Calendar overview 1669
siege of Candia
by the Ottomans , which has lasted since 1648, ends with the surrender of the city .
|Clement IX. the conclave begins 1669–1670 .||
discovered phosphorus .
|1669 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1117/18 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1661/62 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1074/75 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2212/13 (southern Buddhism); 2211/12 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1031/32 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4002/03 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1079/80 (May 31 / June 1)|
|Jewish calendar||5429/30 (25/26 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1385/86 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1979/80 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1980/81 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1725/26 (April)|
Politics and world events
The war for Crete
- June 25th : The leader of the French units defending Candia in the war for Crete , François de Bourbon-Vendôme, duc de Beaufort , is killed in a night attempt at failure. The French then withdraw their units. The Maltese follow them a little later.
- September 4th : The occupation of Candia under Francesco Morosini surrenders under pressure from their own people before the Turkish besiegers under Sultan Mehmed IV. The siege of Candia and with it the 6th Venetian Turkish War ends with the surrender and the free withdrawal of the Venetian troops from the Crete island . This ends the longest siege in human history, over 21 years old . In the ensuing peace treaty, Venice loses many Aegean islands and bases in Dalmatia to the Ottoman Empire in addition to Crete .
Lübeck and the Hanseatic League
- January 9th : After previous riots, the citizens ' recession in Lübeck defines the rights of participation in the relationship between the citizens and the council.
- May 29 : Decline of the Hanseatic League : At the last Hanseatic day of the remaining alliance cities in Lübeck , only nine delegates from six remaining Hanseatic cities come and part again without taking any decisions. Johann Ritter is Lübeck's representative .
Other events in Europe
- Louis XIV of France resumed the persecution of the Huguenots after the Edict of Nantes (1598) granted them tolerance. He is pursuing a strict catholization of the French state.
Other events worldwide
- Spring: Golden Age of Piracy : Henry Morgan raids the two Spanish branches of Maracaibo and Gibraltar .
- In South Carolina , black slavery is enshrined in law for the first time by the Grand Council .
science and technology
- September 23 : The Neoacademia Zagrabiensis , a Jesuit academy, is founded by Emperor Leopold I in his capacity as Croatian king.
- October 15 : Emperor Leopold I founds the University of Innsbruck as a full university with four faculties .
- Georg Matthäus Vischer published his Archiducatus Austriae Superioris Descriptio facta in the year 1667 . This map of the Archduchy of Austria above the Enns remains authoritative for a century.
- Isaac Newton is the successor of Isaac Barrow Professor at the Luca-fish Chair at Trinity College of Cambridge University .
- The German pharmacist and alchemist Hennig Brand discovered phosphorus while searching for the “ philosopher's stone ” when he evaporated urine until it was dry.
- Gilles Personne de Roberval invents the table scales .
- December 13 : The tragedy Britannicus by Jean Racine has its world premiere in de Bourgogne Hôtel in Paris. The piece consists of 1768 Alexandrians . The author dedicated it to the Duke of Chevreuse .
- First edition of The adventurous Simplicissimus by Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen
- The Indian poet Bidil deals in his Persian-language work Ṭalasm-i ḫayrat ( The Talisman of Good Deed ) with the essence of God, the plan of creation and the existence of man.
- May 31 : Samuel Pepys , secretary of the Admiralty and a senior official in the British Treasury and Naval Office, makes the last entry in his diary because of his deteriorating eyesight .
- February 2 : In the dispute over Jansenism , Pope Clemens IX. with a breve a temporary peace, the Pax Clementina .
- July 6th : With a motu proprio, Clemens IX. a new congregation for indulgences and relics .
- June 17th : Pope Clement reorganizes the tasks of the missionaries.
- December 20 : After the death of Pope Clement IX. the conclave for the election of his successor begins on December 9th, but he has not yet been found by the end of the year.
- March 8th : The Etna volcano erupts. The eruption will last until July 11th and is considered the largest historically. The city of Catania is partially destroyed, some villages are completely destroyed by lava masses .
- March 11th : Huge masses of lava emerge from Mount Etna , which first destroy the village of Guardia and pose a threat to other places.
- July 16 : In Salzburg , a rock fall from Mönchsberg into Gstättengasse kills 230 people and destroys, among other things, the Markuskirche .
