As pontificate of today are generally office, office and dignity Pope of the Roman Catholic Church called. The word derives from his title Pontifex Maximus , which the highest priest of the Roman state cult once carried and which the emperors left to the bishop of Rome after the Christianization of the Roman Empire . Analogous to this, the office and term of office of a bishop are also called the pontificate , which consequently is not a summus pontiff like the Pope, but simply at the solemn pontifical serviceIs called pontiff .
The Latin term pontifex means 'bridge builder'. As a title it has been used since the time of the Roman Republic for a member of the College of Pontifices. It was a college of priests who were originally responsible for maintaining the Tiber Bridge in ancient Rome and who were later given responsibility for the entire religious system. The most senior of these priests was the Pontifex Maximus.
Until 1059, enthronement was defined as the beginning of the pontificate. Since then, the pontificate begins with the acceptance of the election, for candidates without episcopal ordination with the consecutive episcopal ordination. This creates the problem that in papal elections before 1059, the pontificate was partially not recognized if the pope died before the enthronement.
Peter was a disciple of Jesus and an apostle; in the Catholic Church he is considered the founder of the Roman community and the first bishop of Rome . However, there is no reliable evidence of his stay in Rome.
|Pope||Beginning||The End||Duration of the pontificate||Days|
|Pius IX||June 16, 1846||7 Feb 1878||31 years 8 months||11559|
|John Paul II||Oct 16, 1978||Apr 2, 2005||26 years 5 months||9665|
|Leo XIII.||Feb. 20, 1878||July 20, 1903||25 years 5 months||9280|
|Pius VI||Feb 15, 1775||29 Aug 1799||24 years 6 months||8961|
|Hadrian I.||Feb. 1, 772||25 Dec. 795||23 years 11 months||8728|
|Pius VII||March 14, 1800||Aug 20, 1823||23 years 5 months||8559|
|Alexander III||Sep 7 1159||Aug 30, 1181||22 years||8028|
|New Year I.||Jan. 31, 314||Dec. 31, 335||21 years 11 months||8004|
|Leo the Great||29 Sep 440||Nov 10, 461||21 years 1 month||7712|
|Urban VIII.||Aug 6, 1623||July 29, 1644||21 years||7663|
|Leo III||Dec. 26, 795||June 12, 816||20 years 6 months||7474|
|Clement XI.||Nov 23, 1700||March 19, 1721||20 years 4 months||7421|
|Pius XII.||March 2, 1939||Oct 9, 1958||19 years 7 months||7161|
|Pope||Beginning||The End||Duration of the pontificate||comment|
|Stephan (II.)||March 22, 752||March 26, 752||4 days||died before the episcopal ordination required to take over the office and is therefore often not counted|
|Urban VII.||Sep 15 1590||27 Sep 1590||12 days|
|Boniface VI.||April 896||15 days?|
|Celestine IV.||Oct 25, 1241||Nov 10, 1241||16 days|
|Sisinnius||Jan 15, 708||Feb. 4, 708||20 days|
|Theodore II||December 897||20 days?|
|Marcellus II.||Apr 9, 1555||May 1, 1555||22 days|
|Damasus ii||July 17, 1048||Aug 9, 1048||23 days|
|Leo XI.||Apr 1, 1605||Apr 27, 1605||26 days|
|Pius III||22 Sep 1503||Oct 18, 1503||26 days|
|Valentine||August 827||September 827||30 days?|
|Benedict V.||May 22, 964||June 23, 964||32 days|
|John Paul I.||Aug 26, 1978||28 Sep 1978||33 days|
|Hadrian V.||July 11, 1276||Aug 18, 1276||38 days|
|Anterus||Nov 21, 235||Jan 3, 236||43 days|
|Gregory VIII||Oct 21, 1187||17 Dec 1187||57 days|
|Leo V.||July 903||September 903||60 days?|
|Innocent IX.||Oct. 29, 1591||Dec. 30, 1591||62 days|
|Severinus||May 28, 640||Aug 2, 640||66 days|
- pontificate (pope list rank). Popes. Martin Marker, archived from the original on April 29, 2014 ; Retrieved April 25, 2014 .
- Records and curiosities from history. Popes. Rheinische Post , April 19, 2005, accessed on April 25, 2014 .
- The papacy and its history. Is the Roman bishop successor to Peter? Karl Heinz Ohlig, July 8, 2007, archived from the original on July 8, 2007 ; Retrieved April 25, 2014 .