|Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg defeated the Swedes in the Battle of Fehrbellin in the Northern War .|
, King Philip's War begins
under Chief Metacomet .
|Portuguese Synagogue is inaugurated in Amsterdam .|
|1675 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1123/24 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1667/68 (September 11-12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1080/81 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2218/19 (southern Buddhism); 2217/18 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1037/38 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4008/09 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1085/86 (March 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||5435/36 (September 20/21)|
|Coptic calendar||1391/92 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1985/86 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1986/87 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1731/32 (April)|
Politics and world events
- June 15 : The Battle of Rathenow is the first skirmish between the troops of Brandenburg-Prussia and Sweden in the Northern War .
- June 27th : Battle near Nauen . Battle of retreat of Swedish rearguard units with Brandenburg vanguard.
- June 28 : Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg defeats the Swedes in the Battle of Fehrbellin in the Northern War .
- September 15 : The Bremen-Verden campaign in the Northern War begins with the invasion of the Munster into the Wildeshausen office and the further advance via the city of Bremen to Verden.
- September 28 - October 2 : Start of the failed landing operation of Brandenburg troops in front of Carlsburg . The Brandenburgers in front of Carlsburg were overwhelmed by Swedish relief on October 2nd
- October 3 : Ottersberg is captured by Münster troops
- October 4 : Swedish troops beat Danish attack on the Wursten from
- October 12th : Allied troops take Buxtehude
- October 28th : Allied troops take Bremervörde
- December 13th : The Scandinavian War : Wismar in Sweden is attacked by Danish troops.
- January 5th : In the battle of Türkheim in Alsace, the French under Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne , defeat an Austrian and Brandenburg army.
- August 11th : Louis XIV is defeated by an imperial army in the battle of the Konzer Bridge during the Dutch War .
Further operations in Europe
- With the early death of Georg Wilhelm I of Liegnitz-Brieg-Wohlau , the settled fiefdoms, the duchies of Liegnitz , Brieg and Ohlau in Silesia, fell to the crown of Bohemia .
- April: The English trader Anthony de la Roché is the first person to discover South Georgia , making the first land discovery south of the Antarctic Convergence .
science and technology
- The integral symbol appears for the first time . "Utile erit scribi pro omnia." (It will be useful instead of writing omnia).
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz notes this in his treatise Analysis tetragonistica . Omnia stands for omnia l and is used in the geometrically oriented area calculation method by Bonaventura Cavalieri . Leibniz's printed publication is De geometria recondita from 1686 .
- June 22nd : The English King Charles II founds the Royal Greenwich Observatory , the construction of which is commissioned by John Flamsteed , the first Astronomer Royal since March 4th . The construction is carried out by Christopher Wren .
- Maria Sibylla Merian publishes the first volume of her botanical work New Flower Book .
- Friederich Martens ' Spitzbergische or Groenlandische Reise description done in 1671 is printed in Hamburg.
Culture and religion
- June: Christopher Wren begins construction of the new St Paul's Cathedral in London . The old building burned down in the Great Fire in 1666 .
- August 2nd : The Portuguese Synagogue is inaugurated in Amsterdam . Their floor plan becomes a model for other Jewish sacred buildings in Europe and America.
- Philipp Jacob Spener's reform pamphlet Pia desideria, or the heartfelt desire for a godly improvement in the true Evangelical Church, along with some simple-minded Christian suggestions, appears in Frankfurt am Main. It received the church reform proposals of Pietism , which met with great response from the believers of the time.
- The French orientalist François Pétis de la Croix brings the Persian fairy tale collection A Thousand and One Days to Europe and begins translating it.
