Margaret of Savoy (Princess)

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Frans Pourbus the Younger : Princess Margaret of Savoy, oil on panel, 1608

Princess Margaret of Savoy (born April 28, 1589 in Turin , † June 26, 1655 in Miranda de Ebro ) was by marriage Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat and in 1635 she was appointed as the last Spanish viceroy of Portugal .


Margaret was the eldest daughter of nine children of Duke Charles Emanuel I of Savoy (1562-1630) and his wife of the Infanta Catherine Michaela of Spain (1567-1597), the second daughter of King Philip II of Spain and Princess Elizabeth of France from Valois . Her grandparents were Duke Emanuel Philibert and his wife Marguerite de Valois-Angoulême, duchesse de Berry .

On February 19, 1608, Princess Margaret married in Turin the Italian Duke Francesco IV Gonzaga (1586-1612), eldest son of Duke Vincenzo I Gonzaga and Princess Eleonora de 'Medici . To celebrate this wedding, the composer Claudio Monteverdi wrote the opera L'Arianna . Three children emerged from the joint relationship:

  • Maria Gonzaga (1609–1660), heir to the duchies of Mantua and Montferrat
⚭ 1627 Carlo II Gonzaga (1609–1631), Duke of Nevers and Rethel
  • Luigi Gonzaga (1611-1612)
  • Eleonora Gonzaga (* / † 1612)

When Philip IV (1605–1665) succeeded the Spanish and Portuguese thrones in 1621 , the situation worsened. The king appointed the Duke of Mantua's widow, Princess Margarete, viceroy in Portugal. This ruled there with the help of their Portuguese State Secretary Miguel von Vasconcelos.

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Commons : Margaret of Savoy (Princess)  - Collection of images