Eindhoven


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Eindhoven municipality
Flag of the municipality of Eindhoven
flag
Coat of arms of the municipality of Eindhoven
coat of arms
province North Brabant North Brabant
mayor John Jorritsma ( VVD )
Seat of the municipality Eindhoven
Area
 - land
 - water
88.92  km 2
87.66 km 2
1.26 km 2
CBS code 0772
Residents 231,584 (Jan 31, 2019)
Population density 2604 inhabitants / km 2
Coordinates 51 ° 26 '  N , 5 ° 29'  E Coordinates: 51 ° 26 '  N , 5 ° 29'  E
height 18  m NAP
Important traffic route A2 E25 A50 A58 E312 A67 E34 A270 N2 N69 N270
prefix 040
Postcodes 5502, 5601-5606, 5611-5617, 5621-5629, 5631-5633, 5641-5647, 5651-5658
Website Homepage of Eindhoven
LocatieEindhoven.png
Template: Infobox location in the Netherlands / maintenance / map
View of the city of Eindhoven
View of the city of EindhovenTemplate: Infobox location in the Netherlands / maintenance / picture 1
View of Eindhoven, late 16th century.
center

Eindhoven ([ ˈɛintˌɦoːvə (n) ], listen ? / I ) is a municipality in the province of Noord-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands . It is located at a height of 18  m NAP . Audio file / audio sample

Districts

Eindhoven consists of seven districts:

  1. Center
  2. Stratum
  3. Clay gelre
  4. Woensel-Zuid
  5. Woensel-Noord
  6. Strijp
  7. Gestel

history

Eindhoven was founded on a slightly elevated area at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender rivers on a trade route from Holland to Liège and was granted city and market rights by Duke Henry I of Brabant as early as 1232 , but remained quite insignificant in the first few centuries.

Around 1388, the city's defenses were expanded and between 1413 and 1420 a new castle was built within the city walls. In 1486 Eindhoven was sacked and burned to the ground. The reconstruction and the construction of a new castle lasted until 1502. But already in 1543 Eindhoven fell again: The defenses had not been maintained due to the prevailing poverty.

A large fire destroyed around three quarters of the houses in 1554. However, these were rebuilt as early as 1560 with the support of William of Orange .

The present-day city of Eindhoven emerged from the merging of the parishes of Eindhoven, Woensel, Strijp, Tongelre, Gestel and Stratum as a result of the industrial development around 1900, when the Philips incandescent lamp factory attracted more and more workers. Later on, DAF (Automobile) also contributed to the expansion of the city.

Attack by the Royal Air Force on the Philips factory (December 6, 1942)
Stratumseind ​​in September 1944

During the Second World War , the city was a major target during Operation Market Garden . The city was also attacked because of the Philips tube works. Heavy bombing by the Western Allies destroyed large parts of the city. Very few historical buildings were preserved during the reconstruction. An example of the modern architecture of Eindhoven is the Evoluon , built as a museum in 1966 , now a conference building and no longer open to the public .

Today Eindhoven is the fifth largest city in the Netherlands with a little over 200,000 inhabitants and is considered a technology center in the south of the country. Due to the students of the Technical University of Eindhoven and some higher schools, Eindhoven has a relatively low average age.

Attractions

Augustinian Church

education

economy

Philips light gates with
lamp maakstertje

Eindhoven is the most important production and research location for Philips . The former subsidiary NXP Semiconductors has its headquarters here. The VDL Groep has its corporate headquarters in Eindhoven. UPS operates a large logistics center. The Fontys University of Applied Sciences is one of the largest employers in Eindhoven . OTB Solar BV manufactures production systems for solar cells here. The truck manufacturer DAF is also based in Eindhoven. The ASML company is based in the suburb of Veldhoven . The European branch of the Japanese company Kanefusa , Asia's leading manufacturer of tools for woodworking , has been located in the city since May 2001 .

traffic

railway station
Entrance to the bicycle parking in the center

Rail transport

The city of Eindhoven is a central railway hub in the Netherlands. This is where the routes from the north and south of the country come together. At the train station Eindhoven Centraal national regional and long-distance runs. Cities such as The Hague , Rotterdam , Amsterdam , Utrecht and Maastricht can be reached directly by train from Eindhoven.

Road traffic

A total of five motorways run through Eindhoven. The Dutch motorway network also bundles routes from the north and south as well as from the west of the country. Furthermore, Eindhoven is located directly on the important E34 .

Bus transport

The bus company Hermes operates the urban bus transport .

Air traffic

Eindhoven has one airport, Eindhoven Airport ( IATA -CODE: EIN). It is both a transport and a military airfield for the Dutch Air Force and the largest regional airport in the Netherlands.

politics

The conservative-liberal VVD won the last local election in 2018 with a narrow majority. In the legislative period from 2018 to 2022, this forms a coalition with the CDA , GroenLinks and the PvdA .

