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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei is condemned
by the Inquisition
and revokes his doctrine of
the Copernican worldview .
The James Expedition
Thomas James reports
on his expedition.
Foundation of the Heilbronner Bund in 1633 (contemporary lithography)
Protestant imperial estates found the Heilbronner Bund .
1633 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1081/82 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1625/26 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1038/39 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2176/77 (southern Buddhism); 2175/76 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the water tap癸酉 ( at the beginning of the year water monkey 壬申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 995/996 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3966/67 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1011/12 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1042/43 (July 7/8)
Jewish calendar 5393/94 (September 4/5)
Coptic calendar 1349/50 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 808/809
Seleucid era Babylon: 1943/44 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1944/45 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1689/90 (April)


Politics and world events

Thirty Years' War

Merian engraving of battle

Ottoman-Polish War

Around June 29, an approximately 1000-strong combat unit of the Nogai Tatars from the Budschak devastated the area around Kamieniec Podolski , an important city and strong fortress in the Podolia region . It is unknown whether they did this on their own initiative or whether they were sent to scout on the instructions of the Ottoman Pasha Abaza. After two days, the Tatars return to the territory of the Principality of Moldova , a vassal principality of the Ottoman Empire, with their booty and the prisoners (Jasyr). The Polish ataman Stanisław Koniecpolski then orders the persecution and invades the Ottoman territory of Moldova, where he puts the Tatars in battle on July 4th and defeats them. He then moved back to Kamieniec Podolski.

  • October 22 : Poland-Lithuania troops celebrate an unexpected victory over the numerically superior Ottoman army at Kamieniec Podolski.




science and technology


  • Rembrandt van Rijn : Portrait of the preacher Johannes Wtenbogaert and Descent from the Cross

Historical maps and views


First half of the year

Second half of the year

  • 0October 4 : Anton Ulrich , Duke of Braunschweig and Lüneburg and Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel as well as poet and novelist († 1714 )
King James II of England, Scotland and Ireland

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1633  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files