Abbas II (Persia)

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Abbas II.

Abbas II ( Persian شاه عباس دوم[ ʃɑh æˈbbɑːs ɛ dovom ]; * December 20, 1633 ; † 25. September 1666 ) from the dynasty of the Safavids was May of 1642 bis December 1666 Shah of Persia . On May 12, 1642 he succeeded his father Safi I on the throne.

Abbas II succeeded in initiating a consolidation of Persia with reforms after the central government had lost more and more influence under his predecessors. His reforms weakened the powerful Kizilbash tribes , which played a very important role in the establishment of the Safavid Empire, and placed the country directly under the crown. The country's borders remained more or less stable. He recaptured Kandahar from the Indian Mughals in 1648 and successfully fended off three attacks by the Mughals on the city. He also had close trade contacts with the European naval powers England and Holland .

During his reign, the Tschehel-Sotun Palace in Isfahan was completed in 1647/48 and the mosques Mesǰed-e Shah (royal mosque) and Mesǰed-e Jomʿa (Friday mosque) restored. In 1654/55 he built a dam over the Zayandeh Rud . Like his predecessors, he was tolerant of other religions with one exception: by decree, he decreed that all Jews in the country must convert to Islam .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. RM Savory: Abbas (II) . In: Ehsan Yarshater (ed.): Encyclopædia Iranica . Volume 1 (1), Paragraph a036, as of December 15, 1982, accessed on June 9, 2011 (English, including references)