Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Anna Jagiello of Bohemia and Hungary (* July 23, 1503 in Buda , † January 27, 1547 in Prague ) was heiress of Bohemia and Hungary after the death of her brother Ludwig II . She was the wife of Ferdinand I , who later became Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire .
Anna was the daughter of King Vladislav II of Bohemia and Hungary and his third wife Anna von Foix-Candale . Anna's future marriage has been debated and negotiated since she was a child. Without the consent of the Hungarian estates, Vladislav II and Emperor Maximilian I agreed in 1515 to marry Vladislav's only children, Anna and their brother Ludwig , to Maximilian I's grandsons ( Vienna double wedding ). Anna married Archduke Ferdinand in Linz on May 26, 1521, and Ludwig married Ferdinand's sister Maria in 1522 .
After the death of her brother in the battle of Mohács in 1526 , Ferdinand became king of Hungary and Bohemia by virtue of her right. The Hungarian barons, who never wanted to accept a foreign ruler, elected Johann Zápolya as their counter-king.
Anna was famous for her religiosity, charity and wisdom, she spoke Latin, Czech, Hungarian and German. Shortly after the marriage, Ferdinand appointed her, together with the Bishop of Trent, as chairman of his councilor. She is believed to be the author of the Clypeus pietatis font .
Ferdinand rarely separated from his wife, and she accompanied him on most of his trips. Ferdinand argued to the astonished imperial entourage that it was better to spend the expenses on the wife than on various lovers.
Anna died on January 27, 1547 in Prague after the birth of her daughter Johanna in childbed.
The Royal Pleasure Palace in Prague built by Ferdinand was later named after Queen Anna.
A total of fifteen descendants resulted from the connection between Anna and Ferdinand.
- Elisabeth (June 9, 1526 - June 15, 1545) ∞ Sigismund II. August , King of Poland
- Maximilian (born July 31, 1527 - † October 12, 1576); as Maximilian II. Roman-German Emperor ∞ Maria of Spain
- Anna (7 July 1528 - 16 October 1590) ∞ Albrecht V of Bavaria
- Ferdinand (June 14, 1529 - January 24, 1595), Archduke of Austria-Tyrol
- Maria (May 15, 1531 - December 11, 1581) ∞ Wilhelm von Jülich-Kleve and Berg
- Magdalena (August 14, 1532 - September 10, 1590)
- Katharina (September 15/25, 1533 - February 28, 1572)
- Eleonore (November 2, 1534 - August 5, 1594) ∞ Guglielmo Gonzaga
- Margarethe (February 16, 1536 - March 12, 1567)
- Johann (April 10, 1538 - March 20, 1539)
- Barbara (April 30, 1539 - September 19, 1572) ∞ Alfonso II. D'Este
- Karl (born June 3, 1540 - † July 10, 1590), Archduke of Inner Austria ∞ Maria Anna of Bavaria
- Ursula (* July 24, 1541; † April 30, 1543)
- Helena (7 January 1543 - 5 March 1574)
- Johanna (January 24, 1547 - April 10, 1578) ∞ Francesco I. de 'Medici
Unusual for the time, the parents personally looked after their children, who grew up simple and humble. They were not taught by private teachers, but attended a public school in Innsbruck with other children. Particular attention was paid to learning languages.
|Władysław II Jagiełło (1348–1434)|
|Casimir IV Jagiełło (1427–1492)|
|Sophie Holszańska (1405–1461)|
|Vladislav II (Bohemia and Hungary) (1456-1516)|
|Albrecht II (HRR) (1397–1439)|
|Elisabeth von Habsburg (1437–1505)|
|Elisabeth of Luxembourg (1409–1442)|
|Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547)|
|Jean IV. De Foix-Grailly († 1485)|
|Gaston II. De Foix-Candale († 1500)|
|Margarethe de la Pole|
|Anne de Foix-Candale (1484–1506)|
|Gaston IV (Foix) (1423-1472)|
|Eleanor of Navarre (1425–1479)|
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Habsburg, Anna (Queen of Hungary and Bohemia) . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 6th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing House, Vienna 1860, p. 150 f. ( Digital copy ).
- Eva Obermayer-Marnach: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 1, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1953, ISBN 3-428-00182-6 , p. 299 f. ( ). In:
- Tibor Simányi : He created the empire: Ferdinand von Habsburg . Amalthea, Vienna 1987, ISBN 3-85002-224-2
- Jeannine Meighörner : The Luftvergolderin. A historical novel . Haimon, Innsbruck 2019, ISBN 978-3-7099-7916-7
|Isabella of Portugal||
|Mary of Spain|
|Mary of Hungary||Queen of Bohemia
|Mary of Spain|
|Mary of Hungary||Queen of Hungary
|Mary of Spain|
|SURNAME||Anna of Bohemia and Hungary|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Jagiello, Anna|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Queen of the Holy Roman Empire by marriage|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 23, 1503|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Buda|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 27, 1547|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Prague|