|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Cologne|
|Circle :||Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis|
|Height :||100 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||68.88 km 2|
|Residents:||27,100 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||393 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||51491|
|Primaries :||02206, 02204, 02207|
|License plate :||GL|
|Community key :||05 3 78 024|
|LOCODE :||DE OVR|
|City structure:||7 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Jörg Weigt ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Overath in the Rheinisch-Bergisch district|
Neighboring cities and towns
Overath borders (clockwise) in the west Rösrath and in the northwest Bergisch Gladbach (both Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis ), in the north Kürten (Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis), in the northeast Lindlar and in the east Engelskirchen ( Oberbergischer Kreis ) and in the southeast Much , im south Neunkirchen-Seelscheid and southwest Lohmar ( Rhein-Sieg-Kreis ).
In addition to the main town with around 8,000 inhabitants, the city of Overath includes the following districts:
Further localities are the districts:
Abelsnaaf - Aggerhof - Aggermühle - Alemich - Altenbrück - Bettenachen - Bengelshöhe - Bernsau - Birken - Birkenhof - Bixnaaf - Bixnaafermühle - Blindenaaf - Blindenaafermühle - Breidenassel - Breitenstein - Brombacherberg - Broich - Bridge - Büchel - Burg - Burghof - Burgholz - Büscherhöfchen - Büscherhöfchen - Büscherhöfchen - Büscherhöfchen Cyriax - Dahl - Diepenbroich - Eulenthal - Fahn - Falcon me - Federath - Ferrenberg - Fischermühle - Großbernsau - Gross Buchholz - large or Scheid - Großhurden - Großschwamborn - pit Nicholas - Hagen - Halfenslennefe - Halzemich - hammer mill - Hardt - Hentgesnaaf - height - hooves - Hufenstuhl - Katzemich - Kepplerburg - cherry - Klef - Klefhaus - small or Scheid - Kleinschwamborn - cottas - Krahwinkel - Kram - Kramp height - Kreutz house - Landwehr - Leffelsend - Linde - Lokenbach - Lölsberg - Lombachsmühle - Lorkenhöhe - Meegen - Meegen - Meesbalken - Mittelbech - Mittelauel - Neichen - New house - Niedergrützenbach - Oberauel - Obergrützenbach - Obermiebach - Obersteeg - O bervilkerath - or separator Berg - or discriminator field - Probst bar - rapping Hohn - Rittenberg - Rott - Rottfeld - Schalken - skew Thal - loop Thal - Schmitz Büchel - Schommelsnaaf - threshold Mühle - Siebelsnaaf - Siefen - Tixhoven - Unterauel - Untermiebach - Untervilkerath - Vilshoven - Four bridges - Voßwinkel - Warth - water - Weißenstein - Wüststeimel
When it was first mentioned around 1065, the place was called "Achera" (after the Agger ). Presumably because of the settlement on the Aue clearing, the name changed to "Ouerode" (around 1280), "Ovverode" (1304), "Overadt" (1582), and finally to "Overath". At that time, the Archbishop of Cologne in Anno II transferred the court association Achera - divided into Oberacher ( achera superior ) and Unteracher ( achera inferior ) - with all accessories to the Siegburg Abbey he had founded , making the Abbot of Siegburg lord and liege lord in Overath. Anno had acquired Ober- and Unteracher from the bishop of Utrecht and from a count Konrad by exchange. In 1363, after previous pledging of the rightful in 1311 and the lower jurisdiction of Overath and Altenrath to Count Adolf VI. von Berg , by transferring the office of Löwenberg to the Counts of Berg. After that, Overath belonged to the Duchy of Berg , after the Bergisch office division Overath was assigned to the office of Steinbach .
The district of Cyriax was founded as a cloister courtyard by the Siegburg monastery or was given to it. The farm is about 1.5 km from the city center in the immediate vicinity of the Overath school center (with grammar school , secondary school and secondary school ). Today there is no more agriculture , but the farm and the properties are still preserved.
