Calendar overview 1674
Sweden invades the Uckermark without declaring war
and thus triggers the Swedish-Brandenburg War .
Wilhelm Ludwig becomes
Duke of Württemberg .
Johann III. Sobieski is elected King of Poland after defeating the Ottomans .
|1674 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1122/23 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1666/67 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1079/80 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2217/18 (southern Buddhism); 2216/17 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1036/37 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4007/08 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1084/85 (April 6/7)|
|Jewish calendar||5434/35 (September 30th / October 1st)|
|Coptic calendar||1390/91 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1984/85 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1985/86 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1730/31 (April)|
Politics and world events
- Ottoman-Polish War 1672–1676 : Poland is on the offensive.
- 19th bis 21st June : In a Free Choice is John III. Sobieski was elected King of Poland and thus ruler of Poland-Lithuania .
Western and Northern Europe
- February 19 : The Second Peace of Westminster is signed. He ends the Third Anglo-Dutch Sea War and restores the situation before the war between the two nations.
- April 26th to May 22nd : During the Dutch War , the French King Louis XIV besieged and conquered the city of Besançon and incorporated Franche-Comté into his empire. Besançon becomes the capital of the new county on October 1st .
- June 16 : In the Dutch War , the French army under Turenne's leadership succeeds in forcing the entrenched imperial troops to retreat after bitter fighting in the battle of Sinsheim .
- July 2nd : Wilhelm Ludwig is after the death of his father Eberhard III. Duke of Württemberg .
- August 11 : The battle of Seneffe in the Dutch War between a French army and an army made up of Dutch, Spaniards and imperial troops ends in a draw. Both sides then claim victory for themselves.
- October 4th : There is an undecided outcome in the battle of Enzheim between imperial and French troops in the Dutch War .
- December 25th : A Swedish army with between 13,700 and 16,000 men and 30 artillery pieces invades the Uckermark via Pasewalk without declaring war , thus triggering the Swedish-Brandenburg War .
America and the Caribbean
- February 19 : The Third Anglo-Dutch War ends with the Peace of Westminster . Thus the Dutch colony New Netherland final English colony .
- July 20 : A Dutch attempt to land on the Caribbean island of Martinique as part of the Dutch-French conflict in Europe is repulsed by the French colonial troops stationed there .
- After hibernating near what is now Chicago , Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet return to civilization from exploring the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River .
- The Saxon cloth merchant Benjamin Metzler founds a trading company in Frankfurt am Main , which later became the Metzler bank .
- The Westphalian hardware producer and merchant Johann Caspar Harkort I. founded in Westerbauer the near Hagen Harkort'sche factory , which later became the 1930 disused bridge-building company Harkort in Duisburg-Hochfeld seen.
- Dieterich Buxtehude writes the funeral music Mit Fried und Freud for his father, who died on January 22nd .
- Georg Matthäus Vischer publishes his Topographia Austriae superioris modernae , a collection of 222 views ( topographies ) engraved in copper of cities, monasteries, lordships and castles belonging to Upper Austria .
- The Zurich professor Johann Heinrich Heidegger and his Geneva colleague François Turrettini draft the Consensus Helveticus , a condemnation of Moyse Amyraut's doctrine of predestination . It will be declared binding in reformed Switzerland in the following years.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 4th : Johann Siegmund Kirchmayer , German Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1749 )
- January 12 : Alexis Simon Belle , French painter († 1734 )
- January 22nd : Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg , Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen († 1713 )
- January 23 : Dorothea Christina von Aichelberg , as wife of Karlstein, the wife of Christian Karl of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg († 1762 )
- January 28 : Jean Ranc , French painter († 1735 )
- March 5th : Sophie Eleonore von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern , Guelph princess and canoness in Gandersheim Monastery († 1711 )
- March 14 : Johann Anderson , German legal scholar, politician, natural scientist and linguist († 1743 )
- March 30th : Jethro Tull , English agricultural pioneer, is considered the father of agricultural science († 1741 )
- June 26 : Johann Jacob Syrbius , German philosopher and Lutheran theologian († 1738 )
- June 28 : Pier Leone Ghezzi , Italian painter, etcher and draftsman († 1755 )
Second half of the year
- July 17th : Isaac Watts , British songwriter († 1748 )
- August 2 : Philippe II. De Bourbon, duc d'Orléans , Duke of Chartres, Duke of Orléans and Regent of France († 1723 )
- August 12 : Maria of Lorraine , Princess of Monaco († 1724 )
- August 20 : Christian Karl of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg , Brandenburg-Prussian officer († 1706 )
- September 29 : Jacques-Martin Hotteterre , French composer and flautist († 1763 )
- October 3 : Giampietro Zanotti , Italian painter, etcher, poet and art historian († 1765 )
- October 29 : Eleonore von Dönhoff , Brandenburg-Prussian noblewoman († 1726 )
- November 7th : Christian III. , Count Palatine and Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken († 1735 )
- November 9th : Johann Adalbert Angermayer , German-Bohemian painter († 1740/1742)
- December 9 : Paul Heinecken , German painter, draftsman and architect († 1746 )
- December 27 : Auguste , Princess of Dargun († 1756 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 3 : Ludwig Heinrich , Count Palatine and Duke of Simmern-Kaiserslautern (* 1640 )
- January 5 : Ebba Magnusdotter Brahe , Swedish lady-in-waiting and businesswoman (* 1596 )
- January 8 : Justus van Egmont , Dutch painter (* 1602 )
- January 12th : Giacomo Carissimi , Italian composer (* 1605 )
- January 16 : Heinrich Rantzau the Younger , Danish-German traveler to the Orient (* 1599 )
- January 21 : Henri de La Trémoille , Duke of Thouars (* 1598 )
- February 13 : Jean de Labadie , Franco-German mystic and Pietist separatist (* 1610 )
- February 22nd : Jean Chapelain , French writer (* 1595 )
- February 24 : Matthias Weckmann , German composer (* 1616 )
- Egbert Jans van Leeuwarden , Dutch watchmaker (* 1608 ) February:
- April 5 : Georg Friedrich , Count or Prince of Nassau-Siegen (* 1606 )
- April 18 : John Graunt , English haberdashery, founder of demography and pioneer of modern statistics (* 1620 )
Second half of the year
- August 11th : August , Provost of Magdeburg (* 1650 )
- August 12 : Philippe de Champaigne , French painter (* 1602 )
- August 27 : Wenzel Scherffer von Scherffenstein , German Baroque poet and translator (* around 1603 )
- September 1 : Auguste Magdalene von Hessen-Darmstadt , German aristocrat and poet (* 1657 )
- September 5 : Hermann Nottelmann , German educator (* 1626 )
- September 12 : Nicolaes Tulp , Dutch surgeon (* 1593 )
- September 16 : Johann Botsack , German Protestant theologian (* 1600 )
- September 22nd : Gerbrand van den Eeckhout , Dutch painter (* 1621 )
- September 27th : Thomas Traherne , English poet and theologian (* 1636 )
- October 10 : Michael Friedrich Lederer , German legal scholar (* 1639 )
- November 4 : Kanō Tan'yū , Japanese painter (* 1602 )
- November 8 : John Milton , English poet (* 1608 )
- November 17th : Isbrand van Diemerbroeck , Dutch medic (* 1609 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Claus von Ahlefeldt , field marshal and commander of all Danish armed forces in Norway (* 1614 )
- Heinrich von Ahlefeldt , lord of the noble estates Lehmkuhlen, Lindau, Glasau and lord of Heiligenstedten Castle (* 1592 )
- William Brenton , English politician