Meinrad Schaab

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Meinrad Schaab (born November 9, 1928 in Plankstadt ; † September 27, 2000 in Wilhelmsfeld ) was a German historian and archivist .


Meinrad Schaab attended elementary school in Mannheim and, until 1943, the Karl-Friedrich-Gymnasium . After the family was bombed out, he went to high school in Strasbourg and was deployed as an anti-aircraft helper during the war . He then went to the Lender home school in Sasbach , where he graduated from high school in 1948. Schaab studied history, Latin and German in Heidelberg until 1954 and received his doctorate under Fritz Ernst .

In the Heidelberg branch of the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office (part of the archive administration from 1964), Schaab began as a state describer . From 1975 to 1993 he was head of the state description department in the Baden-Württemberg state archives department. From 1964 until his death he was a member of the commission for historical regional studies in Baden-Württemberg , from 1974 as a board member and from 1985 to 1995 as chairman.

From 1966 to 1986 and from 1968 to 1996 Schaab was a lecturer at the Universities of Mannheim and Heidelberg. In 1976 he was appointed honorary professor in Heidelberg . He was also a member of the Inscription Commission of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences .

He was also politically active in his home town of Wilhelmsfeld. He was a co-founder of the CDU local association, was a member of the local council and was chairman of the CDU parliamentary group. Schaab died in 2000 of complications from cancer. He was buried in the Heidelberg Bergfriedhof . In 2001 he should have been awarded the Baden-Württemberg Medal of Merit, which was no longer possible due to his death.

Schaab was a Roman Catholic denomination, married since 1956 and had two sons and six daughters.


Schaab's main research area was the Electoral Palatinate . He was significantly involved in the district descriptions of Heidelberg and Mannheim (1966–70) and shaped the further work of the state description. He played a leading role in the Palatinate Atlas , the Historical Atlas of Baden-Württemberg and the eight-volume description of the state of Baden-Württemberg. His two-volume history of the Electoral Palatinate (1988–99), the first comprehensive presentation of the Palatinate region since Ludwig Häusser in the 19th century, is outstanding . He was also the editor of the 5000-page handbook of Baden-Württemberg history , the standard work on the prehistory and history of Baden-Württemberg.

Fonts (selection)

  • The glare as a political measure in the occidental early and high Middle Ages , dissertation Heidelberg 1956 (machine writer).
  • The Cistercian Abbey of Schönau im Odenwald , Winter, Heidelberg 1963 (Heidelberg publications on regional history and regional studies, Volume 8) (2nd edition 1990, ISBN 3-533-04256-1 ).
  • History of the Electoral Palatinate , two volumes, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1988/1992, ISBN 3-17-009878-0 (Volume 1: second edition 1999).
  • (together with Eckhart G. Franz and Hanns Hubert Hofmann ): Court organization in Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse in the 19th and 20th centuries , ARL, Akad. für Raumforschung und Landesplanung, Hannover 1989 (publications of the Academy for Spatial Research and Regional Planning, Hanover. Articles, Volume 100), ISBN 3-88838-224-6 .
  • Contributions to the settlement and economic history of the Black Forest , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2003 (Publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B, Volume 156), ISBN 3-17-018274-9 .

As editor:

  • Upper Rhine Aspects of the Age of the French Revolution , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1990 (Publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B, Volume 117), ISBN 3-17-010725-9 .
  • Baden-Württemberg and federalism in the Federal Republic of Germany (1949-1989) , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1991 (publications on the constitutional history of Baden-Württemberg since 1945, volume 11), ISBN 3-17-011216-3 .
  • (together with Hansmartin Schwarzmaier and Michael Klein); Handbook of Baden-Württemberg History , five volumes, Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1992–2007.
  • 40 years of Baden-Württemberg. Structure and design 1952 - 1992 , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1992, ISBN 3-8062-1018-7 .
  • Territorialstaat und Calvinismus , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1993 (Publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B, Volume 127), ISBN 3-17-012426-9 .
  • 40 years of Baden-Württemberg. Attempt to draw up a historical record (1952-1992). Colloquium on July 2, 1992 in Freiburg i. Br. , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1993 (Publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B, Volume 134), ISBN 3-17-012503-6 .
  • State funding and scientific independence of the national history. Contributions to the history of the historical commissions in the German south-west, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1995 (publications of the commission for historical regional studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B, volume 131), ISBN 3-17-013143-5 .
  • Selected documents on the territorial history of the Electoral Palatinate 1156 - 1505 , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1998 (Publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series A, Volume 41), ISBN 3-17-013150-8 .

