|Jacques Clément murders King Henry III. of France .|
Charles de Bourbon is proclaimed
France as Charles X.
|Wilhelm V. orders the Hofbräuhaus in Munich .|
|1589 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1037/38 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1581/82 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||994/995 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2132/33 (southern Buddhism); 2131/32 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||951/952 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3922/23 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||997/998 (turn of the year 9/10 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5349/50 (September 10-11)|
|Coptic calendar||1305/06 (September 10/11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1899/1900 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1900/01 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1645/46 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- April 30th : King Henry III. and his brother-in-law, the Huguenot leader Heinrich von Navarra, seal their reconciliation after lengthy negotiations to the applause of the war-weary people with a meeting in the park of Plessis-lès-Tours .
- August 1st : The Dominican Jacques Clément stabs the French King Henry III with a knife . a. The assassin is killed by the rushing guards, the king wrestles with death.
- August 2nd : King Henry III of France . dies from the assassination wounds suffered the day before. The Valois dynasty ended and the Bourbons came to power with Henry of Navarre the following year.
- August 5th : The leader of the Catholic League , Charles II. De Lorraine, duc de Mayenne , proclaims Charles de Bourbon under the name of Charles X as the new French king to prevent his Huguenot nephew Henry of Navarre from taking the throne.
In response to the Spanish conquest attempt in the previous year which sends British Queen Elizabeth I , the English armada led by Admiral Sir Francis Drake and General Sir John Norreys to the Iberian coast with orders to Spanish track warships and sink, the Portuguese rebels to to support the pretender António von Crato from an extramarital sideline of the house of Avis , which died out in 1580 , and to conquer the Azores . The expedition ends with heavy losses of its own without reaching the set goals. The attack on the port city of La Coruña is repulsed and Lisbon remains firmly in Spanish hands. The sack of the island of Porto Santo , part of the Madeira archipelago, remains Drake's only successful undertaking.
In marrying by proxy married on August 20 at Kronborg Castle in Denmark the Scottish King James VI. Princess Anna of Denmark and Norway . Almost two weeks later, the bride travels to Scotland , but has to turn off to Norway because of bad weather. The wedding, at which the bride and groom see each other for the first time, will finally take place on November 23 in Oslo .
- September 27 : The building of the Hofbräuhaus am Platzl is commissioned in Munich . Bavaria's Duke Wilhelm V had the building of the Hofbräu Munich brewery, founded in the same year, built for the beer needs of the Wittelsbacher Hof and its servants. With the production of brown beer , the farm's expenses should be reduced, since the beer had to be imported from the Lower Saxony Hanseatic city of Einbeck or bought from private breweries .
science and technology
- David Fabricius produced the first East Frisian map printed in East Frisia under the title Nie und warhäftige Beschrivinge des Ostfresland .
- Abraham Ortelius draws the Maris Pacifici map , the first printed map of the Pacific .
- The grammar school on Münsterplatz in Basel is founded.
- The French priest Jehan Tabourot published under the pseudonym Thoinot Arbeau , an anagram of his name, the work Orchésographie et traité en forme de dialogue, par lequel toutes personnes peuvent facilement apprendre et pratiquer l'honneste exercice des dances about the dances of his time.
The electoral councilor in Trier , Dietrich Flade , was arrested on April 22 at the instigation of Auxiliary Bishop Peter Binsfeld on charges of witchcraft . He was sentenced to death by fire on September 18 and executed on the same day.
The presumably mentally ill Peter Stump is found guilty by the courts in Bedburg on October 28th for having committed at least 16 murders, rape and incest in the form of a werewolf . Furthermore, he is accused of magic and living with a "devil". A few days later he is wheeled and beheaded to death. The case is receiving attention across Europe. After Stump, werewolves in the Rhineland are still called Stüpp today .
