Cologne district

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coat of arms map
Coat of arms of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia Location of the administrative district of Cologne in Germany
Basic data
Administrative headquarters : Cologne
Surface: 7,364.06  km²
Residents: 4,478,847 (December 31, 2019)
Population density : 608 inhabitants per km²
District structure: 95 municipalities
in 8 districts and
4 independent cities
Regional Council
District President : Gisela Walsken ( SPD )
Address of the regional council: Zeughausstrasse 2–10
50667 Cologne
Location of the administrative district of Cologne in North Rhine-Westphalia
Niederlande Belgien Niedersachsen Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Essen Wuppertal Solingen Remscheid Hagen Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Bochum Dortmund Herne Gelsenkirchen Bottrop Oberhausen Mülheim an der Ruhr Duisburg Kreis Mettmann Düsseldorf Rhein-Kreis Neuss Kreis Heinsberg Mönchengladbach Krefeld Kreis Viersen Kreis Wesel Kreis Kleve Rhein-Erft-Kreis Kreis Düren Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Kreis Recklinghausen Kreis Borken Kreis Unna Märkischer Kreis Kreis Olpe Hamm Kreis Soest Kreis Coesfeld Kreis Steinfurt Kreis Warendorf Leverkusen Köln Städteregion Aachen Bonn Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Städteregion Aachen Kreis Euskirchen Münster Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Paderborn Kreis Gütersloh Kreis Höxter Kreis Lippe Kreis Herford Kreis Minden-Lübbecke Bielefeldmap
About this picture
Logo district government Cologne
Friedrich, Reichsgraf zu Solms-Laubach, became the first district president in Cologne on April 25, 1816. The monument is the work of the Cologne sculptor Herbert Labusga
Administration building of the administrative district of Cologne

The administrative district of Cologne is one of five administrative districts in North Rhine-Westphalia . It forms the south of the Rhineland Regional Council (LVR).

In comparison with the GDP of the EU expressed in purchasing power standards, the Cologne administrative district achieved an index of 131 (EU-28 = 100) (2015).


The administrative district of Cologne is located in the southwest of North Rhine-Westphalia . It is one of the most populous and densely populated in all of Germany .

The Cologne Bay, part of the Lower Rhine lowland bay, through which the Rhine flows, forms the core of the district. On the western and eastern sides, it is flanked by the heights of the Rhenish Slate Mountains; two of these flanks, the southern Bergisches Land and the northern Eifel, are part of the administrative district. The administrative district extends in a west-east direction over a length of 135 km and in a north-south direction over 122 km. With an area of ​​7,365 km², it is the second largest administrative region in North Rhine-Westphalia after Arnsberg.

In terms of population, the Cologne administrative district with 4.41 million inhabitants (December 31, 2011) is the second largest in North Rhine-Westphalia after Düsseldorf. At 599 inhabitants per km² (December 31, 2011), the population density is considerably above the national average of 229 (December 31, 2011) and above that of North Rhine-Westphalia with 523 inhabitants per km² (December 31, 2011). The settlement concentrates mainly on the urban belt along the Rhine, the southern part of the Rhine rail. The four independent cities in the administrative district of Cologne (Aachen, Bonn, Cologne, Leverkusen) with a total of 1,766,717 inhabitants (December 31, 2011) have a share of around 40% of the inhabitants of the administrative district and a good 9.9% of the national value . With 1,017,155 inhabitants, the city ​​of Cologne is by far the largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Neighboring districts and countries

The Cologne Region is bordered to the north on the administrative district of Dusseldorf , in the east of the Region of Arnsberg , in the south of the country Rheinland-Pfalz (or to the former administrative districts Koblenz and Trier ) and in the west of Belgium and the Netherlands .


The history of the administrative district goes back to the Prussian ordinance on the improved establishment of the provincial authorities of April 30, 1815. At that time, Prussia's government and administration were reorganized after the Congress of Vienna and the provinces were divided into a total of 28 administrative districts, including the administrative district of Cologne. Like the others, the government in Cologne began its work on April 22, 1816.

From its foundation in 1815/1816, the administrative district belongs to the province of Jülich-Kleve-Berg , from 1822 to the Rhine province , 1945 to North Rhine and 1946 to North Rhine-Westphalia .

The organization and structure of the authority has always been adapted to the changing administrative and political circumstances. For example, in 1972 the administrative districts of Aachen and Cologne were united. With the administrative reform of the state in 2008, the district governments were fundamentally changed again. In the district government of Cologne alone, 7 other special authorities - also nationally responsible - have been integrated, including the previous state survey office of North Rhine-Westphalia or the technical supervision of the BAföG in North Rhine-Westphalia.

The district government is a state funds authority .

Population development

year Residents source
1816 324,632
1828 377.335
1871 613.457
1880 702.934
1900 1,021,878
1910 1,249,540
1925 1,434,827
1939 1,595,677
1946 1,461,104
1950 1,668,813
1961 2,126,400
1970 2,412,200
1980 3,913,800
1990 4,025,300
2000 4,281,500
2010 4,392,747
2018 4,468,904

Position in the state administration

The form of the coat of arms used in correspondence

District governments are medium-sized authorities with a three-tier authority structure in the North Rhine-Westphalian state administration.

At the Cologne District Government, administrative tasks from the business areas of all North Rhine-Westphalian state ministries and the State Chancellery are combined in one authority.