"I saw a beautiful lead-roofed church, a silver-clear river in which there were a lot of trout, the Agger, a castle planted with beautiful trees owned by the nobles of Bernsau and a wonderful, sweet girl, a real feast for the eyes."
In the course of the municipal reorganization , parts of the city of Bensberg (districts Untereschbach and Immekeppel) and the municipalities of Hohkeppel and Rösrath were incorporated into the municipality in accordance with Section 10 of the Cologne Act on January 1, 1975 . On January 1, 1997, the municipality was granted the so-called town charter, which means that from now on it was allowed to use the designation "town".
Population figures according to the respective area. Values up to 1970 come from the census . Values from 1975 onwards come from the official update of the administration and refer to the city area enlarged in 1975 by the Cologne Act § 10.
According to the 2011 census , 49.5% of the population in 2011 were Roman Catholic , 20.7% Protestant and 29.8% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then. As of December 31, 2018, of the 27,281 residents, 5,050 (18.5%) were Protestant, 12,243 (44.9%) were Roman Catholic and 36.6% were non-denominational or belonged to another religious community.
The city council has 44 seats and is elected every five years.
- 1808–1811: Anton Steeger, Maire
- 1811–1814: Anton Wermelskirchen, Maire
- 1815: Leonhard Hamm
- 1815–1818: Johann Höller
- 1818: Ludwig Stucker
- 1818–1840: Wilhelm Finkelnburg
- 1841–1849: Johann Burrus
- 1849–1851: Alderman Roland Offermann
- 1851–1862: Gustav Doll
- 1862–1865: Karl Freiherr von Müffling
- 1865–1897: Jakob Noever
- 1897–1921: Christian Simons
- 1921–1927: Johann Broichhaus
- 1927–1935: Franz Bennauer
- 1935–1936: Walter Müller, acting mayor
- 1936–1945: Hermann Hover (NSDAP)
- 1945–1946: Heinrich Decker (SPD)
- 1946–1948: Johannes Scharrenbroich (CDU)
- 1948–1958: Jakob Heun (CDU)
- 1958–1961: Emil Steinbach (CDU)
- 1961–1972: Johann Büscher (CDU)
- 1972–1994: Josef Büscher (CDU)
- 1994–1999: Siegfried Reimann (CDU)
- 1999-2004: Heinz-Willi Schwamborn (CDU)
- 2004–2014: Andreas Heider (CDU)
Acting mayor has been Jörg Weigt (SPD) since 2014. He was elected on June 15, 2014 in a runoff election with 66.97% of the valid votes.
The city of Overath's debts as of December 31, 2012 amounted to 101.44 million euros (3790 euros per inhabitant). As one of the first municipalities in Germany, the city of Overath voluntarily adopted a so-called sustainability statute for the area of urban finances on December 10, 2014 , through which the city aims to prevent a further increase in debt, reduce existing debt and make it permanent ensure the city's financial performance and ability to act.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Divided by silver and blue, above a striding, double-tailed, blue-crowned, blue-armored red lion, below a floating golden bell."|
Reasons for the coat of arms: The lion is the Bergisch lion . It illustrates the earlier belonging to the domain of the Count von Berg .
The church bell is said to stand for bell founders who lived in Overath from the 14th to the 16th centuries . There are doubts whether bells were ever cast in Overath. Around 130 bells have survived to this day, which can be attributed to the workshop of a “von Ouerraide” family, although this was probably based in Cologne.
Overath is twinned with the city of Pérenchies in France and with Colne Valley, an urban district of Kirklees in England . The Franco-German partnership was sealed in 1973 by the mayors Josef Büscher (Overath) and Roger Dutriez (Pérenchies).
Culture and sights
The ruins of Großbernsau Castle are near the federal road 55 from Overath in the direction of Engelskirchen in a freely accessible forest and can be visited at any time.
The Evangelical Reconciliation Church is located in Kapellenstrasse in the main town of Overath .
In the Neichen district you will find the Peace Church of the "Free Church Overath".
