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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bedburg
Map of Germany, position of the city of Bedburg highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 0 ′  N , 6 ° 34 ′  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Cologne
Circle : Rhein-Erft district
Height : 70 m above sea level NHN
Area : 80.42 km 2
Residents: 23,658 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 294 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 50181
Primaries : 02272, 02463Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : BM
Community key : 05 3 62 004

City administration address :
Am Rathaus 1
50181 Bedburg
Website :
Mayor : Sascha Solbach ( SPD )
Location of the city of Bedburg in the Rhein-Erft district
Köln Kreis Düren Kreis Euskirchen Kreis Heinsberg Kreis Mettmann Leverkusen Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Bedburg Bergheim Brühl (Rheinland) Elsdorf (Rheinland) Erftstadt Frechen Hürth Kerpen Pulheim Wesselingmap
About this picture
St. Lambertus Church in Bedburg

Bedburg is a town in the Rhineland in North Rhine-Westphalia with around 25,000 inhabitants. It belongs to the Rhein-Erft district in the administrative district of Cologne . Since 2011 it has had the status of a middle district town .



The total area of ​​the city amounts to 8,033 ha (80.33 km²), of which 16.9% (13.58 km²) is settlement and traffic area and 83.1% (66.75 km²) is open space. About 60% of the area is used for agriculture . With a forest share of only about 7.3%, Bedburg is one of the poorly forested regions in North Rhine-Westphalia (state average NRW: 26%). In relation to the total area, Bedburg is the fourth largest city in the Rhein-Erft district, but has the second fewest inhabitants of the cities in the Rhein-Erft district. The small proportion of settlement area is also due to the historical opencast mine and the opencast mine landscapes.

Location and neighboring cities

Bedburg is located on the left bank of the Rhine in the Cologne Bay between the cities of Düsseldorf , Cologne , Mönchengladbach and Aachen and borders the Rhineland Nature Park and, clockwise, the following cities and communities: Jüchen , Grevenbroich , Rommerskirchen , Bergheim , Elsdorf , Titz and, indirectly, Erkelenz . It is the northernmost town in the Rhein-Erft district and borders in the northeast on the Rhine district of Neuss and in the west on the district of Düren .

rivers and lakes

The river Erft runs in its widest path through Bedburg. In Altkaster there is the Kasterer See, a recultivated area with hiking trails. The Peringsmaar (Peringsee) is also located between Bedburg and Bergheim . It is part of the recultivated areas of the Fortuna / Garsdorf open-cast lignite mine . It is planned to connect the Peringsmaar with the Erft.

City structure

Bedburg is divided into 14 districts.

District Residents
Bedburg 4,666
Blerichen 2,384
Broich 1,052
Grottoes 385
Caster 6.124
Kirchherten 1,960
Kirchtroisdorf 1,040
Kirdorf 1.101
Kleintroisdorf 153
Königshoven 1,908
Lip 2,309
Oppendorf 89
Pütz 301
Rath 930
Bedburg as a whole 24,402

As of November 30, 2015, residents with main residence


Source: Demography report of the city of Bedburg

Population development

Population development of Bedburg from 1977 to 2016
  • 1977: 18.488
  • 1982: 19.112
  • 1987: 20.215
  • 1992: 22,457
  • 1997: 23.885
  • 2000: 24.237
  • 2003: 24,821
  • 2006: 24,926
  • 2009: 24,782
  • 2010: 24,647
  • 2011: 24,608
  • 2012: 24,809
  • 2013: 23,981
  • 2014: 23,037
  • 2016: 23,577
  • 2019: 24,884

Since 2001 there has been no more natural population growth in Bedburg, since then the population has only grown through gains in immigration . In 2006 the population fell for the first time compared to the previous year. From 2006 to 2019, the Bedburg population fell by 42 people.

