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Organotrophy (Greek τροφή = nutrition) describes in biology the covering of the needs of living beings for reducing agents from organic substances .

Reducing agents are required:

The adjective for "organotrophy" is "organotrophic" (organotrophic living beings, organotrophic metabolism ).

If the energy requirement of organotrophic creatures is covered by exergonic metabolism ( chemotrophy ), this is called chemoorganotrophy , if it is covered by light ( phototrophy ), it is called photoorganotrophy .

Examples of chemoorganotrophic organisms: animals , humans , fungi , many bacteria

Example of photoorganotrophic organisms: the bacterium Rhodospirillum

As a rule, organotrophic creatures use organic substances not only as reducing agents, but also as starting materials for the construction of the body's own substances, whereby less energy is required than when using inorganic building material sources. The use of organic materials as building material sources is called heterotrophy .

See also