Willy flat

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Willy Flach (born January 17, 1903 in Greiz , † March 17, 1958 in Bonn ) was a German archivist and historian .


Willy Flach was the son of a master painter. After attending school in Greiz, he completed the teachers' seminar there in 1923 . He studied from 1926 to 1930 at the universities in Jena , Munich and Vienna . In 1930 he received his doctorate with a dissertation on "The documents of the bailiffs of Weida, Gera and Plauen up to the middle of the 14th century" as "Dr. phil. ".

From 1931 he worked in the Thuringian archives. After becoming a member of the NSDAP in May 1933 , he was appointed director of the Weimar State Archives and the Thuringian State Archives in 1934 . In 1937, the Thuringian Historical Commission was founded with flax playing a key role, and he became its chairman. From 1939 he was a member of the Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt . In 1940 Flach received a teaching position at the University of Jena , and in 1942 he was made an honorary professor.

From 1950 to 1958 he was a lecturer at the Institute for Archive Studies in Potsdam and from 1953 to 1958 professor at the Humboldt University in Berlin . From 1953 he was also director of the Goethe and Schiller archive . In November 1956 he was elected a member of the Saxon Academy of Sciences .

In 1958 he got an appointment at the University of Bonn as a professor for historical auxiliary sciences and Rhineland regional history. The GDR authorities forbade him to exercise this appeal, whereupon he began “illegal emigration” to the Federal Republic. Due to the stressful circumstances of his departure, his health was so bad that he died shortly after his escape. He left a wife and two children.


In addition to his dissertation, Willy Flach presented numerous publications on the history of Thuringia . He initiated the series "Journal of the Association for Thuringian History and Archeology" (1937-1943) and the "Thuringian Archive Studies" (1951-1958). Flax's scientific work dealt with regional history, auxiliary sciences and archival science. In addition, in 1955 Flach published the article "Literaturarchive", which was highly regarded in archival and library studies, was controversial at the time and recognized today.

  • The creation of the Schwarzburg main archives . In: Willy Flach (ed.): Festschrift Berthold Rein on his 75th birthday. Research on Schwarzburg history , Jena: Frommannsche Buchhandlung Walter Biedermann 1935, pp. 45–61.
  • Literary archives. In: Archive Communication 5 (1955), pp. 4–10


  • Association for Vogtland History, Folklore and Regional Studies eV (Ed.): Famous Vogtlanders - Volume II , SATZART Plauen, 1999
  • Volker Wahl : Willy Flach (1903–1958) . In: Thüringer Archivarverband (Hrsg.): Lebensbilder Thüringer Archivare , Rudolstadt 2001, pp. 72–88. ISBN 3-00-007914-9

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Ernst Klee : The cultural lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 156.