age structure

Population aged from ... to under ... years, proportion of the total population in%
year under 6 6-18 18-25 25-30 30-50 50-65 65 and older
2000 6.2 13.8 7.6 5.8 34.1 18.0 14.5
2009 4.5 12.9 7.9 4.8 31.1 20.7 18.1

If one looks at the long-term development of the city of Bedburg, one finds that Bedburg reflects Germany 's demographic problem . From 1979 to 2011 the proportion of the individual age groups shifted. Not enough children are born in Bedburg and as a result the population is aging. In 1979 the 10 to 20 year olds still had the largest share of the population; In 2011 the 40 to 50 year olds had the largest and the 10 to 20 year olds the smallest. In 2010, the average age of a Bedburger was 43.3 years ( median 44 years). IT NRW predicts a rapid aging of the Bedburg population in the next twenty years. Child and family friendliness is therefore an important factor for Bedburg.

Migration and Naturalization

In 2010 a total of 2,247 foreigners lived in Bedburg, their share of the total population was 9.1%. From 1980 to 2000 the number of foreigners in Bedburg increased continuously. In the following years it sank until 2010. In 2010, 17 people were naturalized in Bedburgs . In the years 2000 to 2010 there were a total of 416 citizens (average: 38 naturalizations per year).

Work structure

In 2011, 3,030 employees subject to social security contributions were working in Bedburg (self-employed and civil servants not included). Of these, 44.6% work in the sector Other services , 35.6% in the sector trade, hotels and restaurants , transport and warehousing , 18.6% in the sector Manufacturing industries and 1.1% in the primary sector (see also sector ). The number of these employees at the Bedburg workplace increased by 5.6% between 2005 and 2011. In 2011 the number of registered unemployed was 558 (2.4% of the total population at the time). Between 2005 and 2011, the number of unemployed fell by around 40%. The positive economic development and the increase in business settlements can be named as reasons for this.


The historical center of Bedburg extends around the market square between the Bedburg Castle and the St. Lambertus Church with buildings from probably the 17th to the early 20th century. The palace is one of the largest and most important aristocratic residences in the Rhineland . Its beginnings go back to a Gothic three-wing complex from the 13th century. After the destruction in the Truchsessian War (1584), the reconstruction was probably carried out by the Jülich court architect Alessandro Pasqualini or a master builder from his area. The facility is surrounded by a park and shielded from the main road by a gatehouse.


The place Bedburg was 893 for the first time in the land register of Prüm Abbey as Betbure mentioned the first time in 1295 as a town ( " oppidum ") is. Bedburg was owned by the Counts of Saffenberg in the 12th century; in 1175, after they died out, they were inherited by the Counts of Sayn . In the Middle Ages Bedburg and the neighboring Kaster (now part of Bedburg) were the scene of the armed conflicts between the Archbishops of Cologne and the counts (later dukes) of Jülich over the question of power in the Erftraum. Due to the defeat of Kurköln in the Battle of Worringen , the fiefdoms changed constantly. From 1384 Bedburg became part of the subordinate rule in the Electoral Cologne Office of Hülchrath . The city took part in the history of Kurköln until the French period in 1794.

The city of Bedburg in its current form is still young. On January 1, 1975, the former cities of Bedburg and Kaster and the former municipalities of Lipp, Königshoven and Pütz were merged to form the new city of Bedburg by the Cologne Act . The offices of Bedburg and Königshoven at that time were dissolved.

As a result of the lignite mining in the Rhenish lignite district , several villages with a total of almost 7,000 inhabitants had to be relocated within the urban area since the 1950s, including Königshoven , which was first mentioned in 1311 . The city of Bedburg now has almost 25,000 inhabitants (more on this in the section on population development ).

