Calendar overview 1548
|Sigismund II August becomes sole ruler in Poland .||Catherine Parr , sixth and last wife of Henry VIII of England , dies in childbed .|
|Johannes Stumpf publishes his Chronicle of Switzerland .|
|1548 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||996/997 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2091/92 (southern Buddhism); 2090/91 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||910/911 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3881/82 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||954/955 (turn of the year 10/11 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5308/09 (September 2/3)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1858/59 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1859/60 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1604/05 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Reichstag in Augsburg
- since 1547 : Armored Reichstag in Augsburg
- March 15 : The Augsburg Interim , which was disputed at the Reichstag in Augsburg , is published. It contains regulations for Protestants on how they should deal with religion until the decision by the Council of Trent . The Protestant side rejects the interim as a result, in Upper German cities the implementation is enforced.
- May 15 : Announcement of the Augsburg interim by Emperor Charles V with the admission of priestly marriage and lay chalice
- May 30th : In the Reich Farewell , Emperor Charles V sets the Augsburg Interim . It is an attempt to establish a religious order with the Protestants after his victory over the Schmalkaldic League . The interim solution should apply until the decision of the Council of Trent . But it does not prevail in practice.
- June 26th : The Burgundian treaty drawn up by Viglius Zuichemus between the emperor and the imperial estates is ratified. He reorganized the constitutional position of the Habsburg Netherlands ( 17 provinces ) within the structure of the Holy Roman Empire . The contract removes the direct dominions of Charles V, the Duchy of Geldern , the County of Zutphen , and the territories of the Hochstift Utrecht , Groningen , the Lordship of Overijssel and the County of Drenthe from the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Empire . These are added to the Burgundian Empire . The resulting new unity of the Burgundian hereditary lands of Charles V is withdrawn from the jurisdiction of the Imperial Court of Justice.
- At the request of the hereditary maids Maria and Anna , who are exposed to the constant threat of the county of East Friesland , the imperial immediacy of the Jever rule is abolished and it is made subject to the Burgundian Empire .
Other events in Europe
- April 1st : After the death of Sigismund I , his son Sigismund II. August - already co-ruler - becomes sole ruler in Poland . At the beginning of his reign he relied on the Silesian Bernhard von Prittwitz as a military helper in the fight against the Crimean Tatars, who repeatedly invaded the empire .
- July 7th : Five year old Maria Stuart , Queen of Scotland , is engaged to the four year old French Dauphin François to strengthen the Auld Alliance . She sails to France on August 7th . She will not return to Scotland until 1561 .
Spanish colonies in Latin America
- April 9 : In the battle of Jaquijahuana , the Spanish special envoy Pedro de la Gasca and his military leaders Alonso de Alvarado and Pedro de Valdivia defeated the rebellious Spanish conquistadors around Gonzalo Pizarro because large parts of Pizarro's army overflowed to him. Pizarro and his military leader Francisco de Carvajal are captured and executed the following day. This largely ended the period of civil wars and the Viceroyalty of Peru can stabilize.
- October 20th : Alonso de Mendoza founds the city of Nuestra Señora de La Paz in Laja . Three days later, a location around 25 km to the east was chosen for the new settlement and some of the village residents were relocated there because it offers better protection from bad weather.
- The Real Audiencia of Santa Fé de Bogotá takes over the area of today's Colombia , since the Real Audiencia of Lima , founded in 1542 , which was originally responsible for all of Latin America, is now overwhelmed with the administration.
- February 26th : Piri Reis conquers the Portuguese- occupied Yemeni city of Aden for the Ottoman Empire .
- June 11 : Worawongsa assassins King Yot Fa and ascends the throne of the Ayutthaya kingdom . But just a few weeks later, on July 23, he himself was overthrown in a palace revolution and killed together with his lover. The new king is Chakkraphat , half-brother of the former king Chairacha .
- The Siamese-Burmese War begins with a preemptive strike by the Siamese Kingdom of Ayutthaya against the expanding Burmese Kingdom of Taungoo . When the Burmese ruler Tabinshwehti strikes back, the Siamese ruler's wife Suriyothai is killed in battle while protecting her husband Maha Chakkraphat .