The regional presidents

Administrative division

Directory of counties and urban districts


  1. City region of Aachen ( until October 20, 2009 city and district of Aachen, area until July 31, 1972 in the administrative district of Aachen )
  2. Kreis Bergheim (Erft) ( until 31 December 1974, then in Erftkreis , now in the Rhein-Erft )
  3. Kreis Bonn ( until 31 July 1969, then in the Rhein-Sieg district , many communities, such as Bad Godesberg , were in the city of Bonn incorporated )
  4. District of Düren ( until July 31, 1972 in the administrative district of Aachen )
  5. Erftkreis ( from January 1, 1975 from the Bergheim (Erft) district and large parts of the Cologne district , from November 1, 2003 Rhein-Erft district )
  6. District of Euskirchen ( from January 1, 1972 with the district of Schleiden from the administrative district of Aachen )
  7. District of Heinsberg ( until July 31, 1972 in the administrative district of Aachen )
  8. County Cologne ( until 31 December 1974, then in Erftkreis , now in the Rhein-Erft , some communities in the city of Cologne )
  9. Oberbergischer Kreis ( from January 1, 1975 with parts of the Rhein-Wupper-Kreis )
  10. Rhein-Erft ( from 1 November 2003 to date Erftkreis )
  11. Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis ( from January 1, 1975 with parts of the Rhein-Wupper-Kreis )
  12. Rhein-Sieg district ( from August 1, 1969 from the Siegkreis and the Bonn district )
  13. Siegkreis ( until July 31, 1969, then in the Rhein-Sieg district )

One district cities

  1. Aachen ( until July 31, 1972 in the administrative district of Aachen , since October 21, 2009 restricted in accordance with the Aachen Act )
  2. Bonn ( greatly enlarged on August 1, 1969 by incorporations, including Bad Godesberg )
  3. Cologne ( enlarged by incorporations on January 1, 1975 )
  4. Leverkusen ( until December 31, 1974 in the Düsseldorf administrative district , greatly enlarged on January 1, 1975 by incorporation of Opladen, among others )

Historical review

  1. The Uckerath district was incorporated into the Siegburg district in 1820 .
  2. The district of Gummersbach was created in 1825 from the districts of Gimborn and Homburg .
  3. The Siegkreis was created in 1825 from the Siegburg district .
  4. The Euskirchen district emerged in 1827 from the Lechenich district .
  5. The city of Bonn became a district in 1887 when it was spun off from the Bonn district (now the district).
  6. The Oberbergische Kreis was created in 1932 from the Gummersbach and Waldbröl districts .
  7. The Rheinbach district was incorporated into the Bonn district in 1932 .
  8. The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis was created in 1932 from the Mülheim am Rhein and Wipperfürth districts .

Current status

The administrative district consists of eight districts (including the Aachen city region) with a total of 95 municipalities belonging to the district and four independent cities .

Circles One district cities

Regional council

Allocation of seats in the
Cologne Regional Council 2014
A total of 44 seats

After each local election, the regional council becomes the urban region of Aachen on the basis of the local election results (city council or local council election) of the districts of the districts of Düren, Euskirchen, Heinsberg, Oberbergischer Kreis, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, Rhein-Erft-Kreis and Rhein-Sieg-Kreis as well as the independent cities of Bonn, Cologne and Leverkusen.

As the body responsible for regional planning, the regional council takes the factual and procedural decisions for the development of the regional plan and decides on its preparation. In doing so, it defines the regional goals of spatial planning and state planning for the development of the government district in the regional plan.

In addition to this decision-making authority, the regional council has participation, information and advisory rights in the area of ​​regional infrastructure policy.

The district government informs the regional council about all regionally significant and structurally effective developments. The same applies to the state's funding programs and measures in many important infrastructure areas, such as B. in the areas of town planning, leisure and recreation, tourism, landscape management, water management, waste disposal and contaminated sites as well as culture. The district government's duty to inform is the basis for appropriate structural policy decisions by the regional council.

On the basis of the spatial plans, the regional council submits proposals for support programs and support measures of regional importance. In doing so, he has to take into account the suggestions from the region, to bring them together and to evaluate them and to set priorities. The right of proposal serves to develop qualified decision proposals for the state government. In relation to the state government, the regional council should act as a spokesman for the region in structural policy developments, bundle the wishes of the region and, after comparing them with the goals and principles of spatial planning and regional planning, bring them to the state government.

When it comes to transport issues, the regional council is involved in planning the transport infrastructure. It decides on the proposals of the region for the statutory development plans of federal and state governments, for which the annual expansion programs for state roads and the funding programs for municipal road and cycle path construction. In addition, the regional council sets the priorities for renovation and expansion measures for state roads up to a total cost of € 3 million per measure. These competencies are supplemented by the fact that the regional council is to be involved in the determination of lines for state roads by the district government, as well as the bodies responsible for public affairs.

Currently there is the following distribution of seats in the regional council by parliamentary group (as of September 2014):

CDU SPD GREEN FDP THE LEFT Non-attached total
17th 13 6th 3 2 3 44
FW 1
AfD 1

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. a b Press release of the Cologne District Government from August 19, 2010 ( Memento of the original from August 23, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Eurostat. Retrieved August 22, 2018 .
  4. a b Contributions to the statistics of the Königl. Prussian Rhineland. 1829, p. 22 , accessed November 11, 2014 .
  5. a b Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
  6. a b
  7. Rhine Province Community Dictionary 1930
  8. 1939 census
  9. 1946 census
  10. Statistical Yearbook of the Federal Republic of Germany 1952
  11. Statistical Yearbook of the Federal Republic of Germany 1962
  12. Statistical Yearbook of the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
  13. Statistical Yearbook of the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
  14. Statistical Yearbook of the Federal Republic of Germany 1992
  15. Statistical Yearbook of the Federal Republic of Germany 2002
  16. ^ A b State Office for Information and Technology in North Rhine-Westphalia

Web links

Commons : Cologne District  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 50 ° 56 '  N , 6 ° 57'  E