Between civil war and werewolf panic

The siege of Bedburg by the Catholics in 1584

Bedburg gained historical importance in the 1580s in connection with the direct precursor of the Thirty Years' War , the so-called "Cologne War" or " Truchsessian War " (1582–1587). The trigger was the attempted introduction of Protestant teaching in the Archbishopric and Electorate of Cologne by Archbishop Gebhard I. von Waldburg from 1581. Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg found support in his powerful liege, Count Adolf von Neuenahr , who was also Lord von Bedburg . The count had introduced Protestant doctrine in his dominions in Moers and Bedburg and was supported by the population, not least by the wealthy farmers who acted as opinion leaders in the rural community. In 1584 Bedburg was besieged by the Catholic troops under the command of Count Werner von Salm-Reifferscheidt and finally conquered in 1585. The surrounding land was largely devastated.

The crimes, the torture and the execution of the "Werewolf of Bedburg" in 1586
Palace chapel and knight academy

This war was a forerunner of the Thirty Years' War insofar as mercenary armies devastated the country on a large scale, churches burned down (in two cases even with the congregation assembled in them) and systematically plundered - also in the areas that were subordinate to their employer. However, the end of the fighting did not end the suffering of the population. Now gangs of robbers, presumably released mercenaries, ruled the area between the Erft and the Rhine. But the Catholic castle garrison of Bedburg also acted as highwaymen. In 1587, the Spanish and Bavarian mercenaries of Count von Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck near Jüngersdorf (now part of Cologne) killed an entire trade train without being held accountable. It can be assumed that many or all of the murders later accused of the Bedburg werewolf were in fact committed by these gangs.

Rhenish Knight Academy

In 1839 members of the Rhenish knightly nobility acquired the Bedburg Castle and opened the Rhenish Knight Academy on May 1, 1842 , the forerunner of today's “Silverberg Gymnasium”. Until 1850 it was only accessible to the nobility, from then on it was also open to middle-class students and in 1929 it was converted into the "Städtische Realgymnasium Bedburg". The building of the former Rhenish Knight Academy in the immediate vicinity of the castle was demolished in 2011 together with the castle chapel designed by Vincenz Statz . The reason for this was structural damage as a result of insufficient or badly damaged foundations. A collapse of the two buildings could ultimately no longer be ruled out, and in the opinion of the responsible local politicians and the owner, repairing the structural damage was no longer economically justifiable. Bedburg Castle is not affected by the structural damage.


Allocation of seats in the city council
A total of 36 seats
Council election 2014
Turnout: 54.05% (2009: 57.97%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2009
 % p

City council

The city ​​council is the municipal representative body of the city of Bedburg. The citizens decide on the composition every five years. The last election took place on May 25, 2014.


In the election as mayor on May 25, 2014, Sascha Solbach became the new Mayor of Bedburg. With 57.8 to 42.2 percent, the SPD man replaced the long-time CDU mayor Gunnar Koerdt . The deputy mayor is Helmut Breuer, who is also the local mayor of Lipp . The second deputy mayor is Hans Schnäpp. In each district there is a local mayor who represents the interests of the citizens in relation to the city council, the city administration and other authorities.

Town twinning

Bedburg maintains a town partnership with Vetschau in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district in Brandenburg .

badges and flags

coat of arms

Blazon : The coat of arms of the city shows, divided above in the red field sprinkled with five silver (white)“ awakenings ”, a two-tailed, crowned, growing, silver (white) red-tongued lion; below in silver (white) a red label, above it a five-legged blue tournament collar. "

The coat of arms in its current form exists on the basis of a council resolution since the municipal reorganization and the so-called " Cologne Law ", which united the five places Bedburg, Kaster, Königshoven, Lipp and Pütz to form the city of Bedburg.

Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms shows the Heinsberger Löwen ( Limburger Löwen ) and five "Wecken" in the upper part which led the gentlemen to Bedburg in their coat of arms and below the symbols of the Counts of Salm-Reifferscheid. The five "Wecken" represent the five former parishes.