First half of the year
- January 4th : Liberat Weiß , German missionary of the Franciscan order and Catholic martyr († 1716 )
- January 14 : Karoline von Fuchs-Mollard , Austrian nobleman, educator of Empress Maria Theresia († 1754 )
- January 16 : Louis de Rouvroy, Duke of Saint-Simon , French politician and writer († 1755 )
- January 21 : Franziska Sibylla Augusta von Sachsen-Lauenburg , Margravine and Regent of Baden-Baden († 1733 )
- February 8 : Henry Thynne , English politician († 1708 )
- February 11 : Johann Alexander Döderlein , Weißenburg scholar († 1745)
- February 14 : Johann Cyriak Hackhofer , Austrian painter († 1731 )
- February 25 : Johann Erhard Straßburger , German Baroque architect and Gotha master builder († 1754 )
- February 28 : Guillaume Delisle , French cartographer († 1726 )
- March 24th : Friederike von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg , Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst († 1709 )
- March 28 : Friedrich Wilhelm I , Duke of Mecklenburg in the Mecklenburg-Schwerin region († 1713 )
- March 28 : Johann Wilhelm , Duke of Saxony-Jena († 1690 )
- March 31 : Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, as Pope Benedict XIV († 1758 )
- April 3 : Guillem Mesquida i Munar , Mallorcan painter († 1747 )
- April 11 : Johann Daniel Herrnschmidt , German Lutheran theologian († 1723 )
Second half of the year
- July 12 : Evaristo Dall'Abaco , Italian violinist, cellist and composer († 1742 )
- July 14 : Claude Alexandre de Bonneval , French adventurer († 1747 )
- July 25 : James Thornhill , British painter († 1734 )
- September 5 : Christian Gottlieb Schwarz , German philologist and university professor († 1751 )
- September 15 : Watchtang VI. , Georgian king and scientist († 1737 )
- October 6 : Diamante Maria Scarabelli , Italian soprano († 1754 )
- October 7th : Rosalba Carriera , Venetian painter († 1757 )
- October 10 : Peter Kolb , German teacher and ethnologist († 1726 )
- October 21 : Higashiyama , 113th Emperor of Japan († 1710 )
- October 25th : Johann Benedict Carpzov III. , German historian, lawyer and mayor of Zittau († 1739 )
- November 29 : Bartolomeo Carlo Rastrelli , Italian-Russian sculptor, art caster and architect († 1744 )
- December 28 : Heinrich Klausing , German Lutheran theologian, mathematician, astronomer and polyhistor († 1745 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 26th : Domenico II. Contarini , 104th Doge of Venice (* 1585 )
- February 18 : Marie Eleonore von Brandenburg , Countess Palatine and Regent of Simmern (* 1607 )
- March 7th : Kaspar Amort , Bavarian court painter (* 1612 )
- March 10 : Johann Konrad Schragmüller , German clergyman, theologian and university lecturer (* 1605 )
- March 26th : Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha , son of Duke Johann III. of Saxe-Weimar (* 1601 )
- April 4 : Zacharias Kniller , German painter (* 1611 )
- April 17th : Marie-Madeleine de Vignerot , French nobleman and patroness (* 1604 )
- May 6 : August Philipp , Duke of Oldenburg and Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (* 1612 )
- May 6 : Michael Bergmann , German author of reference works (* 1633 )
- May 18 : Jacques Marquette , French monk and discoverer of the Mississippi River (* 1637 )
- May 19 : António Luís de Meneses, 1st Marquês de Marialva , one of the most important generals of the Portuguese Restauraçao (* 1603 )
- May 25 : Gaspard Poussin , Italian painter (* 1615 )
- May 30th : José Antolínez , Spanish painter (* 1635 )
- June 3 : Lothar Friedrich von Metternich-Burscheid , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz (* 1617 )
- June 11 : Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Weimar , Duchess of Saxe-Zeitz (* 1641 )
- June 12 : Charles Emanuel II , Duke of Savoy (* 1634 )
- June 13 : Christian von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein , court official and politician (* 1627 )
Second half of the year
- July 10 : Bertholet Flémal , Liège painter (* around 1614 )
- July 27th : Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne , Viscount de Turenne, French military leader and Marshal of France (* 1611 )
- August 15 : Nicholas Easton , English politician (* 1593 )
- September 8th : Amalie zu Solms-Braunfels , Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau (* 1602 )
- September 18 : Charles IV , Duke of Lorraine and Bar (* 1604 )
- October 27 : Gilles Personne de Roberval , French mathematician and inventor (* 1602 )
- October 29 : Christian Hoburg , theologian, mystical spiritualist (* 1607 )
- October 29 : Andreas Hammerschmidt , German composer and organist (* 1611 or 1612 )
- November 10 : Leopoldo de 'Medici , Italian cardinal and art patron (* 1617 )
- November 11th : Tegh Bahadur , ninth guru of Sikhism (* 1621 )
- November 14th : August Augspurger , German poet, translator and epigrammatist (* 1620 )
- November 14 : Jacques Courtois , Italian battle and history painter (* 1621 )
- November 15 : Cort Sivertsen Adeler , Norwegian seaman and admiral (* 1622 )
- November 21 : Georg Wilhelm I of Liegnitz-Brieg-Wohlau , last legitimate male descendant of the Silesian Piast family (* 1660 )
- December 2 : Franz Hieß , Austrian master stonemason and baroque sculptor and subordinate of the Wiener Bauhütte (* 1641 )
- December 10 : Johann Fink , German painter (* 1628 )
- December 15 : Jan Vermeer , Dutch painter (* 1632 )
- December 31 : Abraham van Diepenbeeck , Dutch glass painter (* 1596 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Piotr Baryka , Polish writer (* 1600 )
- William Blaxton , early European settler in New England (* 1595 )
- Girolamo Fantini , Italian trumpeter and composer (* 1600 )
- Emanuele Tesauro , Italian writer (* 1592 )