|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Cologne|
|Circle :||Oberbergischer Kreis|
|Height :||124 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||63.03 km 2|
|Residents:||19,298 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||306 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||51766|
|Primaries :||02263, 02261 , 02262|
|License plate :||GM|
|Community key :||05 3 74 008|
|LOCODE :||DE EKI|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Gero Karthaus ( SPD )|
|Location of the community Engelskirchen in the Oberbergischer Kreis|
The municipality of Engelskirchen is located in the Bergisches Land in the southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia and is a municipality belonging to the Oberbergisches Kreis in the administrative district of Cologne .
Engelskirchen is located in the Aggertal in the west of the Oberbergischer Kreis and borders with Overath on the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis . In the north the municipality borders on Lindlar , in the east on Gummersbach , in the southeast on Wiehl and in the south on Much .
|Lindlar, Overath||Gummersbach, Wiehl|
Community structure (official places of the community)
|B.||Bellingroth - Bickenbach - Buschhausen|
|H||Hahn - Hardt - Hollenberg|
|M.||Miebach - Müllensiefen|
|O||Oesinghausen - Ötterstal - Osberghausen|
|R.||Remerscheid - Rennbruch - Rommersberg - Ründeroth|
|S.||Schnellenbach - Stiefelhagen|
|W.||Wahlscheid - Wallefeld - Wiehlmünden|
Former settlements that were incorporated
|Former place||incorporated after|
Development from 1792 to 1974
Until the local reorganization in 1975, the Engelskirchen mayor's office comprised the communities of Engelskirchen and Hohkeppel.
|of which the
|of which the
Development from 1975
Population development after the municipal reorganization and merging of Engelskirchen and Ründeroth:
(each as of December 31)
While the Germanization of the Rhineland in the second century BC Was almost completed, there is no evidence of permanent settlement at that time for the area of the Engelskirchen municipality; Excavation finds indicate hunters, traders and shepherds passing through. Reasons for the late settlement were probably the dense forest and the agger, which at that time had a significantly higher level than today.
Engelskirchen was first mentioned as an old Bergisch settlement in 1353, namely in the formulation: "Gerlaco von Engellerskerken is called as Wipperfürther Schöffe". The spelling of the first mention was Engellerskerken . The district of Ründeroth, which is mentioned for the first time in 1174, is older.
The Lindlar Fronhof was responsible for the parish of Engelskirchen, divided into the honors Ober- and Unter-Engelskirchen. In 1413 the responsible treasurer counted 45 farms in 28 farms in the municipality. Mining and metalworking were carried out in the parish early on; documentary evidence for the period before 1500 is rare. The oldest known half-timbered house is a mill, which can be found in documents for the first time in a lease from 1514. On May 3, 1566, the Duke of Berg granted iron hammer permission. In addition, the residents used the woods to extract charcoal for the ironworks and to manufacture barrel hoops , which were delivered to Cologne in the 15th and 16th centuries , where a special tire market was set up.
From 1800 to 1820
In 1806 Napoleon raised the Duchy of Berg to the Grand Duchy , which he divided into departments , arrondissements , cantons and Mairien in 1808 . In the Mairien the old honor and parish boundaries remained unchanged. The Honors Ober- and Unterengelskirchen, Tüschen and Vellingen belonged to the mayor's office in Engelskirchen . Engelskirchen was assigned to the canton of Lindlar and, due to the small number of inhabitants, formed a joint municipality with the parish of Hohkeppel.
After Napoleon's withdrawal, the Grand Duchy of Berg Prussia was awarded. During the subsequent reorganization of the administration, French names and terms were replaced by German ones. Alexander Court was appointed mayor in Lindlar and at the same time took over the co-administration of the mayor's office in Engelskirchen. Lindlar belonged to the district of Wipperfürth, which was part of the administrative district of Cologne .