Municipal council

Local election on March 21, 2018
Turnout: 46.38%
 %
20th
10
0
14.8
14.5
12.3
11.7
11.5
8.0
5.6
4.0
3.9
13.9
OAE g
Otherwise. j
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
   8th
   6th
   4th
   2
   0
  -2
  -4
  -6
  -8th
+1.4
+6.9
-3.7
-3.1
+3.4
-6.4
-4.1
+0.2
+3.9
+1.6
OAE g
Otherwise. j
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
Remarks:
g Ouderen Appèl Eindhoven
j DENK 3.5% (+ 3.5%), Leefbaar Eindhoven 2.8% (-1.2%), ChristenUnie 2.4% (+ 0.4%), Brede Bewegungsing LinksOm 1.9% (+ 1.9%), Forum 0veertig 1.2% (+1.2%), Stratums Belang 1.2% (+1.2%), Partij van de Toekomst 0.9% (+ 0.3%), Lijst Leenders 0.0% (-1.5%), Teleurgestelde Burgers 0.0% (-1.5%), Samen Eindhoven 0.0% (-1.1%), EenHeid Partij 0.0% (- 0.8%), Ouderen Politiek Actief 0.0% (-0.7%), De Groenen 0.0% (-0.1%)

The municipal council has been formed as follows since 1982:

Political party Seats a
1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
VVD 8th 6th 5 5 7th 6th 6th 8th 6th 7th
GroenLinks - - 3 3 4th 3 3 4th 4th 7th
PvdA 9 14th 10 6th 9 9 14th 10 8th 6th
D66 2 2 5 6th 2 3 1 6th 7th 6th
CDA 17th 16 15th 8th 8th 9 7th 6th 4th 6th
SP 0 0 1 1 4th 3 6th 4th 7th 4th
Ouderen Appèl Eindhoven b - - - 5 3 2 2 3 5 2
LPF - - - - - - 1 2 1 2
50PLUS - - - - - - - - - 2
THINK - - - - - - - - - 1
Leefbaar Eindhoven - - - - - 9 3 1 2 1
ChristenUnie - - - - - 0 1 0 1 1
DEAD - - - - - - - 1 - -
De Stadspartij - - - - 2 1 1 0 - -
Center Democrats - - - 2 - - - - - -
Eindhoven Met Stip - - - 2 - - - - - -
Eindhoven OPEN stad - - - 1 - - - - - -
PSP 2 1 - - - - - - - -
PPR 1 - - - - - - - -
CPN 0 - - - - - - - -
total 39 39 39 39 39 45 45 45 45 45
Remarks
a Parties that took part in the election but were unable to obtain a seat on the council will not be considered.
bThe Ouderen Appèl Eindhoven ran up to and including 1998 as Algemeen Ouderen Verbond .

College van B&W

The coalition parties GroenLinks and VVD provide the College van burgemeester en wethouders with two councilors, while the CDA and the PvdA are each represented by an alderman. The following people belong to the college and are responsible in the following areas:

function Surname Political party Department annotation
mayor John Jorritsma VVD integral security, external relations, representation, administrative support, international relations and acquisition, international affairs and acquisition in office since September 13, 2016
Alderman Marcel Oosterveer VVD Finances, cultural real estate, difficulty and profession, personnel and organization including management, Arhi process Nuenen, environmental law, services, monitoring, global awareness -
Monique List-de Roos VVD City center economy and coordination of the city center, culture and design, city marketing, permits, accessibility and mobility, coordination of regional cooperation -
Renate Richters GroenLinks social welfare and support, poverty and debts, youth welfare, naturalization, welfare and health -
Jan van der Meer GroenLinks Climate, green, natural gas-free areas, cultural history, coordination of sustainability, water, circular economy, energy, public space, animal welfare -
Yasin Torunoglu PvdA Spatial development, land and real estate, housing and districts, work and income, participation law, citizen participation, diversity -
Stijn Steenbakkers CDA Business and settlement climate, education, participation, Brainport cooperation community, innovation and digitization, labor market, sport -
Community Secretary Aline Zwierstra - - in office since October 2018

Community partnerships

Sports

Others

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Eindhoven  - collection of images
Wikivoyage: Eindhoven  travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand . In: StatLine . Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Dutch)
  2. At that time there were no transistors; Electron tubes were essential components for amplifiers, radios, radars and radios. Film about the Royal Air Force 's 'Eindhoven Raid' on YouTube
  3. a b Results of the local elections: 1982–2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 , accessed on January 3, 2019 (Dutch)
  4. ^ College van burgemeester en wethouders . In: Eindhoven.nl . Gemeente Eindhoven, accessed January 3, 2019 (Dutch)
  5. Jorritsma in Eindhoven September 13th geïnstalleerd in extra raad. In: Eindhoven's Dagblad . Wegener, September 8, 2016, accessed January 3, 2019 (Dutch).
  6. Bundeswehr administrative offices abroad at www.iud.bundeswehr.de