In the district of Steinenbrück there is a congregation of the New Apostolic Church .
The SSV Overath 1919 e. V. is the popular sports club in the Overather center. Football, handball, basketball, fistball, volleyball, athletics, children's gymnastics and sports gymnastics are offered.
The Karate-Do Overath e. V. has been offering Shotokan Karate in Overath since 2001 .
Numerous clubs shape the music scene in Overath. The men's choir and the “Edelweiß” drum corps are firm fixtures in Overather's club life and are also involved beyond musical activities. Another big name is the Big Band Overath under the direction of Dirk Pawelka , which is now known far beyond the city's borders.
The Big Band Overath regularly organizes big band festivals, concerts and similar events in Overath and the surrounding area.
The Whitsun YuAi ( Japanese : friendship meeting) is the largest popular karate sporting event in Germany. It has been organized by the North Rhine-Westphalia karate umbrella organization since 1991. The organizer has been Karate-Do Overath e. V.
The Overath Rockcity Open Air Festival has been taking place in Overath once a year since 2004. After a break in 2007, the fourth edition of the music festival took place on August 16, 2008 in Overath Cyriax.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Cologne / Bonn airport is accessible by passenger cars in about 25 minutes.
Rail and bus transport
Due to the favorable traffic situation to Cologne and Bonn, many commuters live in Overath.
Overath is on the Aggertalbahn (KBS 459). The Oberbergische Bahn (RB 25) runs every half hour to Cologne and Engelskirchen and continues via Gummersbach and Meinerzhagen to Lüdenscheid every 60 minutes. The travel time between Overath and Köln Hbf is around 35 minutes.
In local road transport , bus routes run from Overath train station to the districts of Heiligenhaus, Marialinden, Steinenbrück, Untereschbach and Vilkerath and on to Gummersbach , Bergisch Gladbach , Siegburg and Much . A citizens' bus runs from the city center to the surrounding urban areas that are not served by buses.
Overath belongs to the tariff area of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg (VRS).
The B 55 crosses the city area. Coming from Cologne today it leads to the Overath junction via the A 4 and from there as a separate road to the east. The former route of the B 55 met the B 484 within the village of Overath , which begins there. Today the connection between this intersection and the Overath junction belongs to both the B 55 and the B 484.
An old trade route from Cologne to Siegen , the Brüderstraße , ran through the districts of Untereschbach , Steinenbrück , Heiligenhaus , Overath itself, the locations Burg and Landwehr and the district of Marialinden through the urban area.
On January 1, 2018, 21,268 vehicles were registered in Overath, of which 17,773 were cars.
In addition to the many hiking trails of the Sauerland Mountain Association and other organizations, the Way of St. James leads to Santiago de Compostela , coming from Marburg, with the next stage destination Cologne through Overath. At the Catholic parish church of Sankt Walburga there is a stele of the Jacob's Brotherhood and in the tower of the church there is a pilgrim's stamp. The opposite direction is signposted as the Elisabeth path, a pilgrimage route coming from Cologne in the direction of Marburg.
Dienes Werke GmbH & Co. KG has its headquarters and development department in Overath. It has existed since 1913 and today with over 400 employees - 200 of them in Overath - manufactures a wide variety of products for industrial cutting applications.
Metten Stein + Design GmbH & Co. KG produces materials for urban, landscape and garden design. These include concrete paving systems, concrete slabs, wall systems and natural stones for exterior design.
Karl Scharrenbroich GmbH & Co. KG has two production facilities in the city. The main plant is still in Overath itself. In metal processing, the company acts as a specialist in fineblanking technology, primarily as a supplier to the automotive industry.
The RLE International is an international service company.
Soennecken has relocated the company headquarters to Overath since 2007.