From 1820 to 1850: The industrialization of Engelskirche
From the beginning to the middle of the 19th century, agriculture, handicrafts and, to a lesser extent, ore mining was practiced in Engelskirchen. Industrialization reached the area around Engelskirchen late. While in the German Confederation in 1850 the proportion of those employed in the commercial and industrial sector was over 25%, in the Wipperfürth district in 1855 it was only around 9%. In these years, the establishment of the Ermen & Engels cotton spinning mill and the expansion of the infrastructure were particularly important for the beginning industrialization of Engelskirchen.
extension of infrastructure
From 1824 to 1834 a cart path that had led from Cologne via Engelskirchen to Eckenhagen to the paved state road from Cologne to Minden was expanded and reinforced. The first section of the newly created Köln-Olper Chaussee from Cologne to Engelskirchen was opened in 1830. The section to Wegeringhausen was released in 1834. The road improved the connection of the area around Engelskirchen with the Rhine rail and enabled faster and cheaper transport of the goods produced. The new construction of the Köln-Olper Chaussee was followed from 1843 to 1845 by the paved expansion of a road through the Horpetal to Lindlar and the construction of the Leppestrasse to Kaiserau between 1853 and 1856.
Settlement of the Ermen & Engels cotton mill
In 1837 Friedrich Engels acquired an industrial building on the Agger, which he had converted into the Ermen & Engels cotton spinning mill . Production began in 1847. Engels had previously examined the establishment of a company in Barmen and the nearby Overath, but finally decided to move to Engelskirchen. In his opinion, Agger spoke in favor of Engelskirchen, as it could guarantee a reliable energy supply and also had a water quality that also allowed the water to be used as an operating medium in the dyeing plant. Another factor was the availability of cheap labor, because "... the residents are very poor and look forward to a new source of food with longing," says Engels. In addition, the well-developed traffic routes enabled relatively short travel times to Barmen, where the company's headquarters were in Engels, as well as to Cologne and Gummersbach. In the following years, the number of employees in the cotton mill increased. This also led to an increase in the number of inhabitants in Engelskirchen. In the 1850s, almost 50% of the population was employed in the textile mill.
From 1850 to 1900: railways and mining
In 1851 there were around 40 houses in Engelskirchen. In that year the first known picture of the place was created in the form of a pencil drawing. The "Railway Committee" founded in 1860 with Emil Engels heavily involved, campaigned for a connection between Engelskirche and the railway line to Siegburg , which was planned in 1880 and built from the end of 1882. Engelskirchen thus received a train station that was first served by the Aggertalbahn on October 15, 1884 . The railway connection and the Leppetalbahn to Marienheide, which opened in 1897, led to significantly lower freight costs for industrial companies and the quarries in Leppetal.
In addition to the Ermen & Engels company, which employed more than 600 people at its heyday, mining became one of the largest employers in Engelskirchen in the second half of the 19th century. While the extraction of ores and the smelting of iron were only of minor importance up to then, several mines were now in operation, which mined lead ores and zinc blende in particular . The most important pits included:
- The Castor mine , which was operated from 1853 and employed up to 392 people.
- The Silberkaule mine , which was closed again in 1893.
- The Bliesenbach mine , for which a horse-drawn carriage railway was relocated to Loope at the end of the 19th century.
- More mines there were around Kaltenbach , such as pit Litz , pit Braunfels and 15 lions piles pit .
- There were also a few smaller mining sites in Ründeroth and Hohkeppel.
The Bliesenbach, Castor and Silberkaule mines were particularly important for the population in the vicinity of Loope; at times up to 1,000 people were employed here. Loope was therefore also known as the “Miners' Village”.
From 1900 to 1913
While mining had economic problems after the turn of the century, the order situation of the Ermen & Engels cotton mill was good. The number of jobs and the income of the Engelskirchen population increased through the settlement of new businesses. In the period that followed, numerous apartments and public buildings were built. For this reason, the municipal council first set street names in 1905. In addition to the new building of the Catholic elementary school (opened in 1903) and the expansion of the old elementary school into a secondary school (completed in 1907), the St. Josef Hospital was expanded. On October 10, 1908, the first mayor's office in Engelskirchen could be occupied.
