Ivan IV becomes Tsar
of All Russia .
|Andrea Doria in Genoa fails.|
|Battle of Drakenburg is the final battle of the Schmalkaldic War . The Protestant army of the Schmalkaldic League defeats the imperial troops .|
|1547 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||995/996 (July turn of the year)|
|Buddhist calendar||2090/91 (Southern Buddhism); 2089/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||909/910 (New Year's April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3880/81 (2/3 October)|
|Islamic calendar||953/954 (New Year February 20th/21st)|
|Jewish calendar||5307/08 (September 14/15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1857/58 (April turn of the year)
Syria: 1858/59 (October turn of the year)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar)||1603/04 (April New Year)|
politics and world affairs
Henry VIII dies in the Palace of Whitehall in London on January 28th . Edward VI succeeds him . , his nine - year - old son by his marriage to Jane Seymour , to the throne of England and Ireland . The accession to the throne was unproblematic, since Henry expressly designated him as his successor in his last will of December 30, 1546. In addition, a ten-member throne council was appointed to take care of government business during Edward's minority. The council consists mostly of people who have already gained influence under the old king. The Council's principal members are Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford , a brother of the late Jane Seymour, and John Dudley, Viscount Lisle and Sir William Paget, 1st Baron Paget .
The members of the council are for the most part reformers in the sense of an independent English state church . Catholics Stephen Gardiner , Bishop of Winchester, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk and Thomas Thirlby are barred from the council. The members of the Council ask the new King Edward VI. now for a confirmation of the appointment, in order to take the wind out of the sails of those who doubted the legality of King Henry's last will.
On March 13 Edward VI confirms. the members of the Council except Lord Chancellor Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton . King Edward makes his uncle Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and makes him Lord Protector . Seymour is granted the right to change the Council at his own discretion. He thus becomes the actual ruler in England. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer , also exerted a strong influence on the young king.
Republic of Genoa
Giovanni Luigi de Fieschi , with others, undertakes an uprising against the rule of the Genoese Doge Andrea Doria in Genoa on 2 January . Fiesco's conspiracy fails, and the rebel drowns in the harbor after falling into the water in heavy armour.
- 24 April: Emperor Charles V 's troops are victorious over the Schmalkaldic League at the Battle of Mühlberg . The leader of the Protestants, Elector Johann Friedrich I of Saxony , is taken prisoner.
- May 19: In the Wittenberg capitulation signed in Charles V's imperial camp near the electoral outwork Bleesern before Wittenberg, the Saxon Elector Johann Friedrich I loses land holdings and electoral dignity to the Albertines of the Wettin dynasty , represented by Duke Moritz von Sachsen . The areas around Wittenberg and Zwickau also go over to the Albertine line. The Ernestine Vogtland and a small area around Platte in the Ore Mountains also go to the Bohemian Crown . Emperor Charles V is victor in the Schmalkaldic War . The lost battle of Drakenburg on May 23, which drives the Catholic troops out of the north of the empire, changes nothing.
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- 2 April: Count Anton I of Oldenburg incorporates the conquered castle and county of Delmenhorst into his possessions . The place held by the Bishop of Münster used to belong to Oldenburg.
- The Armored Diet of Augsburg begins; it lasts until 1548. The Emperor fails with plans to overthrow Lutheranism.
- Suppression of the Bohemian uprising by King Ferdinand I.
- Upper Lusatian Pönfall : The Bohemian King Ferdinand I punishes the towns belonging to the Upper Lusatian League of Six ( Bautzen , Zittau , Görlitz , Kamenz , Löbau and Lauban ).
- January 16: Ivan IV becomes the first crowned Tsar of Russia . Its ceremony was based on the imperial coronations in Byzantium in the 14th century. Ivan, later known as "the Terrible", is crowned with the cap of Monomakh by the metropolitan .
- March 31: With the death of King Francis I , his son Henry II becomes the new head of state in France .
- With the defeat of the Schmalkaldic League, the minting of the Schmalkaldic Bundtaler in Goslar also came to an end . The joint coinage of Ernestine and Albertine Saxony is finally abandoned .
religion and society
- January 24: Adolf III. von Schaumburg is enthroned as the new archbishop of Cologne by the papal commissioner Viglius Zuichemus .
- February 25: In order to prevent a rebellion in his favor and a possible war associated with it, Hermann V. of Wied formally abdicates after he had been asked by Pope Paul III the previous year. excommunicated and relieved of his office as Archbishop of Cologne because he tried to lead the electorate to Protestantism. Hermann retires to Wied Castle and on March 17 founds the society of noble, living, self-propelled water art , to which Counts Heinrich zu Stolberg and Ludwig von Stolberg-Königstein belong, among others.
- 3 May: Auxiliary Bishop Johann Nopel ordains Adolf von Schaumburg as a priest in Cologne. He reverses many of the changes made by his predecessor, Hermann V. von Wied, and forbids evangelical preaching in his diocese .
- March 11: The Council of Trent is moved to Bologna in the papal sphere of influence and continues its deliberations there.
