Heinrich Stromer

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Heinrich Stromer

Heinrich Stromer (* around 1476 in Auerbach in the Upper Palatinate ; † November 25, 1542 ) was a Leipzig university professor, university rector, doctor and founder of Auerbach's cellar .


Heinrich Stromer was born in Auerbach in 1476/1482 as the son of Johannes Stromer. The family has been there since the middle of the 14th century and is related to the very wealthy families of the Upper Palatinate and the Nuremberg patriciate .

Stromer studied at the University of Leipzig from 1497 , where he obtained his master's degree in 1501, became professor of philosophy and in 1508 rector of the university. In 1511 he obtained a doctorate in medicine, in 1516 became professor of pathology , and in 1523 dean of the medical faculty . After his place of origin he became Dr. Called Auerbach .

On January 24, 1519 Heinrich Stromer married Anna Hummelshain (* 1492), the daughter of Hans Hummelshain, one of the richest citizens of Leipzig, councilor and merchant. In the same year Stromer bought a piece of land from his father-in-law's heirs for 3,500 guilders , on which he built Auerbach's farm from 1530 to 1538 . In the cellar today is one of the most traditional restaurants in Germany, Auerbach's Cellar, famous for the scene Auerbach's Cellar in Leipzig in Goethe's Faust .


In 1504 he wrote an arithmetic book Algorithm linealis , in which he presented the beginnings of arithmetic and which he dedicated to his future brother-in-law, Andreas Hummelshain.

Stromer was the personal physician of numerous princes, including his sovereign George the Bearded (1471–1539) and the Hohenzollern brothers Joachim I (Brandenburg) (1484–1535), Elector of Brandenburg, and Albrecht II. (1490–1545), Cardinal, Elector and Archbishop of Mainz. He wrote a number of medical writings, including an often printed one on the plague . Stromer was councilor of the city of Leipzig since 1520 . In 1524, as dean of the medical faculty, he introduced the subject of anatomy to the Leipzig university.

In 1518 Stromer took part in the Reichstag in Augsburg together with the humanist Ulrich von Hutten, whom he already knew from his time in Leipzig . Heinrich Stromer played an important role in Leipzig during the Reformation . He was in correspondence with Martin Luther , Philipp Melanchthon , Ulrich von Hutten , Petrus Mosellanus and Erasmus von Rotterdam . But he also kept in contact with Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim , known as Paracelsus. Then in the summer of 1519 he was a listener at the Leipzig disputation . A disputation between Martin Luther and Johannes Eck (June 27 to July 15, 1519). In 1539 he offered Luther quarters in Leipzig.


(after Schnebögl p. 155)

  • Algorithm linealis numerationem, Additionem, Subtractionem, Duplationem, Mediationem, Multiplicationem, Divisionem et Progressionem una cum regula de Tri perstringens. Leipzig (Martin Landsberg) 1504, several new editions between 1510 and 1520, on the beginnings of mathematics, 1512 and 1520 also with Hieronymus Vietor and Johannes Singrenius in Vienna.
  • Opusculum observationum bone valitudinis, quod vulgo regimen sanitatis inscribitur Arnaldi de noua villa. He dedicated this work to Abbot Friedrich Trautenberger of Michelfeld Monastery near Auerbach, around 1505; Schnelbögl p. 156; available as an edition around 1510 BSB 2 Path. 12 m, as an edition around 1520 UB Munich 0014 / W 2 Med. 521.
  • Saluberrimae adversus pestilentiam observationes. German edition Leipzig (Melchior Lotter and Valentin Schumann) 1516, new edition Mainz (Schöffer) 1517 and Strasbourg (Grüninger) 1518, Leipzig (Schumann) 1519; in the German edition it was said: Regiment Henrich Stromers von Aurbach d. ertzenney Doctors inhaltedt how the pestiletz tzubeware is also dedicated to you who understand it to be helpful. 1516 (For more information on this book and the connections between celestial phenomena and the occurrence of diseases, see Fränkischer Kourier of March 1, 1879; Edition 1516 Munich State Library 4 Path. 364; Edition 1517 4 Path. 365b and c; Edition 1518 4 Path 364n; edition 1519 4 Path.430.29).
  • Duae epistolae Henrici Stromeri Auerbachii et Gregori Coppi Calvi medicorum. Leipzig 1520 (available at the Munich State Library, 4 H.ref. 686),
  • Sermo panegyricus Petro Mosellanus. Leipzig 1520, (eulogy for the new rector of the University of Leipzig, an enthusiastic supporter of Erasmus von Rotterdam (1467–1536), available at the Munich State Library, 4 diss. 3761,31; edition 1779 H.lit.p.62).
  • Decreta aliquot medica, quae in disquisitiones publicam proponentur. Leipzig 1532. The German edition, translated by Georg Spalatin : A careful, thorough and honest warning against the hesitant vice of drunkenness. Wittenberg (G. Rhau) 1531.
  • De morte hominis decreta aliquot medica. Leipzig 1531 (writing about death).
  • Decreta medica et senectute. Leipzig. Georg Spalatin translated the German edition: Protective speech and defense of honest and praiseworthy age. Wittenberg 1531.


  • Testament of Heinrich STROMER. Leipzig City Archives, Schöffenbuch 1542–1544, pages 64–70.


  • Otto Clemen : On the life story of Heinrich Stromer von Auerbach. In: New archive for Saxon history and antiquity . 24, 100-110 (1903).
  • Paul GautschAuerbach, Heinrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 1, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875, p. 638.
  • Siegmund Günther : The algorithm linealis of Heinrich Stromer, a literary-historical study (= treatises of the Königl. Böhm. Society of Sciences. Volume 6, Vol. 10, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Nro. 4). Verlag der Königl. Bohm. Society of Sciences, Prague 1880.
  • Herbert Helbig : The Reformation of the University of Leipzig in the 16th century (= writings of the Association for Reformation History. No. 171). Bertelsmann, Gütersloh 1953.
  • Ingrid Kästner: In the field of tension between medicine, politics, religion and economy: Heinrich Stromer von Auerbach (1476–1542). In: Albrecht Classen (Ed.): Religion and Health. The healing discourse in the 16th century (= Theophrastus Paracelsus studies. Vol. 3). De Gruyter, Berlin 2001, pp. 165-182.
  • Andreas Lesser: Friedrich Christian Lesser (1692–1754) and his ancestors, especially the pastor family Maior, Rothmaler and Sagittarius and the family Neefe and Stromer (= series of publications of the Friedrich Christian Lesser Foundation. Vol. 2). Munich 1992 (on pp. 178–190 further information on Stromer's ancestors and descendants).
  • Hans Joachim Rösselt: Descendant of Dr. Heinrich Stromer. In: Ekkehard magazine genealogical evenings. 1936, col. 24 ff.
  • Fritz Schnelbögl : Auerbach in the Upper Palatinate. From the history of the city and its surroundings. Auerbach 1976.
  • Wolfgang Freiherr Stromer v. Reichenbach: To the origin of the Stromer from Auerbach. In: Altnürnberger Landschaft. 13th year 1964.
  • Karl Sudhoff : The medical faculty at Leipzig in the first century of the university (= studies on the history of medicine. H. 8). Barth, Leipzig 1909.
  • Gustav Wustmann : The landlord of Auerbachs Keller in Leipzig. Dr. Heinrich Stromer von Auerbach 1482–1542. With 7 letters from Stromer to Spalatin. Seemann, Leipzig 1902.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gautsch, "Stromer, Heinrich" in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie 1 (1875), p. 638 [1]