In 1908, the Busch & Co. company acquired the site of the disused iron smelting works in Unterkaltenbach and relocated its dental drill factory from Düsseldorf to Engelskirchen. In doing so, she laid the foundation for a rapidly growing tooth and twist drill industry in Engelskirchen. Busch & Co. developed into one of the most important dental drill manufacturers in the world in the following years; Former employees founded several companies in the years up to 1930, including the companies H & K Müller and Lukas-Erzett .
The relocation of the railway line, which ran between Loope and Ründeroth largely on Cologne-Olper Chaussee , changed the appearance of the town considerably. The municipality supported this relocation due to several collisions with wagons, personal accidents and inadequate safety measures along the existing route. Unemployed local miners and foreign workers built several railway embankments between 1909 and 1912, including on the Hardt and the section between Loope and Engelskirchen. The line between Ehreshoven and Engelskirchen was put back into operation on May 4, 1912. The opening of the section between Engelskirchen and Ründeroth followed on August 1, 1913.
From 1914 to 1923
With the beginning of the First World War in mid-1914, a mobilization also took place in Engelskirchen. The hospital was set up from November 1914 according to the needs of the army hospital administration. The first wounded reached the hospital that same month. By the end of the First World War, 90 soldiers from Engelskirchen had died.
After the armistice of November 11, 1918, the Reich government had to agree to the occupation of the right and left of the Rhine by the troops of the victorious powers. According to the Allied plans to occupy the Rhineland , British troops occupied a "bridgehead" with a radius of 30 km around Cologne. Engelskirchen was in a 10 km wide neutral zone that was supposed to separate occupied and unoccupied areas. After a short period of occupation by Canadian troops, the British army reached Engelskirchen on December 14, 1918. The soldiers first advanced as far as Loope and set up a border guard in Grünscheid; Passenger and freight traffic on the railway line between the Ehreshoven and Engelskirchen stations was blocked in December 1918. Engelskirchen was thus cut off from Cologne . The ensuing billeting of British troops was a heavy burden for the population. The reasons for this were in particular the lack of food and the attempts by the occupying forces to stop smuggling traffic with neighboring towns. When the resistance to signing the Versailles Treaty increased in Germany , several thousand British soldiers were briefly called in as reinforcements in mid-1919 and set up camps on the Miebach and Alsbach meadows .
With the resumption of train traffic in November 1919, smuggling through Engelskirchen increased sharply. In 1922 and early 1923, French soldiers patrolled the Agger and Leppetal several times and occupied the stations in Overath and Ründeroth with the aim of preventing goods and supply traffic. This should make smuggling more difficult and move Germany to deliver reparations more punctually . The French soldiers did not leave Ründeroth until October 22, 1924, while the British troops ended their station guard and customs barriers at the end of 1923.
From 1923 to 1945
After the end of the occupation, the electricity and gas supply of the industrial companies located in the Aggertal became increasingly important. The community therefore participated on March 15, 1923 in the establishment of the "Gasgesellschaft Aggertal mbH" and was soon connected to the gas network of the "Thyssenschen Gas- und Wasserwerke AG". In the years 1926 to 1933, the three dams Ohl / Grünscheid , Ehreshoven I and II were built , which were supposed to supply Engelskirchen with electricity. At the same time, the electricity and water networks were expanded in the remote districts.
When Hitler came to power on January 30, 1933, the political situation in Engelskirchen changed. In September 1933 all representatives of the KPD and SPD were banned from representative bodies ; Mayor Wilhelm Carl was suspended from office. On March 12, 1933, the citizens of Engelskirchen elected a local council for the last time; From 1934 onwards, relevant mandate holders were appointed and sworn in by the local NSDAP commissioner. The future mayor Edmund Schiefeling , owner of the Schiefeling printing company , editor and publisher of the government-critical Bergische Wacht , fled to the Rhineland and was imprisoned for months after his return. Engelskirchen now belonged to the Reichsgau Cologne-Aachen under the direction of Josef Grohé ; Engelskirchen and Hohkeppel each formed a local group in both communities.
