coat of arms
|mayor||John Jorritsma ( VVD )|
|Seat of the municipality||Eindhoven|
|88.92 km 2
87.66 km 2
1.26 km 2
|Residents||231,584 (Jan 31, 2019)|
|Population density||2604 inhabitants / km 2|
|Important traffic route|
|Postcodes||5502, 5601-5606, 5611-5617, 5621-5629, 5631-5633, 5641-5647, 5651-5658|
|Website||Homepage of Eindhoven|
Eindhoven consists of seven districts:
- Clay gelre
Eindhoven was founded on a slightly elevated area at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender rivers on a trade route from Holland to Liège and was granted city and market rights by Duke Henry I of Brabant as early as 1232 , but remained quite insignificant in the first few centuries.
Around 1388, the city's defenses were expanded and between 1413 and 1420 a new castle was built within the city walls. In 1486 Eindhoven was sacked and burned to the ground. The reconstruction and the construction of a new castle lasted until 1502. But already in 1543 Eindhoven fell again: The defenses had not been maintained due to the prevailing poverty.
A large fire destroyed around three quarters of the houses in 1554. However, these were rebuilt as early as 1560 with the support of William of Orange .
The present-day city of Eindhoven emerged from the merging of the parishes of Eindhoven, Woensel, Strijp, Tongelre, Gestel and Stratum as a result of the industrial development around 1900, when the Philips incandescent lamp factory attracted more and more workers. Later on, DAF (Automobile) also contributed to the expansion of the city.
During the Second World War , the city was a major target during Operation Market Garden . The city was also attacked because of the Philips tube works. Heavy bombing by the Western Allies destroyed large parts of the city. Very few historical buildings were preserved during the reconstruction. An example of the modern architecture of Eindhoven is the Evoluon , built as a museum in 1966 , now a conference building and no longer open to the public .
Today Eindhoven is the fifth largest city in the Netherlands with a little over 200,000 inhabitants and is considered a technology center in the south of the country. Due to the students of the Technical University of Eindhoven and some higher schools, Eindhoven has a relatively low average age.
- DAF Museum
- Eindhoven Museum
- De Admirant
- Genneper Park
- Muziekcentrum Frits Philips
- Philips Museum
- Van Abbemuseum for Modern Art
- Vesteda tower
Eindhoven is the most important production and research location for Philips . The former subsidiary NXP Semiconductors has its headquarters here. The VDL Groep has its corporate headquarters in Eindhoven. UPS operates a large logistics center. The Fontys University of Applied Sciences is one of the largest employers in Eindhoven . OTB Solar BV manufactures production systems for solar cells here. The truck manufacturer DAF is also based in Eindhoven. The ASML company is based in the suburb of Veldhoven . The European branch of the Japanese company Kanefusa , Asia's leading manufacturer of tools for woodworking , has been located in the city since May 2001 .
The city of Eindhoven is a central railway hub in the Netherlands. This is where the routes from the north and south of the country come together. At the train station Eindhoven Centraal national regional and long-distance runs. Cities such as The Hague , Rotterdam , Amsterdam , Utrecht and Maastricht can be reached directly by train from Eindhoven.
A total of five motorways run through Eindhoven. The Dutch motorway network also bundles routes from the north and south as well as from the west of the country. Furthermore, Eindhoven is located directly on the important E34 .
The bus company Hermes operates the urban bus transport .
The municipal council has been formed as follows since 1982:
|Political party||Seats a|
|Ouderen Appèl Eindhoven b||-||-||-||5||3||2||2||3||5||2|
|Eindhoven Met Stip||-||-||-||2||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Eindhoven OPEN stad||-||-||-||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
College van B&W
The coalition parties GroenLinks and VVD provide the College van burgemeester en wethouders with two councilors, while the CDA and the PvdA are each represented by an alderman. The following people belong to the college and are responsible in the following areas:
|mayor||John Jorritsma||VVD||integral security, external relations, representation, administrative support, international relations and acquisition, international affairs and acquisition||in office since September 13, 2016|
|Alderman||Marcel Oosterveer||VVD||Finances, cultural real estate, difficulty and profession, personnel and organization including management, Arhi process Nuenen, environmental law, services, monitoring, global awareness||-|
|Monique List-de Roos||VVD||City center economy and coordination of the city center, culture and design, city marketing, permits, accessibility and mobility, coordination of regional cooperation||-|
|Renate Richters||GroenLinks||social welfare and support, poverty and debts, youth welfare, naturalization, welfare and health||-|
|Jan van der Meer||GroenLinks||Climate, green, natural gas-free areas, cultural history, coordination of sustainability, water, circular economy, energy, public space, animal welfare||-|
|Yasin Torunoglu||PvdA||Spatial development, land and real estate, housing and districts, work and income, participation law, citizen participation, diversity||-|
|Stijn Steenbakkers||CDA||Business and settlement climate, education, participation, Brainport cooperation community, innovation and digitization, labor market, sport||-|
|Community Secretary||Aline Zwierstra||-||-||in office since October 2018|
- Al-Qadarif , Sudan
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- PSV Eindhoven , created as the Philips Sports Association, has one of the strongest football teams in the Netherlands and is also known in top European football.