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 20 : Susanna Wesley , English pastor and mother of John Wesley and Charles Wesley († 1742 )
- February 2 : Louis Marchand , French organist and harpsichordist († 1732 )
- February 3 : Kada no Azumamaro , Japanese Shinto scholar and poet († 1736 )
- March 6 : Georg Theodor Barthold , German physician († 1713 )
- March 7th : Aloys Thomas Raimund von Harrach , Austrian statesman and diplomat († 1742 )
- March 7 : Isaak Steiger , mayor of Bern († 1749 )
- April 5 : Christian Nicolaus von Linger , Prussian artillery general († 1755 )
- April 25 : Georg von Hessen-Darmstadt , Viceroy of Catalonia († 1705 )
Second half of the year
- August 11 : Johann Zacharias Grundig , German teacher and singer, Kreuzkantor in Dresden († 1720 )
- August 27 : Anne Marie d'Orléans , Queen of Sicily and Sardinia († 1728 )
- September 13 : Johann Christopher Jauch , German theologian and Baroque poet († 1725 )
- September 19 : Henriette Christine von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Abbess of the Gandersheim Monastery († 1753 )
- October 9 : Gisela Agnes von Rath , Princess of Anhalt-Köthen († 1740 )
- October 18 : Ludwig Christof Schefer , Pietist, Reformed pastor and inspector in Berleburg († 1731 )
- October 20 : Johann Nikolaus Bach , German composer († 1753 )
- October 24 : Johann Joseph Seyler , German educator and Protestant theologian († 1719 )
- October 25 : Martin Chladni , Hungarian Lutheran theologian († 1725 )
- December 6 : Bogislaw Friedrich von Dönhoff , Prussian major general († 1742 )
- December 12 : Urban Gottfried Siber , German Protestant theologian († 1741 )
- December 17 : Friedrich Wilhelm von Dossow , Prussian Field Marshal General, Governor of Wesel († 1758 )
- December 20 : Charlotte Marie von Sachsen-Jena , Duchess of Sachsen-Weimar († 1703 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Johann Konrad Ammann , Swiss doctor and deaf pedagogue († 1724 )
- Edward Jeffreys , British politician († 1725 )
First half of the year
- January 25 : Michael Lechleitner , Tyrolean sculptor (* around 1611 )
- January 27 : Caspar de Crayer , Flemish painter (* 1584 )
- February 10 : Johann Heinrich Waser , Mayor of Zurich (* 1600 )
- February 23 : Lieuwe van Aitzema , Dutch historian, diplomat, bon vivant, womanizer and spy (* 1600 )
- April 4 : Johann Michael Moscherosch , German statesman, satirist and educator (* 1601 )
- April 22nd : Friedrich Wilhelm II. , Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (* 1603 )
- May 15 : Margareta Brahe , Swedish countess and princess of Hessen-Homburg (* 1603 )
- May 16 : Pietro da Cortona , important architect and painter of the programmatic, Roman high baroque (* 1596 )
- May 22nd : Johann Martin zu Stolberg , Count of Stolberg (* 1594 )
- June 10 : Konrad Post , Protestant clergyman (* 1613 )
- June 25th : François de Bourbon-Vendôme , Duke of Beaufort, Peer of France (* 1616 )
Second half of the year
- September 5 : Florentius Schuyl , Dutch medic and botanist (* 1619 )
- September 10th : Henrietta Maria of France , Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (* 1609 )
- October 4th : Rembrandt van Rijn , Dutch painter (* 1606 )
- October 14 : Antonio Cesti , Italian composer and conductor (* 1623 )
- after October 14th: Thomas Thynne , English nobleman and politician (* around 1610 )
- October 24 : Margaret Rockemann , victims of the witch trials in Minden (* 1609 /19 )
- November 4 : Ferdinand Maximilian of Baden-Baden , heir to the throne of Baden (* 1625 )
- November 5th : Johannes Coccejus , Protestant theologian, one of the main exponents of federal theology (* 1603 )
- November 7th : Lebrecht , Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (* 1622 )
- December 9th : Giulio Rospiglios, under the name of Clement IX. Pope (* 1600 )
- December 11 : Anna Maria , Duchess of Mecklenburg (* 1627 )
- December 25th : Georg Wilhelm von Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld , Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (* 1591 )