Ferdinand Maximilian of Baden-Baden

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Ferdinand Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Baden in armor and ermine coat.

Hereditary Prince Ferdinand Maximilian von Baden (born September 23, 1625 in Baden-Baden , † November 4, 1669 in Heidelberg ) was the father of Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden , who later became known as " Türkenlouis " .


He was the eldest son of Margrave Wilhelm von Baden and Katharina Ursula von Hohenzollern-Hechingen .

Ferdinand Maximilian married Luise Christine von Savoyen-Carignan , daughter of Thomas Franz von Savoyen-Carignan , whose brother Eugen Moritz von Savoyen-Carignan was the father of the famous Eugen von Savoyen , on March 15, 1653 in the house chapel of the Hotel de Soissons in Paris .

A frivolous, insulting remark by Prince Ferdinand Maximilian about his wife, who was heavily influenced by her mother, led to the breakup between the couple. So it came about that Ferdinand Maximilian had to travel back to the margraviate of Baden-Baden without his wife from Paris . Luise Christine von Savoyen-Carignan could not be persuaded to move from the glamorous French court to Baden. Ferdinand Maximilian therefore only managed to bring his son, who was born in Paris, with him to Baden-Baden. The result was that the young Ludwig Wilhelm grew up without his mother. In their place came the second wife of his grandfather, Maria Magdalena von Oettingen-Baldern .

Ferdinand Maximilian was never able to assume the reign of the margraviate of Baden-Baden himself, but he represented his father in the margraviate in the later years during his absence at the Imperial Court of Justice. On the joint trip to the hunt, to which Elector Karl Ludwig of the Palatinate had invited the Hereditary Prince, whose brother Leopold Wilhelm and his father Wilhelm had invited, a shotgun went off in the confines of the car and smashed Ferdinand Maximilian's hand - after a few days he succumbed to it Gangrene and died at the age of forty-four. He was buried in the collegiate church of Baden-Baden .


  • Johann Christian Sachs : Introduction to the history of the Marggravschaft and the Marggravial old princely house of Baden . Third part. Lotter, Carlsruhe 1769, p. 413-428 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  • Eberhard Gothein : Two episodes of the history of the princes of Baden. I. An unhappy prince's son (Margrave Ferdinand Maximilian von Baden). In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine, Volume 66 (NF 27, 1976), pp. 543-559 in the Internet Archive
  • Albert Krieger: Two instructions from Margrave Ferdinand Maximilian of Baden-Baden for the education of his son Ludwig Wilhelm. In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine, Volume 43 (NF 4, 1889), pp. 76-89 in the Internet Archive

Individual evidence

  1. see Gothein p. 559

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