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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

George II of Great Britain during the Battle of Dettingen
In the Battle of Dettingen the Austrians and British defeat
the French in the War of the Austrian Succession .
Portrait of Cardinal Schönborn
Prince-Bishop Damian Hugo Philipp von Schönborn-Buchheim dies.
Johann Friedrich Karl von Ostein
Johann Friedrich Karl von Ostein becomes Archbishop
and Elector of Mainz .
1743 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1191/92 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1735/36 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1148/49 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2286/87 (southern Buddhism); 2285/86 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Water Pig癸亥 ( at the beginning of the year Water Dog 壬戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1105/06 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4076/77 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1121/22 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1155/56 (New Year 24/25 February)
Jewish calendar 5503/04 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 1459/60 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 918/919
Seleucid era Babylon: 2053/54 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2054/55 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1799/1800 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Austrian Succession

Battle formation in the Battle of Camposanto
Plan of the Battle of Dettingen

Russia / Sweden

Peace of Åbo: The Swedish loss of territory in the old part of Finland in yellow
Natalia Feodorovna Lopukhina
  • In Russia a conspiracy against Empress Elisabeth in favor of the deposed Ivan IV is exposed. Those involved around lady-in-waiting Natalja Fjodorovna Lopuchina are sent into exile in Siberia after severe torture. Another alleged co-conspirator, Antoniotto Botta Adorno , is a diplomat at the Viennese court. Maria Theresa's refusal to extradite him to Russia leads to tension between the two great powers. As a result, Elisabeth lives in constant fear of an assassination attempt.

Other events in Europe


Bremen Weekly News from 1743

science and technology



The opera house in its original form, around 1745

Music and theater

  • 16 Leipzig merchants finance 16 musicians, including Stadtpfeifer , to found a musical society, the Leipzig Concert , the first concert of which takes place on March 11th . The Gewandhaus Orchestra later developed from this .
Further world premieres



Pope Benedict XIV.


  • The plague breaks out in the Sicilian port city of Messina and claims more than 30,000 victims.


First half of the year

Thomas Jefferson ( Rembrandt Peale , 1800)

Second half of the year

Antoine Lavoisier
Martin Heinrich Klaproth

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1743


January to April

Title page of the funeral sermon, by Father Daniel Stadler SJ
Theresia Benedicte of Bavaria; painted by George Desmarées around 1743

May to August

September to December

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II.

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1743  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files