburg heraldist Erika Fiedler.
The flag is red and white (1: 1) striped with the city coat of arms.
Today's economy in Derenburg is focused on tourism (in development), small and medium-sized businesses and agriculture. The largest employer and its employees are the city itself. The largest medium-sized company is the " Harzkristall " glass factory outside the gates of Derenburg. Other employers are the local farms and the Hotel Schlossvilla Derenburg.
In the past there was also the canning factory, which was closed for economic reasons in the years after the GDR joined the Federal Republic.
Derenburg can be reached from Halberstadt (10 km) via the federal road 81 and then the state road L 82, which also continues to Wernigerode (10 km). Before the gates of Wernigerode, the B6n was built as part of the road traffic plan, via which the cities of Goslar , Braunschweig or Hanover can be reached by the shortest possible routes .
The Halberstadt – Derenburg railway operation was discontinued in 1968. There are bus connections to and from Wernigerode and Halberstadt through the Harz transport company .
- Church of St. Trinitatis with westwork and Ladegast organ
- Home parlor
The Derenburg Indian Museum existed from 2015 to 2017 .
The Harzkristall glass factory offers regular tours.
sons and daughters of the town
- Bruno Faass (1882–1951), librarian
- Kurt Helbig (1919–1996), trade unionist and politician
- Udo Rönnecke (* 1947), politician (CDU)
- City of Derenburg (ed.), Hugo Rosemeyer (author), Karl Lange (photographer): 1000 years of Derenburg 937–1937. Trommler-Verlag, Halberstadt 1937.
- Derenburg am Harz. Pictures and memories from the past. Geiger Verlag, Horb 1996, ISBN 3-89570-205-6 .
- Derenburg am Harz. Images from the past and present. Geiger Verlag, Horb 1997, ISBN 3-89570-314-1 .
- Derenburg am Harz. On the way to the next century. Geiger Verlag, Horb 1999, ISBN 3-89570-572-1 .
- Berent Schwineköper (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 11: Province of Saxony Anhalt (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 314). 2nd, revised and expanded edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-520-31402-9 .
- RI II 1, 1 No. 72.
- Nathalie Kruppa: Parishes in the Middle Ages, Volume 238, 2008, p. 302
- Konrad Dienel: 40 Years Atelier Helmut König Medals 1974 - 2014 . tape 27-1987 . Wettin-Verlag, Kirchberg / Jagst 2014, ISBN 3-87933-994-5 , p. 63 .
- StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010 .
- Local constitution law of the state in the version of July 1, 2014
- Derenburg on www.blankenburg.de