Philipp Ludwig (Palatinate-Neuburg)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Duke Philipp Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg around 1595

Philipp Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg (born October 2, 1547 in Zweibrücken , † August 22, 1614 in Neuburg an der Donau ) was Count Palatine and Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg from the House of Wittelsbach .


Philipp Ludwig was the son of Duke Wolfgang von Pfalz-Zweibrücken and Pfalz-Neuburg and his wife, Princess Anna of Hesse .

After the death of his father in 1569, Philipp Ludwig received the principality of Pfalz-Neuburg, while his brother Johann I received Pfalz-Zweibrücken . With his marriage to Anna , the daughter of Duke Wilhelm V of Jülich-Kleve-Berg , he justified his claims to the succession in the Jülich-Klevischen succession dispute . He signed the concord formula of 1577 and the concord book of 1580 in his own name and as co-guardian for the margraves Ernst Friedrich (1560-1604) and Jakob III. (1562–1590) from Baden.

With a quick and skilful approach, Philipp Ludwig and the Elector Johann Sigismund of Brandenburg succeeded in asserting themselves against the inheritance claims of the others. However, the official takeover of Jülich , Berg and Ravenstein by Pfalz-Neuburg only came about in 1614 by Philipp Ludwig's son Wolfgang Wilhelm , who had converted to Catholicism shortly before, and Magdalene, the sister of Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria, married and thereby the Had secured support from the Catholic League .

The Protestant Philipp Ludwig was deeply shocked by the conversion of his eldest son Wolfgang Wilhelm to Catholicism. Before his death he probably wanted to disinherit his successor and therefore called the state parliament on August 28, 1614, but the duke died on August 22. The funeral for Philipp Ludwig took place on September 19, 1614 in Neuburg and the funeral on September 22, 1614 in the church of St. Martin in Lauingen / Donau. Wolfgang Wilhelm did not take part.

Both the Pfalz-Neuburg and Pfalz-Sulzbach lines descend from him. The former ruled the Electoral Palatinate from 1685, the other from 1742 to 1799. In 1777 they also inherited the Electorate of Bavaria .

Wife Anna

The wife of Philip Anna von Jülich-Kleve-Berg was born on March 10, 1552 in Kleve. Anna was brought up during the period when her father Wilhelm V was Lutheran. The wedding took place on September 27, 1574 in Neuburg. She kept Höchstädt and Liezheim as Wittum , which Wolfgang Wilhelm also guaranteed his mother in the contract of May 5, 1615 . In 1601 she had the vault of the castle chapel painted in the style of the Protestant Renaissance. The offices of Höchstädt and Liezheim remained in Höchstädt after their death on October 16, 1632, until the end of the Swedish occupation on September 6, 1634, Lutheran. She was buried at the side of her husband in St. Martin's Church in Lauingen.


  1. ⚭ 1613 Magdalene of Bavaria (1587–1628)
  2. ⚭ 1631 Katharina Charlotte of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1615–1651)
  3. ⚭ 1651 Maria Franziska zu Fürstenberg (1633–1702)


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. See BSLK , pp. 15f, 762 and 764.
predecessor Office successor
wolfgang Duke of Pfalz-Neuburg
Wolfgang Wilhelm