Historia Zaringo-Badensis

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Title page of the Historia Zaringo-Badensis

Historia Zaringo-Badensis is a history of the House of Baden published between 1763 and 1767 in seven volumes, written in Latin by Johann Daniel Schöpflin . In particular, it established the reference of the House of Baden to its common origin with the Zähringers .

Origin of the work

In 1753 Schöpflin presented the margrave with a draft of a Baden history entitled Commentarii rerum Zaringo-Badensium , which is to be regarded as the original version of the Historia Zaringo-Badensis. In 1760 he was commissioned by the margrave to draw up a history of his dynasty. The mere fact that the Margrave Karl Friedrich , respected beyond the national borders, was the commissioner of the historical work, gave Schöpflin access to archives that had remained closed to others. The archive of St. Peter's Monastery , where the Zähringer burial place is located, turned out to be the most abundant source . In St. Peter, which at that time still belonged to Upper Austria , people were initially not enthusiastic about providing administrative assistance to the Protestant court in Karlsruhe. Schöpflin's good relations with the Viennese court also helped to overcome this resistance. Schöpflin was supported in the search for sources by the Alsatian historian Andreas Lamey and the Baden archivist Johann Friedrich Herbster . The publication of the extensive work within a short period of time (seven volumes 1763–1766) is nonetheless an astonishing achievement.

Effect of the work

Before Schöpflin's work, the Baden house was barely aware of its connection to the Zähringers and never made any reference to them. In connection with the reunification of the Baden margraviates in 1771, the common origin shown was now used politically. This was all the more true for the later territorial acquisitions, as the Zähringer consciousness made the House of Baden appear as the natural heir of many of these formerly Zähring areas.


The German copy

In 1764 Johann Christian Sachs began to publish his work Introduction to the History of the Marggravschaft and the Marggravial Old Princely House of Baden , which followed Schöpflin's model in systematics and largely represents a translation of the Latin model, which, however, was supplemented with his own comments.


  • Manfred Krebs, Johann Daniel Schöpflin, Johann Friedrich Herbster: Schoepflin's correspondence with Johann Friedrich Herbster about the Historia Zaringo-Badensis , 1931
  • Manfred Krebs: Schoepflin's correspondence with Johann Friedrich Herbster about the Historia Zaringo-Badensis. A supplement to the issue of his correspondence , In: Zeitschrift für die Geschichte des Oberrheins Vol. 84 / NF 45 (1932) pp. 457–491

Web links

Individual references / comments

  1. s. Hansmartin Schwarzmaier: The Margraves and Grand Dukes of Baden as Zähringer , In: Die Zähringer - A tradition and their research (published by Karl Schmid), Sigmaringen 1986, p. 204
  2. s. Hansmartin Schwarzmaier : Baden . In: Meinrad Schaab , Hansmartin Schwarzmaier (ed.) U. a .: Handbook of Baden-Württemberg History . Volume 2: The Territories in the Old Kingdom. Edited on behalf of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg . Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-608-91466-8 , p. 165.
  3. s. Schwarzmaier p. 201