from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 15th century | 16th century | 17th century |
| 1510s | 1520s | 1530s | 1540s | 1550s | 1560s | 1570s |
◄◄ | | 1538 | 1539 | 1540 | 1541 | 1542 | 1543 | 1544 | 1545 | 1546 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The Iguaçu Falls
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca is the first European to marvel at the Iguaçu waterfalls .
Portrait of an Unknown Lady by Hans Holbein the Elder  J., presumably Catherine Howard
Catherine Howard ,
5th wife of Henry VIII , is
executed for "high treason".
The Swedish army during the Dacke uprising
The Dacke uprising begins in Sweden .
1542 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 990/991 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1534/35
Buddhist calendar 2085/86 (southern Buddhism); 2084/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the water tiger壬寅 ( at the beginning of the year metal buffalo 辛丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 904/905 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3875/76 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 920/921
Islamic calendar 948/949 (turn of the year April 16/17)
Jewish calendar 5302/03 (September 10/11)
Coptic calendar 1258/59
Malayalam calendar 717/718
Seleucid era Babylon: 1852/53 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1853/54 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1598/99 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Spain and its colonial empire

Cinnamon expedition and crossing the Amazon
Francisco de Orellana
Orellana's journey

From January 1st, the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Orellana, as part of the Cinnamon Land expedition, will be traveling the Amazon with more than 50 men coming from the west , while the majority of the mostly seriously ill men under Gonzalo Pizarro will remain in a base camp: on August 26 , de Orellana will be reached the delta of the river, on September 11 the Atlantic; He was the first European to travel the entire length of the Amazon. After the members of the expedition left behind had to wait in vain for their return, they returned to Quito half starved under Pizarro's command in the summer .

More expeditions
Further political events in the Spanish colonies
  • The city of San Miguel el Grande in what is now Mexico is founded.
  • The Dominican Bartolomé de Las Casas publishes the Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias ( Brief report on the devastation in the West Indian countries ), which is denigrated by the Spanish colonial rulers as " Leyenda negra ".



Portuguese India


science and technology

  • The German doctor and botanist Leonhart Fuchs published his first herbal book De Historia Stirpium commentarii insignes in Latin .


Page from the Codex Mendoza



Historical maps and views

Hungary 1542


Date of birth saved

Isabella de 'Medici as a young girl, Agnolo Bronzino
Akbar's birthplace, Umerkot

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1542  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files