Anna of Bohemia and Hungary

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Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (portrait painting by Hans Maler zu Schwaz , 1519)
Václav Brožík : Tu felix Austria nube , 1896, Belvedere , Vienna - double wedding of Emperor Maximilian I (kneeling) as deputy for his grandson Ferdinand with Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (with bridal veil) and Maria von Habsburg with Ludwig II of Bohemia and Hungary

Anna Jagiello of Bohemia and Hungary (* July 23, 1503 in Buda , † January 27, 1547 in Prague ) was heiress of Bohemia and Hungary after the death of her brother Ludwig II . She was the wife of Ferdinand I , who later became Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire .


Anna was the daughter of King Vladislav II of Bohemia and Hungary and his third wife Anna von Foix-Candale . Anna's future marriage has been debated and negotiated since she was a child. Without the consent of the Hungarian estates, Vladislav II and Emperor Maximilian I agreed in 1515 to marry Vladislav's only children, Anna and their brother Ludwig , to Maximilian I's grandsons ( Vienna double wedding ). Anna married Archduke Ferdinand in Linz on May 26, 1521, and Ludwig married Ferdinand's sister Maria in 1522 .

After the death of her brother in the battle of Mohács in 1526 , Ferdinand became king of Hungary and Bohemia by virtue of her right. The Hungarian barons, who never wanted to accept a foreign ruler, elected Johann Zápolya as their counter-king.

Anna was famous for her religiosity, charity and wisdom, she spoke Latin, Czech, Hungarian and German. Shortly after the marriage, Ferdinand appointed her, together with the Bishop of Trent, as chairman of his councilor. She is believed to be the author of the Clypeus pietatis font .

Ferdinand rarely separated from his wife, and she accompanied him on most of his trips. Ferdinand argued to the astonished imperial entourage that it was better to spend the expenses on the wife than on various lovers.

Anna died on January 27, 1547 in Prague after the birth of her daughter Johanna in childbed.

The Royal Pleasure Palace in Prague built by Ferdinand was later named after Queen Anna.


High grave in St. Vitus Cathedral

A total of fifteen descendants resulted from the connection between Anna and Ferdinand.

  1. Philippine Welser
  2. Anna Caterina Gonzaga
  1. Francesco III. Gonzaga
  2. Sigismund II August , King of Poland

Unusual for the time, the parents personally looked after their children, who grew up simple and humble. They were not taught by private teachers, but attended a public school in Innsbruck with other children. Particular attention was paid to learning languages.


Władysław II Jagiełło (1348–1434)
Casimir IV Jagiełło (1427–1492)
Sophie Holszańska (1405–1461)
Vladislav II (Bohemia and Hungary) (1456-1516)
Albrecht II (HRR) (1397–1439)
Elisabeth von Habsburg (1437–1505)
Elisabeth of Luxembourg (1409–1442)
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547)
Jean IV. De Foix-Grailly († 1485)
Gaston II. De Foix-Candale († 1500)
Margarethe de la Pole
Anne de Foix-Candale (1484–1506)
Gaston IV (Foix) (1423-1472)
Eleanor of Navarre (1425–1479)


Historical novel

Web links

Commons : Anna of Bohemia and Hungary  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Isabella of Portugal Roman-German queen
Mary of Spain
Mary of Hungary Queen of Bohemia
Mary of Spain
Mary of Hungary Queen of Hungary
Mary of Spain