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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The Great Fire of London on Tuesday 4th September
The great fire of London
destroyed four fifths of the city in four days .
Jean-Baptiste Colbert 1666
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
founds the
Académie royale des science .
Self-portrait by Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
completes the
Cathedra petri .
1666 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1114/15 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1658/59 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1071/72 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2209/10 (southern Buddhism); 2208/09 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the fire horse丙午 ( at the beginning of the year wood snake 乙巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1028/29 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3999/4000 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1044/45
Islamic calendar 1076/77 (July 3-4)
Jewish calendar 5426/27 (September 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1382/83 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 841/842
Seleucid era Babylon: 1976/77 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1977/78 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1722/23 (April)


Politics and world events

Second Anglo-Dutch naval war

Four days battle, Pieter Cornelisz van Soest
St. James Day Fight, unknown Dutch artist

Second Bremen-Swedish War

War for Crete

Siege of Candia (author unknown)
  • Spring: The Ottomans intensify their attacks in the war for Crete at the siege of Candia, which has now been going on for 18 years . They begin to storm the fortress, but lose almost 20,000 men by autumn. An army of slaves and bulwark workers dig trenches and mine tunnels. The struggle is moving underground. The mine war remains unique in its scope until the First World War.

Other events in Europe

  • The “Charnoy” fortress is being built in Charleroi .


science and technology

Seal of the University of Lund
Hydrostatic paradox in communicating vessels: The water level is the same in all tubes, although the water quantities differ greatly.
  • The Irish scientist Robert Boyle , who works in Oxford, reports in his work Hydrostatical paradoxes, made out by new experiments ... about the hydrostatic paradox .
Louis XIV attends the Academie Royale des Sciences in 1671


Visual arts

Cathedra Petri


Portrait of George Alsop in the first edition of A Character of the Province of Maryland
  • The English writer George Alsop publishes the work A Character of the Province of Maryland in London , in which he processes his time as a debt servant in the colony of Maryland .

Music and theater



  • The Great Plague of London that broke out last year is ending. About 70,000 people, around a fifth of the city's population, fell victim to it. In February it seems safe enough for the king and his entourage to return to the city. In the meantime, the plague has reached France via trade routes, where the chain of infection then breaks off in the following winter. In London , the epidemic claimed further deaths in the course of the year, albeit within a manageable range.
The fire from the south bank of the Thames
Wenceslaus Hollar : City map of London after the great fire; the destroyed areas in white
  • 2nd to 5th September : The Great Fire of London , which broke out in a bakery, destroyed four fifths of the city in 4 days , including most of the medieval buildings. The fire makes around 100,000 people homeless, but according to official figures only a few are killed. The conspiracy theory quickly spread that the Jesuits had started the fire. The French watchmaker Robert "Lucky" Hubert confesses - probably under torture - that he was an agent of the Pope and that he started the fire in Westminster. Despite overwhelming evidence of his innocence, he was convicted and hanged on September 28th . Only afterwards does it emerge that he only came to London two days after the fire.


January to August

September to December

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Taj Mahal , life's work and tomb of Shan Jahan

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Self-portrait by Frans Hals (ca.1650)

Web links

Commons : 1666  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files