Oss (Netherlands)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Municipality of Oss
Flag of the municipality of Oss
Coat of arms of the municipality of Oss
coat of arms
province North Brabant North Brabant
mayor Wobine Buijs-Glaudemans ( VVD )
Seat of the municipality Oss
 - land
 - water
170.93  km 2
163.16 km 2
7.77 km 2
CBS code 0828
Residents 91,459 (Jan 31, 2019)
Population density 535 inhabitants / km 2
Coordinates 51 ° 46 ′  N , 5 ° 31 ′  E Coordinates: 51 ° 46 ′  N , 5 ° 31 ′  E
Important traffic route A50 A59 N277 N324 N329 N603 N625
prefix 0412
Postcodes 5341-5349, 5351-5359, 5366-5368, 5371, 5373, 5386, 5394-5398
Website oss.nl
Template: Infobox location in the Netherlands / maintenance / map

Oss ( listen ? / I ) is a municipality in the Netherlands , in the province of Noord-Brabant . The municipality includes the town of Oss, the town of Megen , the town of Ravenstein aan de Maas, the villages of Herpen, Neerlangel, Berghem, Haren (N.Br.), Macharen, and a few smaller towns. The municipal coat of arms shows an ox, Dutch os . Audio file / audio sample

A total of 91,459 people lived in the community on January 31, 2019. Their total area is about 171 km².

Location and economy

The industrial city of Oss is located in the northeast of the province of Noord-Brabant, on the car and railways between 's-Hertogenbosch and Nijmegen . A canal connects the Oss inland port with the Meuse.

Margarine has been manufactured in a large factory in the city since 1871 . Organon has had a large chemical factory producing medicines since 1923 . The carpet, meat products ( Unox ) and canning industries are also of national importance. There is also a yacht shipyard in Oss and many smaller trading companies. The international logistics company Raben Group has its headquarters here.

The village of Haren (N.Br.), which originally belonged to Megen, is the headquarters of a chain of shops that sell electrical appliances.



The area of ​​the city of Oss was already inhabited in the Bronze Age. Before Roman times, Celts and later Germans lived here .

The village of Oss was established in the Middle Ages and fell victim to a fire in 1387. Thanks to the town charter granted in 1399 , Oss was able to be rebuilt, surrounded by walls and gates. Oss, which had remained Catholic, was attacked in 1573 by Protestant troops from Holland and Geldern, who killed the pastor but were unable to conquer the city. The Dutch only succeeded in doing this in 1629.

After the Peace of Westphalia , Oss came to the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands as part of the province of Brabant . Most of the city burned down in 1751 and 1831. In 1890 the Carmelites settled in Oss, built three monasteries, founded a religious seminary and shaped the school system and cultural life in Oss.

In the 1930s Oss was hit by great unemployment. So many residents sought their salvation from crime that the government in The Hague had to take special measures. During the Second World War , many citizens of Oss were obliged to do forced labor and deported to the German Reich. After that, Oss developed into today's flourishing industrial city.


Ravenstein emerged as a settlement around the castle near the Maas, which already existed in 1380 . In 1397 it came to the Duchy of Kleve . Unlike Oss, after the Jülich-Klevischen succession dispute, it fell to Brandenburg in 1614 , then to Pfalz-Neuburg in 1629 and to Pfalz-Sulzbach in 1742 . This development made it possible for the population to remain Catholic and to take in Catholic refugees from the Dutch part of Brabant who could not practice their religion freely. Ravenstein was not incorporated into the Netherlands until the Napoleonic period (1805) .


Megen and Ravenstein both have a picturesque town center. From there, water sports in the Maas area are possible.

In the vicinity of the town of Oss you can go for walks in some small forests.

The Jan Cunen Museum on Molenstraat has a not insignificant collection of paintings from the 19th century. a. by members of the Koekkoek family , Johannes Hendrik Weissenbruch and Andreas Schelfhout . Finds from the princely graves of Oss are on display in the museum.


The socialist SP , based in Oss , won 26.97 percent of all votes in the last local election and was thus able to decide the election for itself. Both the former party chairman Jan Marijektiven and his daughter, who is now the party chairman of the SP, Lilian Marijnisse , were born in the Brabant city. However, the coalition for the legislative period from 2018 to 2022 consists of the local parties Beter Oss and Voor De Gemeenschap as well as the CDA and the VVD .