From January 1945, large flows of refugees reached the Bergisches Land; Engelskirchen also took in numerous people. While other towns and communities in the area were bombed much earlier, Engelskirchen was only targeted by British forces shortly before the end of the war. In two bombings by the Second Tactical Airforce of the RAF on March 19 and 28, 1945, 278 people were killed, another 22 people died later due to war injuries sustained in the attacks. At the end of the war, Engelskirchen was 80% destroyed; approx. 50% of the water supply network and the sewer system were unusable. This made Engelskirchen the most heavily damaged place in the Rheinisch-Bergisch and Oberbergisch districts. By autumn 1947 a total of 646 war deaths had been recorded and registered, including 159 soldiers and 15 missing civilians as well as 22 residents who were killed while fleeing.
From 1945 to 1975
At the beginning of the post-war period, the reconstruction of the destroyed site had the highest priority. By December 1945 the slightly damaged apartments had been restored and the electricity, gas and water supplies secured; two bridges made it possible to cross the Agger . The municipality commissioned the "Oberberg construction company" with the organization, implementation and control of the reconstruction. The Cologne architect Wilhelm Riphahn , who fled to Engelskirchen, developed plans for the redesign of the site. Riphahn recommended the downsizing and reorganization of the land, the removal of the Leppetalbahn without replacement and the relocation and downsizing of the train station. A compromise proposal adapted to local conditions was implemented. The British military government planned at the same time to dismantle all spiral and tooth drilling operations in Engelskirche; after protests by the population, however, it was limited to the dismantling of the Arnold Bürstinghaus company .
On May 31, 1958, OVAG stopped operating the Leppetalbahn. The Landschaftsverband Rheinland had previously requested the removal of a number of bottlenecks in the Leppetal, which the OVAG was unable to finance. The route was then dismantled and converted into a footpath along the Leppe .
The expansion of the A4 autobahn from Cologne to Olpe in the years from 1965 onwards involved major structural measures and changes to the landscape. Both the citizens of the community and the road users supported the construction of the new motorway, as the B 55 caused increasing problems due to the constantly increasing number of vehicles. The planning of the work had already started in 1961, the planning approval ran in stages from 1965 to 1975. In the Engelskirchen area, in addition to many small bridges, two large structures were built: the Loopetalbrücke and the Kaltenbachtalbrücke . The L 302 bypass road , which was already taken into account in the planning approval procedure and which was supposed to connect Lindlar, the Leppetal and Wipperfürth , required the expropriation of 71 property owners and the demolition of four residential buildings. The motorway section from Cologne to Wiehl was opened on April 11, 1975, the L 302 three years later.
Since the municipal reorganization in 1975
On January 1, 1975, as part of the local reorganization in accordance with Section 13 (1) of the Cologne Act, the previously independent communities of Engelskirchen and Ründeroth were merged to form the new community of Engelskirchen. At the same time, the municipality was separated from the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis and assigned to the Oberbergischer Kreis. The reorganization took place after a multi-year, sometimes highly controversial planning phase. The wishes of smaller communities such as Hohkeppel were hardly taken into account. Particularly controversial was the naming of the new community created by the merger of the Ründeroth community and the Engelskirche office. In an inter-municipal committee, representatives from both places discuss various proposals. However, an agreement did not succeed because both sides wanted to push through their own name proposal. In a state parliament session, Franz-Josef Antwerpes therefore decided on the future community name. He justified his decision with the fact that Engelskirchen was the birthplace of Friedrich Engels. With the reorganization, the districts of Kastor (previously the municipality of Hohkeppel) and Hülsen, Niederhof, Rottland, the lower and upper state (previously the municipality of Overath) Engelskirchen were incorporated. Büddelhagen, Verr and Brächen were separated and assigned to the city of Wiehl.