- Primary schools (6 in total) - 1,260 students
- Hauptschule - 390 students (in dissolution)
- At the Cyriax school center
- Overath Secondary School (under construction) - 112 students
- Bergische Realschule (BRO) (in dissolution) - 630 students
- Paul-Klee-Gymnasium (PKG) - 1,041 students
(Primary schools, secondary schools, BRO as of September 2009, PKG as of March 2015)
All primary schools have places in the open all-day primary school.
As an institution of the Catholic parish of St. Walburga in cooperation with the city of Overath, the St. Walburga city library is responsible for the general supply of information and literature. It is located in the city center on Steinhofplatz and has over 40,000 visitors a year. The media range includes 20,000 books, magazines, audio books, music CDs, CD-ROMs, DVDs, videos and board games. The offer also includes two internet workstations and online interlibrary loan. The promotion of reading for children occupies an important place in the range of events. The inventory catalog and further information can be found on the library homepage. (Status: July 2006)
There is a school library at the Cyriax school center.
Since 2011 there has been a public bookcase on the square in front of the Kulturbahnhof .
Overath does not have a hospital. Medical care is provided by the hospitals in the neighboring towns of Bergisch Gladbach (Bensberg) and Engelskirchen.
sons and daughters of the town
- Ferdinand Stiefelhagen (1822–1902), theologian and canon in Cologne, was born in the Marialinden district
- Martin Fassbender (1856–1943), professor of cooperatives, Catholic journalist and member of the Center Party, was born in the Steinenbrück district
- Heinrich Römer (1859–1931), head climber at the Lüderich mine , was born in the Immekeppel district
- Anna Müller-Tannewitz (1899–1988 / 1989), author of young adult books
- Herbert Engelsing (1904–1962), lawyer and film producer
Personalities who have worked in this city
- Albert Siebenmorgen (1894–1978), photographer, painter, local researcher and teacher, from 1919 to 1962 teacher in the Immekeppel district
- Helmut Krause (1913–2015), historical researcher and hobby archaeologist.
- Alexander von Cube (1927–2013), science journalist, lived in Overath
- Hans Blum ( Henry Valentino ) (* 1928), composer, lyricist, music producer and singer, lives in the Untergründemich district
- Gero Bisanz (1935–2014), soccer player and soccer coach, lived in Overath
- Peer Augustinski (1940-2014), actor, lived in Overath
- Peter Orloff (* 1944), pop singer, composer, lyricist, producer and actor, lives in Overath
- Hermann-Josef Frisch (* 1947), non-fiction author, worked as a pastor in Overath
- Rainer Deppe (* 1956), member of the state parliament for the Rheinisch-Bergisches Kreis II
- Markus Maria Profitlich (* 1960), comedian, actor and voice actor, had his office in the Untereschbach district
- Theo Pagel (* 1961), director of the Cologne Zoo and author, lives in Overath.
- Henry Maske (* 1964), boxer, has bought a house near the town center
- Ingo Appelt (* 1967), comedian, lived in the Marialinden district
- Alexander Duszat ( Elton ) (* 1971), TV presenter ( TV total ), lives in the Großhurden district
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- cf. Hermann Keussen : The three journeys of Arnoldus Buchelius from Utrecht to Germany, especially his stay in Cologne II. ( DjVu format; on Wikisource ) In: Annals of the Historical Association for the Lower Rhine, especially the Old Archdiocese of Cologne , 85, 1908, p. 53
- Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X .
- Christian Simons: The Aggerthal near Overath. Kölner Verlags-Anstalt, 1901, p. 77
- Christian Simons: The Aggerthal near Overath. Kölner Verlags-Anstalt, 1901, p. 76
- overath.de/Einwohnerstatistik ( Memento from September 18, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- City of Overath Religion , 2011 census
- City of Overath population , accessed on April 19, 2020
- State Officer NRW
- The first men were sitting in Siegburg, accessed on March 16, 2015
- Jörg Weigt sworn in in the city council, accessed on March 16, 2015
- Mayor from 1808 to 1962 taken from: Franz Becher: 900 years Overath. Verlag Bücken & Sulzer, 2005, ISBN 3-936405-28-X , p. 166
- Overath newsletter, April 29, 2005
- election 2014
- Federal and Statistical Offices, Integrated Debt of the Municipalities and Municipal Associations - Proportional model calculation for the inter-municipal comparison - as of December 31, 2012
- Sustainability Statutes of the City of Overath from December 10, 2014 ( Memento from January 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Klemens Stadler, Otto Hupp: German coat of arms; Federal Republic of Germany: The municipal coat of arms of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Supplements and corrections to Volume 1 . Anglo-Saxon publishing house. Volume 7 de German coat of arms; Federal Republic of Germany. P. 77.
