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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Wolf-Dietrich von Raitenau
Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau , former Prince Archbishop of Salzburg , dies in solitary confinement at the Hohensalzburg Fortress .
John Napier
John Napier develops the Napier ruler .
The arrest and murder of Marshal d'Ancre
Concino Concini , the most powerful man in France,
is from the palace guard of Louis XIII. arrested and murdered.
1617 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1065/66 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1609/10 (September 10/11)
Bengali solar calendar 1022/23 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2160/61 (southern Buddhism); 2159/60 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Fire Snake丁巳 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Dragon 丙辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 979/980 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3950/51 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 995/996
Islamic calendar 1025/ 1026 /1027 (Year 8/9 January. // 28/29. December)
Jewish calendar 5377/78 (September 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1333/34 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 792/793
Seleucid era Babylon: 1927/28 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1928/29 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1673/74 (April)


Politics and world events

Russia / Sweden / Poland-Lithuania

Through the Peace of Stolbowo, Sweden acquires Karelia and Ingermanland (red)


The beheading of Leonora Galigaï on the Place de Grève

Concino Concini , Marshal d'Ancre, the most powerful man in France and advisor to Maria de 'Medici during her reign for her son Louis XIII. , is arrested and killed on April 24th by the palace guards of Ludwig under the orders of Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes . Maria de 'Medici is sent into exile in Blois. Concinis wife, Mary maid Leonora Dori , is arrested on July 8 because of " witchcraft " and "divine and human lese majeste " executed . King Louis XIII takes power in France .

Other events in Europe

Ferdinand is crowned King of Bohemia


Napier ruler

The Scottish mathematician John Napier in his work describes Rabdologiae seu numeratio per virgulas libri duo the Napier computing sticks with which multiplications and divisions can be made. The calculating rods later had a decisive influence on the development of the first calculating machine .




The Great Last Judgment

The oil painting The Great Judgment , a commission for Wolfgang Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg , is completed in the workshop of Peter Paul Rubens . It is the largest-format painting that Rubens has ever produced. The canvas panels are sewn together several times. Probably ten to twenty artists worked on the picture, but the only signature on the picture is that of Rubens. The design and the final nuances come from the master.


The coconut palm, emblem of the fruit-bearing society

On the occasion of the funeral of Duchess Dorothea Maria von Sachsen-Weimar , family members and friends meet on August 24th in Weimar for a funeral meal at Hornstein Castle . When during the table discussion the topic of language societies abroad and the lack of a German counterpart came up, Court Marshal Kaspar von Teutleben suggested the establishment of such a circle. Spontaneously, Prince Ludwig I of Anhalt-Köthen and his son of the same name , the three dukes of Saxe-Weimar, Friedrich , Johann Ernst the Elder, join forces . J. and Wilhelm , as well as the Dessau court marshal Christoph von Krosigk and his brother Bernhard von Krosigk, came up with this idea. You found the Fruitful Society on the same day . Prince Ludwig is elected as the first head on the day it was founded.


Depiction of Grete Minde at the city fountain of Tangermünde
  • The city center of Tangermünde burned down almost completely. A girl named Grete Minde is said to have set the fire. She is sentenced to death for this. Your innocence will later be proven. Theodor Fontane takes up the process in his novel Grete Minde .



Study Church of the Assumption from the southeast
  • The French priest Vincent von Paul founds the Catholic women's group Dames de la Charitè in the parish of Châtillon-les-Dombes under the motto of charity and thus lays the foundation for modern Caritas . The charitable group sees itself as an alternative to the strict enclosure of the nuns.


Nikkō Tōshō-gū, Yomeimon


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1617


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1617

Web links

Commons : 1617  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files