A ufsätze:

  • The Diocese of Worms in the Middle Ages . In: Freiburger Diözesanarchiv, Volume 86 (1966), pp. 95-219.
  • The beginnings of state statistics in the Duchy of Württemberg in the Baden margravates and in the Electoral Palatinate. In: Zeitschrift für Württembergische Landesgeschichte, vol. 26 (1967), pp. 89–112.
  • The consolidation of the Palatinate territorial power in the 14th century . In: Hans Patze (Ed.): The German Territorial State in the 14th Century, Volume 1, Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1970 (Lectures and Research, Volume 13), pp. 171–197.
  • The development of population statistics in Württemberg and Baden during the first half of the 19th century. In: Journal for Württemberg State History, Vol. 30 (1971), pp. 164–200.
  • Geographical and topographical elements of the medieval castle constitution based on examples from the Upper Rhine . In: Hans Patze (Ed.): The castles in the German-speaking area. Your legal and constitutional significance, Volume 2, Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1976 (lectures and research, Volume 19.2), pp. 9-46.
  • Basics and characteristics of the southwest German territorial development . In: Günther Haselier (Ed.): Building blocks for the historical regional studies of Baden-Württemberg, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1979, pp. 129–155, ISBN 3-17-005345-0 .
  • Persistence and change in the dean organization of the Archdiocese of Freiburg . In: Freiburger Diözesan-Archiv, Volume 100 (1980), pp. 515-533.
  • Escort and territory in southwest Germany . In: Speculum Sueviae, Volume 1 (1982), pp. 398-417.
  • The manorial rule of the southwest German Cistercian monasteries after the crisis of self-sufficiency . In: Hans Patze (Ed.): The basic rule in the late Middle Ages , Volume 2, Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1983 (Lectures and Research, Volume 27.2), pp. 47-86, ISBN 3-7995-6627-9 .
  • Landgraviate and county in the southwest of the German-speaking area. In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine, Volume 132 (1984), pp. 31-55.
  • Modern founding cities in southwest Germany. Results of a colloquium in Karlsruhe and Stuttgart. In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine, Volume 133 (1985), pp. 103-155.
  • (together with Berndmark Heukemes): Ladenburg and Wimpfen im Tal from the point of view of early medieval regional history . In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine, Volume 135 (1987), pp. 38–56.
  • Territorial state and church property until the Thirty Years War. The special development in the Electoral Palatinate compared with Baden and Württemberg . In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine, Volume 138 (1990), pp. 241-258.
  • The contribution of the historical commissions to regional historical research . In: Hans Eugen Specker (Hrsg.): Task and importance of historical associations in our time. Lectures at a symposium on the 150th anniversary of the Association for Art and Antiquity in Ulm and Upper Swabia on May 4, 1991 , Stadtarchiv, Ulm 1992, pp. 49–70.
  • Ladenburg as a Worms bishop's residence . In: Volker Press (ed.): Südwestdeutsche Bischofsresidenzen outside the cathedral cities , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1992 (publications by the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B, Volume 116), pp. 83–97, ISBN 3-17-010724 -0 .
  • Regional history in Heidelberg . In: Jürgen Miethke (Ed.): History in Heidelberg. 100 Years of the Historical Seminar, 50 Years of the Institute for Franconian-Palatinate History and Regional Studies , Springer, Heidelberg 1992, pp. 175–200, ISBN 3-540-54097-0 .
  • The Catholics in the Electoral Palatinate . From an oppressed to a privileged minority . In: Rottenburger Jahrbuch für Kirchengeschichte, Volume 13 (1994), pp. 133-148.


  • Eugen Reinhard: Meinrad Scha from November 9, 1928 to September 27, 2000. In: Journal for the History of the Upper Rhine NF 110 = 149th Jg. (2001), pp. 531-537.
  • Hansmartin Schwarzmaier (Ed.): From regional history and regional studies. Festschrift for Meinrad Schaab , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-17-016355-8 .
  • Fred Ludwig Sepaintner: Schaab, Meinrad. In: Baden-Württemberg biographies. Volume 3, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-17-017332-4 , pp. 340–344 ( full text )
  • Wilhelm Störmer: The contribution of Meinrad Schaab to the regional history of the German southwest , in: Eugen Reinhard (Hrsg.): Regional research in the state administration. The state description in Baden-Württemberg. Approach, performance and perspectives. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-17-013661-5 , pp. 13–26 (of which pp. 19–26 Bibliography Meinrad Schaab)

Web links