Ivan IV becomes tsar
of all Russia .
|Andrea Doria in Genoa fails.|
|Battle of Drakenburg is the last battle in the Schmalkaldic War . The Protestant army of the Schmalkaldic League defeats the imperial troops .|
|1547 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||995/996 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2090/91 (southern Buddhism); 2089/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||909/910 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3880/81 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||953/954 (turn of the year 20/21 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5307/08 (September 14/15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1857/58 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1858/59 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1603/04 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
On January 28 dies Henry VIII. In the Palace of Whitehall in London. Edward VI follows him . , his nine-year-old son by marriage to Jane Seymour , to the throne of England and Ireland . The accession to the throne is unproblematic, as Heinrich expressly designated him as his successor in his last will of December 30, 1546. In addition, a ten-member throne councilor has been appointed to take care of government business while Edward is a minor. The council consists mostly of people who have already gained influence under the old king. The principal members of the council are Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford , a brother of the late Jane Seymour, and John Dudley, Viscount Lisle and Sir William Paget, 1st Baron Paget .
The members of the council are mostly reformers in the sense of an independent English state church . Catholics Stephen Gardiner , Bishop of Winchester, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and Thomas Thirlby are excluded from the council. The members of the council request the new King Edward VI. now for a confirmation of the appointment, in order to take the wind out of the sails of those who doubt the legality of King Henry's last will.
On March 13th, Edward VI confirmed. the members of the council with the exception of Lord Chancellor Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton . King Edward names his uncle Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and gives him the office of Lord Protector . Seymour is granted the right to change the council as it sees fit. He thus becomes the real ruler in England. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer , also had a strong influence on the young king.
Republic of Genoa
Giovanni Luigi de Fieschi and others start an uprising against the rule of the Genoese Doge Andrea Doria in Genoa on January 2nd . The Fiesco conspiracy fails and the rebel drowns in the harbor when he falls into the water in heavy armor.
- April 24th : The troops of Emperor Karl V win the Battle of Mühlberg over the Schmalkaldic League . The leader of the Protestants, Elector Johann Friedrich I of Saxony , is taken prisoner.
- May 19 : In the Wittenberg surrender , signed in the imperial camp of Charles V near the electoral Vorwerk Bleesern in front of Wittenberg, the Saxon elector Johann Friedrich I loses land ownership and electoral dignity to the Albertines of the Wettin dynasty , which represents Duke Moritz of Saxony . The areas around Wittenberg and Zwickau also go over to the Albertine line. The Ernestine Vogtland and a small area around Platten in the Ore Mountains also go to the Bohemian Crown . Emperor Charles V is victorious in the Schmalkaldic War . The lost battle at Drakenburg on May 23, which drove the Catholic troops out of the north of the empire, does nothing to change that.
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- April 2nd : Count Anton I of Oldenburg incorporates the conquered castle and county of Delmenhorst into his possession . The place held by the Bishop of Münster used to belong to Oldenburg.
- The armored Reichstag in Augsburg begins; it lasted until 1548 . The emperor fails with plans to overthrow Lutheranism.
- Suppression of the Bohemian class uprising by King Ferdinand I.
- Upper Lusatian Pönfall : The Bohemian King Ferdinand I punished the cities belonging to the Upper Lusatian Six- Cities League ( Bautzen , Zittau , Görlitz , Kamenz , Löbau and Lauban ).
- January 16 : Ivan IV becomes the first crowned Russian tsar . Its ceremony was based on the imperial coronations in Byzantium in the 14th century. Ivan, later known as "the terrible", is crowned with the cap of Monomakh by the metropolitan .
- March 31 : With the death of King Franz I , his son Heinrich II becomes the new head of state in France .
- With the defeat of the Schmalkaldic League, the coinage of the Schmalkaldic Bundestaler in Goslar also ended . The common coinage of Ernestine and Albertine Saxony is finally abandoned .
Religion and society
- January 24th : Adolf III. von Schaumburg is enthroned as the new archbishop of Cologne by the papal commissioner Viglius Zuichemus .
- February 25 : In order to prevent an uprising in his favor and a possible war connected with it, Hermann V. von Wied formally abdicates after he had already been told by Pope Paul III the previous year . excommunicated and relieved of his office as Archbishop of Cologne because he tried to lead the electorate to Protestantism. Hermann retires to Castle Wied and on March 17th he founds the Society of Noble Living Self-Walking Water Art , to which Count Heinrich zu Stolberg and Ludwig von Stolberg-Königstein belong , among others .
