Hans Patze

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Hans Patze (born October 20, 1919 in Pegau , † May 19, 1995 in Göttingen ) was a German historian and archivist . Patze is considered a pioneer of modern national history .

As the only child of a merchant couple, Patze attended the Helmholtz School in the Leipzig district of Lindenau , where he graduated from high school in 1938. In October 1938 he was drafted into the Wehrmacht . As a soldier he took part in the march into Czechoslovakia in March 1939 and in the attack on Poland on September 1, 1939 . In 1940 he was seriously wounded during the campaign in France. After his discharge from the Wehrmacht, he studied history, Latin, English and German in Frankfurt am Main and Jena from 1941 to 1945. In February 1945 Patze was drafted into the Wehrmacht again and was taken prisoner by the Americans and then into French prisoners of war until 1946 . Then he received his doctorate in the summer of 1946 in Jena with Willy Flach with a thesis on the customs policy of the Thuringian states from 1815 to 1833. He joined the Thuringian archive service and in 1947 became head of the Thuringian State Archives Altenburg . In July 1952 Patze became head of the Gotha State Archives . In 1955 Patze published the Altenburg document book.

In the spring of 1956 he fled the GDR with his wife and son to the West and came to Marburg to see Walter Schlesinger . In Marburg he was able to complete his habilitation thesis The emergence of regional rule in Thuringia over the next two years . After completing his habilitation, Patze became a lecturer in Middle and Modern History at the Philipps University of Marburg . In the summer semester of 1961 he was a substitute professor at the Free University of Berlin . In 1963 he was appointed to the chair of medieval history and German national history at the University of Giessen . It was the only state history chair in Hessen. In 1967/68 he was Dean of the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Giessen. In 1970 Patze was appointed to the chair of Lower Saxony regional history as Georg Schnath's successor to Göttingen and was entrusted with the management of the Göttingen Institute for Historical State Research . In October 1984 he retired in Göttingen. Ernst Schubert succeeded him in Göttingen . Patzes academic students in Göttingen included Winfried Leist , Michael Menzel and Klaus Neitmann . After Patze suffered a cardiac arrest in December 1985, he had to largely abstain from scientific work. In 1995 he died of heart and lung failure at the age of 75.

Patzes focus was on the history of Thuringia and Lower Saxony. The ten volumes he designed with over 5000 pages on the history of Thuringia and Lower Saxony are considered the main scientific work. Patze recognized the importance of the formation of residences for the Old Reich and gave this research direction an institutional framework through the Residences Commission at the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen in 1985. He was the editor of large-scale series on German national history, namely the six-volume (in nine sub-volumes) work on the history of Thuringia (1967-1984). The first volume appeared in 1977 and another volume on the history of Lower Saxony followed in 1983 . He also published the two-volume presentation The German Territorial State in the 14th Century (1971), the two volumes on the castles in the German-speaking region (1976) and again the two volumes on the manorial system in the late Middle Ages (1983). All works appeared in the series of lectures and research of the Konstanz working group . Other focal points were the Hohenstaufen , the urban system and the German Knight Order . From 1963 to 1969 he edited the Hessian Yearbook for State History with Karl Ernst Demandt , Walter Heinemeyer and Friedrich Uhlhorn . Also from 1971 to 1983 he published the papers for German national history.

Patze has received numerous scientific honors and memberships for his research. Patze was a member of the Scientific Working Group for Central Germany (since 1958), a member of the Konstanz Working Group for Medieval History (since 1966), a full member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen (since 1975) and the Historical Commission for East and West Prussian State Research (since 1968 ) and from 1971 to 1985 chairman of the historical commission for Lower Saxony and Bremen .

Fonts (selection)

  • The customs policy of the Thuringian states 1815–1833. 1945 (dissertation, University of Jena, 1945).
  • Law and constitution of Thuringian cities (= Thuringian archive studies. Vol. 6). Böhlau, Weimar 1955.
  • Altenburger Urkundenbuch 976-1350 (= publications of the Thuringian Historical Commission. Vol. 5). VEB G. Fischer, Jena 1955.
  • The emergence of state rule in Thuringia. Böhlau, Cologne 1962 (habilitation thesis, University of Marburg, 1957).
  • Sources for the origin of the sovereignty (= historical texts. Vol. 13). Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1969 ( digitized ).
  • The German territorial state in the 14th century (= lectures and research. Vol. 14). 2 volumes. Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1970/71 ( online ); 2nd, unchanged edition 1986, ISBN 3-7995-6614-7 (here also the influential article: New types of business documents in the 14th century , vol. 1, pp. 9-64).
  • The legal sources of the cities in the former Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg (= Central German Research. Vol. 79). Böhlau, Cologne / Vienna 1976, ISBN 3-412-05775-4 .
  • Selected articles (= lectures and research. Vol. 50). Thorbecke, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-7995-6650-3 ( online ).


  • Josef Fleckenstein : Hans Patze, October 20, 1919 - May 19, 1995. In: Yearbook of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1996, pp. 260–267.
  • Peter Johanek : Hans Patze (1919–1995). In: sheets for German national history . Vol. 131 (1995), pp. 333-341 ( digitized version ).
  • Klaus Neitmann : Hans Patze (* October 20, 1919, † May 19, 1995). In: Preußenland 35 (1997) pp. 27–31.
  • Hans Patze . In: Jürgen Petersohn (Ed.): The Constance Working Group for Medieval History. The members and their work. A bio-bibliographical documentation. Thorbecke, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-7995-6906-5 , pp. 325-331 ( online ).
  • Hans K. Schulze : In memory of Hans Patze (1919–1995). In: Hessisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte. Vol. 47 (1997), pp. 287-293.

Web links


  1. ^ Hans K. Schulze : Commemoration of Hans Patze (1919–1995). In: Hessisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte. Vol. 47 (1997), pp. 287-293, here: p. 290.
  2. ^ Josef Fleckenstein: Hans Patze, October 20, 1919 - May 19, 1995. In: Yearbook of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1996, pp. 260–267, here: p. 265.
  3. ^ Klaus Neitmann: Hans Patze (* October 20, 1919, † May 19, 1995). In: Preußenland 35 (1997), pp. 27–31.