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Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) .svg
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
coat of arms
Coat of arms Pfalz-Neuburg.svg
Reilly 165.jpg
Principality of Sulzbach, map section ~ 60x90 km
Alternative names Duchy of Palatinate-Sulzbach
Arose from Pfalz-Neuburg
Form of rule county
Ruler / government Count
Today's region / s DE-BY

Reichskreis Bavarian
Capitals / residences Sulzbach
Dynasties 11th and 12th centuries Counts of Sulzbach ; 1305-1808 Wittelsbach
Denomination / Religions Roman Catholic , now Lutheran
Language / n German

Incorporated into Kingdom of Bavaria

The County Palatine of Pfalz-Sulzbach , also known as Duchy of Pfalz-Sulzbach , was an independent, imperial immediacy principality of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation , which by the Neuburger main comparison of 1656 from the Wittelsbach Duchy of Neuburg had emerged. However, it never had a seat in the Princely College of the Reichstag , as it was formally only a branch of the Wittelsbach family , which was never officially enfeoffed with it.

The duchy comprised the residential town of Sulzbach with the associated regional court as well as the rule of Breitenstein , the Pleystein office (since 1764), the neo-castle half of the Parkstein - Weiden community office (since 1714) and the Floß care office with the Vohenstrauss court . The total area was about 1500 km².


The family of the Counts of Sulzbach , who were influential and powerful in the 11th and 12th centuries, died out in 1188, with the result that most of their property fell to the Wittelsbach family. Sulzbach became part of the Junge Pfalz from 1505 . After Count Palatine Ottheinrich I. von Neuburg inherited the Electoral Palatinate , he ceded the Neuburg and Sulzbach area in the Heidelberg Succession Treaty of 1557 to Wolfgang von Pfalz-Zweibrücken . Wolfgang initially gave Sulzbach as a Paragium to his son, Count Palatine Ottheinrich II , who resided in the local castle from 1582 . After he died in 1604 without an heir, Sulzbach fell back to Wolfgang's eldest son, the founder of the newer Neuburg line, Philipp Ludwig . With his death in 1614 Sulzbach was again separated as Paragium, this time for Philipp Ludwig's younger son, Count Palatine August , but remained under the suzerainty of the main line. His son Christian August obtained the sovereignty of Palatinate-Sulzbach as Duke in the Neuburg Main Settlement of 1656. In 1742 the main line of the Neuburg Count Palatine died out, as a result of which the Sulzbach branch with Karl Theodor took over there. In 1777 the Bavarian Wittelsbach family was also inherited, so that under Karl Theodor the large Wittelsbach states Palatinate and Bavaria were reunited for the first time in centuries. After the Sulzbach line died out in 1799, its territories fell to Pfalz-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler-Zweibrücken .

The Duchy of Pfalz-Neuburg / Sulzbach was abolished in 1808 and became part of the new Kingdom of Bavaria . When Bavaria was divided up in 1837, Neuburg was merged with Swabia to form an administrative district (district).

Count Palatine and Dukes of Palatinate-Sulzbach

Count Palatine Christian August von Pfalz-Sulzbach with Palatine staff. At the bottom right the coat of arms of Pfalz-Sulzbach

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