Calendar overview 1628
|Vasa sinks on its maiden voyage.|
siege of La Rochelle
ends with the surrender of the Huguenot- inhabited city.
|1628 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1076/77 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1620/21 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1033/34 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2171/72 (southern Buddhism); 2170/71 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||990/991 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3961/62 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1006/07 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1037/38 (August 30/31)|
|Jewish calendar||5388/89 (September 27-28)|
|Coptic calendar||1344/45 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1938/39 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1939/40 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1684/85 (April)|
Politics and world events
Thirty Years' War
- January 26th : The general Wallenstein acquires the two duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow by secret purchase from Emperor Ferdinand II . The previous dukes are asked by him to leave their country.
- February 1st : Emperor Ferdinand II. Releases all subjects of Mecklenburg from the oath against the dukes Adolf Friedrich I and Johann Albrecht II.
- May 23 : The siege of Stralsund in the Thirty Years' War by Wallenstein begins. In the course of the siege, the defenders built several defensive structures, including the Prosnitzer Schanze on Strelasund .
- August 3 : The siege of Stralsund by the troops of Wallenstein ends unsuccessfully with the withdrawal of the last units .
- September 2nd : In the battle of Wolgast , the imperial troops of Wallenstein prevail against the Pomeranian city, which had been conquered by the Danes shortly before . Denmark's King Christian IV flees to his kingdom after the defeat.
- The imperial general Duke Albrecht von Wallenstein elevates Wilhelm Kinsky von Wchinitz and Tettau to the rank of Bohemian imperial count.
- October 28th : The siege of La Rochelle by troops of the French King Louis XIII. ends with the surrender of the Huguenot- inhabited city.
Other events in Europe
- January 17th : The Mantuan War of Succession begins: The Duke of Nevers , Carlo I. Gonzaga , arrives in Mantua and asks the emperor to invest in the imperial fiefs of Mantua and Montferrat . In return, the Duke of Savoy , Charles Emanuel I , occupied the northern part of Montferrat in spring. The Spanish governor of the Duchy of Milan Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba supports him from neighboring Milan . Spanish troops advance to the capital Casale . They lay siege to the well-fortified city but cannot conquer it.
- February 22nd : Emperor Ferdinand II grants Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria the right to inherit his electoral dignity.
- June 7th : Charles I of England accepts the Petition of Right .
- August 6th : The mayor of Bamberg , Johannes Junius , is burned at the stake under torture as a witcher after a confession .
- August 10 : The Swedish warship Vasa sinks in the port of Stockholm on its maiden voyage due to its top plasticity .
- February 14 : Shah Jahan is to succeed his father died last year Jahangir the Mughal emperor of India crowned.
- After four years of war, the defeat Mohawk , the Mahican and become the major trading partners of the Dutch in New Netherland .
- September 17th : The Dutch privateer Piet Pieterszoon Heyn , admiral in the service of the Dutch West India Company , captures the Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas .
science and technology
- The English doctor and anatomist William Harvey publishes his studies on the blood circulation .
- René Descartes wrote his work Rules for Aligning the Power of Knowledge , published posthumously in 1701 .
- The Spaniard Juan van der Hamen y León made two oil paintings with the name Garland with Landscape .
- Gian Lorenzo Bernini completes the high altar in the church of Sant'Agostino in Campo Marzio in Rome.
Music and theater
- December 21 : The baroque Teatro Farnese at the Parmenser Hof is used for the first time on the occasion of the wedding of the Duke's son Odoardo . The play Mercurio e Marte is given by Claudio Achillini with music by Claudio Monteverdi , and a sea battle is also offered. Because of the high expenditure of this type of courtly productions, the theater was only played a total of nine times until 1732 .
- The Irish Pontifical College for the Formation of Irish Catholic Priests is established in Rome with the approval of Pope Urban VIII .
- In the course of the re-Catholicization during the Thirty Years War, the Bensheim Monastery is founded.
nature and environment
- 1628 is considered a " year without a summer ", the low point of a small ice age . Contemporaries attributed this to the witchcraft.