- PSV is also the name of the Eindhoven water polo and swimming club . The multiple European and Olympic champion in swimming, Pieter van den Hoogenband , is the most famous member of the history of this club. The swimming stadium was named after him.
- The Jan Louwers Stadium is home to FC Eindhoven .
- There is still a lot of rivalry between the two largest municipal football clubs, FC Eindhoven and PSV Eindhoven .
- Holland Casino has a branch in the city.
- The city's lively nightlife is concentrated in the Stratumsedijk area.
- In the city there is a branch of the Federal Armed Forces Administration Netherlands.
- Every two years the Dirk Roosenburgprijs is awarded in Eindhoven , which recognizes special architectural projects in the municipality.
sons and daughters of the town
- Maikel Aerts (* 1976), soccer goalkeeper
- Peter Aerts (* 1970), K-1 kick, thai boxing legend, multiple champion in Muay Thai
- Christijan Albers (* 1979), automobile racing driver
- Otman Bakkal (* 1985), football player
- Bert Blase (* 1959), politician
- Jan de Bont (* 1943), cameraman, film director and film producer
- Ron Boots (* 1962), composer and musician
- Hans Clevers (* 1957), immunologist and molecular geneticist
- Phillip Cocu (* 1970), football player
- Wisse Dekker (1924–2012), manager, chairman of the board of Philips
- Hans Dekkers (1928–1984), racing cyclist
- Hans Dekkers (* 1981), racing cyclist
- Jorrit Dijkstra (* 1966), jazz musician
- Discipline (Joost de Graaf, Carlo Geerlings, Erik Wouters, Joost Strijbos), street rock 'n' roll band from Eindhoven, founded in 1990
- Sander van Doorn (* 1979), DJ and music producer
- Theo Eltink (* 1981), racing cyclist
- Mathieu Hezemans (1915–1985), racing car driver and entrepreneur
- Mike Hezemans (* 1969), racing car driver
- Toine Hezemans (* 1943), racing car driver
- Robert Högfeldt (1894–1986), Swedish painter
- Jorryt van Hoof (* 1982), poker player
- Mark Janssen (* 1992), football player
- Tim Janssen (* 1986), football player
- Jerrely Slijger (* 1988), rapper Kempi
- Peter Kox (* 1964), racing car driver
- Lenny Kuhr (* 1950), singer
- Maarten Lafeber (* 1974), professional golfer
- Dietrich Loher (* around 1495, † 1554), theologian, Carthusian monk, church politician and editor of theological writings
- Rob Maas (* 1969), football player
- Luuk van Middelaar (* 1973), historian and political philosopher
- David Miedema (* 1989), chess player
- Bert Oosterbosch (1957–1989), racing cyclist
- Johnny Rosenberg (* 1977), jazz musician
- Bas Rutten (* 1965), mixed martial arts legend
- Herman Schoonderwalt (1931–1997), jazz musician and composer
- Eja Siepman van den Berg (* 1943), sculptor
- Iso Sluijters (* 1990), handball player
- Huub Smit (born 1978), actor
- Peter Pan Speedrock , Peter van Elderen, Bart Geevers and Bart Nederhand make up the speed rock trio from Eindhoven and have made it the number one band in the Netherlands
- Showtek , hardstyle duo
- Wim Suurbier (1945-2020), football player
- Sanne van Hek (1978-2020), jazz musician
- Roelof Wunderink (* 1948), racing car driver
- Website of the municipality (Dutch, English)
- Van Abbe Museum website (Dutch, English)
- Eindhoven in Site . Virtual tour
- Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand . In: StatLine . Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Dutch)
- At that time there were no transistors; Electron tubes were essential components for amplifiers, radios, radars and radios. Film about the Royal Air Force 's 'Eindhoven Raid' on YouTube
- Results of the local elections: 1982–2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 , accessed on January 3, 2019 (Dutch)
- College van burgemeester en wethouders . In: Eindhoven.nl . Gemeente Eindhoven, accessed January 3, 2019 (Dutch)
- Jorritsma in Eindhoven September 13th geïnstalleerd in extra raad. In: Eindhoven's Dagblad . Wegener, September 8, 2016, accessed January 3, 2019 (Dutch).
- Bundeswehr administrative offices abroad at www.iud.bundeswehr.de