The following church institutions are in Engelskirchen:
- Catholic parish of St. Peter and Paul
- Catholic parish of the Holy Family Hardt
- Catholic parish Herz-Jesu Loope
- Catholic parish of St. Jakobus Ründeroth
- Catholic parish of St. Mariä Namen Osberghausen
- New Apostolic Church
- Evangelical Church Community Engelskirchen-Loope
- Evangelical parish Ründeroth
- Evangelical parish of Schnellenbach
- Evangelical Free Church Community Vollmerhausen-Ründeroth
- Eyüp Sultan Camii Mosque in Engelskirchen-Hardt
The council of the municipality of Engelskirchen has 32 seats, which are distributed among the parties as follows:
- 1808–1809: Georg Klug
- 1809–1815: Johann Joseph David Friederichs
- 1815–1836: Franz Alexander Court, mayor for Lindlar, Engelskirchen and Hohkeppel
- 1836–1839: Heinrich Schade, Adolf Nelles, Johann Heinrich Bau, acting mayors
- 1839–1844: Johann Heinrich Bau
- 1844–1846: Friedrich Bremmer, acting mayor for Lindlar, Engelskirchen and Hohkeppel
- 1846–1851: Friedrich Bremmer, Mayor of Lindlar, Acting Mayor of Engelskirchen
Friedrich Bremmer became the first mayor of the community on August 30, 1851 . After a short term in office, the post remained vacant . The official business was carried out on behalf of:
- September 19, 1853 to December 6, 1853: PJ Stiefelhagen, alderman
- December 6, 1853 to December 21, 1854: Count Nesselrode, alderman
- December 21, 1854 to May 21, 1855: Konrad Heckmann, administrator of the mayor
- May 21, 1855 to December 4, 1855: Count Nesselrode, alderman
Mayor from 1856:
- 1856 to 1904: Edmund Gefeler
- 1906 to 1910: Heinrich Ungermann
- 1910 to 1920: Julius Hübner
- 1921: Josef Herbrandt
- 1921 to 1929: Wilhelm Becker
- 1929 to 1933: Wilhelm Carl
- 1933 to 1940: Hermann Hasberg
- 1940 to 1944: Erich Blumberg
- 1944 to 1945: Rudolf Radermacher
- April 12, 1945: Heinrich Huhnen
- April 20, 1945: Wilhelm Fischer
- May 4, 1945 to October 1, 1946: Heinrich Raskin
- 1946 to 1947: Edmund Schiefeling (died during the term of office)
- 1947 to 1949: Aloys Remmel
- 1949 to 1974: Carl Allmann
As part of the local reorganization, the communities Engelskirchen and Ründeroth were merged. For the period from December 16, 1974 to January 1, 1975, the district president appointed two people to lead the new community of Engelskirchen:
- Otto Jeschkeit, Commissioner for the Council
- Josef Hesse , representative for administration
Mayor from January 1st, 1975:
- 1975–1979: Carl Allmann
- 1979 - 12/1988: Horst Fabritius
- 12/1988 - 10/1989: Margarete Vierbaum
- 10/1989 - 03/1997: Bernhard Reuber
- 04/1997 - 09/2009: Wolfgang Oberbüscher
- since 2009: Gero Karthaus
coat of arms
Until the municipal reorganization in 1975, the office and community of Engelskirchen and Ründeroth had their own coats of arms. These were awarded to the municipality of Ründeroth in 1935 and the Engelskirchen office in 1937. Ulf-Dietrich Korn designed the new coat of arms . He combined the coat of arms of the Duchy of Berg and the County of Mark . The district president approved this coat of arms on March 24, 1976.
|Blasonierung : "In the above divided shield in silver (White) is a growing, blue reinforced, -bezungter and -bekrönter, zwiegeschwänzter Red Lion, bottom of silver (White) and red in 3 rows and 6 places geschacht ."|
Culture and sights
Hiking and bike paths
The following hiking trails are offered by the Sauerland Mountain Association (SGV) starting from the Engelskirchen train station hiking car park :
- A1 (2.5 km); A2 (5.0 km); A3 (8.2 km); A4 (8.7 km); A5 (2.2 km); A6 (6.5 km)
- The Ermen & Engels power plant is an LVR industrial museum in the former Ermen & Engels cotton spinning mill. As a branch office, it maintains the Oelchenshammer , a forge museum in Bickenbach .
- On November 20, 2015, the First German Angel Museum in Engelskirchen was opened at Engels-Platz 7.
