Johann Christian Sachs

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Title of the main work by J. Chr. Sachs

Johann Christian Sachs (born September 7, 1720 in Karlsruhe , † June 29, 1789 in Karlsruhe) was the high school rector at the illustrious high school in Karlsruhe and an evangelical councilor in the margraviate of Baden . Sachs is also known as the historian of the House of Baden - especially for his German version of Schöpflin's Historia Zaringo-Badensis .


Sachs was born the son of a margravial official. He enrolled at the University of Halle at the age of 16 .

In 1744 he became professor of history and poetry at the illustrious grammar school in Karlsruhe, where he had previously worked as a teacher. In 1764 he was rector of this school and in 1766 also a councilor.

As early as 1754 - before Schöpflin had received the order for a history of the Baden family from the margrave - Sachs began to give illustrious lectures at the gymnasium on the origins of the Baden family and the life of individual margraves from the 12th to the 16th centuries. From 1764 to 1773 he published his work Introduction to the History of the Marggravschaft and the Marggravial Old Princely House of Baden in five volumes, which adheres to the systematics of Schöpflin's Historia Zaringo-Badensis and in parts is a translation of this Latin work, which is supplemented by his own comments has been. The project was approved by Schöpflin. Sachs also relies on preliminary work by Johannes Gamans , Johann Friedrich Jüngler , Gabriel Förster , Karl Friedrich Drollinger , Friedrich Theobald Sahler and Jakob Friedrich Herbster .

In the civil service of the enlightened royal house, Sachs played a rather conservative role. As a spiritual church councilor, together with his two colleagues, in 1766 he demanded a change in the voting mode in the church council, as the influence of his secular colleagues in the church council went too far for him. He also demanded that the church council should exercise censorship over philosophical works. However, both were rejected by Margrave Karl Friedrich. In the discussion about the death penalty in 1779, Sachs was one of the supporters.


  • Introduction to the history of the Marggravschaft and the Marggravial old princely house of Baden.
  • Excerpt from the history of the Marggravschaft and the Marggravial old princely house of Baden , Carlsruhe 1776 in the Google book search
  • Contributions to the history of the Hochfürstliches Gymnasii zu Carlsruhe. With the solemn remembrance of the same foundation that happened 200 years ago and his own jubilee in office of Johann Christian Sachs, church councilor and the Gymnasii Rector. Durlach 1787.
  • Johann Christian Sachs, Johann Paul Commerell: Ad Orationem Latinam De Mysterio Trinitatis: a Viro Svmme Venerando Ac Doctissimo Pavlo Commerellio… D. III. Ian. A. MDCCLXVI. In Avditorio Pvblico Illvstris Gymnasii. Macklot, 1766.
  • On the unexpected and most joyful birth of the most lucid princess Louisa Carolina should, in the name of the High Princely Gymnasii illustris, wish the ... country father and mother of the country good luck. ( online at the Badische Landesbibliothek )
  • Orationes in memoriam viri dvm [dum] viveret maxime venerandi ac doctissimi Iacobi Fridrici Maleri sereniss. March. Bada-Dvrlacensi a consiliis ecclesiasticis gymnasii rectoris & c & c; the XXXI. mensis maii MDCCLXV eivs emortvali anniversario in pvblico avditorio hora II. pom. have the mvsarvm patronos atque amicos et Ioannes Christianvs Sachs. ( online at the Badische Landesbibliothek )
  • Weyrauch of reverence and prayer for the dearest life of The Most Illuminated Prince and Lord, Mr. Karl Ludwigs, Marggraven zu Baden and Hachberg, etc. our most gracious Lord Hereditary Prince, will be brought to God on Dero's eldest birthday in a Latin speech: by Johann Fridrich Stein . Invited by Johann Christian Sachs. ( Online at the Badische Landesbibliothek )
  • Vota illustris Gymnasii pro serenissimi principis haereditarii Caroli Ludovici vita. 1767.
  • Excerpt from the history of the Margrave and the Margrave of the old princely house of Baden. Karlsruhe 1776.
  • From Marggrav Hermann V. von Baden, and his children, as well as his brother Rudolf IM z. B. Karlsruhe 1765.
  • Brief answer to the question: whether Marggraven Hermann the Fourth of Baden was wife Irmengard, Duke Heinrich the Beautiful, or Tall Hendrik eldest princess? Karlsruhe 1765.
  • From the life of Margrav Hermann III. of Baden and his children. Karlsruhe 1759.
  • Some circumstances of Carl the First, Marggravens in Baden. Karlsruhe 1758.
  • The noblest living conditions of Jacob the First, Marggraven zu Baden ... and his children. Karlsruhe 1757.
  • A farewell speech, which ... is to be held in the Gymnasio illustri, invites ... and at the same time recently deals with the origins of the Princely House of Baden. Karlsruhe 1754.
  • From the origins of the High Princely House of Baden. In: Carlsruher useful collections vol. 1 1759, pp. 161-181.


  • Karl Friedrich Vierordt : History of the middle school opened in 1586 in Durlach and transplanted to Karlsruhe in 1724. Karlsruhe 1859 ( online in the Google book search).
  • Gerald Maria Landgraf: "Moderate et prudenter" - studies on the enlightened reform policy of Karl Friedrich von Baden (1728-1811). Inaugural dissertation from the University of Regensburg, Landsberg aL 2008 online (PDF; 7.1 MB).

Web links

Individual references / comments

  1. s. Carl J. Bouginé, Carl F. Bouginé, Christoph August Heumann: Handbook of the general Litterargeschichte after Heumann's plan, Volume 4, p. 659
  2. s. Jörg Schneider: The Protestant Pastors of the Margraviate Baden-Durlach in the second half of the eighteenth century , 1936, p. 94
  3. s. Vierordt p. 133
  4. s. Sachs, Volume 1, Preface
  5. s. Entry on country studies online
  6. s. Entry on country studies online
  7. s. Sachs, Volume 1, Preface
  8. s. Landgrave p. 94
  9. s. Landgrave p. 381