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Heads of State · necrology · Literature Year · Music Year

Fireworks on the Thames on May 15, 1749, on the occasion of the Aachen Peace at the end of the War of the Austrian Succession
In London's Green Park is Fireworks Music
by George Frideric Handel premiered.
Clara in Paris, life-size in front of an imaginary landscape, painted by Jean Baptiste Oudry, oil on canvas
The rhinoceros Clara is used
by the French King Louis XV. admired.
1749 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1197/98 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1741/42 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1154/55 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2292/93 (southern Buddhism); 2291/92 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Snake己巳 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dragon 龙 辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1111/12 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4082/83 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1127/28 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1162/1163 (New Year 10/11 December)
Jewish calendar 5509/10 (September 12/13)
Coptic calendar 1465/66 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 924/925
Seleucid era Babylon: 2059/60 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2060/61 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1805/06 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

South East Asia



  • Shah Ruch , grandson of Nadir Shah from the Afsharid dynasty , defeats his uncle Ebrāhim Shah Afshār , takes him prisoner and has him blinded. He then ascends the peacock throne as Shah of Persia and makes Mashhad his capital. He brings the influential cleric Sulaiman to his court in order to have the descendant of the former ruling dynasty of the Safavids under his control. However, he was convinced by several nobles at court to overthrow the Shah at the end of the year, to have him blinded as well, and to ascend the throne as Sulayman II .


  • June 25th : Several Bernese craftsmen and traders around Samuel Henzi gather in Sulgenbach and jointly draft a referendum on the reorganization of Bern . This includes the following points, among other things: The traditional guild constitution should be retained as such, civil servants should only be elected by the people for a certain period of time, the state budget should be billed annually and publicly, the archives should be opened, all posts should be made for the citizens of the city , Offices and positions in politics, administration and the military are open and the applicable laws should also be observed by the patricians. On July 2nd, the student Friedrich Ulrich betrays the so-called Henzi conspiracy to the authorities . The Bern government reacted very quickly, fearing that the "uprising" would spread to the country. On July 3rd, the whole city was secretly searched for the "conspirators". On July 4th, troops marched into the city and around 70 "conspirators" were arrested. Henzi and two others were sentenced to death a few days later and beheaded on July 17th . Others are either placed under house arrest or banned. Only Gabriel Fueter and Gottfried Kuhn can evade arrest.
  • August 15 : The Treaty of Paris regulates border adjustments between France and Geneva . The towns of Chancy and Avully , among others, are growing in Geneva , while France is receiving the Gex territory .


First edition of the Berlingske Tidende

science and technology



  • The erotic epistle novel Fanny Hill by John Cleland appears in London and causes a scandal. The book is banned and Cleland is placed under arrest.

Music and theater




nature and environment



January to March

Christian VII as a child
Count von Mirabeau, portrait by Joseph Boze , 1789

April to August

Self-portrait of Adélaïde Labille-Guiard, 1774
Edward Jenner
Goethe's birth and baptism entry from August 1749

September to December

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1749


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1749  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files