Carnival is celebrated very heavily in Engelskirchen , based on the Cologne carnival . The leading company here is KG Närrische Oberberger , which was founded in 1893 and is therefore one of the oldest carnival societies on the right bank of the Rhine. In 2002 the KG became the Schlossgarde , which commemorates the cavalry master Wienand Ruttger von Quadt zu Alsbach , a gentleman from Burg Alsbach , during the carnival . In Engelskirchen, both the Cologne “Alaaf!” And the local “Kall du!” Are used as fools call .
Castles and Palaces
Monuments include the war memorial with Thingstätte and the natural monument Aggertal Cave in Ründeroth . The Engelskirchener Lohmühle and three mills in the Lambachtal are described in the article Mühlen im Oberbergisches Land . In addition, there is a large, several million year old cave system called Windloch im Mühlenberg, which was newly discovered in 2019 .
Infrastructure and economy
Rail and bus transport
The station Engelskirchen located on the single-track, non-electrified Oberbergi web ( KBS 459 ) every half hour to the in rail transport the Oberbergische train (RB 25) of Cologne according Meinerzhagen about Overath and Gummersbach reversed. Since another line reactivation at the end of 2017, some of the line's trains have started and ended at Lüdenscheid station .
Local rail passenger transport (SPNV) is carried out by DB Regio NRW .
Until the 1950s there was still a narrow-gauge railway to Marienheide, the Leppetalbahn , which was mainly used to transport stones from the quarries.
The following bus lines operate from the Engelskirchen train station for local road transport:
- Line 310 Overath - Engelskirchen - Gummersbach (Mon-Fri almost continuously every half hour, Saturday and public holidays continuously hourly, evening and night traffic)
- Line 316: Engelskirchen - Neuremscheid - Strombach -Gummersbach (Mon. - Sat.)
- Line 331 Engelskirchen train station - Neuremscheid - Lindlar bus station. - Lindlar open-air museum (taxi bus: Monday to Friday, mostly every hour, Saturday, Sunday and on public holidays every two hours, no night traffic, only evening traffic)
- Line 332 Engelskirchen train station - Remshagen - Lindlar - Hartegasse - Wipperfürth (Monday to Friday approx. Every hour, Saturday and holiday traffic, no night traffic)
- Line 333 Engelskirchen train station - Frielingsdorf - Dohrgaul - Wipperfürth (Mon - Sun, no night traffic)
The textile manufacturer Friedrich Engels sen. founded the Ermen & Engels textile factory on July 1, 1837. He was the father of the well-known philosopher Friedrich Engels junior, who with Karl Marx developed the social theory called Marxism . In 1900 the water power of the Agger was used to build an electricity station. In 1979 the company was closed due to the textile crisis. Since 1986, the Engelskirchen community administration, the LVR industrial museum - Engelskirchen scene, the Engelskirchen community volunteer fire brigade , medical practices, offices, apartments and restaurants have been located in the company buildings . Important pillars of the economy in Engelskirchen today are medium-sized companies from the plastics processing, iron, sheet metal and metal goods production and mechanical engineering.
Each year, the German post office opened in Engelskirchen at Christmas time Christmas post office . All letters and wish lists from the children will be answered there by Christmas Eve . In 2009 over 160,000 letters were received from all over the world. The address is: To the Christ Child in 51777 Engelskirchen.
There are two secondary schools in Engelskirchen:
- Aggertal high school
- Engelskirchen secondary school
There are also several primary schools:
- Community elementary school in Engelskirchen
- Ründeroth Community Primary School
- Community elementary school Schnellenbach
- Catholic Elementary School Loope
The community's voluntary fire brigade was founded on December 6, 1885 at the instigation of the mayor at the time, Gefeler. In addition to the fire fighting trains from Engelskirchen and Ründeroth, there are fire fighting groups in Loope and Osberghausen in the municipality.
