Calendar overview 1621
|Gregory XV. Pope.||Gustav II Adolf of Sweden conquers the Polish-Lithuanian city of Riga .|
uprising in Bohemia
are executed in Prague.
|1621 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1069/70 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1613/14 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1026/27 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2164/65 (southern Buddhism); 2163/64 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||983/984 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3954/55 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1030/31 (turn of the year 15th / 16th November)|
|Jewish calendar||5381/82 (September 15/16)|
|Coptic calendar||1337/38 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1931/32 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1932/33 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1677/78 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Thirty Years' War
- January 22 : Emperor Ferdinand II. Imposed on Elector Frederick V of the Palatinate , the so-called "Winter King" because of breach of the peace , breach of Reich laws, support rebellious subjects and treason, the imperial ban .
- May 7th : Imperial troops under Karl von Bucquoy take the city of Pressburg, which is held by units of the Transylvanian Prince Gábor Bethlen , during the Thirty Years' War .
- May 14th : After the Protestant side has disagreed on several issues , the Protestant Union, founded in 1608 , is formally dissolved .
- June 21 : As a sanction for the class uprising in Bohemia , 27 members of the lords, knights and bourgeois classes are executed on the Old Town Square in Prague.
- July 16 : Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly fends off an attack by Peter Ernst II von Mansfeld , the military leader of Friedrichs von der Pfalz, near Waidhaus in the Upper Palatinate.
- October 5 : In the battle of Tyrnau , Habsburg imperial troops under Rudolf von Tiefenbach are defeated by Gábor Bethlen's army .
- December 2nd : Christian von Halberstadt conquers Amöneburg near Mainz .
- December 20 : Christian von Halberstadt is defeated in the battle of Kirdorf by the troops of the Catholic League under Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel .
- December 31 : Emperor Ferdinand II dictates the peace of Nikolsburg and forces Bethlen Gábor , Prince of Transylvania , to renounce the Hungarian royal crown .
- 22nd August to 9th November : Huguenot Wars : The siege of Montauban , a Huguenot stronghold in France , by troops under the command of King Louis XIII. , ends with the unsuccessful withdrawal of the besiegers.
Spain / Netherlands
- March 31 : Philip III. of Spain , as Philip II also King of Portugal , died at the age of 42, his son Philip IV succeeded him.
- The Eighty Years War between Spain and the Netherlands resumes after a twelve year armistice.
- September 25th : Gustav Adolf of Sweden , who after the agreement with Moscow in the Peace of Stolbowo had resumed the fight for Livonia against Poland , forced the surrender of Riga after several weeks of siege and in the ensuing conflicts secured Sweden the possession of Livonia north of the Daugava .
- October 9 : The Ottoman-Polish War 1620–1621 ends with a peace treaty that restores the status quo ante bellum .
- April 15th : The Mayflower sets sail for the return voyage from the newly established colony of Plymouth to England.
- June 3 : The Dutch West India Company receives the exclusive trade patent for America in its country.
- Upayuvaraja I. ousts his father Voravongse II from the throne and rules the Laotian kingdom of Lan Xang .
- August 16 : In Nuremberg , a previously established giro bank begins operations.
- The Augustiner Bräu Kloster Mülln is founded.
science and technology
- July 17th : The University of Rinteln is inaugurated and its statutes are drawn up.
- The northern lights are systematically observed for the first time.
- The Strasbourg Academy is given the rank of university .
- The Nicolaus Gerckensche Family Foundation in Salzwedel begins its work.
- Juan van der Hamen y León paints the first of two still lifes with a bowl of fruit, birds and a window view .
- Friedrich Spee publishes the songs Insurmountably strong hero, Sankt Michael and O Christ hie merk .
- February 9th : Alessandro Ludovisi is elected Pope and gives himself the name Gregory XV. He is the last head of the church elected by acclamation in the conclave . He abolished this voting method during his pontificate .