As a banner: red / white / red in a ratio of 1: 4: 1, striped lengthways with the city's coat of arms a little above the center. As a hoist flag: red / white / red in a ratio of 1: 4: 1, striped lengthways with the city's coat of arms in the central track, shifted slightly above the center upwards.

Culture and sights

Bedburg Castle


Grottenhertener mill
Evangelical Church in Kirchherten

See also: List of architectural monuments in Bedburg


See also: List of museums in the Rhein-Erft district

Parks and recreation


  • Kölnische Rundschau
  • Cologne city gazette
  • Radio Erft
  • Advertising mail / Sunday mail
  • Stattblatt - free, regional monthly magazine, which also appears in the municipality of Rommerskirchen , Jüchen and Grevenbroich .


Economy and Infrastructure



Bedburg has its own motorway connection on the A 61 . The following motorways and federal highways are in the immediate vicinity of the city area or can be reached in a few minutes by car: A 44 , A 540 , A 46 , A 4 , B 477 , B 55 , B 59 , B 264 .


Bedburg is on the Düren – Neuss railway line and on the Erftbahn .

line Line course Tact
RB 38 Erft-Bahn :
Bedburg (Erft)  - Glesch  - Pfaffendorf  - Zieverich  - Bergheim (Erft)  - Quadrath-Ichendorf  - Horrem  - Cologne-Ehrenfeld  - Cologne main station  - Cologne Messe / Deutz
Status: timetable change December 2017
30 min (Bedburg (Erft) –Horrem)
60 min (Horrem – Köln Messe / Deutz)
RB 39 Düssel-Erft-Bahn :
Düsseldorf Hbf  - Neuss Hbf  - Holzheim (near Neuss)  - Kapellen-Wevelinghoven  - Grevenbroich  - Gustorf  - Frimmersdorf  - Bedburg (Erft)
Status: timetable change December 2017
30 min (Düsseldorf – Grevenbroich)
60 min (Grevenbroich – Bedburg (Erft))
Former railways
Bedburg railway station

The Düren  - Bedburg section of the Düren - Neuss railway line fell victim to the Hambach opencast mine .

In 1898 the " Amelner Johännchen " started operations on the Bedburg - Niederembt  - Ameln route . The service of this line was stopped on March 17, 1953, because it was no longer profitable.


The bus traffic is carried out by the REVG .

line Line course
987 Bedburg Mitte - church / grottoes - small / church village - caster
988 Elsdorf bus station - Oberembt - Bedburg Bf
975 Horrem - Bergheim - Bedburg
924 Bedburg Bf - Bedburg-Rath - Bergheim-Niederaussem

Bike paths

There are numerous cycling and hiking trails in Bedburg. Including the Kaiser route , moated castle route and the Erft cycle route . The Straße der Energie , an adventure road / bike path, passes by the Peeringsmaar.


The nearest airports are


The closest ports are the Neuss-Düsseldorfer Hafen and the Cologne ports .


On August 1, 1883, the Bedburg sugar factory was founded. On May 18, 1995, it merged with the Jülich sugar factory to form a new company. The Bedburg factory was then closed on March 31, 1997. Most recently she had 127 employees.

Many companies are based in an industrial and commercial park in Bedburg / Bergheim called "Mühlenerft" near Bedburg. This area used to be an unused area of ​​RWE Power AG. In the future, the city plans to work with RWE to double this area. That would make it one of the largest industrial areas in the region.

In June 2011, the Chinese construction machinery manufacturer Sany opened a production facility in Mühlenerft. The group announced that it will conduct its European business from the business park in the future. Local politicians and the State Chancellery of North Rhine-Westphalia reacted euphorically to the occasion. In January 2012 the company announced that the initially claimed number of 600 employees must be halved. In 2016, the press reported an actual 40 employees at the plant, the company claimed 71 people.


The lignite industry is an important force in the region with many jobs. Since the end of operation of the lignite industry is in sight ( Garzweiler opencast mine : operation approved until 2045), alternatives are already being considered, for example the project terra nova of the Regionale 2010 , of which Bedburg is also a member.