The first hospital goes back to the year 1860, when three sisters of the cooperative of the "poor servants of Christ" took care of the sick. In 1874 the "Dernbacher Sisters" moved into a poor house at the Catholic Church as a hospital. In the following years the building was expanded and relocated several times. Today there is a hospital of the Catholic Clinics Oberberg and a rehabilitation clinic sponsored by the German Pension Insurance Rhineland in the district of Grünscheid .
- The "Aggertalklinik" is a rehabilitation clinic for diseases of the postural and musculoskeletal system. From 1950 the clinic was initially planned for the treatment of tuberculosis sufferers. Shortly after the start of construction, a construction freeze was imposed in 1953 due to a nationwide decline in the number of cases. Harald Deilmann created new designs for a reduced building that was now to be used for women suffering from tuberculosis in connection with a maternity ward. The building, which was built in 1958, was opened in 1961 with 240 beds for women and 30 beds for babies. In 1966 the treatment of tuberculosis patients was discontinued. In return, after structural changes from 1967 onwards, patients with vascular diseases were admitted.
- The St. Josef Hospital goes back to plans from the 1960s. Construction work began on July 18, 1972; In February 1976 the building was occupied and the old building was demolished in September 1978. An ambulance station is attached to the hospital.
Sons and daughters of Engelskirchen
- Rudolf Thienhaus (1873–1962), painter and lithographer
- Edmund Schiefeling (1882–1947), publisher of the Bergische Wacht
- Johannes Radermacher (1905–1978), painter
- Ulrich Lohmar (1928–1991), politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag
- Helmut S. Ruppert (1944–2018), journalist and publicist
- Maria Theresia Opladen (* 1948), politician (CDU), former mayor of Bergisch Gladbach
- Esther Kinsky (* 1956), writer, Slavist and translator
- Gerd Steinwascher (* 1953), archivist and historian
- Dagmar Stelberg (* 1958), national handball player
- Ralf Höller (* 1960), historian, journalist and book author
- Janine Steeger (* 1976), TV presenter at RTL
- Marc Basseng (* 1978), automobile racing driver
- Anika Klüver (* 1981), writer and translator
- David Stoop (* 1983), politician (Die Linke)
- Siri Nase (* 1986), actress
- Henry Martens (* 1987), ice hockey player
- Kim Falkenberg (* 1988), soccer player
- Frederic Löhe (* 1988), soccer player
- Stefan Reinartz (* 1989), soccer player
- Philipp Schwethelm (* 1989), basketball player
- Niclas Heimann (* 1991), soccer player
- Anna Klink (* 1995), soccer player
- Jannes Hoffmann (* 1996), soccer player
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Figures up to 1974 taken from: Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 70 and 106.
- Figures up to 1984 taken from: Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 106.
- Peter Kühlheim: Local history of the community Engelskirchen. In: Opladen, Schiefeling: Engelskirchen in the Aggertal. 1951, pp. 9-12.
- Klaus Pampus: First documentary naming of Oberbergischer places (= contributions to Oberbergischen history. Sonderbd. 1). Oberbergische Department 1924 e. V. of the Bergisches Geschichtsverein, Gummersbach 1998, ISBN 3-88265-206-3 .
- Josef Schiefeling (Ed.), Josef Hesse, Hartmut Neuhoff: Engelskirchen - Pictures of a Bergisch place. Schiefeling Verlag, Engelskirchen, 1991. Page 96.
- Peter Kühlheim: Local history of the community Engelskirchen. In: Opladen, Schiefeling: Engelskirchen in the Aggertal. 1951, p. 13.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 61-62.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 62-65.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 72 and 80-81.
- Thomas Schleper: With Engels into the industrial age. About water power, factory work and architecture (= contributions to industrial and social history. Vol. 3). 2nd, unchanged edition. Rheinland-Verlag GmbH, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7927-1254-7 , pp. 50-52.
- Karl-Heinz Lüdenbach, Rainer Schmidt: Free ride through the Aggertal. In: Citizens and Beautification Association Loope e. V. (Ed.): Loope. A home book. Heider, Bergisch Gladbach 2012, ISBN 978-3-87314-473-6 , pp. 116-117.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 81 and 95.