First half of the year
- January 6 : Moritz von der Pfalz , troop commander in English and Swedish service († 1652 )
- January 17 : Ernst Friedrich Schröter , German legal scholar († 1676 )
- January 30 : George II Rákóczi , Prince of Transylvania († 1660 )
- March 16 : Georg Neumark , German composer of hymns († 1681 )
- March 2 : Ludwig Günther II. , Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen zu Ebeleben († 1681 )
- March 17 (presumably): Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen , German poet († 1676 )
- March 24th : Johann von Anhalt-Zerbst , Anhalt regent († 1667 )
- March 25 : Matthäus Merian the Younger , painter, engraver and publisher († 1687 )
- March 31 : Andrew Marvell , English poet († 1678 )
- April 1 : Tegh Bahadur , ninth guru of Sikhism († 1675 )
- April 10 : Daniel Lüdemann , German Lutheran theologian († 1677 )
- April 23 : Georg Arnold , Austrian composer and organist († 1676 )
- April 23 : William Penn , English admiral († 1670 )
- April 25 : Roger Boyle , Baron of Broghill, Baron Castlemartyr, Lord President of Munster; English statesman († 1679 )
- June 2 : Rutger von Ascheberg , German-Baltic field marshal († 1693 )
- June 6 : Petar Zrinski , Ban of Croatia († 1671 )
Second half of the year
- July 8 : Jean de La Fontaine , French writer and poet of many famous fables († 1695 )
- July 8 : Leonora Christina Ulfeldt , daughter of the Danish King Christian IV and writer († 1698 )
- August 13 : Israël Silvestre , French painter and engraver († 1691 )
- August 19 : Gerbrand van den Eeckhout , Dutch painter († 1674 )
- September 8 : Ludwig II of Bourbon, Prince of Condé , French general († 1686 )
- September 9 : Heinrich X. Reuss zu Lobenstein , German nobleman and rector of the University of Leipzig († 1671 )
- September 15 : Caspar Ziegler , German lawyer, poet and composer († 1690 )
- December 3rd / 4th : Bohuslav Ludvík Balbín , Czech Jesuit, man of letters, historian, geographer, patriot and advocate of the Czech language, active participant in the re-catholicization († 1688 )
- December 8 : Maximilian Heinrich of Bavaria , Archbishop of Cologne († 1688 )
- December 10 : Christian Albrecht von Dohna , General Brandenburg († 1677 )
- December 11 : Philipp Matthäus , German physician († 1700 )
- December 12th : Jacques Courtois , Italian battle and history painter († 1675 )
- December 12th : Justinian von Welz , Austrian Lutheran theologian and missionary († around 1668 )
- December 14 : Johann Schulte , German lawyer and Mayor of Hamburg († 1697 )
Exact date of birth unknown
January to May
- January 28 : Camillo Borghese, under the name Paul V Pope (* 1552 )
- February 2 : Sebastiano Folli , Italian painter (* 1568 / 69 )
- February 10 : Pietro Aldobrandini , Cardinal of the Roman Church and Archbishop of Ravenna (* 1571 )
- February 15 : Michael Praetorius , German composer, organist, court music director and scholar (* 1571 )
- February 28 : Cosimo II. De 'Medici , Grand Duke of Tuscany (* 1590 )
- March 3 : Rudolf Goclenius , German doctor, physicist, mathematician, astronomer and astrologer (* 1572 )
- March 31 : Philip III. , King of Spain and (as Philip II) of Portugal, both Sicilies and Sardinia (* 1578 )
- April 2 : Cristofano Allori , Florentine painter (* 1577 )
- April 6 : Maria Christina of Austria , Princess of Transylvania (* 1574 )
- April 11 : Matthias von Oppen , German economist and church politician (* around 1565 )
- April 21 : Heinrich Abermann , German historian (* 1583 )
- April 21 : Thomas Sagittarius , German philologist, philosophical logician and educator (* 1577 )
- before May 3rd: Claud Hamilton, 1st Lord Paisley , Scottish nobleman (* 1546 )
- May 11 : Johann Arndt , German post-Reformation theologian (* 1555 )
- May 15 : Hendrick de Keyser , Dutch architect and sculptor (* 1565 )
- May 23 : Bartholomäus Agricola , German minorite and composer (* around 1560 )
- June 8th : Anne de Xainctonge , founder of a religious order in the Roman Catholic Church (* 1567 )
- June 21 : Friedrich von Bila , Imperial Councilor in Bohemia, participant in the uprising
- June 21 : Václav Budovec z Budova , Bohemian nobleman, reformer, diplomat and writer, leading representative of the class uprising (* 1551 )
- June 21 : Kaspar Cappleri de Sulewicz , Czech nobleman (* 1535 )
- June 21 : Diwisch Czernin von Chudenitz , Bohemian nobleman and participant in the uprising of the estates (* around 1565 )
- June 21 : Christoph Harant von Polschitz and Weseritz , Bohemian aristocrat, imperial chamberlain, composer, writer, traveler to the Orient and humanist, participant in the class uprising (* 1564 )
- June 21 : Jan Jessenius , German physician, politician and philosopher of Slovak descent, participant in the Bohemian uprising (* 1566 )
- June 21 : Joachim Andreas von Schlick , Bohemian nobleman, leader of the Protestant estates in Bohemia (* 1569 )
- June 21 : Louis III. de Lorraine-Guise , Archbishop of Reims (* 1575 )
July to December
- July 4th : Simon Rudnicki , Prince-Bishop of Warmia (* 1552 )
- July 10 : Charles Bonaventure de Longueval , imperial general in the Thirty Years War (* 1571 )
- July 15 : Albrecht VII of Habsburg , Archduke of Austria and regent of the Spanish Netherlands (* 1559 )
- August 3 : Anna Caterina Gonzaga , Princess of Mantua and Montferrat, Princess of Tyrol (* 1566 )
- August 12 : John Barclay , Scottish poet and satirist (* 1582 )
- August 20 : Rudolf , Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (* 1576 )
- September 17th : Robert Bellarmin , Italian scholar, Catholic theologian and Jesuit (* 1542 )
- September 24th : Jan Karol Chodkiewicz , Polish-Lithuanian military leader (* 1560 )
- September 25th : Mary Sidney Herbert, Countess of Pembroke English noblewoman and writer, center of an artists' circle (* 1561 )
- October 16 : Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck , Dutch organist, composer and teacher (* 1562 )
- October 17 : Daniel Chamier , French Reformed theologian (* 1565 )
- December 13 : Katharina Stenbock , Queen of Sweden (* 1535 )
- December 14th : Jacob Fransz de Witt , Dordrecht patrician and regent (* 1548 )
- December 15 : Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes , French statesman and Connétable of France, adviser to King Louis XIII. (* 1578 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Jean Le Clerc , French geographer, engraver, printer and publisher
- Hayashizaki Shigenobu , Japanese samurai (* 1542 )