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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Siege of Jasna Góra in Czestochowa, painting by January Suchodolski
A group of Polish monks succeed
the successful defense of Jasna Gora
against the attacking Sweden in the Second Northern War .
Christoffer von Gabel (1617–1673)
Christoffer von Gabel receives the Faroe Islands as a fief, and that is where the fork period begins .
Admiral William Penn
English troops under William Penn conquer Jamaica in the Anglo-Spanish War .
1655 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1103/04 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1647/48 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1060/61 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2198/99 (southern Buddhism); 2197/98 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the wood sheep乙未 ( at the beginning of the year wood horse 甲午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1017/18 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3988/89 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1033/34
Islamic calendar 1065/66 (October 30/31)
Jewish calendar 5415/16 (October 1-2)
Coptic calendar 1371/72 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 830/831
Seleucid era Babylon: 1965/66 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1966/67 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1711/12 (April)


Politics and world events

Anglo-Spanish War

Northern, Central and Eastern Europe

Poland 1655


Leopold I is coronated as King of Hungary


American colonies

Nya Sverige and Nieuw Nederland


Reconstruction of the first beacon
  • February 27th : At the southernmost point of Norway the first beacon is lit in the lighthouse Lindesnes fyr . The light from thirty candles behind leaded glass windows on a wooden tower should provide orientation for ships.

science and technology

Farfler's construction




Alexander VII (painting by Giovanni Battista Gaulli )
  • April 7th : After the death of Pope Innocent X on January 7th, the conclave needed almost three months to elect a pope. After a bitter dispute, 63 of the 64 cardinals present finally elect Fabio Chigi as the new Pope . He takes the name Alexander VII and declares himself an opponent of nepotism , a point of view that he adheres to in the first year of his reign.

Historical maps and views


First half of the year

Bartolomeo Cristofori, 1726

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Detail of the tomb for Innocent X in the church of Sant 'Agnese in Rome

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1655  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files