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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Assassination of Henry IV in Paris by François Ravaillac
François Ravaillac
murders King Henry IV
of France .
Maria de 'Medici in coronation regalia
Maria de 'Medici takes over the reign of her underage son Ludwig XIII.
The Galilean moons (from left to right: Io, Europa, Ganymed and Callisto)
Galileo Galilei discovers the four
Galilean moons of the planet Jupiter .
1610 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1058/59 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1602/03 (September 10/11)
Bengali solar calendar 1015/16 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2153/54 (southern Buddhism); 2152/53 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Metal Dog庚戌 ( at the beginning of the year Earth Rooster 己酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 972/973 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3943/44 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 988/989
Islamic calendar 1018/19 (turn of the year 25/26 March)
Jewish calendar 5370/71 (September 17/18)
Coptic calendar 1326/27 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 785/786
Seleucid era Babylon: 1920/21 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1921/22 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1666/67 (April)


Politics and world events


The execution of François Ravaillac
  • May 14th : Henry IV is assassinated in Paris. He is followed by his eldest son, Ludwig XIII. on the throne. Immediately after the assassination of Henry, Queen Mother Maria de 'Medici secured the function of regent for the minor by means of a parliamentary resolution, with significant help from the Duke of Épernon, Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette . The regicide François Ravaillac was sentenced to death by the Grand'chambre des Parlements on May 27th and publicly executed on the Place de Grève on the same day after brutal torture by being divided into four by means of horses. His parents are expelled from the country and the rest of the family instructed never to use the name Ravaillac again.
Louis XIII, painted by Frans Pourbus the Younger (1611)
  • October 17th : Louis XIII. is crowned King of France in Reims Cathedral. Regent Maria de 'Medici revised some of Heinrich's strategies, particularly by seeking an alliance with the Spanish Habsburgs.

Polish-Russian War

Jülich-Klevian succession dispute

Further events in the empire



North America

South America

science and technology

Notes on Galileo's discovery of the moons of Jupiter



Elisabeth Báthory

On the orders of King Mathias II of Hungary, Count Georg Thurzo von Bethlenfalva storms and searches the castle of the Hungarian Countess Elisabeth Báthory on December 29th . She herself was placed under arrest a few days later on suspicion of the murder of up to 650 young girls, along with four servants.


Copper engraving with the portrait of Jacobus Arminius from the Theatrum Europaeum from 1662

Protestants under the leadership of Jacobus Arminius and Simon Episcopius write a remonstrance to the Estates of the Netherlands, in which they emphasize the freedom of will and belief of the people and reject the Calvinist doctrine of predestination . From this arminianism and the religious community of the Remonstrants develop .

At the Duisburg General Synod , groundbreaking resolutions are passed on the presbyterial-synodal church order for the Reformed congregations in Germany.


  • August 24th : The Schesaplana , the highest mountain in the Rätikon , is conquered for the first time by the group of three Christa Barball, Claus Manall and David Pappus von Tratzberg.

Historical maps and views


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

  • Adam Adami , Prior of St. Jakob, Prior of Murrhardt, Titular Bishop of Hierapolis and Auxiliary Bishop in Hildesheim († 1663 )
  • Johan Garmann , Norwegian civil servant and businessman († 1673 )

Born around 1610


Date of death secured

Henry IV.
Posthumous portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni , around 1614

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1610  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files