- May 3 : Auxiliary Bishop Johann Nopel ordains Adolf von Schaumburg as a priest in Cologne. He cancels many changes made by his predecessor Hermann V. von Wied and forbids evangelical sermons in his diocese .
- March 11th : The Council of Trent is transferred to Bologna in the papal sphere of power and continues its deliberations there.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 22nd : Charles II , first Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen († 1606 )
- January 24th : Johanna von Österreich , Austrian Renaissance princess († 1578 )
- February 24 : Juan de Austria , son of Emperor Charles V, commander of the Spanish fleet and governor of the Habsburg Netherlands († 1578 )
- September 10 : Georg I , Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt († 1596 )
- September 14 : Johan van Oldenbarnevelt , Dutch statesman and diplomat († 1619 )
- September 22nd : Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin , German humanist and playwright († 1590 )
- October 2 : Philipp Ludwig , Count Palatine and Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg († 1614 )
- October 18 : Justus Lipsius , Flemish legal philosopher and philologist († 1606 )
- November 7th : Rudolf Hospinian , Swiss Protestant clergyman and theologian († 1626 )
- November 10 : Gebhard I. von Waldburg , Elector and Archbishop of Cologne († 1601 )
- November 10 : Martin Moller , German mystic, writer of edification and hymn poet († 1606 )
- November 12 : Claudia von Valois , French princess and Duchess of Lorraine († 1575 )
- November 25 : Samuel Fischer , German theologian († 1600 )
- December 5 : Ubbo Emmius , East Frisian historian and founding rector of the University of Groningen († 1625 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Adolf XI. , Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Count of Schauenburg († 1601 )
- Ollegard von Ahlefeldt , heiress of the estates of Haselau and Kaden († 1618 )
- George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon , English nobleman and patron of the theater († 1603 )
- Jurij Dalmatin , reformer and translator of the Bible into Slovenian († 1589 )
- Martin Galíndez , Spanish painter and wood carver († 1627 )
- John Norreys , English military leader († 1597 )
- Thomas Tesdale , English maltster († 1610 )
Born around 1547
- Nicholas Hilliard , English miniature painter and seal cutter († 1619 )
- Francis Kett , English doctor († 1589 )
First half of the year
- January 17th : Roberto Pucci , Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (* 1464 )
- January 18 : Pietro Bembo , Italian humanist (* 1470 )
- January 27 : Anna Jagiello , Roman-German Queen and Queen of Bohemia and Hungary (* 1503 )
- January 28 : Henry VIII , King of England and Ireland, founder of the Anglican State Church (* 1491 )
- February 6 : Konrad Adelmann von Adelmannsfelden , German canon and humanist (* 1462 )
- February 25 : Vittoria Colonna , Italian poet (* 1492 )
- February 27 : Laurentius Zoch , German lawyer and jurist (* 1477 )
- February 28 : Philippa von Geldern , Duchess of Lorraine and Bar (* 1464 )
- March 12 : Wenzeslaus Linck , German Lutheran theologian and reformer (* 1483 )
- March 16 : François Vatable , French scholar (* around 1495 )
- March 31 : Francis I , King of France and Duke of Milan (* 1494 )
- April 1st : Marie de Luxembourg , Countess of Vendôme (* 1462 or 1472 )
- April 3 : Ludger tom Ring the Elder , German painter and printer (* 1496 )
- April 11th : Dorothea of Denmark , first Duchess of Prussia (* 1504 )
- May 2 : Caspar Borner , German theologian, humanist and reformer (* 1492 )
- June 21 : Sebastiano del Piombo , actually Luciani, Italian painter (* 1485 )
Second half of the year
- August 17th : Katharina von Zimmer , the last abbess of the Fraumünster monastery in Zurich (* 1478 )
- August 22 : Niccolò Ardinghelli , Italian cardinal (* 1503 )
- 10 September : Pier Luigi Farnese , Duke of Parma and Piacenza (* 1503 )
- September 27th : Eleanor Brandon , English noblewoman
- October 19 : Perino del Vaga , Italian painter and plasterer (* 1501 )
- November 12th : Sebastian Aitinger , Secretary of the Schmalkaldic Federation (* 1508 )
- Nov. 26 : Giovanni Cariani , Italian painter (* around 1485 /90 )
- December 2 : Hernán Cortés , Spanish conquistador and explorer (* 1485 )
- December 28 : Konrad Peutinger , German politician (* 1465 )