|Bundesstrasse 55 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||213 km|
|Bundesstrasse 55 as Aachener Strasse in Cologne|
Reichsstraße 55 , introduced in 1934, linked three sections that were built in the 1820s.
- The Koblenz-Mindener Landstrasse was built in several stages between 1816 and 1828 and was intended to connect the Prussian garrison towns of Koblenz and Minden by the shortest route possible. The northern part of Koblenz-Mindener Landstrasse was later numbered as Reichsstrasse 61 , while the southern section from Olpe via Freudenberg to Kirchen was not elevated to Reichsstrasse.
- The Cologne-Olper Chaussee , built between 1823 and 1834 , led from Cologne along the Agger River into the Oberbergisches Land . After its completion, a stagecoach has operated between Cologne and Olpe since 1835 .
- The Cologne-Jülicher Strasse was the main connecting road between Cologne and Aachen until the Cologne-Dürener Strasse was expanded . A large part of this route, for example Aachener Strasse in Cologne, has its roots in the Via Belgica , a Roman trunk road from Cologne via Jülich , Maastricht to Boulogne-sur-Mer .
In 2015, the new bridge of the B 55 over the state road 124 was started in Deutz am Deutzer Ring . The new building was released on December 21, 2016.
- The section between Jülich , Elsdorf and Bergheim fell victim to the Hambach open-cast lignite mine and was replaced by a new route in the 1980s. As a result, the B 55 no longer begins in Jülich (junction Römerstraße / Große Rurstraße / Neusser Straße), but at the junction Jülich-Ost (8) of the A 44 . The sections that still exist are now listed as L 136 (Jülich - Stetternich), K 42 (Elsdorf - Bergheim) and L 361 (Bergheim - Cologne). The section between Overath and Derschlag was also downgraded to L 136. The earlier course can partly be recognized within the localities from the street names (Kölner Landstrasse, Aachener Strasse, Kölner Strasse, Cologne-Aachener Strasse).
- The section between Refrath and Derschlag was replaced by the A 4 .
- The original route through Cologne over the Deutz Bridge was replaced by this after the Severinsbrücke was rebuilt.
- For through traffic, there is an alternative route in Cologne called Bundesstraße 55a via Innere Kanalstraße and Zoobrücke to the federal motorway junction Cologne-East .
- The section between Cologne and Elsdorf was replaced by the A 1 , A 4 and A 61 .
- Detailed route description of the Erwitte - Meschede section, which was previously planned as federal motorway 47
- Detailed route description of the section Jülich - Bergheim, which was previously planned as Federal Motorway 54
- Cologne city area and Lippstadt bypass with four lanes; Anröchte - Erwitte four-lane motorway-like
- Cologne district (ed.): Official Journal . Cologne November 26, 2007.