Historical maps and views
January to March
- January 1 : Christoph Bernhard , German composer, conductor and music theorist († 1692 )
- January 3 : Alvise Mocenigo II , 110th Doge of Venice († 1709 )
- January 8 : François-Henri de Montmorency-Luxembourg , French military leader, peer and marshal of France († 1695 )
- January 12th : Charles Perrault , French writer, who became famous mainly for his collection of fairy tales († 1703 )
- January 30 : George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham , diplomat, minister and influential figure in England († 1687 )
- February 1 : Jan Hackaert , Dutch painter († after 1685 , probably around 1700 )
- February 2 : Michał Frencel , Sorbian pastor and Bible translator († 1706 )
- February 25 : Giulio Broggio , architect and builder of Italian or Swiss origin († 1718 )
- March 10 : Marcello Malpighi , Italian anatomist, who is considered the founder of plant anatomy and comparative physiology († 1694 )
- March 17 : François Girardon , French sculptor († 1715 )
- March 17 : Johannes Scheibler , German Protestant clergyman († 1689 )
April to December
- April 2 : Constantin Christian Dedekind , German composer and poet († 1715 )
- April 20 : Johann Fink , German painter († 1675 )
- April 22nd : Georg Matthäus Vischer , topographer and clergyman († 1696 )
- May 15 : Dominique Bouhours , French Jesuit priest, philologist, historian and author († 1702 )
- May 15 : Carlo Cignani , Italian painter († 1719 )
- May 17 : Ferdinand Karl , Prince of Tyrol from 1646 to 1662 († 1662 )
- June 4th : Christoph Delphicus von Dohna , Lord Chamberlain of the Queen of Sweden († 1668 )
- June 21 : Johann Michael Strauss († 1692 ), German Lutheran theologian
- November 18 : Eleonora Magdalena of Mantua-Nevers-Gonzaga , third wife of Emperor Ferdinand III. († 1686 )
- November 25 : Andreas Concius , German mathematician († 1682 )
- November 28 : John Bunyan , Baptist preacher and writer from England († 1688 )
- December 2 : August Friedrich Mockel , Mayor of Heilbronn († 1694 )
- December 12th : Anna Salome von Manderscheid-Blankenheim , abbess of the Thorn women's monastery and abbess of the Essen monastery († 1691 )
- December 25 : Noël Coypel , French painter († 1707 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 24th : Katharina Haan , victim of the witch hunt in Bamberg
- February 1 : Vincentius Schmuck , German Lutheran theologian and hymn poet (* 1565 )
- February 8 : François d'Escoubleau de Sourdis , French Archbishop and Cardinal (* 1574 )
- February 15 : Johannes Zölner , German rhetorician (* 1548 )
- February 21 : Gregor Aichinger , German composer (* around 1564 )
- February 22nd : Pierre Dugua de Mons , French nobleman, entrepreneur and explorer (* 1588 )
- March 13th : John Bull , English organist and harpsichordist (* 1563 )
- April 16 : Rudolf Christian , ruled as Count of East Friesland from 1625 to 1628 (* 1602 )
- May 29 : Anaukpetlun , King of Hongsawadi (* 1578 )
- June 16 : Zdeněk Vojtěch von Lobkowicz , Bohemian nobleman (* 1568 )
Second half of the year
- July 14th : Georg Haan , Chancellor in Bamberg Monastery and victim of the witch hunt
- July 18 : Johann Friedrich , Duke of Württemberg (* 1582 )
- August 4th : Henrich Stoffregen , victim of the witch persecution in Westphalia
- August 6th : Johannes Junius , Mayor of Bamberg and victim of the witch hunt (* 1573 )
- 23 August : George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham , favorite and chief minister under the English kings (* 1592 )
- August 25 : Bernhardine zur Lippe , Countess of Leiningen-Leiningen (* 1563 )
- August 28 : Edmund Arrowsmith , English Jesuit priest (* 1585 )
- October 9 : Juan Manuel de Mendoza y Luna , Spanish officer, viceroy of New Spain and viceroy of Peru (* 1571 )
- October 16 : François de Malherbe , French writer (* 1555 )
- October 17th : Johann Friedrich , Duke of Saxe-Weimar (* 1600 )
- October 17th : Jacopo Palma the Younger , Italian painter (* 1548 )
- October 28 : John Felton , English Puritan (* 1595 )
- October 28 : Eusebius Schenck , Bohemian medic (* 1569 )
- November 8 : Baldassare Croce , Italian painter (* 1558 )
- November 14th : Nicolas Trigault , member of the Societas Jesu and French missionary (* 1577 )
- November 16 : Paolo Quagliati , Italian composer (* 1555 )
- December 4th : Peter Carlone , Austrian builder (* 1567 )
- December 4 : Thomas Platter , Swiss doctor and writer (* 1574 )
- December 11 : Cesare d'Este , Margrave of Montecchio (* 1552 )
- December 13 : Songtham , King of Ayutthaya (* 1590 )