- Thomas Schleper: With Engels into the industrial age. About water power, factory work and architecture (= contributions to industrial and social history. Vol. 3). 2nd, unchanged edition. Rheinland-Verlag GmbH, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7927-1254-7 , pp. 33-39.
- Quoted from: Thomas Schleper: With Engels into the industrial age. About water power, factory work and architecture (= contributions to industrial and social history. Vol. 3). 2nd, unchanged edition. Rheinland-Verlag GmbH, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7927-1254-7 , p. 38.
- Thomas Schleper: With Engels into the industrial age. About water power, factory work and architecture (= contributions to industrial and social history. Vol. 3). 2nd, unchanged edition. Rheinland-Verlag GmbH, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7927-1254-7 , p. 37.
- Thomas Schleper: With Engels into the industrial age. About water power, factory work and architecture (= contributions to industrial and social history. Vol. 3). 2nd, unchanged edition. Rheinland-Verlag GmbH, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7927-1254-7 , p. 107.
- Josef Schiefeling (Ed.), Josef Hesse, Hartmut Neuhoff: Engelskirchen - Pictures of a Bergisch place. Schiefeling Verlag, Engelskirchen, 1991. Page 1.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 86-88.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 89-92.
- Karl-Heinz Lüdenbach: Hard work - low wages. In: Citizens and Beautification Association Loope e. V. (Ed.): Loope. A home book. Heider, Bergisch Gladbach 2012, ISBN 978-3-87314-473-6 , p. 185.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 112.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 110.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 113-114.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 110-111.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 120.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 122-127.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 127.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 132-133.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 136.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 172-173.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 145.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 149-156.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 156-157.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 163-165.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 175-177.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 185-186.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 193-198.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 302 .
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 225.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 227-228.
- Note: Hesse quotes Antwerpes' remarks on alternative names or their combinations. Antwerpes is said to have said in the session of the state parliament at that time "[...] especially since all combinations fail because Friedrich Engels was born in Engelskirchen". This statement is obviously wrong.
- Result of the council election on May 25, 2014 in the community of Engelskirchen ( Memento of the original from October 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Election results of Engelskirchen 2009 . Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Announcement of the result of the council election of the Engelskirchen community on May 25 , 2014 ( memento of the original from October 27, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Website of the community of Engelskirchen. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- for the period from 1851 to 1855: Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 70.
- for the period from 1856 to 1984: Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 106-107.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 247.
- quoted from: Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, p. 247.
- Thomas Schleper: Ermen & Engels in Engelskirchen. Industrialization of a rural region (= writings of the Rheinisches Industriemuseum. No. 3). Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1987, ISBN 3-7927-0977-5 .
- "Windloch am Mühlenberg": Researchers explore widely ramified caves , tagesschau.de from April 5, 2019, accessed on April 6, 2019
- Query of the course book route 459 at Deutsche Bahn.
- Klaus Schliek: RB 25 route between Meinerzhagen and Lüdenscheid inaugurated - Source: https://www.rundschau-online.de/29271658 © 2018 Rundschau-online.de from December 10, 2017. Accessed on January 3, 2018.
- Engelskirchen: Christkindpost branch . Website of the community of Engelskirchen. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Engelskirchen: Secondary Schools . ( engelskirchen.de [accessed on August 20, 2018]).
- Engelskirchen: elementary schools . ( engelskirchen.de [accessed on August 20, 2018]).
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 20-21.
- concerns. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Website of the community of Engelskirchen. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 95-96.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 187-189.
- Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1985, pp. 210-213.
- Josef Hesse: Engelskirchen in the 19th and 20th centuries. Pictures and articles on current affairs. Schiefeling, Engelskirchen 1985.
- Gero Karthaus , Hartmut Neuhoff: Greetings from yesteryear. Engelskirchen, Ründeroth and the surrounding area on old postcards. Glunder, Nümbrecht 2001, ISBN 3-931251-93-4 .
- Peter Opladen , Edmund Schiefeling : Engelskirchen in the Aggertal. A home book. With the collaboration of Josef Külheim . Schiefeling, Engelskirchen 1951.