The city of Bedburg has a 49% stake in the Königshovener Höhe wind farm , which is located on a recultivated area of ​​the Garzweiler opencast mine.

Public facilities

  • Basic care hospital: St. Hubertus-Stift Bedburg with 70 beds. Specialist departments: internal medicine, surgery, anesthesia and intensive care medicine.


  • monte mare : indoor swimming pool with sauna and wellness area (opened on May 3, 2010)


  • Bedburg Community Primary School (Wilhelm Busch School)
  • Community elementary school Kirdorf (Anton-Heinen-Schule)
  • Kichherten community elementary school (sibling star school)
  • Catholic Primary School Kaster (St. Martinus Primary School)
  • Community Secondary School Bedburg (Arnold von Harff School)
  • Realschule Bedburg
  • Silverberg High School Bedburg
  • Montessori children's home in Bedburg-Kirchtroisdorf


Bedburg belongs to the district court district Bergheim .


Honorary citizen

  • 1990, February 10: Leo Noppeney, CDU, 1961 to 1969 mayor of the city of Bedburg, 1975 to 1989 member of the council of the city of Bedburg, 1979 to 1984 first deputy mayor of the city of Bedburg, 1978 Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • 1990, February 10: Karl Friedrich Schild (born April 30, 1920 in Berlin, † September 19, 2008 in Bedburg), SPD, 1956 to 1961 and 1969 to 1975 mayor of Bedburg, 1964 to 1969 and 1971 to 1974 mayor of the Office of Bedburg, 1975 to 1989 member of the City Council of Bedburg
  • 2006, August 29: Hans Schmitz (* August 7, 1926 in Kerpen-Mödrath, † September 21, 2015 in Bedburg), SPD, former honorary mayor of Bedburg, 1961 council member of the Lipp community, 1968 deputy mayor, 1969 to 1976 mayor von Lipp, 1976 to 1997 member of the council of Bedburg, 1979 to 1988 deputy mayor of Bedburg, 1988 to 1994 mayor of Bedburg, until 1998 member of the district council

Sons and daughters

People connected to Bedburg


  • Hans Georg Kirchhoff and Heinz Braschoss: History of the city of Bedburg. Bedburg 1992.
  • Peter Kremer: The werewolf of Bedburg. Attempt to reconstruct the werewolf trial of 1589. Düren 2005. (on the case of Peter Stump )
  • Uwe Depcik: Bedburg (Pictures paperback)
  • Roland Günter: Art walks in the Rhineland. Bels art walks. Stuttgart, Zurich 1979. ISBN 3-7630-1258-3

Web links

Commons : Bedburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. Bedburg and Elsdorf from 2011 "Middle district towns" , GVBl. NRW, Aachener Zeitung dated December 9, 2009, p. 679, accessed on October 28, 2009
  3. ^ City of Bedburg - population figures of the localities , official website of the city, accessed on February 10, 2016
  4. Demography Report. 1st update 2012. (PDF) Stadt Bedburg, p. 12 , accessed on February 6, 2016 .
  5. Population figures - as of October 31, 2019
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 300 .
  7. "Hillebrand wants to step on the gas in case of demolition" ( Memento of the original from January 28, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. ^ City of Bedburg. Council election - overall result. May 25, 2014, accessed April 25, 2015 .
  9. Main statute of the city of Bedburg, December 15, 2009, § 2. Accessed on December 24, 2012 .
  10. newspaper article Kölnische Rundschau from July 22nd and 26th, 2000
  11. ^ Norbert Kurth: Message. In: Rhein-Erft-Rundschau . May 23, 2016.
  12. ↑ Service description St. Hubertus-Stift . Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  13. monte mare opens in Bedburg . Retrieved March 2, 2016.


  1. An outstanding event in this context was e.g. B. the battle of Worringen in 1288.