- Jörg Poettgen: On the history of the Overather coat of arms. In: Bergischer Geschichtsverein (ed.): Achera. Contributions to the history of the community of Overath. Episode 3 (1984). L. Wendland, Cologne, , pp. 12-27; ders .: Landschaftsverband Rheinland (Hrsg.): 700 years of bell casting in Cologne. Masters and workshops between 1100 and 1800. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 2005.
- Jörg Poettgen: The masters of the bell foundry workshop 'van Ouerraide'. New knowledge on an old topic. In: Achera: Contributions to the history of the city of Overath. Pp. 99-111. Ed .: Bergischer Geschichtsverein Overath, 2009
- Mourning for Roger Dutriez in Overath in the Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger of October 22, 2009, p. 39
- History 2001 on karate-do-overath.de
- Events of the Big Band Overath Homepage of the Big Band Overath
- Hebesatzung 2015. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 19, 2016 ; Retrieved September 19, 2016 .
- Stefan Brockmeier: Property tax B is supposed to save the budget . In: Kölner Stadtanzeiger / Bergisches Land of November 10, 2017.
- Rolf grits Bach, Elke Becker: Five years Bürgerbus in Overath. (PDF; 164 kB) October 22, 2014, accessed on July 22, 2015 .
- Mobility in North Rhine-Westphalia - data and facts 2018/2019. In: Road traffic. Ministry of Building, Housing, Urban Development and Transport of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, p. 66 (PDF; 14.2 MB, holdings on January 1, 2018).
- Anette-Heusch-Altenstein: Way of St. James - way of the pilgrims in Rhineland and Westphalia . tape 5 . Bachem, Köln 2007, ISBN 978-3-7616-2065-6 ( Book Description ( Memento from August 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) [accessed November 30, 2015]). Way of St. James - Paths of the pilgrims of St. James in Rhineland and Westphalia ( Memento from August 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Elisabethpfad 3 from Cologne to Marburg. Elisabethpfad e. V., accessed November 30, 2015 .
- Website of Metten Stein + Design GmbH & Co. KG
- Archive receives researcher's estate . In: Kölner Stadtanzeiger from 2/3 December 2017.
- Handover of the Helmut Krause collection , accessed on December 2, 2017.
- The "Grzimek vom Rhein" lives in Overath . In: Kölner Stadtanzeiger of March 21, 2019.
- Eva Miersch: Overath - A Little City History , Verlag Bücken & Sulzer, 2014 ISBN 978-3-936405-77-4
- Franz Becher: Overath through the ages. Jos. Schiefeling, Engelskirchen 1950.
- Franz Becher: 900 years of Overath. Verlag Bücken & Sulzer, 2005, ISBN 3-936405-28-X .
- Siegfried Raimann: Overath and the surrounding area. 23 circular hiking trails Bergisches Land. Verlag Bücken & Sulzer, 2004, ISBN 3-936405-10-7 .
- Theodor Rutt: Overath: History of the community. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1980, ISBN 3-7927-0530-3 .
- Lydia Kieven: cultural guide Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis . Heider, Bergisch Gladbach 1998, ISBN 3-87314-334-8 , p. 181-208 .
- Hartwig Soicke: Overath, World War I - crisis years (1914–1923). Verlag Bücken & Sulzer, Overath 2017, ISBN 978-3-947438-00-6 .
- Rheinisch-Bergischer Calendar , yearbook since 1920