Historical maps and views
date of birth saved
- January 15: Hedwig von Württemberg , Landgravine of Hesse-Marburg († 1590)
- January 22: Charles II , first Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen († 1606)
- January 24: Johanna of Austria , Austrian Renaissance Princess († 1578)
- February 24: Juan de Austria , son of Emperor Charles V, commander of the Spanish fleet and governor of the Habsburg Netherlands († 1578)
- March 19: Joachim Zollikofer , Mayor of St. Gallen († 1631)
- May 19: Gustaf Axelsson Banér , Swedish statesman (died 1600)
- August 10: Francis II , Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg († 1619)
- September 10: George I , Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt († 1596)
- September 14: Johan van Oldenbarnevelt , Dutch statesman and diplomat (died 1619)
- September 22: Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin , German humanist and playwright († 1590)
- September: Miguel de Cervantes , Spanish author (died 1616)
- 2 October: Philipp Ludwig , Count Palatine and Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg († 1614)
- October 18: Justus Lipsius , Flemish legal philosopher and philologist († 1606)
- November 7: Rudolf Hospinian , Swiss evangelical clergyman and theologian († 1626)
- November 10: Gebhard I of Waldburg , Elector and Archbishop of Cologne († 1601)
- November 10: Martin Moller , German mystic, devotional writer and hymn poet († 1606)
- November 12: Claudia of Valois , French Princess and Duchess of Lorraine († 1575)
- November 25: Samuel Fischer , German theologian († 1600)
- December 5: Ubbo Emmius , East Frisian historian and founding rector of the University of Groningen († 1625)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Adolf XI , Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Count of Schauenburg († 1601)
- Ollegard von Ahlefeldt , heiress to the estates of Haselau and Kaden († 1618)
- George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon , English nobleman and patron of the theater (died 1603)
- Jurij Dalmatin , reformer and translator of the Bible into Slovene († 1589)
- Martin Galíndez , Spanish painter and woodcarver (died 1627)
- John Norreys , English general (died 1597)
- Thomas Tesdale , English maltster (died 1610)
Born around 1547
- Nicholas Hilliard , English miniature painter and seal cutter (died 1619)
- Francis Kett , English physician (died 1589)
First half of the year
- January 2: Giovanni Luigi de Fieschi , Count of Lavagna, Genoese politician (b. 1524/25)
- January 5: Johann Hess , German Lutheran theologian and reformer (b. 1490)
- January 7: Albrecht VII , Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (b. 1486)
- January 17: Roberto Pucci , Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (b. 1464)
- January 18: Pietro Bembo , Italian humanist (b. 1470)
- January 19: Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey , English nobleman and poet (b. 1516)
- January 27: Anna Jagiello , Roman-German queen as well as queen of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1503)
- 28 January: Henry VIII , King of England and Ireland, founder of the State Church of England (b. 1491)
- February 3: Dominicus Sleupner , German Protestant theologian and reformer (b. c. 1483)
- February 6: Konrad Adelmann von Adelmannsfelden , German canon and humanist (b. 1462)
- 11 February: Johann Horn , Bishop of the Bohemian Brethren (b. c. 1490)
- 20 February: Johann von Naves , Imperial Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire (b. c. 1500)
- February 25: Vittoria Colonna , Italian poetess (b. 1492)
- February 27: Laurentius Zoch , German jurist and legal scholar (b. 1477)
- 28 February: Philippa of Geldern , Duchess of Lorraine and Bar (b. 1464)
- March 12: Wenzeslaus Linck , German Lutheran theologian and reformer (b. 1483)
- March 15: Jakob Otter , German Reformed theologian and reformer (b. 1485)
- March 16: François Vatable , French scholar (b. c. 1495)
- March 31: Francis I , King of France and Duke of Milan (b. 1494)
- 1 April: Marie de Luxembourg , Countess of Vendôme (b. 1462 or 1472)
- April 3: Ludger tom Ring the Elder , German painter and printer (b. 1496)
- April 11: Dorothea of Denmark , first Duchess of Prussia (b. 1504)
- May 2: Caspar Borner , German theologian, humanist and reformer (b. 1492)
- June 21: Sebastiano del Piombo , actually Luciani, Italian painter (b. 1485)
Second half of the year
- July 6: Nikolaus Glossenus , German Lutheran theologian (b. c. 1510)
- August 17: Katharina von Zimmer , the last abbess of the Fraumünster monastery in Zurich (b. 1478)
- August 22: Niccolò Ardinghelli , Italian cardinal (b. 1503)
- 6 September: Tommaso Badia , Italian Dominican and Cardinal of the Catholic Church (b. 1483)
- 10 September: Robert Douglas of Lochleven , Scottish knight (b. 1515)
- 10 September: Pier Luigi Farnese , Duke of Parma and Piacenza (b. 1503)
- 13 September: Hermann von Fürstenberg , canon in Paderborn and Munster (b. c. 1460)
- 17 September: Frederick II , Duke of Legnica and Brieg (b. 1480)
- 27 September: Eleanor Brandon , English noblewoman
- October 18: Jacopo Sadoleto , Italian cardinal, humanist and Catholic reformer (b. 1477)
- October 19: Perino del Vaga , Italian painter and plasterer (b. 1501)
- November 12: Sebastian Aitinger , secretary of the Schmalkaldic League (b. 1508)
- November 26: Giovanni Cariani , Italian painter (b. c. 1485/90 )
- December 2: Hernán Cortés , Spanish conquistador and explorer (b. 1485)
- December 28: Konrad Peutinger , German politician (b. 1465)
Exact date of death unknown
- Jörg Breu the Younger , German painter (* after 1510)