First documentary mentions
- The bathers , until then regarded as a "dishonest" profession, received guild rights in the Holy Roman Empire.
- The Swiss theologian, cartographer and historian Johannes Stumpf publishes his Chronicle of Switzerland .
- The Venetian painter Titian paints the painting Emperor Karl V after the battle of Mühlberg in oil on canvas .
- On May 24, the Protestant legal scholar Francesco Spiera was tried in Venice by an inquisition court . The process ends with him solemnly renouncing his "errors" on July 20th in St. Mark's Basilica . He then fell into depression and died that same year. His fate leads to the final conversion of the theologian and Bishop Pietro Paolo Vergerio to Protestantism .
- In response to the Augsburg Interim, the Reformation Elector Moritz von Sachsen entrusts Philipp Melanchthon with the task of working out a new church order. Which then developed Leipzig Interim are from the Protestant cantons on December 22 but signed only in part.
- Through Pope Paul III. the Swiss Guard is brought back to life, which was replaced by German mercenaries in 1527 after the Sacco di Roma .
- In the course of the Reformation , the Løgumkloster monastery in Denmark is dissolved.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 5 : Francisco Suárez , Portuguese theologian and philosopher († 1617 )
- January 28 : Paul Mathesius , German Lutheran theologian († 1584 )
- March 18 : Cornelis Ketel , Dutch architect, sculptor and painter († 1616 )
- May 10 : Antonio Priuli , 94th Doge of Venice († 1623 )
- August 27 : Bernardino Poccetti , Italian painter († 1612 )
- September 2 : Vincenzo Scamozzi , Italian architect († 1616 )
- September 25 : Benedikt Wurzelbauer , German sculptor and ore caster († 1620 )
- September 29 : Wilhelm V , Duke of Bavaria from 1579 to 1597 († 1626 )
- October 31 : Johannes Zölner , German rhetorician († 1628 )
- December 24th : Caspar Ulenberg , German theologian, Bible translator, poet and composer († 1617 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Catherine de Clèves , French noblewoman, Duchess of Guise († 1633 )
- John Finch , Catholic martyr from England († 1584 )
- Georg Mylius , German Lutheran theologian († 1607 )
- William Whitaker , English Reformed theologian and professor († 1595 )
Born around 1548
- Hanns Reiffenstuel , Bavarian court builder and builder of the brine line from Bad Reichenhall to Traunstein († 1620 )
- Jacopo Palma the Younger , Venetian painter and etcher († 1628 )
Date of death secured
- April 1 : Sigismund I , King of Poland, as Sigismund II Grand Duke of Lithuania (* 1467 )
- April 10 : Francisco de Carvajal , Spanish conquistador, executed in Cusco (* 1464 )
- April 10 : Gonzalo Pizarro , Spanish conquistador, executed in Cusco (* 1502 )
- May 9 : Augustin Schurff , German physicist and doctor (* 1495 )
- June 14 : Carpentras , French Renaissance composer (* around 1470)
- June: Yotfa , 15. King of Thai kingdom of Ayutthaya (* 1535 / 36 )
- July 4th : Philipp , Count Palatine and Duke of Pfalz-Neuburg (* 1503 )
- July 23 : Worawongsa , 16th King of the Siamese Kingdom of Ayutthaya
- August 6 : Georg Rhau , German printer and Thomas Cantor (* 1488 )
- September 5 : Catherine Parr , English noblewoman, sixth and last wife of King Henry VIII, Queen of England and Ireland (* 1512 )
- October 27 : Johannes Dantiscus , Bishop of Kulm and Bishop of Warmia (* 1485 )
- November 16 : Caspar Cruciger the Elder , German Protestant theologian and reformer (* 1504 )
- December 27 : Francesco Spiera , legal scholar from Italy (* 1502 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Hans Pfistermeyer , Swiss Anabaptist (* before 1500)
- Hans Rainsperg , Mayor of St. Gallen (* 1480 )
- Magdalena von Staupitz , German religious sister and teacher (* around 1485 )