Johannes Stumpf

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Johannes Stumpf at the age of approx. 36 years. Etching by Conrad Meyer from 1662 based on a painting by Hans Asper

Johannes Stumpf or Johann Stumpf , Latinized Johannes Stumphius (born April 23, 1500 in Bruchsal , Hochstift Speyer (today Baden-Württemberg ); † 1577/78 in Zurich ), was a theologian , Johanniter , cartographer , historian and chronicler who worked in the Switzerland lived and worked.



Johannes Stumpf was a son of the tanner and mayor of Bruchsal Hans Stumpf, who originally came from Fuchsstadt in the Odenwald .

His first marriage to Regula, daughter of Heinrich Brennwald , began in 1529 . In his second marriage from 1562 he was married to Barbara, daughter of Thias Ruf and sister of Jakob Ruf , and in his third marriage from 1572 to Agnes, daughter of Gerold Edlibach ; he was related by marriage to Hans Edlibach (1487–1559), Jakob Edlibach (1482–1546) and Ludwig Edlibach (1492–1557).


He attended schools in Bruchsal, Landau , Durlach , Frankfurt am Main and Strasbourg . He studied at the University of Heidelberg theology . In 1520 he worked in the episcopal chancellery in Speyer . In Freiburg im Breisgau he was accepted into the Order of St. John . He was later ordained a priest in Basel . In 1522 he became prior in the Ritterhaus Bubikon in the Zurich Oberland and received the parish office of the local parish .

During his time in Zurich, he joined the reformer Huldrych Zwingli . In 1529 he married the daughter of the chronicler Heinrich Brennwald (1478–1551), whose handwritten documents he - like others - would later use for his chronicle. In 1543 he became pastor in Stammheim . In 1548, the year his chronicle went to press , he was granted citizenship of the city of Zurich for his services, to which he retired in 1561.


Colored woodcut from the Chronicle of the Swiss Confederation 1548 (from private collection)

Johannes Stumpf's most important work is his richly illustrated topographical and historical chronicle of the Old Confederation from 1547/48. Most of the illustrations (400 woodcuts) were created by Heinrich Vogtherr the Elder . This chronicle is shaped by the use of the documents of his father-in-law Heinrich Brennwald, the access to Vadian and his notes mediated by Heinrich Bullinger , as well as by the chronicle of Aegidius Tschudi . Stumpf also traveled to Switzerland himself. After the work of Felix von Malleolus («Hemmerlin») ( De Suitensium ortu ), Niklaus Schradin († before 1518) and Petermann Etterlin ( Kronica von der laoblichen Eydtgnoschaft. Jr harkommen und sust seltzam strittenn und geschichten , 1507) it represents the first Excerpts, further editions and sequels were also responsible for the continued attractiveness and its great influence: Stumpf himself successfully published the Schwytzerchronik in 1554 ; a demolition of Josias Simler ( De republica Helvetiorum , 1576) was particularly popular . Stumpf's son Johann Rudolph (1586/1606) provided a continuation.

Manuscripts and prints in chronological order

  • Warhieft hystori of the pious train and marterer of Christ Johannes Hügelin vonn Lindow, then for the sake of christian warhait was burned by the bishop of Costentz zu Merspurg on the ten days of mayens in five hundred siben and twenty gestures jar. Zurich: Christoph Froschauer 1527 ( digitized ).
  • From the span, hader and two young between doct. Martin Luthern zu Wittenberg a. Huldrichen Zwinglin zu Zürich, predicanten [1529]. Manuscript in the Zurich State Archives (Bullinger Briefbd. E II 345). Edition: Büsser, Zurich 1960.
  • The great common Concilium zuo Costentz held but more fundamental and more perfect description then never seen in Teütsch […] Item from Johann Hussen and Hieronymo von Prag like this costentz come and what is dealt with them […]. Zurich: Christoph Froschauer 1541 ( digitized ).
  • Travel report from 1544. In: Conrad Türst: De situ Confoederatorum descriptio. Basel: Schneider 1884 (= sources on Swiss history, 6).
  • Common praiseworthy Eydgno ſ creates Stetten Landen vnd Völckeren Chronik will thaaten […] . 2 vols. Zurich: Christoph Froschauer 1547/48 ( digitized version ).
    • The two-volume chronicle is divided into thirteen books:
      • 1st book: Europe
      • 2. Book: Germany ( Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation )
      • 3rd book: France
      • 4th book: History of Switzerland from Julius Caesar to the establishment of the Confederation (according to Stumpf 1314) with a geographical overview.
      • 5th - 12th Book: Description of the Swiss districts and places .
      • 13th book: History of Switzerland from the founding of the Confederation (1314) to the present.
    • Facsimile edition: Winterthur: Schellenberg 1975. Edition: Ed .: Gagliardi, Müller, Büsser. Basel: Birkhäuser 1952–1955 (= sources on Swiss history. Section 1, Chronicles, N. F., 5–6).
The Valais in the Landtaflen
Residential building on Trittligasse
  • Country Tables. In this you prefer to find Laeser beautiful, right and well-made Landtaflen XII. [...] Which all of the former social figures never went out. Zurich: Christoph Froschauer 1548. Facsimile editions: Ed .: Weiß, Bern: Kümmerly & Frey 1942; Ed .: Dürst, Gattikon: Dorfpresse 1975 ( digitized version ).
  • Schwytzer Chronica In addition to the big ones, pulled into a handbook: in which the decade is understood common, praiseworthy Eydgno works zeyt harkummen, old and new special and mean deeds and haendel, bit on the jar Christi 1546. […] By Johansen Stumpffen. Zurich: Christoph Froschauer 1554 ( digitized version ).
  • Keÿser Heinrÿchs des Vierdten Herz zu Francken and on the Rhyn fifty-year-old Historia: from his laeben vnd thaaten: […] By Johann Stumpffen out of the old holy Latin historians [= Vita Heinrici imperatoris] drawn together in four in Teütsche-speaking related to beautiful figures Books shared […]. Zurich: Christoph Froschauer 1556 ( digitized ).
  • From the last day of the future of our Lord Jesus Christ Ouch of the Antichrist and the signs before the last day of the future. Item what will happen on the same day: namely, the dead [...] Everything from the clear word of God and holy biblical scriptures drawn together and divided into four tracts. Zurich: Christoph Froschauer 1563 ( digitized version ).
  • The Dryzehen place of the praiseworthy Eydgnos, created by the old league of high Teütsch nation, with even funny and beautiful characters […]. Basel: Christoffel von Sichem 1573. Edition Baechtold : Zurich 1890 (= New Year's sheet of the city ​​library in Zurich ).


Web links

Wikisource: Johannes Stumpf  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Johannes Stumpf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Edlibach, Hans. Retrieved August 1, 2020 .
  2. Edlibach, Jakob. Retrieved August 1, 2020 .
  3. Edlibach, Ludwig. Retrieved August 1, 2020 .
  4. ^ Frank Muller: Heinrich Vogtherr the Elder (1490–1556): Aspects of his life and work. Special print from the yearbook of the historical association Dillingen an der Donau, XCII. Year 1990, p. 204 f.