The area of ​​the municipality of Oss has more than doubled since 1995, which can be attributed to numerous incorporations. Already in 1994 the communities Berghem and Megen, Haren en Macharen were added to Oss . Nine years later, the community of Ravenstein was incorporated. On January 1, 2011, Lith . The last incorporation is that of Geffen in the Maasdonk municipality at the beginning of 2015.

Municipal council

Local election on March 21, 2018
Turnout: 51.33%
BO e
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
BO e
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
b Voor De Gemeenschap
e Beter Oss
i Verantwoordelijk voor Zelf en seeds

The municipal council has been formed as follows since 1982:

Political party Seats
1982 1986 1990 1993 a 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
SP 5 7th 8th 9 13 15th 11 9 9 11
Voor De Gemeenschap - - - 5 3 5 6th 8th 11 10
VVD 5 4th 3 3 5 4th 4th 6th 3 4th
CDA 12 10 11 11 8th 8th 7th 6th 7th 4th
Praying Oss - - - - - - - - 2 3
D66 2 1 3 2 1 0 - 2 2 2
GroenLinks - - - - - 1 1 1 1 2
PvdA 5 8th 6th 3 3 2 5 4th 2 1
Trots op Nederland b - - - - - - - 1 - -
Duurzaam Nederland - - - - - 0 1 - - -
Lijst Akay - 1 - - - - - - - -
total 29 31 31 33 33 35 35 37 37 37
a Due to the incorporation of Berghem and Megen, Haren en Macharen on January 1, 1994, an unscheduled local election took place in 1993.
bIn the local elections in 2014, the local Trots-op-Nederland faction was merged into the newly founded local party Beter Oss .

College van B&W

The College van burgemeester en wethouders of the municipality of Oss consists of Mayor Buijs-Glaudemans, five councilors and the municipal secretary. The coalition parties Beter Oss, CDA and VVD are each represented by an alderman in the college, while the local party Voor De Gemeenschap contributes two councilors. The following people belong to the college and have the following departments:

function Surname Political party Department annotation
Mayoress Wobine Buijs-Glaudemans VVD public order and security, services, organization, regional cooperation and internationalization, city marketing, communication, global goals in office since September 29, 2011
Alderman Frank the brok Voor De Gemeenschap Finances, taxes, economy, industrial areas, port, Heesch-West, Pivot Park, basic operations, real estate, facilities, Plan Walkwartier, culture first deputy mayor
Kees van Geffen Voor De Gemeenschap Youth welfare, participation law, work and income, poverty policy, debt counseling, labor market, social employment, education, talent campus, sport second deputy mayor
Johan van der Schoot CDA Development of the rural surroundings, housing, climate and energy, environment, public space, recreation and tourism, genetic material, environmental law third deputy mayoress
Thijs van Kessel VVD Care and welfare law, welfare, health policy, youth work, citizen participation, markets and fairgrounds, associations, subsidy policy and events, integration and asylum policy fourth deputy mayoress
Joop van Orsouw Praying Oss Development of the urban area, city center, Walkwartier plan, housing policy / housing, urban planning, traffic and transport, infrastructure, caravans fifth deputy to the mayoress
Community Secretary Henk Mensink - - in office since June 25, 2018


sons and daughters of the town

Associated with Oss

  • Titus Brandsma (1881–1942), philosopher, Carmelite and resistance fighter against National Socialism, lecturer at the religious college in Oss, honorary citizen of Oss

See also

Web links

Commons : Oss  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand . In: StatLine . Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Dutch)
  2. ^ Falco Thuis O.Carm .: Onderwijs en Vorming . In: 125 jaar Karmelieten in Oss  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Pp. 3–6, special edition from Karmelnieuws Digitaal , November 19, 2015, accessed on June 28, 2017.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.karmel.nl  
  3. ^ Historical map as a digitized version of the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  4. a b Results of the local elections: 1982–2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 , accessed on July 14, 2019 (Dutch)
  5. Samenstelling college van B s W . In: oss.nl . Gemeente Oss, accessed July 15, 2019 (Dutch)
  6. ^ Mari van Rossem: Karmelieten na 125 jaar nog altijd zichtbaar in Oss . In: Brabants Dagblad , October 30, 2015, accessed June 28, 2017.