- The witch trials in the county of Werdenfels , which lasted until 1591, begin. A total of 127 people are accused of witchcraft, 48 of whom were executed over the course of three years and three others perished in custody.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 8 : Ivan Gundulić , Croatian nobleman and Baroque writer from Dubrovnik, Republic of Ragusa († 1638 )
- February 8 : Peter Melander von Holzappel , Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial League troops from 1647 until his death († 1648 )
- February 28 : Maarten Gerritszoon de Vries , Dutch navigator and explorer († 1647 )
- March 3 : Gisbert Voetius , Dutch Reformed theologian († 1676 )
- March 28 : Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset , English nobleman and statesman († 1624 )
- April 17 : Martin Zeiller , German compilation and travel writer († 1661 )
- April 18 : John of Sweden , Duke of Östergötland and Finland († 1618 )
- April 28 : Margaret of Savoy , Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat, Spanish Viceroy of Portugal († 1655 )
- August 12 : Ulrich von Pomerania , Protestant Bishop of Cammin and (non-ruling) Duke of Pomerania († 1622 )
- September 1 : Giovanni Pesaro , 103rd Doge of Venice († 1659 )
- September 7th : August of Saxony , administrator of the diocese of Naumburg († 1615 )
- October 7th : Maria Magdalena of Austria , Grand Duchess of Tuscany († 1631 )
- November 30th : Andreas Brunner , Bavarian Jesuit and historian († 1650 )
- December 18 : Christoph Neander , Kreuzkantor in Dresden († 1625 )
- December 20 : Antonius Aemilius , German historian and philosopher († 1660 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abu al-Hasan , miniature painter of the Indian Mughal Empire († around 1630 )
- James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton , Scottish nobleman († 1625 )
- Caterina Martinelli , Italian singer († 1608 )
- Quirinus Cubach , German historian, lawyer and poet († 1624 )
First half of the year
- January 5 : Catherine de Medici , Queen of France, wife of a regent of the Valois dynasty and mother of nine children (* 1519 )
- January 14th : Francis Kett , English doctor (* around 1547 )
- January 18 : Magnus Heinason , Faroese sea hero (* 1545 )
- February 2 : Andreas Dudith , Hungarian humanist and diplomat (* 1533 )
- February 18 : Tilemann Stella , German librarian, mathematician, geometer, cartographer and astronomer (* 1525 )
- March 2 : Alessandro Farnese , Italian cardinal (* 1520 )
- March 19 : Heo Chohui , Korean poet, writer, painter and artist (* 1563 )
- March 23 : Martin Cromer , Polish historian, theologian and bishop (* 1512 )
- April 4 : Benedict the Mohr , Catholic saint (* 1526 )
- April 10 : Margareta von Chlum , Abbess of the Gandersheim Monastery (* before 1531)
- May 3rd : Julius , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (* 1528 )
- May 9 : Paulo Dias de Novais , Portuguese explorer (* around 1510 )
- May 14 : William Cooke , English politician (* around 1537)
- May 18 : Charles II , Lord of Monaco (* 1555 )
- May 20 : Anna Maria , Princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Duchess of Württemberg (* 1526 )
Second half of the year
- July 27 : Dirck Jansz Graeff , Amsterdam wholesaler, shipowner and mayor (* 1532 )
- July 29 : Anna Maria , Countess Palatine von Simmern, Princess of the Palatinate and Swedish Crown Princess (* 1561 )
- August 2nd : Heinrich III. , King of France and King of Poland (* 1551 )
- August 31 : Jurij Dalmatin , reformer and translator of the Bible into Slovenian (* 1547 )
- October 9 : Friedrich Pensold , German philologist and physicist (* 1530 )
- October 31 : Peter Stump , victim of the witch hunt in Bedburg (* 1525 )
- November 14th : Philipp Apian , cartographer of Bavaria (* 1531 )
- November 26 : Heinrich Moller , German Protestant theologian (* 1530 )
- November 26th : David Voit , German Protestant theologian (* 1530 )
- December 16 : Michael Bajus , one of the most important theologians of the Catholic Church in the 16th century (* 1513 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Marcin Lwówczyk , Polish composer (* around 1540 )
- Philothea of Athens , Orthodox saint and city patroness of Athens (* 1522 )